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he Private International Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995 (UK).  HYPERLINK http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm .'E3': 'D'*A'BJ'*: 1. CONVENTION ON THE LAW APPLICABLE TO TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS (Concluded May 4, 1971).  HYPERLINK http://www.legallanguage.com/Hague/haguetx19e.html http://www.legallanguage.com/Hague/haguetx19e.html 2. European Convention on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations.  HYPERLINK http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=52003PC0427 http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=52003PC0427 3'/3': 'DE5'/1 ('DD:) 'D#,F(J): 1. JAMES A. MESCHEWSKI, CHOICE OF LAW IN ALASKA A SURVIVAL GUIDE FOR USING THE SECOND RESTATEMENT, 1999.  HYPERLINK http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/16ALRMeschewski http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/16ALRMeschewski 2. MORRIS, CASES ON PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, FORTH EDITION, OXFORD, AT THE CLARENDON PREES, 1968. 3. William Tetley, Q.C., A CANADIAN LOOKS AT AMERICAN CONFLECT OF LAW THEORY AND PRACTICE, 1999.  HYPERLINK http://tetley.law.mcgill.ca/conflicts/canlook.htm http://tetley.law.mcgill.ca/conflicts/canlook.htm 4. Choice of law in tort Developments in the United Kingdom.  HYPERLINK http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm (1) 91A B'FHF 'DFBD 'D91'BJ 'DE1BE (80) D3F) 1983 AJ 'DE'/) (5) 9B/ 'DFBD (F5G 9DI #F (9B/ 'DFBD '*A'B JD*2E 'DF'BD (EB*6'G (FBD 4.5 #H 4J! EF EC'F %DI ".1 DB'! ',1 E9JF). HG0' 'D*91JA GH *91JA 9'E D9B/ 'DFBD  HJECF '3*.D'5 *91JA D9B/ FBD 'D#4.'5 EF G0G 'DE'/) (#FG ('*A'B JD*2E 'DF'BD (EB*6'G (FBD 4.5 EF EC'F %DI ".1 DB'! ',1 E9JF). (1) H1/* B'9/) %3F'/ 'D9BH/ AJ 'DE'/) (25/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ (F5G' 9DI #F (1. J31J 9DI 'D'D*2'E'* 'D*9'B/J) B'FHF 'D/HD) 'D*J JH,/ AJG' 'DEH7F 'DE4*1C DDE*9'B/JF %0' '*-/' EH7F'. A%0' '.*DA' J31J B'FHF 'D/HD) 'D*J *E AJG' 'D9B/. G0' E' DE J*AB 'DE*9'B/'F #H J*(JF EF 'D81HA #F B'FHF' ".1 J1'/ *7(JBG). 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(1) #. 2GJ1 39J/ 7G  E3$HDJ) 'DF'BD 'DE,'FJ AJ 'DFBD ('D3J'1'* DD#4.'5  E,D) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F  *5/1G' ,E9J) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'D91'BJ)  'D9// 'D9'41  'D3F) 'D3'(9)  1979  5214. (2)Trib Civ. d,Arghantan: 19-3-1913. FBD' 9F /. 7D() HG() .7'(  'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ) DF'BD 'D#4.'5 ('DE,'F  /1'3) B6'&J) EB'1F)  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  EF /HF 3F) 7(9  593-94. (3)Cour d,Appel de Dijon: 9-10-1928. Gaz. Pal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oue d,Appel de Greoble: 15-11-1921. FBD' 9F /. 7D() HG() .7'(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5101. (1) /. 7D() HG() .7'(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5106. 9DI 'D1:E EF #F GF'C EF J1A6 *CJJA 'DE3$HDJ) AJ 'DFBD 'DE,'FJ 9DI #FG' 9B/J)  A'F GF'C BD) EF 'DABG'! EF #51 9DI #FG' E3$HDJ) 9B/J)  E3*F/JF %DI H,H/ 9B/ ".1 *5H1H' H,H/G AJG  CAC1) 'FG FH9 EF 9BH/ 'D./E'* 'DE,'FJ)  'D0J B'D (G' CD EF 'DABJG'F (Savatier H Lalou) CE' #F GF'C EF #B'EG 9DI AC1) 'D9B/ :J1 'DE3EI  #H 9DI AC1) 'DA6'D)  DE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD AJ 1#J 'DABG HB1'1'* 'DB6'! 'DA1F3J (.5H5 0DC JF81 'DE5/1 FA3G  5107-138. (2) /. 