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ntoine Brocca Manuel de la Clause de reserve de Propriete, Lyon , 1982 . Choucri Cardah: La Vent en droit Compare Occidental el Oriontal, Li G. D. J., Paris, 1968 . D. Von Breitenstein , La Clause de reserve de propriete et le risque dune perte fortuite de la chose vendue, Rev. Trim . Dr. Com. 1980 . F. De Zulueta, The Roman Law of Sale, Clarendon Press, Oxford, London, 1966 . Joseph Hamel, Vente a temperament et Location Vente, Dalloz, 1930. Kenneth Smith and Denis J. Keenan , English Law, Fifth Edition, Pitman Publishing Ltd ..London 1975 . paul - Henri Steinauer, Les droit reels, Tom II, Editions Staempfli & Cie SA Berne, 1990 . Roger Houin . L introduction de la clause de reserve de propriete dans le droit Francais de la Faillite, J. C. P , 1980 . William Garcin et Jean Thieffry , La Clause de reserve de propriete , Publie Faculte de droit et Sciences Economiques Montpellier , Paris, 1980 . (*) (-+ E3*D EF 13'D) 'DE',3*J1 'DEH3HE) "'D(J9 ('D*B3J7  /1'3) EB'1F)"  B/E* 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF 9'E 1998 . () 'F81 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : /. 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,4  E5/1 3'(@@B  5170 HE' (9/G' . () /. (1G'E E-E/ 97' 'DDG . 9B/ 'D(J9  E$33) 'D+B'A) 'D,'E9J)  'D'3CF/1J)  1983  549-50 . () #F81 'DEH'/ 1583 H1606 E/FJ A1F3J  204-205 E/FJ E51J  531 E/FJ 91'BJ . () 'DE'/) 17 A1 H'DE'/) 18 EF B'FHF (J9 'D(6'&9 'D'FCDJ2J D9'E 1979  H'F8@1 EA5D'K : D. W. Gerig, Sale of goods, Butterworths&Co. Publishers Ltd., London, 1979, P. 26-30. () 'F81 : - Pierre Tercier, Op. Cit., PP. 33 . () 'F81 'DE'/) 1583 E/FJ A1F3J H'DE13HE 'D5'/1 AJ 4 C'FHF 'D+'FJ 1955 'D.'5 (*F8JE 'D4G1 'D9B'1J  H'F81 #J6'K :/. 9(/ 'DEF9E 'D(/1'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5271 . () 'DE'/) 934 E/FJ E51J . H'DE'/) 9 EF B'FHF *F8JE 'D4G1 'D9B'1J 'DE1BE 114 D3F) 1946 . () H0DC 9F 71JB 'D/9HI 'DE91HA) (/9HI 5-) 'D*9'B/ . 'F81 ('D*A5JD : 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,4  E5/1 3'(B  5487 HE' (9/G' . H'F81 #J6'K :/. 3EJ1 9(/ 'D3J/ *F':H  9B/ 'D(J9  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D'3CF/1J)  1973  5164 HE' (9/G' . () 'DE'/) 40 EF B'FHF 'DEDCJ) 'D'F,DJ2J Law of Property Act D9'E 1925  H'F81 AJ 0DC #J6'K : - Kenneth Smith and Denis J. Keenan , English Law, Fifth Edition, Pitman Publishing Ltd ..London 1975 . P.343-344 . - F .H. Lawson , Op. Cit, P.53 . () 'DE'/) 216 A1 EF *BFJF 'D'D*2'E'* 'D3HJ31J . () *F5 E/656 EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D3HJ31J "'DBJ/ AJ 'D3,D 'D9B'1J 61H1J D'C*3'( EDCJ) 'D9B'1'*". () 'F81 'DE'/*'F 508H 1126 E/FJ 91'BJ H'DE'/) 3A2 EF B'FHF 'D*3,JD 'D9B'1J 1BE 43 D3F@) 1971 . () 'DE'/) 1127 E/FJ 91'BJ  H'F81 : /. :FJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  5221  /. 