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() #F8O1 : 'DE-'EJ JHF3 91(  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' H'DEHBA EF 41H7G' 'DEBJ/) DDEF'A3) HAB'K DDB'FHFJF 'D'1/FJ H'DE51J  EB'D) EF4H1) 9DI EHB9 'D'F*1F*  52  www.arabhaw.orgdownload / technology  transfer  contracts doc. () #F8O1 : '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  71  *H2J9 EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D'3CF/1J)  2002  525 . () *F5 'DE'/) (73) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 9DI 'FG "'D9B/ GH '1*('7 'D'J,'( 'D5'/1 EF '-/ 'DE*9'B/JF (B(HD '.1 9DI H,G J+(* '+1G AJ 'DE9BH/ 9DJG" . () HG0' E' F5* 9DJG 'DE'/) (88) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ (BHDG' "J9*(1 'D*9'B/ ('D*DJAHF #H (#J) 71JB) EE'+D) C#FG *E (JF -'61JF AJE' J*9DB ('D2E'F H(JF :'&(JF AJE' J*9DB ('DEC'F" . () HG0G 'DE3'&D D' *9/H 'F *CHF AJ -BJB) 'D'E1 *7(JB DDF81J) 'D9'E) AJ 'D'D*2'E HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD #F8O1 : F5H5 'DEH'/ (280) H (177) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  531 . () #F8O1 : '(1'GJE 3J/ '-E/  9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' ABG'K HB6'!K  71  'DEC*( 'D,'E9J 'D-/J+  'DB'G1)  2004  543 . () #F8O1 : /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J HE-E/ 7G 'D(4J1  'DH,J2 AJ F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 AJ 'DEH5D  1980  525 . () #F8O1 : /. 9(/ 'DA*'- E1'/  41- 'D9BH/ 'D*,'1J) H'DE/FJ)  71  'DB'G1)  2000  5110 . () #F8O1 : #. /. 9(/ 'D-EJ/ 'D-CJE H".1HF  E5/1 3'(B  514 . () #F8O1 : '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  534 . () HG0G 'DE3'&D *4CD E-D 'D'D*2'E HG0' E' 'C/* 9DJG 'DE'/) (69) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ (BHDG' "1- 'D-B 'D4.5J GH 1'(7) B'FHFJ) E' (JF 4.5JF /'&F HE/JF J7'D( (EB*6'G' 'D/'&F 'DE/JF (#F JFBD -B'K 9JFJ'K #H 'F JBHE (9ED #H 'F JE*F9 9F 9ED . 2- & & .. . 3- HJ$/J 'D*9(J1 (DA8 ('D'D*2'E) H(DA8 ('D/JF) FA3 'DE9FI 'D0J J$/JG 'D*9(J1 (DA8 ('D-B 'D4.5J)" . () #F8O1 : /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'*  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  '-C'E 'D'D*2'E  '+('* 'D'D*2'E  7(9 'D,'E9) 'DE3*F51J)  1976  511 . () HG0' E' #C/*G 'DE'/) (129/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ (F5G' "1- J,H2 'F JCHF E-D 'D'D*2'E E9/HE'K HB* 'D*9'B/ '0' C'F EECF 'D-5HD AJ 'DE3*B(D H9JF *9JJF'K F'AJ'K DD,G'D) H'D611" . () 'D*CFHDH,J' #H 'DE91A) 'DAFJ) C9F51 AJG' *E*'2 ('D,/) AJ '3*-/'+ D71B H'3'DJ( AFJ) *3*./E AJ E,'D E9JF H'F C'F* EC*4A) 3'(B'K #H B/JE'K  DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD #F8O1 : /. -E/'DDG -E/ 'DDG  'DH,J2 AJ -BHB 'DEDCJ) 'D5F'9J) 'D*,'1J)  72 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1997  516  E4'1 'DJG D/I /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  551 G'E4 1BE (1) . () #F8O1 : /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  551 . () #F8O1 : 'DE-'EJ JHF3 91(  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  E5/1 3'(B  53 . () #F8O1 F5 'DE'/) (128) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () #F8O1 : /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  E5/1 3'(B  5108 . () 3J#*J (J'F 'DA1B (JF 'D*CFHDH,J' H'DE91A) 'DAFJ) . () #F8O1 : /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  535-36 . () #F8O1 : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5116 . () 'H1/G : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5129 . () See: Mac Donald. Know How Licensing and the unti-trust Law, The trademarx repoter, 1969, PP. 252-253. E4'1 'DJG D/I : /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  539 . () #F8O1 : /. 5D'- 'D/JF 'DF'GJ  E5/1 3'(B  5312  HGH J1I 'F GF'C A1B'K (JF 'D.(1) H'DEG'1) EF -J+ 'F 'D'.J1) *9/ 9F51'K 4.5J'K D' JFA5D 9F 'D4.5 0'*G  (JFE' 'D.(1) GJ 9F51 EH6H9J . () 'D31 'D5F'9J  GH 9('1) 9F E91A) 9DEJ) DCJAJ) 'DBJ'E (9ED E9JF H(CA'!) 9'DJ) F'*,) 9F 'D.(1'* H'DEG'1'* 'D9DEJ) 'DE*1'CE)  HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD #F8O1 : /. 5D'- 'D/JF 'DF'GJ  E5/1 3'(B  5317. () FBD'K 9F /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  541 . () #F8O1 : /. '-E/ E-EH/ 39/  FEH '13'! F8'E B'FHFJ D9B/ 'DE4H1) 'DE9DHE'*J) ('DE9'D,) 'D"DJ) DD(J'F'* (H'37) 'D-'3( 'D"DJ)  71  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1995  598-99 . () #F8O1 : /. '-E/ E-EH/ 39/  E5/1 3'(B  5372-374  EF*81 E-E/ EG/J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ D9B/ 'DE4H1) 'DE9DHE'*J)  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI E,D3 CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 'DFG1JF D3F) 2004  553 . () #F8O1 : /. '-E/ E-EH/ 39/  E5/1 3'(B  5375  EF*81 E-E/ EG/J  E5/1 3'(B  591 . () A(1'E, 'D-'3() 'D'DC*1HFJ) *CHF 9DI FH9JF GE' 'D(1'E, 'D*7(JBJ) H'D(1'E, 'D*4:JDJ)  H'DE3*4'1 AJ 9B/ 'DE9DHE'*J) J2H/ 'D9EJD ('D(1'E, 'D*7(JBJ) 'D*J *9JFG AJ 9EDG . HDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD #F8O1 : A'1HB 9DJ 'D-FA'HJ  EH3H9) B'FHF 'DCHE(JH*1 HF8E 'DE9DHE'*  'DC*'( 'D'HD (B'FHF 'D(1E,J'*)  /'1 'DC*'( 'D-/J+ DD7('9) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  2001  588-89  /. J'31 ('3E 0FHF  'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D(1'E, 'D-'3() 'D'DC*1HFJ) HH3'&D -E'J*G'  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  *5/1G' CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  'DE,D/ 'D'HD  310  94  2005  5188 HE'(9/G'. () #F8O1 : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5351 . () #F8O1 : '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  536 . () #F8O1 : 'DE-'EJ JHF3 91(  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  E5/1 3'(B  53 . () #F8O1 : 'DE-'EJ JHF3 91(  9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  E5/1 3'(B  53 . () #F8O1 : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5320  '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  537 . () #F8O1 : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5326 . H,/J1 ('D0C1 'FG J1*(7 (G0' 'D'*,'G EAGHE (AC 'D-2E) 'D*CFHDH,J') HJB5/ (G0' 'DE57D- 'D'.J1 'F 'DEH1/ JB/E 'DE91A) 'DAFJ) H('9*('1G' E-D' D9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' (4CD -2E)  #J CCD D' J*,2#  HG0' J$/J 'DI 3J71) 'DEH1/ 9DI C'A) E1'-D 