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www.umn.edu/humanrts/arab/bo36/htm/. 4- 'D'*A'BJ) 'D'H1(J) D-E'J) -BHB 'D'F3'F H'D-1J'* 'D'3'3J) D9'E 1950 . 5- E('/I 'D'EE 'DE*-/) (4#F -E'J) 'D'-/'+ 'DE,1/JF EF -1J*GE . 'DE*'- 9DI 'D9FH'F 'D'DC*1HFJ : www.umn.edu/humanrts/arab/bo37/htm/. 6- 'DEJ+'B 'D91(J D-BHB 'D'F3'F  'DE*'- 9DI 'D9FH'F 'D'DC*1HFJ : www.umn.edu/humanrts/arab/a003/htm/. 7- '9D'F 'DB'G1) -HD -BHB 'D'F3'F AJ 'D'3D'E  'DE*'- 9DI 'D9FH'F 'D'DC*1HFJ: www.umn.edu/humanrts/arab/a004/htm/. +'D+'K : E,EH9) 'D'-C'E H'DB1'1'* 'DB6'&J) 1-E9H6 9(/ 'D*H'(  'D/AH9 'D,F'&J)  73  /'1 'DE7(H9'* 'D,'E9J)  'D'3CF/1J)  1996 . 2- E,EH9) '-C'E 'DFB6  317  1966 . 3- E,EH9) '-C'E 'DFB6  36  1955 . 4- E,EH9) '-C'E 'DFB6  31  1950 . 1'(9'K : BH'FJF 1- 'D/3*H1 'D91'BJ D3F) 1970 . 2- 'D/3*H1 'DE51J D3F) 1971 . 3- 'D/3*H1 'D3H1J D3F) 1973 . 4- 'D/3*H1 'D3H/'FJ D3F) 1973 . 5- 'D/3*H1 'D'E'1'*J D3F) 1971 . 6- 'D/3*H1 'D*HF3J D3F) 1959 . 7- B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ 'DE1BE (111) D3F) 1969 . 8- B'FHF '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'D,2'&J) 'D91'BJ 'DE1BE (23) D3F) 1971 . 9- B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DE51J 'DE1BE (58) D3F) 1937 . 10-B'FHF 'D',1'!'* 'D,F'&J) 'DE51J 'DE1BE (150) D3F) 1950 . 11- B'FHF '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'D,2'&J) 'D'1/FJ 'DE1BE (9) D3F) 1961 . () /.E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  41- B'FHF 'D',1'!'* 'D,F'&J)  73  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1998  1BE 882  5782 . () /.'D3J/ E-E/ -3F 41JA  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'+('* 'D,F'&J  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  2002  5445 /.-3JF E-EH/ '(1'GJE  'DH3'&D 'D9DEJ) 'D-/J+) AJ 'D'+('* 'D,F'&J  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1981  586  /.E/-* E-E/ 39/ 'D/JF  F81J) 'D/AH9 AJ B'FHF 'D',1'!'* 'D,F'&J)  72  2003  560 . () /.'-E/ A*-J 31H1  'DB'FHF 'D,F'&J 'D/3*H1J  72  /'1 'D41HB  'DB'G1)  2002  5271 . () /.,D'D +1H*  '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'D,2'&J)  'DB'9/) 'D',1'&J)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J)  1991  5203 . () 'F81 AJ 916 G0G 'D'9*('1'* . /.'-E/ A*-J 31H1  'D-E'J) 'D/3*H1J) DD-BHB H'D-1J'*  /'1 'D41HB  'DB'G1)  2000  5 5596-597  /.'D3J/ E-E/ -3F 41JA  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 5474-480 . () 'DE/13) 'DHN69J) GJ E/13) 9B'(J) ,/J/) 4CD* +H1) AJ 'D/1'3'* 'D9B'(J)  8G1* 'H'.1 'DB1F 'D*'39 941  HF'/* ('AC'1 H"1'! 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() '9*E/*G 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) DD'EE 'DE*-/) (B1'1G' 'DE1BE (45/113) AJ 14 /J3E(1 1990 () '9*E/G E,D3 ,'E9) 'D/HD 'D91(J) (B1'1G 'DE1BE (5427) AJ 15 3(*E(1 1997 . () *E ','2*G EF B(D H21'! .'1,J) EF8E) E$*E1 'D9'DE 'D'3D'EJ  'DB'G1)  AJ 15 "( 1990 . () /.'D3J/ E-E/ -3F 41JA  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5413 . () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5383 . () 3H1) 'DF3'!  'D"J) (165) . () 3H1) 'DB55 'D"J) (59) . () 'D'E'E 9DJ (F 9E1 '(H 'D-3F 'D/'1B7FJ  3FF 'D/'1B7FJ  ,4  /'1 'DE91A)  (J1H*  1966  5184 . () 92 'D/JF (F 9(/ 'D92J2 (F 9(/ 'D3D'E 'D3DEJ  BH'9/ 'D'-C'E AJ E5'D- 'D'F'E  ,1  EC*() 'DCDJ'* 'D'2G1J)  1388G@  532 . () ,D'D 'D/JF 'D3JH7J  'D,'E9 'D5:J1 AJ '-'/J+ 'D(4J1 'DF0J1  'DE7(9) 'D.J1J)  E51  ,1  1375G@  1BE 3225 . () /.'41A 1E6'F 9(/ 'D-EJ/  -J'/ 'DB6'! 'D,F'&J  71  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2004  5168  /.95'E 9AJAJ 9(/ 'D(5J1  '2E) 'D419J) 'D,F'&J) HH3'&D 9D',G'  71  /'1 '(H 'DE,/ DD7('9)  'DB'G1)  2004  5169 . () 3H1) JHF3  'D"J) (36) . () E-E/ (F 9DJ (F E-E/ 'D4HC'FJ  FJD 'D'H7'1  41- EF*BI'D'.('1 EF '-'/J+ 3J/ 'D'.J'1  ,8  E7(9) 'D-D(J  E51  1953  5288 . () /.'D3J/ E-E/ -3F 41JA  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5390 . () 'D'E'E 4E3 'D/JF E-E/ (F '(J (C1 (F BJE 'D,H2J)  '9D'E 'DEHB9JF 9F 1( 'D9'DEJF  *-BJB H*9DJB 95'E 'D/JF 'D5('(7J  ,1  71  /'1 'D-/J+  'DB'G1)  1993  5290 . () /.'D3J/ E-E/ -3F 41JA  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5392 . ()R. Koering-Joulin, La presomption dinnocence droit compare, collogue du 16 Jonvier 1998, pp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intuitive HGH 'D0J J9*E/ 9DI A1B 'D(/JGJ'* #H 'DE3DE'* 'DEB(HD) AJ 'D6EJ1 'D%F3'FJ HEF #(12 #E+D*G' 'DJBJF 'D1J'6J  H(JF 'DJBJF 'D'3*B1'1J inductive HGH 'D0J J9*E/ 9DI 'D'3*/D'D ('DBJ'3 D%+('* 4J! E9JF  HA1B 'D(96 'D".1 (JF 'DJBJF 'DEJ*'A2JBJ metaphsique #H 'D:J(J HGH 'D0J J3*F(7 EF #EH1 :J(J)  H'DJBJF 'DAJ2JBJ physique #H 'D7(J9J HGH 'D0J J3*F(7 EF %/1'C 'D-H'3 'D(41J)  H'DJBJF 'DE9FHJ morale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