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'H 'E1#*JF E9 'DJEJF  9F/ 'DE'DCJ) H'D-F'(D) H'D,9A1J) 'E' 'D4'A9J) H'D2J/J) H'D'E'EJ) AD' *BHE 'DE1#) 9F/GE EB'E 'D1,D 'DH'-/ 9F/ 'D'.0 ('D4'G/ E9 'DJEJF 'E' ('DF3() DDBH'FJF 'DEB'1F) ADE JA1B 'DE419 'D91'BJ (JF 'DE1#) H'D1,D AJ 'D'+('* HC0DC 'DAD37JFJ . AJ -JF ,9D 'DB'FHF 'DJEFJ 4G'/) 'DE1#) F5A 4G'/) 'D1,D HJ9/ 0DC 'C+1 'F3,'E' E9 '-C'E 'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ) 'D'E1 'D0J F/9H 'DE419 'D91'BJ DD'.0 (G . H','2* 'DBH'FJJF 'DEB'1F) 'D'.0 ('D4G'/) E9 'DJEJF E9 'D'.0 (F81 'D'9*('1 F5'( 'D4G'/) ('DF3() DDE1') . 6-'.*DA 'DABG AJ B(HD 4G'/) 'DE1#) 9DI 'D#EH1 'D:J1 E'DJ) C'D2H', H'D7D'B HE' J*9DB (G' H'DF3( H'DHC'D) H'DH5J) 'D:J1 E'DJ) . H'*ABH' 9DI B(HD 4G'/) 'DE1#) AJ 'DD9'F H'D-'D'* 'D*J D' J7D9 9DJG' 'D1,'D C'D16'9 H'DHD'/'* H9JH( 'DF3'! 'D' 'FGE '.*DAH' 9DI F5D( 'D4G'/) AJ *DC 'D-'D'* AEFGE EF B(D 4G'/) 'DH'-/) HEFGE EF #B'E 'DE1#*JF EB'E 'D1,D 'DH'-/ HEFGE EF B(D (4G'/) 'DE1#*JF .'E' ('DF3() DDBH'FJF 'DEB'1F) AB/ '*AB 'DB'FHFJF 'DJEFJ H'DAD37JFJ 9DI B(HD 4G'/) 'DE1#*JF E9 'D1,D 9DI 9B/ 'D2H', (JFE' .D' 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ EF 'DF5 9DI 0DC , H'FA1/ 'DB'FHF 'DJEFJ ('DF5 9DI 4G'/) 'DE1#) 'DH'-/) AJ 'DE3'&D 'D*J D'J7D9 9DJG' 'D1,'D 'D'E1 'D0J F/9H 'DE419 'D91'BJ DD'.0 (G +'FJ' 'D*H5J'* : 1-FB*1- 9DI 'DE419 'D91'BJ E3'J1) #-C'E 'D41J9) 'D%3D'EJ) H0DC (*-/J/ 'DF5'( 'D419J DD'+('* ('D4G'/) H0DC AJ B'FHF 'D'+('* ('J1'/ 'DF5 'D'*J :- (JCHF F5'( 'D'+('* ('D4G'/) AJ 'D'EH'D H'D-BHB HE' *9DB (G' 1,D'F 'H 1,D H'E1#*'F 'D'E' '3*+FJ (F5 .'5) . 2-FB*1- 'J1'/ F5 AJ B'FHF 'D'+('* J-// 41H7 'D4G'/) (4CD EA5D H'DF5 9DI 41H7 'D'GDJ) 9F/ '/'! 'D4G'/) H0DC D69A FAH3 'D(41 AJ 'DHB* 'D-'DJ EE' *,9DGE :J1 'EJFJF AJ '/'&G' . H'DF5 9DI 41H7 3D'E) 'D-H'3 9F/ #/'&G'  D'F 'DE419 'D91'BJ ','2 4G'/) 'D'9EI H'D'5E H'D'.13 . 3- FB*1- 'J1'/ F5 AJ B'FHF 'D'-H'D 'D4.5J) J,J2 4G'/) 'DH'-/) AJ 'DE3'&D 'D*J D' J7D9 9DJG' 'D1,'D H0DC D*3GJD 'D%+('* AJ *DC 'D-'D'* . E1',9 'D(-+ : 'DE1',9 (9/ 'DB1'F 'DC1JE 'HD' :- C*( 'DD:) 1-%(1'GJE E57AI  'DE9,E 'DH3J7  ,/1 E,E9 'DD:) 'D91(J)  E7(9) E51  1960 . 2-E-E/ (F '(J (C1 (F 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D1'2J  E.*'1 'D5-'-  /'1 'D13'D)  'DCHJ*  1983. +'FJ' :- C*( 'D*A3J1 1- #(H 9(/ 'DDG E-E/ (F %/1J3 'D4'A9J  '-C'E 'DB1'F  , / 2  7 1  ,E9G 'D%E'E #(J (C1 '-E/ (F 'D-3JF (F 9DJ (F 9(/ 'DDG (F EH3I 'D(JGBJ  *B/JE H*9DJB 'D4J. B'3E 'D4E'9J 'D1A'9J  /HF E7(9) H3F) 7(9. 