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H0G( 'D,9A1J) () H'D2J/J) () 'DI 'F HBA 'DE1J6 E16 'DEH* 9DI (96 'DH1+) J5- HJFA0 EF 'D+D+ D'F EF,2'* 'DE1J6 H'DH5J) *5- DDH'1+  CE' DH HBA /'1G  HGJ (-/H/ 'D+D+ 9DI '(FG H'(F*G ('D3HJ)  5- 'DHBA 9DI HAB 417 'DH'BA /HF ','2) 'DH1+) . 'E' EHBA 'DB'FHF  A'F 'DE419 'DE51J 9/QN 'DHBA 'D5'/1 AJ E16 'DEH* H5J) C#J *(19  H51- (0DC AJ 'DE'/) (916/ 1 ) () EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J 1BE 131 D3F) 1948 'D*J *F5 : ((CD 9ED B'FHFJ J5/1 EF 4.5 AJ E16 'DEH*  HJCHF EB5H/'K (G 'D*(19 J9/Q *51A'K E6'A'K 'DI E' (9/ 'DEH*  H*31J 9DJG #-C'E 'DH5J) #J'K C'F* 'D*3EJ) 'D*J *97I DG0' 'D*51A )) . HB/ 51- 'DE419 'D91'BJ (G0' 'DE9FI AJ 'DE'/) ( 1109 / 1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 1BE 40 D3F) 1951 'D*J *F5 (( CD *51A F'BD DDEDCJ) J5/1 EF 4.5 AJ E16 'DEH* EB5H/ (G 'D*(19 #H 'DE-'(')  J9/Q CDG #H (B/1 E' AJG EF E-'(') *51A'K E6'A'K 'DI E' (9/ 'DEH*  H*31J 9DJG #-C'E 'DH5J) 'J'K C'F* 'D*3EJ) 'D*J *97I DG ))  HDE' C'F 'DHBA *51A JFBD EDCJ) 'D9JF 'DEHBHA) EF 'DH'BA ( 'DE'DC ) 'DI :J1 E'DC  HJB5/ (G 'D*(19  A'F HBA 'DE1J6 *31J 9DJG #-C'E 'DH5J) . H('D1,H9 'DI #-C'E 'DH5J)  A'F 'DE419 'DE51J F5 AJ 'DE'/) (37) EF B'FHF 'DH5J) 'DE51J 1BE71 D3F) 1946 (( *5- 'DH5J) ('D+D+ DDH'1+ H:J1G  H*FA0 EF :J1 ','2) 'DH1+) ..)) . HF5 'DE419 'D91'BJ AJ 'DE'/) ( 1108/2) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 1BE 40 D3F) 1951 (( *,H2 'DH5J) DDH'1+ H:J1 'DH'1+ AJ +D+ 'D*1C) HD' *FA0 AJE' ,'H2 'D+D+ 'D' (','2) 'DH1+) )). HJ*6- 'F CD EF 'DE419 'DE51J H'D91'BJ #.0 (E0G( 'D,9A1J) H'D2J/J) AJ 5-) HBA 'DE1J6 E16 'DEH* 9DI (96 'DH1+)  HJFA0 AJ 'D+D+ /HF ','2G (BJ) 'DH1+)  D#FG J#.0 -CE 'DH5J) .D'A'K D1#J ,EGH1 'DABG'! ('F 'DHBA 9DI (96 'DH1+) EHBHA 9DI ','2G (BJ) 'DH1+) AJ 'D+D+ #H 'C+1 . H0G(* E-CE) *EJJ2 'D91'B 'DI 'F 'DHBA AJ E16 'DEH* J#.0 -CE 'DH5J) HJ.1, EF +D+ 'D*1C)  HE' 2'/ *HBA 9DI ','2) 'DH1+) HEF +E J9/ 'DE1J6 EH* 'DEH* E-,H1'K 9DJG ,2&J'K D-B 'DH1+) H'D/'&FJF (). H*,/1 'D%4'1) 'DI 'F 'DE419 'DE51J 'D:I 'DHBA 'D#GDJ ( 'D01J ) - 9DI :J1 'D.J1'* - ('DB'FHF 1BE 180 D3F) 1952 ()  H'DB6') EEFH9JF EF 3E'9 H*3,JD 'D#4G'/ ('DHBA 9DI :J1 'D.J1'* () HEFG HBA 'DE1J6 - B(D EH*G - 9DI (96 'DH1+) D#FG J#.0 -CE 'DHBA 9F/ 'D%F4'! H-CE 'DH5J) 9F/ EH* 'DE1J6 AJ E16G . AJ -JF 'F 'DE419 'D91'BJ ,HQ2 %D:'! 