39/HF 'D9'E1J  E5/1 3'(B  5113 . () 'F81 DD*A5JD : /. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  'DH,J2 AJ 'D9BH/ 'DE/FJ)  586 . () 'F81 B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'DE1BE 987 / -BHBJ) / 1968 AJ 15/12/1968 EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D9DHE 'DB'FHFJ) *5/1 9F CDJ) 'D-BHB (,'E9) (:/'/  'D9// 'D#HD  1969  5179 . () /. #FH1 3D7'F  'D(J9  E5/1 3'(B  524  /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  9B/ 'D(J9  E5/1 3'(B  521  /. 9('3 'D51'A  41- 9B/ 'D(J9 AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DCHJ*J  71  /'1 'D(-H+ 'D9DEJ)  'DCHJ*  1975  567 . () /. *HAJB -3F A1,  E5/1 3'(B  5188  /. ,EJD 'D41B'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5136  /. .EJ3 .61  9B/ 'D(J9  E5/1 3'(B  5111  /. 9('3 'D51'A  'D(J9 'DCHJ*J  E5/1 3'(B  5377  /. :FJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  5209  /. EF5H1 E57AI  E5/1 3'(B  596 . () /. 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,4  E5/1 3'(B  5420 E9 G'E4(1) . () /. 3DJE'F E1B3  'DH'AJ  E5/1 3'(B  5361 G'E4(1) . () B'1( : /. 3EJ1 *F':H  'D(J9  E5/1 3'(B  5154 . () /. 3DJE'F E1B3  'DH'AJ  E5/1 3'(B  G'E4 5362 . () 'F81 AJ G0' 'DE9FI : /. 9(/ 'DF'51 *HAJB 'D97'1  E5/1 3'(B  5155 . () 'F81 : - F. De Zulueta, The Roman Law of Sale, Clarendon Press, Oxford, London, 1966, P.3, p.57 . - C. Cardahi. Op. Cit. , p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amel, Op. Cit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cyboz et Gillieron . Op. Cit., p.112. () '3*&F'A E.*D7 E51J  19 FHAE(1 1935 E-'E') 17-354  177  #H1/G /. 3DJE'F E1B3 'D(J9  E5/1 3'(B  587. () B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 1056 / -BHBJ) /1965 AJ 15/10/1966 EF4H1 AJ B6'! E-CE) *EJJ2 'D91'B  'DE,D/ 'D1'(9 B1'1'* 9'EJ 1966-1967  E7(9) 'D-CHEJ)  (:/'/  1970  589 . () B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 1BE 456/ E/JF) +'D+) /1974 AJ 2/7/1974 EF4H1 AJ 'DF41) 'DA6'&J)  'D9// 'D+'D+  'D3F) 'D.'E3) 1974  524 . () B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'DE1BE 556 / E/FJ) #HDI / 1976 E3*9,D) AJ 8/9/1979 . E,EH9) 'D#-C'E 'D9/DJ)  'D9// 'D+'D+  'D3F) 'D3'(9)  1976  511 . H'F81 #J6'K AJ FA3 'DE9FI 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 3046 / -BHBJ) / 1962 AJ 28/11/1962 #H1/G : -3F 'DACG'FJ  EH3H9) 'DB6'! H'DABG DD/HD 'D91(J)  ,16  'DB'G1)  1977  5517 . () E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1 H/.:FJ -3HF 7G  'D-BHB 'D9JFJ)  H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ H'D(-+ 'D9DEJ  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1982  589-90 . () 'F81 'DE'/*'F 823 H824 E/FJ E51J .H'F81 #J6'K AJ EHBA 'DB6'! 'DA1F3@@J : /. 