2-9E'/ 'D/JF '(J 'DA/'! '3E'9JD (F C+J1 'DB14J 'D/E4BJ  *A3J1 'DB1'F 'D98JE  ,/1  7 1  *-BJB 'D9D'E) E-E/ F'51 'D/JF 'D'D('FJ  EC*() 'D5A'  'DB'G1)  2004 . 3- @@@@@@@@@@  *A3J1 'DB1'F 'D98JE  ,/3  7 1  *-BJB 'D9D'E) E-E/ F'51 'D/JF 'D'D('FJ  EC*() 'D5A'  'DB'G1)  2004. 4- @@@@@@@@@@  *A3J1 'DB1'F 'D98JE  ,/8  7 1  *-BJB 'D9D'E) E-E/ F'51 'D/JF 'D'D('FJ  EC*() 'D5A'  'DB'G1)  2004 +'D+' :- C*( 'D-/J+ 1- 'D'E'E 'D-'A8 'DE5FA 'DE*BF '(J /'$/ 3DJE'F 'D3,3*'FJ 'D'2/J  3FF #(J /'$/  , /3  /'1 'D-/J+  'DB'G1)  1988. 2- #(J 9(/ 'DDG E'DC (F 'F3 'D'5(-J  EH7# 'D%E'E E'DC  7 /1  1H'J) E-E/ (F 'D-3F 'D4J('FJ  *9DJB H*-BJB 9(/ 'DHG'( 9(/ 'DD7JA  /'1 'DBDE  (J1H*  D(F'F  /HF 3F) 7(9 . 3-'D'E'E 4J. 'D-A'8 'D(.'1J E-E/ (F '3E'9JD (F '(1'GJE (F 'DE:J1) (F (1/2J) 5-J- 'D(.'1J  7(9) ,/J/) -BB '5HDG H6(7G 7G 9(/ 'D1$A 39/  EC*() 'D'JE'F  'DEF5H1)  'E'E ,'E9) 'D'2G1  2003 . 4- E57AI E-E/ 9E'1)  ,H'G1 'D(.'1J H41- 'DB37D'FJ ( 700 -/J+ E41H- )  /'1 'DAC1 DD7('9) H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  (J1H*  D(F'F  /HF 3F) 7(9 . 1'(9' :- C*( 'DABG 1- '(H (C1 ,'(1 'D,2'&1J  EFG', 'DE3DE  7(9) ,/J/) 'DEC*() 'D*HAJBJ) , 3J/F' 'D-3JF  /HF 3F) 7(9 . 2- '(H 'DHDJ/ E-E/ (F '-E/ (F E-E/ (F '-E/ (F 14/ 'DB17(J  (/'J) 'DE,*G/ HFG'J) 'DEB*5/  ,/2  7 10  /'1 'DC*( 'D9'DEJ)  (J1H*  D(F'F  1988 . 3- /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DEF9E 'D(GJ , EF 71B 'D'+('* AJ 'D41J9) HAJ 'DB'FHF  7/1  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1965 . 4- 'D-DJ ,9A1 (F 'D-3F (F '(J 2C1J' (F 39J/ 'DG0DJ  41'&9 'D'3D'E AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ 'D,9A1J  ('41'A 'D9D'E) 'D4J. E-E/ ,H'/ E:FJ)  EF4H1'* /'1 EC*() 'D-J')  (J1H*  D(F'F  1978 . 5- 'D.14J 9DI E.*51 3J/J .DJD H(G'E4G -'4J) 'D4J. 9DJ 'D9/HJ , E,D/ 4  ,/ 7 , /'1 'DAC1 1378G@ . 6- 2C1J' 'D'F5'1J  -'4J) 'D,ED 9DI 41- 'DEFG,  ,/ 5  /'1 'DAC1 DD7('9) H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  /HF 3F) 7(9. 7- 2JF 'D/JF '(J 'DA1, 9(/ 'D1-EF (F '-E/ (F 'D-F(DJ 'D(:/'/J  ,'E9 'D9DHE H'D-CE  /'1 'DAC1 DD7('9) H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  (J1H*  D(F'F  1988 . 8- 3DJE 13*E ('2  E,D) 'D'-C'E 'D9/DJ) , 73 , /'1 '-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J , (J1H* , /HF 3F) 7(9 . 9- 4E3 'D/JF 'D31.3J  C*'( 'DE(3H7  E,D/ 3  , 5 H 6  7 /3 /'1 'DE91A) DD7('9) H'DF41  (J1H*  D(F'F  1978 . 