'DHBA 'D01J H'DE4*1C HDE JH,( 'D%D:'! H(0DC JCHF B/ #,'2 #FH'9 'DHBHA C'A)  HEFG' HBA 'DE1J6 E16 'DEH* 'D01J 9DI (96 'DH1+) . 'E' 'DE419 'D#1/FJ A'FG DE J,HQ2 %D:'! 'DHBA 'D01J  H#,'2 'DHBA 'D01J (417 'F D' J*9'16 E9 #-C'E 'DEH'1J+ AJ 'D41J9) 'D%3D'EJ) 9DI HAB E' GH EB11 AJ B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) 'DE9EHD (G ()  HDE' C'F 'DHBA 'D01J 9DI (96 'DH1+) J*9'16 E9 #-C'E 'DEH'1J+ D'F AJG 'J+'1 (96 'DH1+) 9DI 'D(96 'D".1  A'FG J9FJ 'F HBA 'DE1J6 E16 'DEH* 9DI (96 H1+*G D' J5- H'F C'F (-/H/ 'D+D+ AJ 'DB'FHF 'D#1/FJ . EF CD E' *B/E  F9*B/ 'F 'D#5D AJ E3#D) 'DHBA 9DI (96 'DH1+) AJ E16 'DEH* AJ 'D+D+ /HF ','2G (BJ) 'DH1+) GH 'D#.0 (E' 0G( 'DJG 'D-FAJ) H'DE'DCJ) ('F *H29 :D) 'DHBA 9DI 'DH1+) ,EJ9'K 9DI HAB A1'&6 'DDG 3(-'FG H*9'DI  D#FG' #B1( 'DI 'D9/'D) H*EF9 'D*(':6 H'D*-'3/ (JF 'DH1+) E' (BJ '-/ EF 'DEHBHA 9DJGE 'DH1+)  A'F 'FB16H' "D* 'DI EF (9/GE 9DI HAB 417 'DH'BA D#FGE EF :J1 H1+*G HDE **E-6 'D:D) DDH1+) AB7 (D DGE HD:J1GE . H'D'3*+F'! GH 'D#.0 (E' 0G( 'DJG 'D,9A1J) H'D2J/J) ('D,H'2 AJ 'D+D+ /HF ','2G (BJ) 'DH1+)  H9DI :1'1 0DC 3'1 'DB'FHF 'DE51J - B(D %D:'! 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ADH HBA* 'E1#) /'1'K DG' AJ E16 EH*G' 9DI (F'*G'  +E EF (9/GF 9DI #HD'/GF H'HD'/ #HD'/GF #(/' E' *F'3DH'  A'0' 'FB16H' ADDAB1'!  +E E'** AJ E16G' 9F '(F*JF H#.* D#(  H'D#.* D' *,J2 'DHBA  HD' E'D DG' :J1 'D/'1 'D0J HBA*G  ,'2 'DHBA AJ 'D+D+  HDE J,2 AJ 'D+D+JF AJB3E 'D+D+'F (JF 'DH1+) ,EJ9GE 9DI B/1 '3G'EGE AJ 'DEJ1'+ B3E) *EDC H'.*5'5  H*B3E :D) 'D+D+ (JF 'DH1+) ,EJ9GE 9DI 3G'EGE AJ 'DEJ1'+ E' 9'4* 'D(F*'F  A'F E'** %-/'GE' 51A F5J(G' DH1+*G' 'DI 'F *EH* 'D#.1I A9F/&0M *CHF :D) +D+ 'DHBA 'DI #HD'/GE' H'HD'/ #HD'/GE' 9DI HAB 417 'DH'BA HD' -B DDH1+) - 'D#.* D#(- AJ 0DC (). H*,/1 'D%4'1) 'DI 'FG DH 8G1 #H B/E #H -5D DDH'BA 'D0J E'* AJ E16G E'D ".1 J,9D 'DHBA J.1, EF 'D+D+  A'F C'F D' J2'D AJ J/ 'DH1+) AJFA0 'DHBA (-BGE  H'F ('9HG D' JFB6 'D(J9 HJ$.0 EFGE (/D 'D(J9 HJ4*1I (G 9JF'K *CHF HBA'K () . 