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,8  -B 'DEDCJ)  /'1 %-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J  (J1H*  1967  5509 HE' (9/G' . () E,EH9) 'D#9E'D 'D*-6J1J) DDB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J . ,6  E5/1 3'(B  577 . () 'F81 AJ '3*91'6 G0' 'D.D'A : '3*'0*F' /. DJDI 9(/ 'DDG 39J/  /H1 'D%1'/) AJ *BJJ/ -B 'DEDCJ)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D-BHB *5/1 9F CDJ) 'D-BHB AJ 'D,'E9) 'DCHJ*  'D9// 'D1'(9  /J3E(1  1982  5216-217 . () 'F81 EF G0' 'D1#J : 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,@ 8  E5/1 3'(B  5506 G'E4 (2)  '3*'0*F' DJDI 9(/ 'DDG 39J/. E5/1 3'(B  5217  E-E/ 7G (4J1  H9DJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  591 . () HC'F 'D'*,'G 'D3'(B DE-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'DB6'! ((7D'FG  A,'! AJ %-/I B1'1'*G' " %0' 417 AJ 9B/ 'D(J9 9/E ,H'2 (J9 'D3J'1) 'DE(J9) 'DI 'D:J1 B(D *3/J/ C'ED 'D+EF AD' J9*/ (G0' 'D417 DEF'A'*G DEB*6I 'D9B/" . 1BE 'DB1'1 245/5/1958 AJ 13/2/1958 'DEF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB6'!  'D9// 'D+'D+  'D3F) 'D3'/3) 941  1958  5157 . () HB/ #B1 'DB6'! 'DE51J 'D*A1B) E' (JF 'D417JF -*I B(D 5/H1 'D*BJJF 'DE/FJ 'D-'DJ 'D0J F8E 'D417 'DE'F9  A,'! AJ %-/I B1'1'*G : #F 'D('&9 B/ J4*17  /HF #F J-*A8 (EDCJ) 'DE(J9- #D' J*51A 'DE4*1J AJ 'DE(J9 B(D 'DHA'! (+EFG . '3*&F'A E.*D7 12 E'13 1911 E23  5208  #H1/G : 'D3FGH1J  ,4  E5/1 3'(B  5173 G'E4(1) . () 'DC'3'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5166 . () 'F81 'DE'/) 427 EF E14/ 'D-J1'F  H'DE'/) 369 EF E,D) 'D#-C'E 'D9/DJ) . () /. 9/F'F .'D/ 'D*1CE'FJ  6H'(7 'D9B/ AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ  71  /'1 'D41HB DDF41  ,/)  'D39H/J)  1981  5228. () /. E57AI #-E/ 'D21B'!  'DABG 'D%3D'EJ AJ ABGG 'D,/J/  ,1  'DE/.D DDABG 'D9'E  78  E7(9) 'D-J')  /E4B  1964  5514 . () H0DC 9F/E' C'F* E7(B) AJ 'DCHJ* -*I 9'E 1980 B(D 5/H1 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DCHJ*J  'F81 AJ G0G 'D',*G'/'* : /. E-E/ H-J/ 'D/JF 3H'1  *9DJB 'F*B'D 'DEDCJ) ('*A'B 'DE*('J9JF 9DI #/'! ,EJ9 'D+EF AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DCHJ*J H'DABG 'D'3D'EJ  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D%/'1) 'D9'E)  J5/1G' E9G/ 'D%/'1) 'D9'E) ('D1J'6 ('D39H/J))  'D9// 52  /J3E(1 1986  5209 HE' (9/G'. () /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF 2CJ  B'FHF 9B/ 'D(J9 AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  EF4H1'* CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 'DCHJ*  1974- 1975  5177 . () /. 9'E1 'D51'A  'D(J9 'DCHJ*J  E5/1 3'(B  5375 . () /. E-E/ H-J/ 3H'1  E5/1 3'(B  5214-215 . () HGH EHBA 'DE419 'D'1/FJ AJ *#5JD 'DE'/) 487 EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D'1/FJ 'DE*9DB) (417 'D'-*A'8 ('DEDCJ)  'F81 : 'DE0C1'* 'D'J6'-J) DDB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D'1/FJ  ,2  73  %5/'1 'DEC*( 'DAFJ DFB'() 'DE-'EJJF 'D'1/FJJF  E7(9) 'D*HAJB  9E'F 1992  5501 . () E57AI 'D21B'!  