10- @@@@@@@@@@  'DE(3H7  E,D/ 8  , 15 H 16  7 /2, /'1 'DE91A) DD7('9) H'DF41  (J1H* , /HF 3F) 7(9 . 11- 4E3 'D/JF '(J 9(/ 'DDG E-E/ (F '(J (C1 (F BJE 'D,H2J)  'D71B 'D-CEJ) AJ 'D3J'3) 'D419J)  .1, 'J'*G H'-'/J+G 'D4J. 2C1J' 9EJ1'*  7/ 1  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  (J1H*  D(F'F  1995 12- 4E3 'D/JF E-E/ (F '(J 'D9('3 '-E/ (F -E2) (F 4G'( 'D/JF 'D1EDJ 'DEFHAJ 'DE51J 'D'F5'1J 'D4GJ1 ('D4'A9J 'D5:J1 , FG'J) 'DE-*', 'DI 41- 'DEFG', , ,/8 , 7 /3 , /'1 '-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J , (J1H* , D(F'F ,1992 . 13- 'D'E'E 9D'! 'D/JF '(J (C1 (F E39H/ 'DC'3'FJ 'D-FAJ 'DEDB( (EDC 'D9DE'! (/'&9 'D5F'&9 AJ *1*J( 'D41'&9  ,/6  72  /'1 'DC*'( 'D91(J  (J1H*  D(F'F  1982. 14- E-E/ (F '/1J3 'D4'A9J  'D'E  , / 7  /'1 'DE91A) ,1990 . 15- E-E/ ,H'/ E:FJ)  '5HD 'D'+('* AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ 'D,9A1J  7/1  /'1 'D9DE DDED'JJF  (J1H*  1964 . 16- /. E-E/ A*- 'DDG 'DF4'1  '-C'E 4G'/) 'DF3'!  /'1 'D,'E9) 'D,/J/)  'D%3CF/1J) 2006. 17- 'D4J. 'D9D'E) EHAB 'D/JF '(J E-E/ 9(/ 'DDG (F '-E/ (F E-E/ (F B/'E) 9DJ E.*51 'D'E'E '(J 'DB'3E 9E1 (F 'D-3JF (F 9(/ 'DDG (F '-E/ 'D-2.J HJDJG 41- 'DC(J1 9DI E*F 'DEBF9 *'DJA 'D'E'E 'D4J. 4E3 'D/JF '(J 'DA1, 9(/ 'D1-EF (F '(J 9E1 E-E/ (F '-E/ (F B/'E) 'DEB/3J  'DE:FJ  E7(9) 'DEF'1  E51  /HF 3F) 7(9. .'E3':-C*( 'DB'FHF 1- '/E HGJ( 'DF/'HJ , 'DEH,2 AJ B'FHF 'D'+('* , E7'(9 '9/'/J) 1 -2J1'F 'D5F'9J) , (:/'/ , 1990 . 2- -3JF 'DE$EF  F81J) 'D'+('* ('D4G'/)) ,/2  (:/'/  1951. 3- /.4G'/ G'(JD 'D(1+'HJ  4G'/) 'D2H1 EF 'DF'-J*JF 'DB'FHFJ) H'DFA3J) , /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J , 1982 . 4- 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- '-C'E B'FHF 'D'+('* 'D91'BJ  72  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1997  5- 9(/'DF'51 E-E/ 4JFH1  'D'+('* ('D.(1) (JF 'DB6'! 'D'3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ H*7(JB'*G' 'DE9'51)  /1'3) EB'1F)  71  /'1 'DFA'&3  'D'1/F  2005. 6- /. 9(/ 'DHG'( 'D94E'HJ  %,1'!'* 'D'+('* AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J) 7/1  /'1 'D,JD DD7('9)  E51  1985. 7- /. 95E* 9(/ 'DE,J/  41- B'FHF 'D'+('*   72  'DEC*() 'DB'FHFJ) / (:/'/  2005. 8-9DJ E-E/ '(1'GJE 'DC1('3J  41- B'FHF 'D'-H'D 'D4.5J) 1BE 188 D3F) 1959  'DEC*() 'DB'FHFJ)  1989. 9- /. E-E/ 'D2-JDJ  'D*F8JE 'DB6'&J AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  72  /'1 'DAC1 'DE9'51  D(F'F  2002. 