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bstract: Distinguished from the rest of the oil contracts, other contracts, whether those transactions concluded in the framework of the Interior or or those concluded In the framework of international transactions . In the shop or subject focus of such contracts. The oil contract is not standard contracts that focus on a single process and expire once implemented a process to purchase cotton, grain or building a vessel, for example, but includes oil contract resource extraction and exploitation of important natural resources for long periods of time. The investor in the oil sector, like other foreign investors do not venture to invest capital funds in any state, even if he was sure that this state is showing potential huge oil as possible to reap from behind huge profits as it does not risk investing in this state only after to make sure that the State intends to which capital investment funds he has had a favorable investment climate of any provision of an appropriate environment for him to invest and means the obligation of the host country for oil investment to the implementation of the commitments made to him about the foreign investors to provide safeguards and adequate legal And take these contracts and the various forms which vary the rights of obligations of parties to the contract , which is one of the parties the host country for foreign investment while the second party of the foreign company invested oil and this contract is one of the international contracts which are subject to rules and principles of international law and the provisions of the Financial . 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ne Societe Mixte **E*9 ('D4.5J) 'DB'FHFJ) *BHE (*#3J3G' 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) H'D41C) 'D#,F(J) 'DE*9'B/) E9G'  #H EF .D'D %F4'! E41H9 E4*1C Entreprise Commune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an American)  (EH,( G0' 'D9B/ JBHE 'D71A'F ('F4'! E41H9 E4*1C Entreprise Commune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apphir " 3F) 1958 () . HEF0 G0' 'D*'1J. H*H'D* 9BH/ 'DE4'1C) 'DE(1E) (JF 'D/HD 'DEF*,) DDFA7 H'D41C'* 'D#,F(J) 'D9'ED) AJ G0' 'DE,'D  AAJ 'D39H/J)  #(1E* 'D-CHE) 'D39H/J) E9 'D41C) 'DJ'('FJ) AJ 10 C'FHF 'D#HD 3F) 1957 9B/'K F5* 'DE'/) 28 EFG 9DI #FG : " (9/ 'C*4'A 'D2J* (CEJ'* *,'1J)  **9G/ 'D41C) 'DE*9'B/) (#F 'J) 41C) JCHF B/ -HD 'DJG' G0' 'D'E*J'2 #H 3J-HD 'DJG' 3HA *916 9DI 'D-CHE) 'DE3'GE) D41'! #3GE 1#3E'DG' ('DFB/ AJ -/H/ 941) ('DE'&) (10%) EF 1'3 'DE'D 'DE/AH9 " (). H'0' C'F G0' 'D9B/ 'DE0CH1 B/ 'C*AI ('D3E'- DD-CHE) 'D39H/J) ('DE4'1C) AJ 1#3 E'D 'D41C) 'DE*9'B/) H(F3() 6&JD) D' **,'H2 941) ('DE'&) (10%) EF 1#3E'DG'  A'F GF'C 9BH/'K #.1I '(1E*G' 'D39H/J) H-BB* DG' E4'1C) A9DJ) AJ ,EJ9 E1'-D 5F'9) 'DFA7 . HJECF #F F0C1 EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'D0J '(1E*G -CHE) 'D39H/J) E9 'D41C) 'DA1F3J) "#HC3J1'(" AJ 4 FJ3'F 3F) 1965 . AEH,( G0' 'D9B/  J*E *#3J3 41C) 91(J) 39H/J)  ( .D'D 'D3*) 4GH1 'D*J *DJ EF- 'D'E*J'2 'D'3*:D'D )  H'F J916 9DI 'D-CHE) DD'C**'( AJG' (F3() 40% ('DE'/) 9 ) . 9F/E' *$33 *DC 'D41C) A'F 'E*J'2 'D'3*:D'D JF*BD "DJ' 'DI *DC 'D41C) ( 'DE'/) 10) HJ-*A8 'D,'F( 'D39H/J H'D,'F( 'DA1F3J (-B *5HJ* E*3'H AJ E,D3 %/'1) G0GP 'D41C)  HJF(:J #F J4*1C' AJ '/'1*G' 9DI #F JE+D 'D,'F( 'D39H/J 'DE$33) 'D39H/J) 'D9'E) DDFA7 " (*1HEJF" ( 'DE'/) 11) . H**HDI G0GP 'D41C) 'DBJ'E (E.*DA E1'-D 5F'9) 'DFA7  (E' AJ 0DC 'F*', HFBD H*C1J1 H*3HJB ( 'DE'/)26) (). CE' '(1E* ,EGH1J) E51 'D91(J) 9//'K EF 9BH/ 'DE4'1C) 'DFA7J) *C'/ *CHF E*4'(G) *B1J('K AJE' *6EF*G EF #-C'E . A(EH,( G0GP 'D9BH/  *EF- 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) 'D71A 'DH7FJ ( 'DE$33) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DDFA7 ) H'D71A 'D#,F(J ('D41C) 'D#,F(J) 'DE*9'B/) E9G' ) 'E*J'2' EB5H1'K 9DJGE' H-/GE'  EB3E'K (JFGE' 9DI 'DE4'9 (F3() .E3JF AJ 'DE'&) (50%) DCD EFGE' 9DI #F JBHE 'D71A'F ('DH7FJ H'D#,F(J) (*#3J3 41C) HCJD) 9FGE' **HDI 9EDJ) '3*:D'D 'DFA7 (9/ 'C*4'AG (CEJ'* *,'1J) . 