E5/1 3'(B  51517  E-E/ 3D'E E0CH1  E5/1 3'(B  5649 . () /. HG() 'D2-JDJ  E5/1 3'(B  5206 . *F5 'DE'/) 1134 E/FJ A1F3J 9DI #F "'D9BH/ 'DE(1E) 9DI H,G 5-J- *F2D EF2D 'DB'FHF ('DF3() 'DI 9'B/JG'" . B'1( 'DABJG #(F *JEJ) "'D#5D AJ 'D9BH/ 16I 'DE*9'B/JF HEH,(G' GH E' #H,'G 9DI #FA3GE' ('D*9'B/" #(F *JEJ)  'DBH'9/ 'DFH1'FJ) 'DABGJ)  E5/1 3'(B  5203 . () #(F *JEJ)  'DBH'9/ 'DFH1'FJ)  E5/1 3'(B  5188 . () '(F *JEJ)  F81J) 'D9B/  /'1 'DE91A) DD7('9) H'DF41  (J1H*  (D' 3F) 7(9  5227 . () 'F81 : #(F *JEJ)  'DBH'9/ 'DFH1'FJ)  E5/1 3'(B  5189  219 . () 'F81 AJ '3*91'6 G0G 'D'*,'G'* : - William Garcin et Jean Thieffry , La Clause de reserve de propriete , Publie Faculte de droit et Sciences Economiques Montpellier , Paris, 1980 , P.44 etc. () Antoine Brocca Manuel de la Clause de reserve de Propriete, Lyon , 1982, p.21 . ()Mazeaud (H.L.J) et Chabas , Op. Cit., P. 1112 . ()Garcin et Thieffry, Op. Cit., p. 47 . H'DB1'1'* 'D*J J4J1'F 'DJG' . (5// '9*('1G 417 H'BA : - Toulouse 19 oct. 1960 . D. 1962 , p. 96 : paris 3 Juillet 1968 , J,C.P. 1969. II. 15820 . H(5// '9*('1G 417 A'3. : - Trib . Civ . Valenciennes 30 Nov . 1956 . Gaz . pal . 1957 , I, 461 - Amiens 10 Janv . 1974, p. 363 Gaz .pal . 1974, I, 457 . () A. Brocca , Op. Cit., p. 26 . () 'F81 AJ *9DJB E3G( -HD 'DB6J) : - D. Von Breitenstein , La Clause de reserve de propriete et le risque d une perte fortuite de la chose vendue, Rev. Trim . Dr. Com. 1980. P. 43 etc . () J1(7 'DB'FHF 'DA1F3J *(9) 'DGD'C ('DEDCJ) H3J#*J (J'FG D'-B'K . ()Cass. Com. 20 nov 1979 (Affaire Mecarex) Bull. Civ., IV, No. 300 . () Von , Breitenstein, Op. Cit., p.47 . ()  & une Clause suspendant le transfert de propriete au paiement integral du prix Art. I du la loi No.80-335 du 12 mai 1980 . ()Luc Bihl , Op. Cit ., p.280 . () 'F81 AJ 'DEB'1F) (JF 'D417 H'D#,D :'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,3  E5/1 3'(B  5131 . () HG0' E' *B11G 'DE'/) 1181 E/FJ A1F3J . ()A.Brocca , Op. Cit., p.25 . () 'F81 : /. E-E/ 4*' #(H 39/  'D417 CH5A DD*1'6J AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DEB'1F H'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ)  EF4H1'* 9'DE 'DC*(  'DB'G1)  1980  5119-122 . ()Brocca , Op. Cit., p. 25-26 . () 'F81 : -- Babb and C. Martin, Op. Cit., p.207 . - E.astwood, Op. Cit., p. 93-94 . () 'DE'/*'F 715 H716 E/FJ 3HJ31J  H'DE'/) 226 (A) 'D*2'E'* 3HJ31J . () 'F81 : - paul - Henri Steinauer, Les droit reels, Tom II, Editions Staempfli & Cie SA Berne, 1990 , p.222 . H'F81 B1'1 'DE-CE) 'D'*-'/J) 'DE4'1 'DJG : - ATF 58/1932 II 