10- 'DE-'EJ E-E/ 9DJ 'D5H1J , 'D*9DJB 'DEB'1F 9DI EH'/ B'FHF 'D'+('* , ,/2 , E7(9) 4AJB , (:/'/ , 1983. 3'/3'K :- 'D'7'1J- #. 4C1 E-EH/ 'D3DJE , 'D4G'/) 'E'E 'DB6'! 'DE/FJ , 13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF , ,'E9) (:/'/ , 1988 . F'/J) .J1 'D/JF  71B 'D'+('* AJ /9'HJ 'D'-H'D 'D4.5J) 'DE*9DB) ('DE3'&D 'D:J1 'DE'DJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)- #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2002. 3'(9'K :- 'DB1'1'* 'DB6'&J) 1- B1'1 E-CE) *EJJ2 'D91'B 1BE 237 AJ 31/1/1970 EF4H1 AJ 'DF41) 'DB6'&J) 91  31  1970. 2- B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'D91'BJ) 1BE 32 -BHBJ) AJ 19 / 2 / 1989 EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB6'!  'D9//'F 1  2  1989. 3- B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'D91'BJ) 1BE 368 /E1/EFBHD/99/AJ 29 /5/1999EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB6'!  'D'9/'/ 1  2  3  4  'D3F) 53  1999. 4- B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'D91'BJ) 1BE 1619 /E3 /2000 AJ 16/10/2000 ( :J1 EF4H1). +'EF'K :- 'D'F*1F* 1- 'DE-'EJ ,E'D E-E/ 'D,9(J  *F5JA 4G'/) 'DE1#)  EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J:-  HYPERLINK "http://www-wfrt.org/dtls%20php?page" http://www-wfrt.org/dtls php?page id. 73 2- 'DE-'EJ) 5A'! 1-1H-  DE'0' D'*B(D 4G'/) 'DE1#) #E'E 'DE-'CE 'D419J)  EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J :- www- aman Jordan.org enlish .com 3- 4G'/) 'DE1#) AJ 'D-/H/ H'DB5'5  EF*/I 'D*H-J/  EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 : http: /www .eltwed .com /vb/ index-php 4- 'D*41J9'* 'DJEFJ) H'D419J) 'D/HDJ) *F'B6 JF*GC 'D-BHB  EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J: www ragnews.net/index.php?actian=show Debils&id=876. 5- EB'D (9FH'F ( 'DB1'!'* 'D,/J/) DAC1 '(F *JEJ) ) EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J :- www . alwatan.com.sa/daily/2006-72-27/ first-papgo2.htm. 6- F2'1 '-E/  E/HF) *-'HD 'F *B1' #H6'9 'DE1#) H'D#31) AJ 'DE,*E9 'D41BJ EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J:- www. nizarrawashdeh, maktoobblog.com *'39'K :- 'DBH'FJF 1- B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) 'D91'BJ 1BE (188) D3F) 1959 H*9/JD'*G . 2- B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) 'DJEFJ 1BE (20 ) D3F) 1992 . 3- B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DJEFJ 1BE ( 21 ) D3F) 1992'DE9/D ('DB'FHF 1BE (20 ) D3F) 1996 . 