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E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1 H/. 5'-( 'D0G(  '*A'BJ'* H9BH/ 'D(*1HD AJ 'D(D'/ 'D91(J)  'D,2! 'D#HD  'DE7(9) 'D9'DEJ)  72  1969 . 8- G'1AJ 'HCHFH1/  *1,E) /. 9E1 EC'HJ HE1',9) / . 1'4/ 'D(1'HJ  'D#2E) 'D9'DEJ) AJ 'D(*1HD  /'1 'DC'*( 'D91(J DD7('9) H'DF41 AJ 'DB'G1)  1967 . 9- '(1'GJE 4-'*G  'D6E'F 'D/HDJ DD'3*4'1'* 'D#,F(J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1971 . H- 'DEH'B9 'D'DC*1HFJ) 1-  HYPERLINK "http://www.bb.couk/arabic/lg/wordnews" www.bb.co.uk/arabic/lg/worldnews +'FJ'_ ('DD:) 'D#,F(J) 1- Aitchaalal (Mohamed said.) :-pays producters de petrole et companies internationals these lau sane 1977 . 2- Behems (Denis) Les contruts entre et personnes privees enrangeres, Droit applicable et respon sa bilitl international , these , Lausanne, 1988 3- Benchikh (M), les instruments juridiques de la politique 4- Deraux- charbohnel ( J) Laccord de New York sur la participation des Etats producteurs de petrole dans le Capital des societes co 5- EL.Kosheri(A.s),regime juridique cree par Les accords de participation dans Le domaine Petrolier , Recueil des cours, 1975 6- HANDJANT(A) Les arbitrages enter les Etats et les societes petrolieres , Memoire pour le diplome d Etudes superieures de droit public paris l. 1975 . 7- Leboulage ( philippe) : - Les contrats entre et enterprises etrang eres economica.1985. 8- LOGIE (J), Les contrats petroliers iraniens , R.B.D.I. , 1965 9- Mustupha ( Mohamed) :- Les aspects des rapports entre Etats prodacteurs de petrole et companies petrolieres entrangeres , these , paris ,1971 . 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eboulanger ( philippe ) : - Les contrats entre et enterprises etrang eres economica.1985, No.34 -J+ J0C1 #F 9B/ %E*J'2 'DFA7 GH: "Un acte par lequel un Etat accorde a une entereprise etangere le droit exclusif de rechercher et d exploiter des Hydrocarbures sur un territoire et pendant une duree determine " (2) 'F81 AJ FA3 'DE9FI : /. 9(/'D('1J #-E/ 9(/'D('1J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ D9EDJ'* 'D(*1HD  71  1408 G@  (/HF F'41  5 12 . /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ D9BH/ 'D(*1HD  13'D) /C*H1'G  ,'E9) 'DB'G1)  5 58 . HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD -B 'D41C'* 'D#,F(J) AJ 'D(-+ 9F 'DFA7 H'C*4'AG H'F*',G  'F81 : /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ DD'*A'BJ'* 'D(*1HDJ) AJ 'D(D'/ 'D91(J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1975  5 31 HE' (9/G' . (3) Leboulanger ( ph) : Op. Cit ., P.14 , No.34 HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD -B 'D41C'* 'D#,F(J) AJ EDCJ) 'DFA7 'DEF*, H'D*51A AJGP  1',9 : /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 74 HE' (9/G' . (1) 'F81 : Ait Chaalal (Mohamed said.) :-pays producters de petrole et companies internationals these lau sane 1977,P.78 HC#E+D) DG0G 'D9BH/ JECF #F F0C1 'J6'K : 9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) '3*'F/1/ 'HJD C'DJAH1FJ' 9'E 1933 (E1)  9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JF FA3 'D-CHE) H41C) 'D('3AJC AJ 204('7 9'E 1949 (E1)  H9BH/ 'D'E*J'2 'D+D'+) 'D*J '(1E*G' -CHE) 'D91'B E9 41C) 'DFA7 'D*1CJ) 9'E 1925 H41C) FA7 'DEH5D 9'E 1932  H41C) FA7 'D(51) 9'E 1938 . 1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ ,EJ9'K : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  '*A'BJ'* H9BH/ 'D(*1HD AJ 'D(D'/ 'D91(J)  'D,2! 'D#HD  'DE7(9) 'D9'DEJ)  72  1969  5 19 HE' (9/G'  5 90 HE' (9/G'  5 223 HE' (9/G'  5 272 HE' (9/G'  5 306 HE' (9/G' 9DI 'D*H'DJ (2) 'F81 AJ FA3 'DE9FI : /. '-E/ 9(/'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 75  577 . (3) C#E+D) D0DC 1',9 : 'DE'/) (19) EF 9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) '3*'F/1/ 'HJD C'DJAH1FJ' 9'E 1933  'DE'/) (12) EF 9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'D(51) 9'E 1938 . (4)1',9 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 'D(F/ (4) EF 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 1#3 :'1( (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'D41C) 'D'FCDJ2J) 'DE51J) D"('1 