'E' EHBA 'DB'FHF  A'F 'DE419 'DE51J F5 AJ 'DE'/) (37) EF B'FHF 'DH5J) 'DE51J ((& H*5-  'DH5J)  (E' 2'/ 9DI 'D+D+  HD' *FA0 AJ 'D2J'/) 'D' '0' #,'2G' 'DH1+) (9/ HA') 'DEH5J HC'FH' #GD 'D*(19 9'DEJF (E' J,J2HFG& )) . HJ*6- EF 'DF5 'F 9/E ','2) 'DH1+) AJE' 2'/ 9F 'D+D+ DDHBA AJ E16 'DEH* D(96 'DH1+) - B(D %D:'! 'DHBA 'D01J- D' JFA0 HJ(7D  D'F 'DHBA AJ E16 'DEH* (EF2D) 'DH5J) (9/ 'DEH*  H#.0 'DE419 'D91'BJ ('DE9FI FA3G (9/E 'DFA'0 9F/ 9/E 'D','2) AJ 'DE'/) (1108/2) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE'1 0C1G' ()  H'DE'/) ( 70 ) EF B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) 1BE 188 D3F) 1959 'D*J *F5 ((D' *,H2 'DH5J) (#C+1 EF 'D+D+ 'D' (','2) 'DH1+)  H*9*(1 'D/HD) H'1+'K DEF D' H'1+ DG ))  HEF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 'F 5J':) F5 'DE'/ ) (1108/2) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/ FJ 'D91'BJ #/B EF ('DE'/ ) 70/ 'D4B 'D#.J1) EF B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J)  A6D'K 9F 'D#.J1) D' E(11 D%J1'/G' D'F 'D#HDI *AJ ('D:16 . 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'D.AJA  9DJ : #-C'E 'DH5J)  'DB'G1)  'DE7(9) 'D9'DEJ)  1962. 'D/1/J1  '-E/ (F E-E/ (F '-E/ : 'D41- 'D5:J1 9DI #B1( 'DE3'DC 'DI E0G( 'D%E'E E'DC H(G'E4G (D:) 'D3'DC D#B1( 'DE3'DC D#-E/ (F '-E/ 'D5'HJ  ,4  'DB'G1)  /'1 'DE9'1A 'DE51J)  1974E. 'D/3HBJ  E-E/ (F '-E/ (F 91A) : -'4J) 'D/3HBJ 9DI 'D41- 'DC(J1 H(G'E4G *B1J1'* E-E/ (F '-E/ (F E-E/ 'DEDB( (9DJ4  ,5  72  (J1H*  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  1424G@-2003E. @@@@@@@@@ : E-'61'* AJ 'DHBA  'DB'G1)  E7(9) '-E/ 9DJ E.JE1  1959E . 'D3(2H'1J  9(/ 'D#9DI 'DEH3HJ : EG0( 'D#-C'E AJ (J'F 'D-D'D H'D-1'E  ,22  'DF,A 'D'41A  E7(9) 'D"/'(  1404G@  1984E. 'D4J1'2J  %(1'GJE (F 9DJ (F JH3A : 'DEG0(  E1  ,1  72  (J1H*  /'1 'DE91A) DD7('9) H'DF41  1959E. 'D7-'HJ  '-E/: -'4J) 'D7-'HJ 9DI 'D/1 'DE.*'1  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  (J1H*  /'1 'DE91A)  1395G@  1975E. 