4- B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ  1BE ( 107) D3F) 1979 'DE9/D ('DB'FHF 1BE (46) D3F) 2000. 5- B'FHF 'D(JF'* AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J) 'DAD37JFJ 1BE ( 4 ) D3F) 2001. 6- E41H9 B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) 'DAD37JFJ D9'E 2005. (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 28/5/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 29/6/2008 . () 1',9 E-E/ (F #(J (C1 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D1'2J  E.*'1 'D5-'-  /'1 'D13'D)  'DCHJ*  1983  5 349 . () 1',9 '(1'GJE E57AI  'DE9,E 'DH3J7  , / 1  E,E9 'DD:) 'D91(J)  E7(9) E51  1960  5 499H 450. () 1',9 4E3 'D/JF 'D31.3J  'DE(3H7  E,D/ /8 , 15H 16  7 2  /'1 'DE91A) DD7('9) H'DF41  (J1H*  /HF 3F) 7(9  5 111- 112. () 1',9 : 'D'E'E 9D'! 'D/JF '(J (C1 (F E39H/ 'DC'3'FJ 'D-FAJ 'DEDB( (EDC 'D9DE'!  (/'&9 'D5F'&9 AJ *1*J( 'D41'&9  ,/6 7 2  /'1 'DC*'( 'D91(J  D(F'F  1982  5 266. () 1',9 '(H (C1 ,'(1 'D,2'&1J  EFG', 'DE3DE  'DEC*() 'D*HAJBJ)  3J/F' 'D-3F  /HF 3F) 7(9 5452. () 1',9 : 4E3 'D/JF E-E/ (F '(J 'D9('3 '-E/ (F -E2) '(F 4G'( 'D/JF 'D1EDJ 'DEFHAJ 'DE51J 'D'F5'1J 'D4GJ1 ('D4'A9J 'D5:J1  FG'J) 'DE-*', 'DI 41- 'DEFG',  , / 8  7 3  /'1 '-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J , (J1H*  D(F'F  1992  5 292. () 1',9 'D'E'E 4E3 'D/JF '(J 9(/ 'DDG E-E/ (F '(J (C1 (F BJE 'D,H2J)  'D71B 'D-CEJ) AJ 'D3J'3) 'D419J)  .1, 'J'*G H'-'/J+G 2C1J' 9EJ1'*  71  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  (J1H*  D(F'F 1995  5 10. () 1',9 3DJE 13*E ('2  E,D) 'D'-C'E 'D9/DJ)  7 3  /'1 '-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J  (J1H*  (/HF 3F) 7(9  5 1002. () 1',9 : 'DE'/) ( 26 ) EF B'FHF 'D'+('* 'DJEFJ 1BE 21 D3F) 1990 'DE9/D ('DB'FHF 1BE 20 D3F) 1996. () 1',9 /. '/E HGJ( 'DF/'HJ  'DEH,2 AJ B'FHF 'D'+('*  E7'(9 '9/'/J) 1 -2J1'F 'D5F'9J)  (:/'/ 1990  5 141. () 1',9 : /. 9(/ 'DHG'( 'D94E'HJ  %,1'!'* 'D'+('* AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  7 1  /'1 'D,JD DD7('9)  ,EGH1J) E51 'D91(J)  1985  5 107. () 1',9 /. 4G'/ G'(JD 'D(1+'HJ  'D4G'/) 'D2H1 EF 'DF'-J*JF 'DB'FHFJ) H'DFA3J)  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1982  5 16. () 1',9 #-4C1 E-EH/ 'D3DJE  'D4G'/) 'E'E 'DB6'! 'DE/FJ  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) (:/'/  1988  5 10. () 1',9 'D%E'E 9D'! 'D/JF 'DC'3'FJ 'D-FAJ  E1,9 3'(B  5 266-267. 