'D2JH* 'DE(1E AJ 19 C'FHF 'D#HD 1938 H'D(F/ (4) AJ 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 3/1 DDFA7 'DE(1E AJ 10 *41JF 'D+'FJ 9'E 1948 (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J)= =H41C) CHFH1'/' 'D#E1JCJ) AJ 3 4('7 9'E 1954  H'D(F/ (4) EF 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) (*1HD 1#3 E7'1E) 'DE(1E AJ 6 #JDHD 9'E 1954 (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C) 'D'F,DH ',(4J'F  1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ ,EJ9'K /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G( : 'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 412  5434  5490  5 525  9DI 'D*H'DJ . (1) 1',9 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 'DE'/) (9) EF 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) 'D('3AJC 9'E 1949  H'DE'/*JF (14-15) EF 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) 'DFA7 'D*1CJ) 9'E 1925  H'D(F/ (7) EF 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 1#3 :'1( (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'D41C) 'D'FCDH E51J) D"('1 'D2JH* 9'E 1938  H'D(F/ (9) EF 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF E51 H41C) CHFH1'/' 9'E 1954 . (2) 'F81 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 'DE'/) (29) EF 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) 'D('3AJC 9'E 1949 (3) 'F81 AJ FA3 'DE9FI : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.76 , Bettems (Denis) Les contruts entre et personnes privees enrangeres, Droit applicable et respon sa bilitl international , these , Lausanne, 1988 ,P.36. H'F81 'J6'K : /. 9(/ 'D('1J #-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 14  /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 58 HE' (9/G' . (4) 'F81 :Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.76 = =HC'E+D) DG0GP 'D9BH/ 1',9 : 9B/ 'E*J'2 41C) 'EJFHJD E9 -CHE) 'DCHJ* 'DE(1E AJ 28-2J1'F 9'E 1948 ( /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* 'D(*1HDJ) DD/HD 'D91(J)  EF7B) 'D.DJ,  'D/H-) _ B71  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  1978  5 259 ) . 9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) '3*'F/1/ #HJD C'DJAH1FJ'  9'E 1933 . (1) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* 'D(*1HDJ) DD/HD 'D91(J)  EF8E) 'D.DJ, 'D91(J  'D/H-)  B71  71  1978  5 439 . HEF 'E+D) G0GP 'D9BH/ 1',9 : 9B/ 'E*J'2 41C) 4D E9 B71 'DE(1E AJ 29 A(1'J1 9'E 1952  9B/ 'E*J'2 41C) FA7 #(H 8(J E9 '(H 8(J 'DE(1E AJ 11 C'FHF 'D+'FJ 9'E 1939  'F81 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/  /. 39/ 9D'E  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 444  5 509 9DI 'D*H'DJ . (2) HEF #E+D) 0DC : 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 1#3 :'1( 'DE(1E AJ 19 C'FHF 'D#HD 9'E 1938 (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'D41C) 'D'F,DH E51J)  -J+ C'F* E/) 'D'3*:D'D 309'E ( 'D(F/ 'D#HD) B'(D) DD*,/J/ E1) H'-/) DE/) .E3 941 3F) #.1I ( 'D(F/ 28) . C0DC 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 1#3 3/1 (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C) 'D'F,DH ',(4J'F AJ 10 *41JF 'D+'FJ 1948 . 1',9 AJ G0JF 'D9B/JF : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 412  5 434 9DI 'D*H'DJ. (1)Bettems (D.) : Op.Cit.,P.37 (2) 'F81 AJ FA3 'DE9FI : /. 9(/ 'D('1J #-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 14  /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 60 . (3) 1',9 AJ 0DC : /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 56 . HEF #E+D) 0DC 'J6'K : 'D9BH/ 'D+D'+ 'D*J '(1EG' 'D91'B E9 41C) FA7 'D*1CJ) 9'E 1925 (E3) H41C) FA7 'DEH5D 9'E 1932 F H41C) FA7 'D(51) 9'E 1938  1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 223  5 272  307 9DI 'D*H'DJ . (4) EF 0DC 9DI 3(JD 'DE+D 'DE'/) 'D*'39) EF 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) 3*'F/1 'HJD C'DJAH1FJ' 9'E 1933 %0 F5* 9DI #F " ... **.DI 'D41C) DD-CHE) 9F= =(B9 EF 'DEF7B) 'DE4EHD) JCHF B/ *B11 D/JG' '0 0'C 9/E 'DE+'(1) 9DI '1*J'/G' #H 9/E '3*9E'DG' (4CD ".1 DG 9D'B) (G0' 'DE41H9  HC0DC **.DI 'D41C) DD-CHE) EF "F D".1 .D'D E/) G0GP 'D'*A'BJ) 9F (B9 '.1I EF 