347= Jd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arcin et J.Thieffry, Op. Cit, P.43 . () A. Brocca , Op. Cit., p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on Brietenstien, Op . Cit., p.48-49 . - Eastwood , Op. Cit., p. 95 . () 'DE'/) 185 A1 EF *BFJF 'D'D*2'E'* 'D3HJ31J . () 'F81 'DE'/) 437 E/FJ E51J  H'DE'/) 547 E/FJ 91'BJ . HF81'K D9/'D) G0' 'D-CE AB/ #.0* (G '*A'BJ) D'G'J DD(J9 'D/HDJ DD(6'&9 1964 (E/97) HC0DC '*A'BJ) 'D'EE 'DE*-/) 9'E 1980 (E/66)  'F81 : /. E-3F 4AJB  E5/1 3'(B  5170 . () 'F81 'DEH'/ 426-427-428 E/FJ 91'BJ . H'F81 EA5D'K AJ G0' 'D5// : '3*'0*F' /. DJDI 9(/ 'DDG 39J/  J/ 'D#E'F) HJ/ 'D6E'F AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  (-+ EF4H1 (E,D) /1'3'* 9DHE 'D41J9) H'DB'FHF  *5/1 9F 'D,'E9) 'D'1/FJ)  'DE,D@@@/ 23  'D9// 1  1996  514 HE' (9/G' . () 'F81 E/548 E/FJ 91'BJ . () 'F81 9C3 G0' 'D1#J : /. 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,4  E5/1 3'(B  5178 G'E4 (1) -J+ JF*GJ 'DI 'DB'! *(9) 'DGD'C 9DI 'D('&9 . HEF G0' 'D1#J #J6'K : /. '(1'GJE #(H 'DDJD  E5/1 3'(B  5282 . () HG0G 'D9BH/ GJ 'DH/J9)  H'D%,'1)  H9'1J) 'D'3*9E'D  H'D1GF 'D-J'2J  H'DHC'D)  H'D9ED  'F81 : E/341 9BH('* E51J  H'DE'/) 408 9BH('* A1F3J . () HEF 'DE$C/ #F 'JB'9 'D9BH() AJ E+D G0G 'D-'D) E.'DA DDB'9/) 'DEB11) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D,F'&J ((D' 9BH() %D' (F5)) AC'F 'D('&9 JF4& (E-6 %1'/*G -'D) ,F'&J) DE JF5 9DJG' B'FHF 'D9BH('* HD' JEDC 'D'A1'/ *#+JE "#A9'D DE J-1EG' 'DE419 . /. 9(/ 'D3D'E 0GFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5232 . () 'F81 E/453 9BH('* 91'BJ . () 5A'! EG/J 'D7HJD  ,1JE) .J'F) 'D#E'F) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) (:/'/  1982 5137 . () /. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  'D(J9 ('D*B3J7  E5/1 3'(B  534 . HEF GF' ADJ3 5-J-'K E' J0G( 'DJG (96 41'- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ #F *51A 'DE4*1J ('DE(J9 AJ G0' 'DA16 D' J-BB ,1JE) .J'F) 'D#E'F) . D#F G0' 'DBHD D' J5- AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ . 'F81 : /. :FJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  5212  CE'D +1H*  E5/1 3'(B  5177 G'E4 (1) . () 'F81 :/. A.1J 9(/ 'D12'B 'D-/J+J  41- B'FHF 'D9BH('*  'DB3E 'D.'5  E7(9) 'D2E'F  (:/'/  1996  5377-378 . () 'D471 'D#.J1 DDE'/) 455 EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ . 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'DF41) 'DB6'&J)  'D9// 'D1'(9  'D3F) 'D.'E3)  1974  529 . () HB/ -CE 'DB6'! 'DE51J ('D'3*1/'/ AJ B6J) C'F AJG' 'DE*51A 'DJG 5'-( E916 DD3J'1'* A'3*F*,* 'DE-CE) 'F 'DE*51A 'DJG 3J! 'DFJG DE J7'D( 'D('&9 'DJG (E3*F/'* EDC*JG E9 9DEG 'F (J9 'D3J'1'* ('D*B3J7 EF*41' ,/' HJ*-ED 'F *CHF 'D3J'1) E' *2'D EEDHC) DD:J1  '3*&F'A E.