9DJ ,E'D 'D/JF 9H6  'D9BH/ 'D*,'1J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  EF /HF 3F) 7(9  5221 /. 9DJ -3F JHF3  'D9BH/ 'D*,'1J)  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1968  5285 /. 7'D( -3F EH3I  'D9BH/ 'D*,'1J) AJ B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 'D,/J/  'D,2! 'D#HD  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  /'1 'D-1J) DD7('9)  (:/'/  580 /. 7D() HG() .7'(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5106 /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  578. (1) AJ EHBA 'DB'FHF 'DA1F3J JF81 /. :'2J 9(/ 'D1-EF F',J  'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D#4J'! :J1 'D-J) H*7(JB'*G' 'DB6'&J)  E,D) 'D9/'D)  *5/1G' H2'1) 'D9/D  'D9// 'D+'FJ  'D3F) 'D3'(9) (FJ3'F- E'J3- -2J1'F)  (:/'/  1981  511-12. (1) Civ. 27 mars 1928, D.P. 1928,I,145. FBD' 9F /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  567. (2) E/FJ AJ 20/12/ 1968 /'DH2 'D/H1J 1969-2-56,15 FBD' 9F 'D#3*'0 2GJ1 39J/ 7G  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5221. (3) /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  561. (1) #J'/ 9(/ 'DD7JA  E3$HDJ) 'DE$EF (EB*6I B'FHF 'D*'EJF 'D%D2'EJ EF 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ) 'DF'4&) 9F -H'/+ 'D3J'1'* 1BE (205) D3F) 1964  E,D) 'DB6'!  *5/1G' FB'() 'DE-'EJF AJ (:/'/  'D9// 'D1'(9  'D3F) 'D+'EF) H'D941HF  1973  5106-107. (2) /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  562 HDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0G 'DE3$HDJ) JF81 /. :'2J 9(/ 'D1-EF F',J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  518 HE' (9/G'. (1) /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  574H78. (2) JF81 'DE0C1) 'D*A3J1J) DB'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ ('DED:J) 'DE1BE (149) D3F) 1970 HGJ H'1/) CED-B DDB'FHF AJ 7(9) /'1 'D-1J) DD7('9)  (:/'/  1971  5188. (1) /. 4'C1 F'51 -J/1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  559. (2) /. ,'(1 %(1'GJE 'D1'HJ  #-C'E *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  E7(9) 'D-CE 'DE-DJ  (:/'/  1980  531. (1) #J 'FG DJ3 GF'C B'9/) %3F'/ *-CE 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J) D3'&B 'D3J'1) 'DE3(( DD-'/+  HDCF GF'C B'9/) %3F'/ *-CE 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J) (4CD 9'E. (*) GF'C EF J9/ 'D*CJJA  (#FG GH 'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ)  CE' AJ *91JA (Niboyet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obel Hbourel) JF81 /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ E3'&D 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)000  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  520. (2) JF81 /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  1974  5732-733. (3) /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ E3'&D 'DE3$HDJ) 'DB5J1J)000  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  526. (1) JF81 AJ 'DB'FHF 'DH',( 'D*7(JB 9DI 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J) /. -3F G/'HJ H/. :'D( 9DJ 'D/'H/J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5160. (2) AJ EHBA 'DB'FHF 'DE51J JF81 /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1 (JF 'D41'&9  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51170. (3) 'DE'/) (22/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D3H1J 'DE1BE (84) D3F) 1949 'DE9/D. (4) 'DE'/) (66/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE1BE (5) D3F) 1961 'D.'5 (*F8JE 'D9D'B'* 0'* 'D9F51 'D#,F(J. (5) 'DE'/) (11/14) EF B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ) 'D3H/'FJ D3F) 1984  H'DB'FHF 'DDJ(J (E21/1)  H'DB'FHF 'D%E'1'*J (E20/1) EF B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ). (6) *F5 'DE'/) (378) EF 'DE,EH9) 'D#HDI D*F'29 'DBH'FJF (First Restatement s rules) 9DI 'DE-CE) *7(JB B'FHF 'DEC'F 'D0J -/+ AJG 'D.7# 9F/E' *H',G B6'J' *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)  (:6 'DF81 9F 9// H7(J9) 'D'*5'D'* 'D*J *1(7 'D#71'A ('D3D7'* 'DB6'&J) 'D#.1I  H9'/) EC'F 'D.7# GH 'DEC'F 'D0J -/+* AJG 'D%5'(). JF81: == == JAMES A. MESCHEWSKI, CHOICE OF LAW IN ALASKA A SURVIVAL GUIDE FOR USING THE SECOND RESTATEMENT, 1999, p, 3.  HYPERLINK http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/16ALRMeschewski http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/16ALRMeschewski (1) Marine Constr. v. Vessel TIM, 434 P. 2d 683, 686 (Alaska) 1967. See JAMES A. MESCHEWSKI, op, cit, p5. (2) 'DE'/) (10/9) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D%3('FJ D3F) 1974. HJF81 C0DC F5 'DE'/) (48) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'DFE3'HJ  H'DE'/) (32/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'DE,1J D9'E 1979  H'DE'/) (25) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D*1CJ D9'E 1982  H'DE'/) (107) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D1HE'FJ D9'E 1992  H'DE'/) (62) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D%J7'DJ D9'E 1995  #4'1 %DI G0G 'DBH'FJF /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D%E'1'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5408. HJF81 DDE$DA FA3G  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'DFH9J  'D%DC*1HFJ  'D3J'-J  'D(J&J  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  EF /HF 3F) 7(9  5102. (3) The Private International Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995 (UK).  HYPERLINK http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm (4) %0 *F5 G0G 'DE'/) 9DI #F: == == 1. The general rule is that the applicable law is the law of the country in which the events constituting the tort or delict in question occur. (1) /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D%E'1'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5410-411. (1) (G0' 'DE9FI JF81 /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D%E'1'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5411. H*F5 'DE'/) (14) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 9DI #F (JB'6I 'D91'BJ #E'E E-'CE 'D91'B 9E' *1*( AJ 0E*G EF -BHB -*I E' F4# EFG' AJ 'D.'1,). HJF81 /. EE/H- 9(/ 'DC1JE -'A8  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 HAB' DDB'FHFJF 'D91'BJ H'DEB'1F  /'1 'D-1J) DD7('9)  E7(9) 'D-CHE)  (:/'/  1973  5307 -J+ J61( E+'D' (.5H5 '57/'E 91'BJJF (3J'1*GE' #+F'! H,H/GE' 'D9'16 AJ 'D#1/F AJ 71JB 9H/*GE' %DI 'D91'B  HCD'GE' J4*:D AJ 41C) H'-/) DDFBD 'D(1J  AJCHF 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  B'FHF 'D(J&) 'D',*E'9J) 'D0J J9*(1 #C+1 ED'&E) H'1*('7' ('DA9D 'D6'1 EF 'DH,G) 'D',*E'9J) AJ G0' 'DE+'D. (1) HGF'C EF J9'16 0DC  HEFGE 'DABJG (Bettzee) 'D0J JBHD: (%0' C'F GF'C 4.5 JBH/ 3J'1*G /HF '-*1'E BH'9/ 'DE1H1  +E J5/E 3J'1) #.1I  J*(JF AJE' (9/ #FG' EEDHC) D#-/ EH'7FJG  #H D4.5 J9J4 AJ 0'* EH7FG AG0' #E1 J9*E/ 9DI 'D5/A) D' J$.0 ('D'9*('1 9F/ *-/J/ 'DB'FHF 'DE.