'DEF7B) 'DE4EHD) 'D*J B/ *CHF B11* 'D41C) "F0'C 9/E 'DE6J AJ '3*C4'AG' #H *FBJ(G' #H 9/E '3*9E'DG' ...." (1)Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.78 (2) 1',9 : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 31 (3) 1',9 AJ 'DA1'&6 'DE'DJ) 'D*J C'F* *-5D 9DJG' 'D/HD 'DEF*,)  /. '-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 258 HE' (9/G' . (1) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) '1'ECH 9'E 1933 (E14)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'D91'B 9'E 1925 ( E10)  'F81 /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  526  5 228 9DI 'D*H'DJ . (2)EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E E9 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'D41C) 'D'FCDJ2J) 'DE51J) D"('1 'D2JH* 9'E 1938 (4#F '3*:D'D EF7B) 1#3 :'1( ( 'D(F/ 'D1'(9 ) . #F81 /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 414  5 436 9DI 'D*H'DJ . (3) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H41C) '1'ECH 9'E 1933 (E5)  1',9 /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 21 . (4) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'DEH5D 9'E 1932 (E10)  'F81 'DE5/1 'DE0CH1 #9D'G  5 275 . (5) 1',9 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C) CHFH'1/' 9'E 1954 ( 'D(F/ 218 )  /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 502 . (6) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) ,J*I 9'E 1949(E4)  /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 95 (1)Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.84 (2) 'F81 : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5248 . (3) 1',9 : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.201. (1) HEF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 'FG DE' 7'D(* 'D-CHE) 'D91'BJ) (*7(JB G0' 'DF5  1/* 'D41C) 9DI 7D(G' (E' JAJ/ 'D'3*.A'A H'D3.1J)  H0DC (BHDG' " (E' 'FF' D3F' 41C) 9'E) A'FF' ((3'7) D' F5/1 HD' F3*7J9 #F F5/1 #3GE'K DD,EGH1 " 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 119-120 . (2) 'F81 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H#1'ECH 9'E 1933 ( E31)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) 'D('3AJC 9'E 1949 (E45)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'D91'B 9'E 1925 (E40)  'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'DEH5D 9'E 1932 (E39)  H 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D91'B H41C) FA7 'D(51) 9'E 1938 (E41) . H'F81 'J6'K : 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 4J. B71 H41C) FA7 B71 AJ 17 #J'1 1935(E16)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 4J. #(H 8(J H41C) 'D*FEJ) 'DE-/H/) DD(*1HD AJ 11C'FHF 'D+'FJ 9'E 1939 (E17)  1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ : HANDJANT (A)Les arbitrages enter les Etats et les societes petrolieres,Memoire pour le diplome d Etudes superieures de droit public paris l. 1975 . p. 57 et SS (3) ('3*+F'! 9BH/ 'D'E*J'2 'D*J '(1E*G' E51 E9 'D41C'* 'D#,F(J)  -J+ C'F* **6EF F5'K JB6J (#F CD F2'9 JBHE (JF 'D-CHE) H'D41C) 'DE*9'B/) AJE' J*9DB ('-C'E G0' 'D9B/ JCHF EF '.*5'5 'DE-'CE 'DE51J) . 'F81 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 9B/ '3*:D'D EF7B) 3/1 'DE(1E 9'E 1948 (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C) CHFH1'/' 'D#E1JCJ) 9'E 1954 ('D(F/ 41)  H9B/ '3*:D'D 1#3 E7'1E) (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C) 'D'F,DH %,(4J'F 9'E 1954 ( 'D(F/ 45) . (1) 'F81 : /. 39/ 9D'E  417 'D*-CJE AJ '*A'BJ'* 'D(*1HD ('D(D'/ 'D91(J) (JF 'D%(B'! H'D%D:'! (-+ EB/E DDE$*E1 'D3'(9 D'*-'/ 'DE-'EJF 'D91(  (:/'/  C'FHF 'D#HD 9'E 1964 . (2) 'F81 : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  58 (3) 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'DG'/J #-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 9 . (4) 1',9 AJ 0DC E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD *#+J1 'D9H'ED 'D3J'3J) 9DI '(1'E 9BH/ 'D'E*J'2 'D(*1HDJ) : / . #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 16 HE' (9/G' . (1) #F81 : EL. Kosheri (A.S.) :LE regime juridique cree par (2) 'F81 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD : /. 