'D9EDJ) 'D'F*',J) 'D*J JBHE (G' 'DE*DBJ . DG0' C'F E7D( 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) J*E+D (61H1) AC 'D-2E) 'D*CFHDH,J) H*-DJD ECHF'*G'  -*I J3*7J9 E*DBJ 'D*CFHDH,J' 92D 'D*CFHDH,J' 'D1&J3J) 'D*J J-*', 'DJG' 9F 'D*CFHDH,J' 'DG'E4J) H'D*J B/ D' J-*', 'DJG'  HG0G 'D'E1 J97J A15) C(J1) DDE*DBJ EF 'D'3*9'F) ((96 'D9F'51 'DE-DJ) (/D'K 9F 'D*CFHDH,J' 'DG'E4J)  A6D'K 9F 0DC  A%F AC 'D-2E) 'D*CFHDH,J) J97J DE*DBJ 'D*CFHDH,J' A15) #C(1 DD-/ EF FAB'* FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  E9 'D*FH9 AJ E5'/1 'D*CFHDH,J'  HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0' 'DEAGHE  #F8O1 : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  5328  '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  540 . () #F8O1 : /. 9(/ 'D-J -,'2J  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  E7(H9'* ,'E9) 'DEH5D  'DCHJ*  CDJ) 'D-BHB  1982  5114-115 . () #F8O1 : /. F5J1) (H,E9)  E5/1 3'(B  5225 HE' (9/G' . () #F8O1 : /. #F3 'D3J/ 97J) 3DJE'F  E5/1 3'(B  5616 . () J*E+D G0' 'D'*,'G ('D'3*'0) (Joanna Schmidt) HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0' 'D'*,'G #F8O1 : /. E-3F 4AJB  E5/1 3'(B 576 G'E4 1BE (1) . () #F8O1 : /. CE'D B'3E +1H*  'DH,J2 AJ 41- '-C'E 9B/ 'DEB'HD)  ,1  (:/'/  1976  513. () #F8O1 : /. CE'D B'3E +1H*  E5/1 3'(B  5165 . () J91A 9B/ *3DJE 'DEA*'- ('FG "9B/ JD*2E AJG EH1/ 'D*CFHDH,J' (#F JB/E 'DI 'DE*9'B/ E9G E,E9'K 5F'9J'K AJ -'D) *4:JD  E9 *-EDG 'DE3$HDJ) 'DC'ED) 9F *4JJ/ 'DE5F9 H6E'F 'D'/'! H'D*4:JD" HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD #F8O1 : cf: P,H. KAH N, Lessor du non-droit dans les relation commerciales internationales et le contract sans loi, in I hypothes du nondroit liege, 1977, P.240. #H1/G : /. 'F3 'D3J/ 97J) 3DJE'F  E5/1 3'(B  5610 G'E4 1BE (1) . () #F8O1 : /. F5J1) (H,E9)  E5/1 3'(B 521 . () #F8O1 : /. F5J1) (H,E9)  E5/1 3'(B  5260 . () HG0' E' #.0 (G 'DE419 'D91'BJ AJ B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE 30 D3F) 1984 (51J- F5 'DE'/) (4) AJ AB1*G' 'D+'FJ) (BHDG (J31J 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 9DI ,EJ9 'DE3'&D 'D*J DE J1/ (4#FG' -CE .'5 AJ G0' 'DB'FHF #H AJ #J B'FHF .'5 '.1) . () '(1'GJE 'DEF,J  E5/1 3'(B  544 . () 'DE'/) (87)  'DAB1) (1  2) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 1BE (17) D3F) 1999 . () /. ('3E E-E/ 5'D-  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J ('DB3E 'D'HD)  72  E7(9) ,'E9) (:/'/  1992  539 . () #F8O1 : 53 EF 'D(-+ . () *F5 'DE'/) (61) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 9DI 'FG "1- CD 4J! D' J.1, 9F 'D*9'ED (7(J9*G #H (-CE 'DB'FHF J5- 'F JCHF E-D'K DD-BHB 'DE'DJ)  2- & .." . () /. ('3E E-E/ 5'D-  E5/1 3'(B  5188-204 . () /. F/'! C'8E E-E/ 'DEHDI  E5/1 3'(B  569 HE' (9/G' . () HEF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 'F EAGHE 'D4J! 'DH'1/ AJ 9B/ 'DFBD '0' C'F 'D'5D AJG 'FG JB*51 9DI 'D'4J'! 'DE'/J) AB7 A%F EAGHE 'D4J! 'DH'1/ AJ F5 'DE'/) (61) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ J*39 DJ4ED EAGHE 'D'4J'! 'DE'/J) H'DE9FHJ) 9DI -/M 3H'! 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