*5) FBD' 9F /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1 (JF 'D41'&9  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51183. (2) (G0' 'DE9FI JF81 /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51184. (3) Babcock V. Jackson (1965). See MORRIS, CASES ON PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, FORTH EDITION, OXFORD, AT THE CLARENDON PREES, 1968, P. (1) JF81 G0' 'DB1'1 C0DC AJ E$DA /. E-E/ -E/J E-E/ (GF3J  /H1 'D%1'/) AJ -D *F'29 'DBH'FJF (4#F 'D9D'B'* :J1 'D9B/J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2004  518. (2) See William Tetley, Q.C., A CANADIAN LOOKS AT AMERICAN CONFLECT OF LAW THEORY AND PRACTICE, 1999, P, 31-68..  HYPERLINK http://tetley.law.mcgill.ca/conflicts/canlook.htm http://tetley.law.mcgill.ca/conflicts/canlook.htm (1) /. E-E/ -E/J E-E/ (GF3J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  518-19. (2) Neumeier V. Kuehner 31N.Y.2D 121, 335 N.Y.S2D 64, 286 N.E.2D 454 (1972) See William Tetley, Q.C., op, cit, p32 & 72. (3) See William Tetley, Q.C., op, cit, p32. (4) The first rule is:  When the guest-passenger and the host-driver are domiciled in the same state, and the car is there registered, the law of that state should control and determine the standard of care which the host owes to his guest. (1) The second rule is: When the driver's conduct occurred in the state of his domicile and that state dose not cast him in liability for that conduct, he should not be held liable by reason of the fact that liability would be imposed upon him under the tort law of the state of the victim's domicile. When the guest was injured in the state of his own domicile and its law permits recovery, the driver who has come into that state should not-- in the absence of special circumstances-- be permitted to interpose the law of his state as a defense. (2) The third rule is: In other situations, when the passenger and the driver are domiciled in different state, the rule is necessarily less categorical. Normally, the applicable rule of decision will be that of the state where the accident occurred but not if it can be shown that displacing that normally applicable rule will advance the relevance substantive law purposes without impairing the smooth working of the multi-state system or producing great uncertainty fore litigants . (1) DE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD JF81 /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ E3'&D 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)000  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  523-26. (2) Armstrong v. Armstrong,441 P.2d 699 (Alaska 1968) See JAMES A. MESCHEWSKI, op, cit, p5-7. (1) See JAMES A. MESCHEWSKI, op, cit, p5-7. (2) Edmunds v. Simmonds [2001] 1 WLR 1003 Queens Bench Division (England) See Choice of law in tort Developments in the United Kingdom.  HYPERLINK http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm http://www.usyd.edu.au/lec/subjects/conflict/Handouts/Choice%20of%20law%20in%20tort%20-%20UK.htm (1) 'D-CE EF4H1 AJ Rev .Crit 1979 5359 *9DJB (Bourel) #4'1 %DJG /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1 (JF 'D41'&9  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51187. (2) 3F#*J %DI (J'F EHBA G0G 'D'*A'BJ) 9F/ (J'F EHBAG' EF 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J) 'DF',E) 9F -H'/+ 'D3J'1'*. (3) JF81 G0' 'DB1'1 HAJ 'D'*,'G FA3G 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ B6J) (Warren V. Warren) 9'E 1972  /.'