9(/'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 54 -55 . (3) 1',9 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD : /. 9(/'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 55 HE' (9/G' . HJ0C1 #FG AJ 9'E 1969 #,1I '+F'F EF 'D.(1'! 'DE51JJF AJ E,'D 'DFA7 EB'(D) E9 E/J1 'DFA7 ( (E+'() H2J1 'DFA7 ) AJ /(J -/J+'K 5-AJ'K AB'D AJG " DJ3 D/JF' .(J1 AJ 'D'*A'BJ'* 'DFA7J) ... H9F/E' 0G(F' 'DI 'FCD*1' H,/F' 'D,'F( 'D'FCDJ2J AJ 'D'*A'BJ) 'DFA7J) E3*9/'K (9// C(J1 EF 'D.(1'! 'DE*.55JF " +E '6'A E/J1 'DFA7 " ('F G$D'! 'D.(1'! C*(H' 'D'*A'BJ) HDE #/.D AJ ,/D HEF'B4'* #H #*/.D ... AGE 9F/GE 'D9DE " FA3 'DE5/1 'DE0CH1 5 56 . (1) 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'D('1J #-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 21 . (2) 1',9 : Bettems (D.) : Op.Cit.,P.38,No.22 (1) 1',9 AJ 0DC : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5140 HE' (9/G' . (2) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D'*A'B : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5346 HE' (9/G' . (3) 'F81 : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5107 . (1) HEE' *,/1 'D%4'1) 'DJG AJ G0' 'DEB'E 'F 1A6 'D41C) 'D'F,DH %J1'FJ) %9E'D B'9/) EF'5A) 'D'1('- (JFG' H(JF 'J1'F C'F '-/ 'D#3('( 'D*J #/* 'DI BJ'E -CHE) 'D/C*H1 E5/B (*'EJE EE*DC'* 'D41C) 9'E 1951 HFBDG' 'DI 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) DDFA7 HDB/ H',G* 'J1'F #2E) -BJBJ) F*J,) '*A'B 41C) 'DFA7 9DI 9/E 'D*9'ED E9 'DFA7 'D%J1'FJ EE' #/I 'DI 'D'F.A'6 'D-'/ AJ 'F*',G  (D DB/ H5D 'D#E1 'DI -/ E5'/1) 'DFA7 'D%J1'FJ AJ E$'FJ (96 'D/HD H*HBJ9 'D-,2 9DJG HDE J*E *3HJ) G0G 'D#2E) 'D' (9/ '3B'7 -CHE) E5/B  -J+ *E AJ 19 'JDHD 1954 '(1'E 9B/ (JF 'J1'F H'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) EF F'-J) HE,EH9) 'D41C'* 'DECHFG DDCHF31*JHE EF F'-J) #.1I  HDB/ *(FI 'D#71'A AJ G0' 'D9B/ B'9/) EF'5A) 'D'1('-  1',9 AJ 0DC : Bettems (D.) : Op.Cit.,P.39,No.23 (2) 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5111-112 . (3) 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'D('1J '-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 29 . (1) 1',9 : /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 109 (1) *#33* EF8E) 'D/HD 'DE5/1) DDFA7 9'E 1960 E H*6E 'D/HD 'DE5/1) DDFA7 HGJ +D'+ 941) /HD) GJ : 'D91'B  'DEEDC) 'D91(J) 'D39H/J)  'D,2'&1  'D'CH'/H1  'D,'(HF  #F/HFH3J'  'J1'F  DJ(J'  F,J1J'  B71  /HD) 'D%E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  AF2HJD'  HJ7DB 9DI G0GP 'DEF8E) DA8 'D#H(C (OPEC) HGJ 'D#-1A 'D#HDI EF '3E 'DEF8E) ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) Organization of petroleum Exproting Countries 1',9 AJG' /. 9(/ 'D('1J '-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  /H1 EF8E) 'D/HD 'DE5/1) DDFA7 AJ -E'J) E5'D- 'D/HD 'D#96'! AJG' _ E,D) 'D'B*5'/ H'D%/'1) 'D*J *5/1 9F E1C2 'D(-H+ H'D*FEJ) 'D'B*5'/J) _ ,'E9) 'DEDC 9(/'D92J2 _ 'D9// 'D+'FJ E-1E 1396 G,1J)  5 45  1',9 DFA3 'DE$DA 'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ ....  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 210 HE' (9/G' (2) 1',9 AJ 0DC CDG : /. E-E/ 7D9* 'D:FJEJ  *:JJ1 'D'H6'9 H9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DFA7J E$*E1 'D(*1HD 'D91(J 'D3'/3  (:/'/ 1967  5 19  /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 269  273  /. 9(/'D1-JE 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 103-104  #-E/ 'D.1J,J  '4*1'C 'D/HD AJ '/'1) 'D'E*J'2 'DFA7J  (-+ EB/E E$*E1 'D(*1HD 'D91(J 'D3'/3  (:/'/  1967  5 3 H1',9 AJ 4#F 'DEA'H6'* 'D*J /'1* AJ '7'1 EF8E) 'D/HD 'DE5/1) DDFA7 ( #H(C) DE3'D) *FAJ0 'D%*'H) #H 'D1J9  'D(-+ 'D0J '9/*G 'DEF8E) (9FH'F " EF8E) 'D(D/'F 'DE5/1) DD(*1HD HE(/# 'DEA'H6'* " (-+ B/E 'DI 'DE$*E1 'D(*1HD 'D91(J 'D.'E3 _ 'DB'G1)  1965 . (1) 1',9 AJ 0DC E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD  /. 9(/ 'D('1J '-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ ... 'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 187 HE'(9/G'  /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 55 HE'(9/G'  /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 179 HE' (9/G' . (2) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D'*A'B /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 1186 . (3) #F81 AJ #-C'E G0' 'DB'FHF  /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51457  H 'J6'K /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 16 . (1) #F81 : /. 