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A*-J) B1)  #-C'E 9B/ 'DEB'HD)  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  1987 . 9'/D 92* 'D3F,BDJ  9BH/ 'D'3*4'1'* 'DGF/3J)  EF4H1'* E1C2 'D(-H+ 'DB'FHFJ)  (:/'/  1983 . /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,7  'DE,D/ 'D#HD  'D9BH/ 'DH'1/) 9DI 'D9ED  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1964 . @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@  9B/ 'D(J9  ,4  (/HF 3F) F41 . #./ E',/ 9E'1  9B/ 'D*1.J5 'D5F'9J  H#GEJ*G DD/HD 'DF'EJ)  1981 . #./ E-3F 4AJB  9B/ *3DJE 'DEA*'-  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (/HF 3F) F41 . /. F5J1) (H ,E9)  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  1987 . +'FJ'K : 'DEH'B9 'D%DC*1HFJ) : ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91( "E5/1 E#.H0 EF 'D%F*1FJ*   HYPERLINK "http://www.arab-eng.orgb/" www.arab-eng.orgb . +'D+'K : 'DBH'FJF : 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . 1BE 40 D3F) 1951 . (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 28/5/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 22/12/2008 . (1) -3F -3JF 'D(1'HJ  9B/ *B/JE 'DE4H1)  1998  556 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E3$HDJ) 'DEGF/3 'D'3*4'1J H'DEB'HD AJ E,'D 'D9BH/ 'DE/FJ) H9B/ *3DJE 'DEA*'-  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  2004  511 . 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(3) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  529  /.'-E/ E-EH/ 39J/ E1,9 3'(B  5379 . (1) 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' /1'3) AJ '7'1 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 H'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'D/HDJ 'DF'41 /'1 'DAC1 'D,'E9J  'D'3CF/1J)  2005  5115 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5169 . (1) 1',9 'DEHB9 'D'DC*1HFJ  HYPERLINK "http://www.arab-eng.org/" www.arab-eng.org ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91( 51 . (2) /.5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5109-110 . (3) /.5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5112-113 . (1) /.5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF E1,9 3'(B  5123 ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91(  E1,9 3'(B 51 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5186 . (2) /.9'/D 92* 'D3F,BDJ  E1,9 3'(B  51 . (3) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5168 . (1) /.5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5121-122 . (2) 'DE1,9 FA3G  5122 . (3) ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91(  E1,9 3'(B  52  3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5168 . (1) 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B 5 124-126 . (1) ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91(  E1,9 3'(B  51-2 . (2) /. 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5126 . (1) ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91(  E1,9 3'(B  52 . (2) /. 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5128 . (3) ED*BI 'DEGF/3JF 'D91(  E1,9 3'(B  52 . (1) /.'-E/ E-EH/ 39/  E1,9 3'(B  5 369  370  372 . (2) #./ E-3F 'D4AJB  9B/ *3DJE 'DEA*'-  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (/HF *'1J.  536 . (3) #./ E',/ 9E'1  9B/ 'D*1.J5 'D5F'9J H#GEJ*G DD/HD 'DF'EJ)  (/HF EC'F 1981 54-5 . (1) /.#-E/ E-EH/ 39/  E1,9 3'(B  5372 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5193 . (3) 'DE5/1 FA3G  5223 . (4) %./ E-3F 4AJB  E1,9 3'(B  536 . (1) A*-J) B1)  #-C'E 9B/ 'DEB'HD)  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  1987  5219 . H#F81 #J6' 'D3FGH1J  E1,9 3'(B  5109 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5129 . (3) 'DE1,9 FA3G  5200  H'F81 #J6' A*-J) B1)  E1,9 3'(B  5164 H /. ,9A1 #DA6DJ  E1,9 3'(B  5387 . (1) /.F5J1) (H ,E9)  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  1987  5190-192 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5205 . (3) /. '-E/ E-EH/ 39/  E1,9 3'(B  5373 . (1) /. 9'/D 92* 'D3F,BDJ  E1,9 3'(B  5130 . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5205 . (3) 1',9 'DEH'/ (536  560  586) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . (1) 1',9 'DE'/) (537) E/FJ 91'BJ . (2) 1',9 'DEH'/ (531  532  534  535) E/FJ 91'BJ . (1) 1',9 'DE'/) (427) E/FJ 91'BJ . (2) 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3EJ9 'D'H/F  E1,9 3'(B  5210 . (3) #./ E-3F 4AJB  E1,9 3'(B  5449  /. 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  5117. (1) #F81 'DE'/) (870) E/FJ 91'BJ 'DE9/D) H#F81 #J6' /. 9'/D 92* 'D3F,BDJ  E1,9 3'(B 582  /. 5D'- 'D/JF ,E'D 'D/JF  E1,9 3'(B  582 . (2) %. / E-3F 4AJB  E1,9 3'(B  5449 . (3) /. F5J1) (H ,E9)  E1,9 3'(B  5291-292 . (1) 1',9 'DE'/) (870) E/FJ 91'BJ 'DE9/D) . (2) /. 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,7  5109-125  /. ,9A1 #DA6DJ  E1,9 3'(B  5193  5405 . (3) 1',9 'DE'/) (250) E/FJ 91'BJ . (4) 1',9 'DE'/) (168) E/FJ 91'BJ .     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