'D71'(D3J  (1G'F 'D/JF %(1'GJE (F EH3I (F '(J (C1 (F 'D4J. 9DJ : 'D%39'A AJ #-C'E 'D#HB'A  (J1H*  /'1 'D1'&/ 'D91(J  1401G@  1981E. %(F 9'(/JF  E-E/ 'EJF : 1/ 'DE-*'1 9DI 'D/1 'DE.*'1 41- *FHJ1 'D'(5'1 E9 *CED) '(F 9'(/JF DF,D 'DE$DA  /1'3) H*-BJB H*9DJB : 9'/D '-E/ 9(/ 'DEH,H/ H 9DJ E-E/ 9H6  ,6  72  (J1H*  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  1424G@  2003E. 'D9'FJ  E-E/ 4AJB  #-C'E 'D#HB'A  (:/'/  'D41C) 'D%3D'EJ) DD7('9) H'DF41 'DE-/H/)  1375G@  1955E. 'D9E1'FJ  J-JI (F '(J 'D.J1 (F 3'DE (F '39/ (F 9(/ 'DDG (F E-E/ (F EH3I (F 9E1'F : 'D(J'F AJ ABG 'D%E'E 'D4'A9J  *-BJB : '-E/ -,'2J '-E/ 'D3B'  ,8  (J1H*  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  1423 G@  2002E. '(F B'6J 3E'HF) : E-EH/ (F '31'&JD : ,'E9 'DA5HDJF H(G'E4G 'D-H'4J 'D1BJB) H'D*9'DJB 'D#FJB) D.J1J 'D/JF 'D1EDJ  E51  'DE7(9) 'DC(1I 'DEJ1J)  1301G@ . '(F B/'E) 'DEB/3J : 4E3 'D/JF #(H 'DA1, 9(/ 'D1-EF (F '(J 9E1 E-E/ (F '-E/:'D41- 'DC(J1 9DI 'DE:FJ  ,6  E51  /'1 'DC*'( 'D91(J  1393G@  1972E. '(F B/'E) 'DEB/3J  EHAB 'D/JF #(H E-E/ 9(/ 'DDG (F '-E/ (F E-E/ : 'DE:FJ H'D41- 'DC(J1  ,6  E51  /'1 'DC*'( 'D91(J  1393G@  1972E. 'DBDJH(J  4G'( 'D/JF '-E/ (F '-E/ (F 3D'E) : -'4J) 'DBDJH(J 9DI CF2 'D1':(JF 41- EFG', 'D7'D(JF  ,3  72  (J1H*  /'1 'DC*( 'D9DEJ)  1424G@  2003E. 'DC(J3J  '-E/ 9(J/ : 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) AJ 'DABG H'DB6'! H'DB'FHF  ,2  'DH5'J' H'DEH'1J+ H'DHBA  (:/'/  E7(9) 'D%14'/  1970E. @@@@@@@@@@ : 'DH,J2 AJ 41- B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J) H*9/JD'*G  ,2  'DEH5D  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 (,'E9) 'DEH5D  1991 E. 'DC(J3J  E-E/ 9(J/ : #-C'E 'DHBA AJ 'D41J9) 'D%3D'EJ)  ,1  (:/'/  E7(9) 'D%14'/  1977E. 'DC4F'HJ  #(H (C1 (F -3F : '3GD 'DE/'1C 41- %14'/ 'D3'DC AJ E0G( %E'E 'D#&E) E'DC  ,1  (J1H*  'DEC*() 'D951J)  1424G@  2003E. 'DE-BB 'D-DJ  ,9A1 (F 'D-3F (F '(J 2C1J' (F 39J/ 'DG0DJ : 41'&9 'D%3D'E AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ 'D,9A1J  (J1H*  /'1 EC*() 'D-J')  1978E. '(F 'DE1*6I  '-E/ (F J-JI : 'D(-1 'D2-'1 'D,'E9 DE0'G( 9DE'! 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