9(/ 'D('1J #-E/ 9(/ 'D('1J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 200 . (2) 'F81 AJ G0' 'DB1'1 H'D*9DJB 9DJGP : /. -3F 97J) 'DDG  3J'/) 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) 9DI EH'1/ 'D#16 'D7(J9J)  /1'3) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ DD*FEJ) 'D'B*5'/J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1978  5 485 HE' (9/G' H*,/1 'D'4'1) 'DI #F 'D,2'&1 B/ F,-* AJ *9/JD 9B/ 'D'E*J'2 'DE(1E (JFG' H(JF 'D41C) 'D#E1JCJ) " ,J*J" H*E '(1'E 9B/ E4'1C) (JF G0GP 'D41C) H41C) 3HF'71'C 'D,2'&1J) AJ 19 *41JF 'D#HD 9'E 1968  -5D* (EH,(G 3HF'71'C 9DI (51%) EF -BHB HEE*DC'* 41C) ,J*J (E' AJ 0DC -BHD 'D(*1HD 'DEC*4A) 1',9 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD #-C'E G0' 'D9B/ : Benchikh (M.), les instruments juridiques de la politique (1) 'F81 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD G0GP 'D'*A'BJ) : Devaux  Charbonnel (J.) , Laccord de New York sur la participation des Etats producteurs de petrole dans le Capital des societes co H'F81 'J6'K : /. .D'A 9(/ 'D,'(1 .D'A  '-*C'1 #,G2) 'DFA7 'D*F8JEJ) H'D#2E) 'D1'GF)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1985  5 154 HE' (9/G'  /. #-E/ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 94H4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 310 HE' (9/G'  /. 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 'D#-/(  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ DD(*1HD AJ 'DEEDC) 'D91(J) 'D39H/J)  E$33) FHAD  71  1982  5 195 HE' (9/G' . (2) 1',9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD G0' 'D'*A'B : EI-Kosheri (Ahmed Sadek),regime juridique cree par Les accords de participation dans Le domaine Petrolier , Recueil des cours, 1975 .Op.Cit.,p. 259 H'F81 AJ G0' 'D'*A'B 'J6'K : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* 'D(*1HDJ) DD/HD 'D91(J)  EF8E) 'D.DJ,  'D/H-)  B71  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  1978  5 161 HE' (9/G' . (1) 1',9 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD : EI-Kosheri (A.S.) , Le regime juridique cree par& .Op.Cit.,p. 262 etss , No 40 (2)) EI-Kosheri (A.S.) , Le regime juridique cree par& .Op.Cit.,p. 263 ets ., No. 41 . (3 )  HYPERLINK "http://www.bb.couk/arabic/lg/wordnews" www.bb.co.uk/arabic/lg/worldnews (1) HEF B(JD G0GP 'D41C'* : 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J7'DJ) " 'JFJ" : H'D41C) 'DA1F3J) " 'J1'( " : H'D41C) 'D#3('FJ) DD(*1HD : Hispanoil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ustapha (Mohamed ) :- Les aspects des rapports entre Etats prodacteurs de petrole et companies petrolieres entrangeres , these , paris I ,1971 . Op.Cit.,PP.170-171 (2) 1',9 E9 'DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD : 172 etss Mustapha (M.) : Op.Cit.,P (1) 'F81 (4#F 'DE41H9 'DE4*1C /. E-E/ JHF3 'D5'&:  'DE1C2 'DB'FHFJ DD'3*+E'1'* 'D#,F(J) 'D.'5) AJ 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) AJ 8D 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'DE'DJ  #71H-) /C*H1'G  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2005  5 32-35 . (2) 1',9 AJ 0DC : Mustapha (M.) : Op.Cit.,PP.171-172 (3) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/: /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 183 HE' (9/G'  .5H5'K 5201 . (1) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 1219 HE' (9/G' (2) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'DE$33) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DD(*1HD H41C) ('F 'E1JC'F AJ 23 #C*H(1 9'E 1963 H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'DE$33) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DD(*1HD H41C) AJD(3 AJ 25 3(*E(1 9'E 1963  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H'DE$33) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DD(*1HD H41C) ('F 'E1JC'F AJ 12 A(1'J1 9'E 1964  1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/  /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 688 HE' (9/G'  5 811 HE' (9/G'  5 1026 HE' (9/G'  9DI 'D*H'DJ . (1) 31', -3JF E-E/ #(H 2J/  'D*-CJE AJ 9BH/ 'D(*1HD  '71H-) /C*H1'G  CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 9JF 4E3 1998  570-77 . (1) H0DC ('3*+F'! 