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E-E/ A'&B 'D31J,J H*HAJB '(1'GJE  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  'DE$33) 'D9'E) DDE7(H9'* H'DC*( 'DE/13J)  /E4B  1986. /. E-E/ C1JA'FJG  'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) H/H1G' 'D'B*5'/J AJ 'DB7'9 'D9'E  13'D) /C*H1'G  ,'E9) -D(  1991. /. EF5H1 EJD'/ JHF3  E('/& 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  EF4H1'* 'D,'E9) 'DEA*H-)  DJ(J'- 71'(D3  1994. /. E57AI -3JF 3DE'F  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 'DE3*B(D  9E'F  1990 . /. E'EHF 'D4D'-  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E) H'D*41J9 'DE'DJ (DE *-// /'1 'DF41)  /E4B  1988. /. F9JE -2H1J  'D*.7J7 H'D1B'() AJ 'DE41H9  E/J1J) 'DC*( H'DEH6H9'* 'D,'E9J)  ,'E9) -D( 9'E 1990 . /. JH3A 4('7  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E) ('DC*'( 'D+'FJ)  ,'E9) /E4B 9'E 1994-1995. /. JH3A 4('7  'DH3J7 AJ 'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) H'D'/'1J)  EF4H1'* ,'E9) /E4B  1998 . +'FJ'K. 'DE5'/1 ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) : Hendrifayol. General and Management, Pitman Co. London. 1946, p H. Raman Chandran Financial Pianning and Control S. Chand 8 Co. New Delhi, 1972. Fabre (F). Lecontrol des Finance pupligues. Pu. f. Paris, 1968. Gorard (J) La cours des comptes et Marcnes publucis. R. M. 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EF5H1 EJD'/ JHF3  E('/& 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  EF4H1'* 'D,'E9) 'DEA*H-)  DJ(J'- 71'(D3  1994  5202. (3) /. 9(/'DDG 7D()  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5254. () -'E/ 9(/'DE,J/ /1'2  E('/& 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J)  (J1H*  1981  5104. () /. EF5H1 EJD'/ JHF3  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5203 . () /. E57AI -3JF 3DE'F  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 'DE3*B(D  9E'F  1990  5127-128. () Fabre (F). Lecontrol des Finance pupligues. Pu. f. Paris, 1968. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5384-385. /. '(1'GJE 9DJ 9(/'DDG H /. 'FH1 'D9,'1E)  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 5F9'! DD7('9) H'DF41  9E'F  1997  5147-150. /. -'E/ 9(/'DE,J/ /1'2  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5105-106. /. E57AI -3JF 3DE'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5128-129. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5388- 391. (1) /. '(1'GJE 9DJ 9(/'DDG H /. 'FH1 'D9,'1E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5128. /. 9'/D '-E/ -4J4  '3'3J'* 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1'FG6) 'D91(J)  (J1H* 1994  5318. () 97J) 9E1 'D-(H4  'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) 'D3'(B) 9DI '(1'E 9BH/ E41H9'* D'4:'D 9'E)  E,D) 'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) 'D*J *5/1G' 'DE,EH9) 'D91(J) DD',G2) 'D9DJ' DD1B'() 'DE'DJ)  'D9// 'D+'FJ  'D3F) 'D*'39)  C'FHF 'D#HD  1990  54-8. () /. 97J) 9E1 'D-(H4  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  54-8. /. '(1'GJE 9DJ 9(/'DDG  H /. 'FH1 'D9,'1E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5150. () /. 9HA E-EH/ 'DCA1'HJ  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  542. () /. 9(/'D-EJ/ 'DB'6J  E('/& 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 'D,'E9'* 'DE51J)  'D'3CF/1J)  1974  5308-309. /. E'EHF 'D4D'-  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E) H'D*41J9 'DE'DJ (DE *-// /'1 'DF41)  /E4B  1988  5268. () 97J) 9E1 'D-(H4  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  55. () /. 9(/'D'EJ1 4E3 'D/JF  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  548. () /. JH3A 4('7  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5235. () E-E/ 9(/'DDG 'D41JA  'DE1,9 ''3'(B  532. () /. JH3A 4('7  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5236. () /. JH3A 4('7  'DH3J7 AJ 'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) H'D'/'1J)  EF4H1'* ,'E9) /E4B  1998  512. () /. E-E/ '3E'9JD E-E/  'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) AJ E1/H/ 'FA'B 'D'EH'D  E7(9) 'DE9'1A  'D4'1B)  1994  516. () Gorard (J) La cours des comptes et Marcnes publucis. R. M. P. 1989 n246, p. 22. () AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  518  /. JH3A 4('7  'DH3J7 AJ 'D1B'() 'DE'DJ) H'D'/'1J)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  513. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5410  411  /. E'EHF 'D4D'-  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5277. () /. 9(/'D'EJ1 4E3 'D/JF 4E3 'D/JF  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  545. () /. 9'/D ADJ- 'D9DJ  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5571. () /. 19/ 'D,/)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5120. (1) /. JH3A 4('7  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5246. (2) /. '(1'GJE 9DJ 9(/'DDG H /. 'FH1 'D9,'1E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5150-151. () /. -3JF 3DHE  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E) ('DB'FHF 'DE'DJ 'D61J(J)  /'1 'DAC1 'DD(F'FJ  (J1H*  1990  5267-268. () AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  530. () /. 9(/'D:FJ (3JHFJ 9(/'DDG  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5385-386. () AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  531. () /. 9(/'D:FJ (3JHFJ 9(/'DDG  '5HD 9DE 'D'/'1) 'D9'E)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J)  (J1H*  1984  5386-384. () /. 9(/'D'EJ1 4E3 'D/JF  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  546. () /. '(1'GJE 9DJ 9(/ 'DDG  H /. 'FH1 'D9,'1E)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5151-152. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5385-386. (1) AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  532-33. (1) /. '-E/ 2GJ1 4'EJ) H /. .'D/ 'D.7J(  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5305. (2) 1',9 AJ EAGHE 'D1B'() 'DB6'&J) 9DI '9E'D 'D'/'1)  9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D : /. 9(/'DDG 7D()  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5264-266. /. 9(/'DDG (3JHFJ 9(/'DDG  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5375-378. () AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  532-33. () Philip, (L), Finances Pupligues, Cujas, Paris, eds, P. 401. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5386. () /. 9/F'F 6F'HJ  9DE 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 'DE9'1A 'D9EHEJ)  71'(D3  D(F'F  1992  5328. () /. 9(/'DDG 7D()  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5258. () /. '-E/ 5B1 9'4H1  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5394. () /. 9/F'F 6F'HJ  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5326. () /. (1G'F 'D/JF 'D,ED  'DE'DJ) 'D9'E)  /'1 7D'3  /E4B  1992  5255. () /. 9'/D -4J4  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5314. () AGEJ E-EH/ 4C1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  538. () 39/'D/JF 'D41JA H1A'BG  'D1B'() 'D'F*B'&J) HCJAJ) '.*J'1 'D9JF'* 'D'F*B'&J)  E,D) 'D1B'() 'DE'DJ)  'D3F) 'D+'FJ)  'D9// 'D+'FJ  C'FHF 'D#HD  1983  54. 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