*D7  21 E'JH 1935  E/47  5321  '4'1 'DJG : 3DJE'F E1B3  'D'J,'1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B 583 G'E4 (65) . ()  En Fait de Meubles , Ia Possession Vaut Titre  HGJ 'DB'9/) 'DEF5H5 9DJG' ('DE'/) 2279 E/FJ A1F3J . () Dam Setrin C/ ste . Editions Andre Vial et autres , Gaz .Pal 10 Juillet 1980 . Panorama de Jurisprudence . 'DE4'1 'DJG AJ : - Garcin et Thieffry , Op .Cit , 43-44 . ()Luc Bihl, Op. Cit., p. 279-280 . H'F81 C0DC /. '3E'9JD :'FE  E5/1 3'(B  5124-125  /. E-E/ D(J( 4J*  E5/1 3'(B  5113-114 . () H%0' C'F G0' GH 'D-CE 'D9'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DA1F3J %D' #F +E) BH'FJF GF'C #.69* (96 'D(JH9 DF8'E 'D'4G'1 E+'D 0DC 'DB'FHF 'D5'/1 AJ J'J1 1951 'D.'5 ('D(J9 ('D*B3J7 DE9/'* 'D*,GJ2 'DEGFJ)  A%0' 1H9J* ',1'!'* 'D4G1 ,'2 DD('&9 'D'-*,', ('DEDCJ) *,'G 'DC'A) HEFGE 'D:J1 'DE*51A 'DJG ('DE(J9 . #F81 : - De Juglart et Ippolito , Op . Cit ., p. 312 . () 'DE'/) 715 A1 EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D3HJ31J . ()Paul  Henri Steinauer . Op . Cit., P. 218 . () 1',9 E' 0C1 #J6'K (5// 'D(J9 'D'J,'1J 552 EF G0G 'D/1'3) . () HE/) 'D+D'+ 3FH'* GJ E/) 3BH7 D' E/) *B'/E D0' AGJ D' *CHF 916) DDHBHA #H 'D'FB7'9 . 'F81 : E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1 H:FJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  5259 . () HD' E+JD DG0' 'D-CE AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J D#F 'DE'/) 977 EFG D' *,J2 'D'3*1/'/ %D' AJ -'D*J 'D6J'9 H'D31B) /HF .J'F) 'D#E'F)  CE' #F *51A 'DE4*1J ('DE(J9 'DE-*A8 (EDCJ*G D' J4CD ,1JE) .J'F) #E'F) HAB E' *B/E . () /. 12B 'DDG #F7'CJ HFG'/ 'D3('9J  E5/1 3'(B  5707 . ()Cass Civ. 28 mars et 22 Oct. 1934 : D.P. 1934 , I, 151 note vandamme. A. Brocca , Op. Cit., p. 17 . ()Roger Houin . L introduction de la clause de reserve de propriete dans le droit Francais de la Faillite, J. C. P , 1980  1- no. 2978 . () A. Brocca . Op. Cit., p.19 . H'F81 'DB6'! 'DEFHG 9FG : - Cass . Com. 22 Dec. 1975: D.P. 1976 Somm., 22 . () 'F81 : - Luc Bihl , Op .Cit ., P. 278-279. HB/ -CE 'DB6'! 'DA1F3J (#F DJ3 D('&9 'D5HA '3*1/'/G %0' *-HD 'DI EF*H,'* 5HAJ) . - Trib Com. Nice, 27 Oct. 1980 , D. 1981 . IR. 9 . HD' JECF '3*1/'/ 'DEH'/ 'DEF/E,) AJ *1CJ( 'D3J'1'* . - Trib. Com. 18 julill 1989 : Bull. Civ. IV. No. 228. D. 1991. Somm. 45 . HD' *3*1/ 'D-JH'F'* (9/ 0(-G' . - com. 22mars 1994 Bull Civ IV, no. 121  comp . () Roger Houm . Op. Cit., P.2978 . () 'F81 EA5D'K (5// %,1'!'* 'D4G1 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D3HJ31J : - Paul  Henri Steinauer , Op . Cit., p. 218-222 . () B6J) : - McEntire V. Crlossley Bros Ltd . (1895) . #F81 : - Diamond , Comm. And Cons. Credit, Op. Cit., p. 279 . () 'F81 : /. 9(/ 'DEF9E 'D(/1'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5261 H'D#-C'E 'D*J J4J1 'DJG' AJ G'E4 (1)  5262 . 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