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) H'D41C) 'D'J7'DJ) " ',J(" 9'E 1957 -J+ F5 G0' 'D9B/ 9DI 'F4'! 41C) E.*D7) **E*9 ('D4.5J) 'DB'FHFJ) 'DE3*BD) . (2) EF 0DC JECF #F F0C1 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'D39H/J) H'D41C) 'DJ'('FJ) A7(B'K DDE'/)(28) EF G0' 'D9B/ C'F* F3() 'DE4'1C) 941) AJ 'DE'&) (10%) EF 1'3 E'D 'D41C) . (3) EF 0DC 'D9BH/ 'D*J '(1E*G' 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) E9 'D41C) 'D'J7'DJ) " ',J(" 9'E 1957 H'D41C) 'D#E1JCJ) " ('F 'E1JC'F" 9'E 1958  'D9BH/ 'D*J '(1E*G' 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) E9 'DE$33) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DD(*1HD H41C*J " ('F 'E1JC'F" H " AJD(3" 9'EJ 1963  1964 . (4) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'DCHJ* H'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'DCHJ*J) H'D41C) 'D'3('FJ) "G3('F$JD" AJ 9'E 1968 . -J+ '97I G0' 'D9B/ 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'DCHJ*J) F3() E4'1C) *B/1 (H'-/ H.E3JF AJ 'DE'&) (51%) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* .... 'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 188 HE' (9/G' . (1) EF 0DC '*A'B 'DCHJ* E9 41C) 'D2J* 'D91(J) 'DE-/H/) 'DE(1E AJ 23 "( 1974 -J+ -5D* 'DCHJ* (EH,(G 9DI 3*JF AJ 'DE'&) (60%) EF CD 9EDJ'* H-BHB 'D41C) HEE*DC'*G'  H'*A'B 'D39H/J) H41C) '1'ECH AJ -2J1'F 1974  H'*A'B 'D(-1JF H41C) FA7 'D(-1JF 'DE(1E AJ 23 *41JF 'D+'FJ 1974  H'*A'B B71 E9 41C) FA7 B71 'DE(1E AJ 20 4('7 1974  1',9 AJ 0DC : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ....  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 291  5 347  5 396  5 442 9DI 'D*H'DJ . (1) EF 0DC 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D: 'DE'/) (14) EF 9B/ 'D39H/J) H'D41C) 'DJ'('FJ) 9'E 1957  H'DE'/) (20) EF 9B/ 'D39H/J) H41C) #HC3J1'( 9'E 1965  H'DE'/) (16) EF 9B/J E51 H('F 'E1JC'F 9'EJ 1963  1964  H'DE'/) (21/1) EF 9B/ E51 HAJDJ(3 9'E 1963 . (2) EF 0DC 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : 'DE'/) (17) EF 9B/J E51 H('F #E1JC'F 9'EJ 1963  1964  H'DE'/) (28) EF 9B/ E51 HAJDJ(3 9'E 1963 . (D DB/ 0G(* (96 'D9BH/ 'DI %97'! 'D-B DD/HD) 'DEF*,) AJ 41'! CEJ) EF 'DFA7 'DEF*, D'3*9E'DG' HD'3*9E'D 'D/HD 'D5/JB) . EF 0DC : EF 9B/ 'D39H/J) H'D41C) 'DJ'('FJ) 9'E 1957( E 26 ) EF 9B/ 'D39H/J) H41C) #HC3J1'( 9'E 1965(E30) . (3) EF 0DC E+D'K : 'DE'/) (12) EF 9B/J E51 H('F 'E1JC'F 9'EJ 1963  1964  H'DE'/) (31) EF 9B/ 'D39H/J) H41C) #HC3J1'( 9'E 1965. (1) HEF 0DC 'J6'K : 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) #HC3J1'( 9'E 1965  'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF -CHE) 'DCHJ* H'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'DCHJ*J) H'D41C) 'D'3('FJ) 9'E 1968 . (2) EF 0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H'D41C) 'DJ'('FJ) 9'E 1957  -J+ F5 9DI 'F *CHF E/) 'D(-+ 3F*JF J,H2 E/G' DA*1) 3F*JF '.1JJF  H9DI #F *CHF E/) 'D'3*:D'D '1(9JF 9'E'K . H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D39H/J) H41C) 'HC3J1'( 9'E 1965 . AB/ F5 9DI #F *CHF E/) 'D(-+ 3F*JF E9 ,H'2 'E*/'/G' +D'+ 3FH'* '.1I  CE' F5 9DI 'F *CHF E/) 'D'3*:D'D +D'+JF 9'E'K EF *'1J. 'C*4'A 'D2J* (CEJ'* *,'1J) C0DC 'J6'K 'D9BH/ 'DE(1E) (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) H41C*J ('F 'E1JC'F HAJDJ(3 9'EJ 1963  1964 AB/ F5* 'DE'/)(4) EFG' 9DI #F *CHF E/) 'D'3*:D'D +D'+JF 9'E' E9 ,H'2 'E*/'/G' DE/) #.1I B/1G' .E3) 941 9'E'K . HEE' *,/1 'D'4'1) 'DJG #F (96 'D*41J9'* 'DFA7J) B/ F5* 9DI -/ #B5I DDE/) 'D*J JECF #F J3*:1BG' 'D9B/ . HJECF 'F F0C1 EF 0DC B'FHF 'DFA7 'D'J1'FJ D9'E 1957 H'D0J F5 9DI 'F *CHF E/) 'D9B/ .E3) H941JF 9'E'K *(/# EF *'1J. 