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() 1',9 : 'DE-'EJ E-E/ 9DJ 'D5H1J  'D*9DJB 'DEB'1F 9DI EH'/ 'DB'FHF 'D'+('*  , 2  E7(9) 4AJB (:/'/  1983  5 820. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 86 ) EF B'FHF 'D'+('* 'D91'BJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE-'EJ E-E/ 9DJ 'D5H1J  E1,9 3'(B  5 838. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 95 ) EF B'FHF 'D'+('* 'D91'BJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE'/) (78 ) EF B'FHF ''D(JF'* 'DAD37JFJ 1BE ( 4 ) D3F) 2001. () 1',9 'DAB1) 'D#HDI EF 'DE'/) ( 72 ) EF B'FHF 'D(JF'* 'DAD37JFJ 'DF'A/. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 74 ) EF B'FHF 'D(JF'* 'DAD37JFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 90 ) EF B'FHF 'D(JF'* 'DAD37JFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 27 )EF B'FHF 'D'+('* 'DJEFJ 1BE ( 21 ) D3F) 1992. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 28 ) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DJEFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 29 ) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DJEFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DEH'/ ( 31  32 ) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DJEFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 41 ) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DJEFJ 'DF'A0. () 1',9 /. 95E* 9(/ 'DE,J/  41- B'FHF 'D'+('*  72  'DEC*() 'DB'FHFJ)  (:/'/  2006  5177. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD 1',9 'DE-'EJ 9DJ '(H GD'D  F81) 'HDJ) 9DI -BHB 'DE1') AJ E41H9 B'FHF 'D'-H'D 'D4.5J) 'DAD37JFJ  EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J :  HYPERLINK "http://www.http/" www.http : // pwic.org.ps/7akok-2/7akokak-9/1.8. html.-1. 18.html. () 1',9 'DE-'EJ) 5A'! 1-1H-  DE'0' D'*B(D 4G'/) 'DE1") 'E'E 'DE-'CE 'D419J)  EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 : www aman jordan  org/english.com () 3H1) 'D(B1)  'D'J) 202. () 1',9 EB'D (9FH'F ( 'DB1'!'* 'D,/J/) DAC1 '(F *JEJ) ) EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 : www . alwatan.com.sa/daily/2006-72-27/ first-papgo2.htm.. () 1',9 : F2'1 '-E/  E/HF) *-'HD 'F *B1' #H6'9 'DE1#) H'D#31) AJ 'DE,*E9 'D41BJ EB'D EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 www. nizarrawashdeh, maktoobblog.com. () DDE2J/ 1',9 : ( 4G'/) 'DE1') AJ 'D-/H/ H'DB5'5 ) EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9 : http:www-eltwhed-com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