-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1 (JF 'D41'&9  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51186-1187. (1) JF81 ABG (Binder) #4'1 %DJG /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF AJ E3'&D 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)000  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  526-27. (1) JF81 /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  'DE5/1 FA3G  527-28. (1) HB/ F5* 'DE'/) 'D3'/3) 9DI 'D-'D'* 'D*J *4CD 1H'(7 H+JB) ('D-'/+. (2) See William Tetley, op, cit, p,31. (3) FBD' 9F /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D%E'1'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5412. (1) CE' F5 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'DE,1J D9'E 1979 AJ 'DE'/) (32/2) 9DI #F (9F/E' JCHF EH7F CD EF A'9D 'D611 H'D4.5 'DE61H1 AJ /HD) H'-/)  A'F B'FHF *DC 'D#.J1) JCHF GH 'DH',( 'D*7(JB) /HF B'FHF EC'F F4H! 'D'D*2'E 'DH'1/ AJ 'DE'/) (32/1). AJ EHBA 'DBH'FJF 'D-/J+) JF81 /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1 (JF 'D41'&9  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51184-1185. HGH J4J1 C0DC %DI F5 'DE'/) (31) EF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 'D(HDF/J D9'E (1965) A(9/ #F (JF* 'DAB1) 'D#HDI EFG' %DI *7(JB B'FHF 'D/HD) 'D*J HB9 AJG' 'DA9D 'DEF4& DD'D*2'E  A'F 'DAB1) 'D+'FJ) B/ B11* (HE9 0DC  %0' *E*9 'D#71'A (0'* 'D,F3J)  HC'F EH7FGE' AJ 0'* 'D/HD)  A'F B'FHF *DC 'D/HD) JCHF GH 'DE7(B) HAJ 'DB'FHF 'D(1*:'DJ A'F 'DE'/) (45/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D5'/1 9'E 1966 H'DF'A0 EF #HD -2J1'F D9'E 1967 B/ #97* 'D'.*5'5 DDB'FHF 'DE-DJ  %D' #F 'DAB1) 'D+'D+) EF 'DE'/) FA3G'  B/ #H1/* -CE' J*9DB ('D-'D) 'D*J JCHF AJG' 'DA'9D H'DE61H1 EF ,F3J) H'-/)  #H *CHF %B'E*GE' 'D9'/J) AJ /HD) H'-/)  -J+ JCHF H',( 'D*7(JB B'FHF 'D,F3J) 'DE4*1C)  #H B'FHF /HD) E-D 'D%B'E) 'D9'/J) 'DE4*1C)  H0DC /HF 'DE3'3 ('DBH'9/ 'D"E1) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE-DJ. (1) JF81 AJ *A5JD B'FHF 'D%1'/) /. E-EH/ E-E/ J'BH*  -1J) 'DE*9'B/JF AJ '.*J'1 B'FHF 'D9B/ 'D/HDJ  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  2000  573. (1) EFGE 'DABJG (Weiss) #4'1 %DJG /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5720 HJF*B/ /.G4'E 9DJ 5'/B G0' 'D'*,'G HJ1I .7# 'D#3'3 'D0J JBHE 9DJG  AGH JBHE 9DI .D7 H'6- (JF 'D'D*2'E'* 'D*9'B/J) H'D*J *3*F/ %DI AC1) 'D%1'/)  H'D'D*2'E'* :J1 'D*9'B/J) 'D*J *BHE #3'3' 9DI 'D9ED 'D6'1 #H 'DF'A9 (51A 'DF81 9DI %1'/) E1*C(JG  'DE5/1 FA3G. (2) #4'1 %DI G0' 'DB1'1 /. E-E/ -E/J E-E/ (GF3J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  520. (3) /. E-E/ -E/J (GF3J  'DE5/1 FA3G  521. (1) Lequette  Y.  L,abandon de la Jurisprudence Bisbal, Rev. Cri. 1989, p.315. FBD' 9F /. E-E/ -E/J E-E/ (GF3J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  522. (2) HGH 1#J /. E-E/ -E/J (GF3J  'DE5/1 FA3G  522. (1) -J+ #97* G0G 'DBH'FJF 'D-1J) AJ '.*J'1 'DB'FHF 'DH',( 'D*7(JB 9DI 'D'D*2'E'* 'D*9'B/J)  CF5 'DE'/) (25/1) E/FJ 91'BJ H'DE'/) (20) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D#1/FJ D3F) 1976  H'DE'/) (59) EF 'DB'FHF 'DCHJ*J 'DE1BE (5) D3F) 1961  H'DE'/) (18) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D,2'&1J D3F) 1975  H'DE'/) (20) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D3H1J  H'DE'/) (19) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DDJ(J. (1) AJ EHBA 'DB'FHFJF 'D3HJ31J H'DE,1J JF81 /. E-E/ -E/J E-E/ (GF3J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  523. (2) GF'C '*,'G'* *0G( %DI *7(JB 'DB'FHF 'D4.5J #J B'FHF 'D,F3J) AJ 1#J 'D(96  HB'FHF 'DEH7F AJ 1#J ".1JF  == == E9 'D'.