'F*', 'D(*1HD = =(CEJ'* *,'1J)  E9 ,H'2 *,/J/G' +D'+ E1'* DE/) .E3 3FH'* AJ CD E1) CE' F5 9DI E/) DD(-+ H'D*FBJ( (-/ 'B5I '+F*' 941) 3F) 'F81 AJ 0DC : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.171 (1) HEE' *,/1 'D'4'1) 'DJG #F (96 BH'FJF 'DFA7 B/ F5* 9DI 'D*2'E 'D41C) ('D*.DJ 9F 'DEF'7B :J1 'DE3*:D) EF 0DC 'DB'FHF 'D'J1'FJ DDFA7 9'E 1957  -J+ F5* 'DE'/) (7) EFG 9DI #F 'DE3'-) 'D*J J4EDG' 'D(-+ H'D*FBJ( J,( #F **BD5 'DI .E3JF AJ 'DE'&) (50%) .D'D 'D941 3FH'* 'D*'DJ) DD*HBJ9 9DI 'D9B/ H0DC (F3() .E3) H941JF AJ 'DE'&) (25%) CD .E3 3FH'* H'F *F-51 AJ 'DEF7B) 'DE3*:D) ('DA9D 1',9 AJ 0DC Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.173 (2) EF 0DC : 'D9BH/ 'D*J '(1E*G' 'D41C) 'DH7FJ) 'D'J1'FJ) E9 CD EF 41C) ',J( 9'E 1957 H41C) 3'AJ1 9'E 1958  H41C) ('F 'E1JC'F 9'E 1958 1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ : LOGIE(J.) , Les contrats petroliers iraniens , R.B.D.I. , 1965 , P.391 , Spec . P. 410 etss . HC0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'DE$33) 'D9'E) 'D39H/J) " (*1HEJF" HCD EF 41C) ',J( 9'E 1967 ( E20 ) H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF G0GP 'DE$33) H'D41C'* 'D+D'+ :3FCDJ1  HF'*HE'3  H('C3*'F 9'E 1967 (E 25) . 1',9 AJ G0GP 'D9BH/ : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 1300HE' (9/G'  5 1351 HE' (9/G' . = =HC0DC 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J)  H'DE$33) ... H41C) AJDJ(3 9'E 1963 (E48)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J)  H'D41C) 'D41BJ) DD(*1HD H'D41C) 'D/HDJ) DD2J* 9'E 1963 ( E67) . (1) 9DI #F JD'-8 #F (96 9BH/ 'DE4'1C) 'D*J '(1E*G' 'D-CHE) 'DE51J) B/ A1B* (JF FH9JF EF 'DEF'29'* : 'DEF'29'* 'D*J *F4# (JF 'D-CHE) H71A #H #C+1 EF #71'A 'D9B/  H'DEF'29'* 'D*J *F4# (JF #71'A 'D9B/ 'D#.1I . HF5* 9DI '.6'9 'DFH9 'D+'FJ DD*-CJE EF 0DC JECF #F F0C1 'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF 'D-CHE) 'DE51J)  H'DE$33) ... H41C) ('F 'E1JC'F 9'E 19623 ( E 42)  H'D9B/ 'DE(1E (JF FA3 'D'71'A 9'E 1964 ( E 42) DD*A5JD 'F81 31', -3JF E-E/ '(H 2J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 111-5 123 . (2) 'F81 AJ E2'J' 9BH/ 'DE4'1C) :/. 39/ 9D'E  F-H '3*+E'1 'D/HD) DFA7G' (FA3G'  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'D(*1HD 'D91(J 'D3'/3  (:/'/  1967  5 5  #-E/ 'D.1J,J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5  /. 9(/'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 133 . HE'(9/G' (1) 1',9 : /. 39/ 9D'E  F-H '3*+E'1 'D/HD) DFA7G' (FA3G'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 5 . (1) 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'D('1J #-E/ 9(/'D('1J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 50 . (2) 'F81 : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.182 H1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : Devaux- Charbonnal (J.) , Laccord petrolier Francoiranien conclu le 27 Aout 1966 entre la (3) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. E-E/ D(J( 4BJ1  /. 5'-( 0G(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 1462 HE' (9/G'  H'J6'K /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 67 HE' (9/G' (4) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 81 HE' (9/G' . (1) 'F81 : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.183. Mustapha (M.) ,Op.Cit.,p. 177 etSS. H'F81 'J6'K : /. 9(/ 'D1-JE E-E/ 39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 141 (2) AJ FA3 'DE9FI 1',9 : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.184. (1) lbid , p.186. (2)lbid , p.187. (3)lbid , p.187. (1) 'F81 AJ FA3 'DE9FI : Ait Chaalal (M.S.) :Op.Cit.,P.184 HJ0C1 'DE*.55JF #F E// 'D(-+ 9F 'D(*1HD H'3*:D'DG HAB'K D9BH/ 'DEB'HD) DE *CF **,'H2 #1(9) H+D'+JF 9'E'K . (2) 1',9 AJ FA3 'DE9FI 'DE5/1 'DE0CH1 #9D'G  FA3 'D5A-) . (3) 'F81 : /. 39/ 9D'E  *7H1 'D*41J9'* H'D'*A'BJ'* 'D(*1HDJ) 'DE51J)  E,D) 'D(*1HD  'DE,D/ 23  'D9// 'D1'(9  '(1JD 1986  5 27 HE' (9/G'  .5H5'K 5 31 . (1) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  'DE5/1 'DE0CH1 #9D'G . (2) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ...  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 475 HE' (9/G' (3) 1',9 AJ G0' 'D9B/ : /. 39/ 9D'E  EH3H9) 'D*41J9'* ...  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