*D'A (JFGE AJ *A6JD 'DB'FHF 'D4.5J DD/'&F 'DE61H1  #H 'DB'FHF 'D4.5J DDE/JF 'DE3$HD. CE' JA6D ,'F( EF 'DABG  %.6'9 'D'D*2'E'* :J1 'D*9'B/J) DB'FHF 'DB'6J  -*I DH C'F 'DA9D 'DEF4& DD'D*2'E ('D.7# H'D611) B/ HB9 AJ /HD) #,F(J)  HJ3*F/ G0' 'D1#J %DI -,) EA'/G'  #F *7(JB 'DB'FHF 'D#,F(J J*9'16 AJ G0G 'D-'D) E9 'DAC1) 'DB'&D) ('F B'FHF 'DB'6J GH 'D*9(J1 'D3DJE 9F 'D9/'D)  HEF ,G) #.1I A'F *7(JB B'FHF 'DB'6J HAB' DG0' 'D1#J GH -D J*3E ('D(3'7)  HJ*D'AI (0DC 'DE4'CD 'D*J B/ *+H1 9F/ *-/J/ EC'F HBH9 'DA9D 'D6'1. HD' J*AB 'D/C*H1 G4'E 9DJ 5'/B E9 G0' 'D71-  HJ1I #F *7(JB B'FHF 'DB'6J (/9HI 'FG 'D*7(JB 'D3DJE 9F 'D9/'D)  GH '*,'G JF(& 9F 'D#JE'F ('D%BDJEJ) 'D(:J6)  CE' #F G0' 'D'*,'G J.D7 (JF %,1'!'* 'D/9HI 'D*J *.69 DB'FHF 'DB'6J  HEH6H9G' 'D0J D' J5- #F J*HBA 'D%3F'/ AJ 4#FG 9DI 81HA 9'16)  E+D 1A9 'D/9HI #E'E G0G 'DE-CE) #H *DC  CE' #F *7(JB B'FHF 'DB'6J J.HD 'DE61H1 %B'E) 'D/9HI #E'E 'DE-CE) 'D*J J$/J *7(JB B'FHFG' %DI *-BJB #B5I E5D-) DG  HG0' J$/J %DI 'D*-'JD 9DI 'DB'FHF. JF81 916 G0G 'D'*,'G'* H'F*B'/G' /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B  *F'29 'DBH'FJF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5719-721. (1) /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5132. (1) /. ,E'D E-EH/ 'DC1/J  'DE-CE) 'DE.*5) H'DB'FHF 'DH',( *7(JBG (4#F /9HI 'DE3$HDJ) H'D*9HJ6 9F E6'1 'D*DH+ 'D(J&J 'D9'(1 DD-/H/  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  (/HF 3F) 7(9  5110. (2) CONVENTION ON THE LAW APPLICABLE TO TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS (Concluded May 4, 1971).  HYPERLINK http://www.legallanguage.com/Hague/haguetx19e.html http://www.legallanguage.com/Hague/haguetx19e.html (3) Article (3) (The applicable law is the internal law of the State where the accident occurred). (4) Article (4) (Subject to Article 5 the following exceptions are made to the provision of Article 3). H**9DB 'DE'/) (5) EF 'D'*A'BJ) ('D#61'1 'D*J *3((G' 'D3D9 'D*J *-EDG' 'D3J'1'*. (1) Article (4)(a) Where only one vehicle is involved in the accident and it is registered in a State other than that where the accident occurred, the internal law of the State of registration is applicable to determine liability - Towards the driver, owner or any other person having control of or an interest in the vehicle, irrespective of their habitual residence. - Towards a victim who is a passenger and whose habitual residence is in a State other than that where the accident occurred. - Towards a victim who is outside the vehicle at the place of the accident and whose habitual residence is in the State of registration. Where there are two or more victims the applicable law is determined separately for each of them. (2) /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  9DE B'9/) 'D*F'29 H'D'.*J'1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  51188. (1) 'DE5/1 FA3G. (2) Article (4) (b) Where two or more vehicles are involved in the accident, the provisions of (a) are applicable only if all the vehicles are registered in the same State. (3) 'DE'/) (6) EF 'D'*A'BJ). (4) European Convention on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations.  HYPERLINK http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=52003PC0427 http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc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