ࡱ> ce`abq`0bjbjqPqPE::٤'&$ t4RRR8SS$c6TT(TTTUUU$hiVUUVVTTzlzlzlV^ TTzlVzlzl΅TT |RhR,cV"l30cp^jf4΅΅TU>U,zl V$-VUUUdlUUUcVVVV$$$d.|Rd$$$|RL  AC1) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ (*) /.BJ/'1 9(/ 'DB'/1 5'D- E/13 'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J CDJ) 'D-BHB / ,'E9) 'DEH5D 'DEB/E): %F 'DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1J) EF .DB 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  AGJ %0F D' *3*F/ %DI BH'9/ EBFF) +'(*) (D #FG' E*:J1) 7(B'K DE' **7D(G -','* 'DE1'AB 'D9'E) H-','* 'D#A1'/  HB/ #/I '*3'9 F4'7 'D%/'1) AJ 'D9/J/ EF 'DE,'D'* %DI 2J'/) 'D#61'1 'DH'B9) 9DI 'D#4.'5 H'D#EH'D  H('D*'DJ ,'!* G0G 'DE3$HDJ) D,(1 G0G 'D#61'1 9F 71JB 'D*9HJ6. H*BHE 'DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1J) CB'9/) 9'E) 9DI #3'3 'D.7# HG0' 'D#E1 D' J+J1 'D,/D A'DEF7B H'D9BD 'DE,1/JF JA16'F 9DI EF '1*C( 'D.7# (FA3G #H (H'37) EE+DJG 'D419JJF #F JD*2E (%5D'- 'D611 'DF',E 9F G0' 'D.7#. HEF GF' *(12 AC1) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ C#3'3 DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) CHF #F 'DE3$HDJ) 3*B9 9DI 9'*B 'DE1AB 'D9'E AGH 'D0J J*-EDG' HJCHF 'D'.*5'5 E9BH/'K DDB6'! 'D%/'1J D0DC #+1F' *3DJ7 'D6H! AJ G0' 'D(-+ 9DI 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ /HF 'D.7# 'D4.5J 'D0J JCHF 'D'.*5'5 AJG E9BH/'K DDB6'! 'D9'/J. H%2'! G0G 'D#GEJ) *(12 E4CD) *-/J/ 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'D*41J9'* 'D*J :'( 9FG' 'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ D#-C'E G0' 'DFH9 EF 'D.7#. HD#GEJ) 'DEH6H9 '1*#JF' 'D(-+ ('D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ G0G 'D/1'3) DCHFG EF 'DEH'6J9 'D-JHJ)  HB/ '9*E/F' AJ G0' 'D(-+ 9DI #3DH( 'DEB'1F) HCDE' 'B*6* 'D-',) %DI 0DC. HB/ B3EF' 'D(-+ HAB 'D.7) 'D"*J) : .7) 'D(-+ 'DEB/E) 'DE(-+ 'D#HD : E'GJ) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'DE7D( 'D#HD : *91JA 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ : *EJJ2 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 9F 'D.7# 'D4.5J 'DA19 'D#HD : EHBA 'DABG 'D%/'1J 'DA19 'D+'FJ : EHBA 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ : 5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'DE7D( 'D#HD : 9/E #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH() 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ : 3H! #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH() 'DE7D( 'D+'D+ : *('7$ #H *#.1 'DE1AB 'D9'E AJ #/'! 'D./E) 'DE7DH() 'DE(-+ 'D+'D+ : CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'DE7D( 'D#HD : CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J) 'DA19 'D#HD : 9J( 'DE-D #H E.'DA) 'DB'FHF 'DA19 'D+'FJ : 9J( 'D:'J) #H 'D'F-1'A ('D3D7) 'DA19 'D+'D+ : 9J( 'D3(( 'DA19 'D1'(9 : 9J( 'D4CD 'DA19 'D.'E3 : 9J( 'D'.*5'5 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ : CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) DD%/'1) 'DA19 'D#HD : E/I 'D59H('* 'D*J JH',GG' 'DE1AB 'DA19 'D+'FJ : 'D9H'ED 'DE*5D) ('DE61H1 'D.'*E) 'DE5'/1 'DE(-+ 'D#HD E'GJ) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 3F1C2 AJ G0' 'DE(-+ 9DI E'GJ) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ H0DC EF .D'D *91JA 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ H*EJJ2G 9F 'D.7# 'D4.5J H0DC AJ E7D(JF F.55 'D#HD D*91JA 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ -JF F*F'HD AJ 'D+'FJ *EJJ2 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 9F 'D.7# 'D4.5J H9DI 'DF-H 'D"*J : 'DE7D( 'D#HD *91JA 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ J91A 'D.7# (4CD 9'E (#FG E.'DA) D#-C'E 'DB'FHF **E+D AJ #9E'D E'/J) #H AJ *51A'* B'FHFJ) H*#.0 5H1) #9E'D %J,'(J) #H *#*J 9DI GJ&) *51A'* 3D(J) *F4# 9F 9/E 'DBJ'E (E' JH,(G 'DB'FHF (). #E' 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ91A (#FG "'D.7# 'D0J JF3( %DI 'DE1AB -*I HDH C'F 'D0J B'E (G E'/J'K #-/ 'DEH8AJF" (). HGF'C EF 91AG (#FG ".7# EH6H9J JF3( %DI 'DE1AB E('41)K 9DI '9*('1 #F G0' 'DE1AB B/ B'E ('1*C'( 'D.7# (:6 'DF81 9F E1*C(G  A3H'! #ECF %3F'/ 'D.7# %DI EH8A E9JF ('D0'* #H *901 0DC A%FG JA*16 #F 'DE1AB 0'*G GH 'D0J B'E (F4'7 J.'DA 'DB'FHF HEF +E AGH H-/G 'D0J B'E ('1*C'( 'D.7#" (). H91A #J6'K (#FG "'D%.D'D :J1 'DEFA5D E'/J'K #H E9FHJ'K 9F EE'13) #9E'D 'DH8JA)  HJCHF 'D%.D'D :J1 EFB79 'D'*5'D (EFA5D) E'/J'K #H E9FHJ'K %0' '1*C( 'DEH8A .7&'K (-3F FJ) HDE JCF ,3JE'K" (). EE' *B/E F3*7J9 'DBHD #F 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ GH 'D.7# 'D0J **-ED 'D/HD) #H 'D4.5 'D9'E (4#FG E3$HDJ) 'D*9HJ6 9F 'D#61'1 'DF',E) 9F 'D.7# /HF 'DEH8A. A'D.7# GF' JBHE 9DI #3'3 #F 'DE1AB 'D9'E() 0'*G GH 'D0J *3(( AJ -/H+ 'D611 D#FG DE J$/ 'D./E) 'D9'E) 9DI HAB 'DBH'9/ 'D*J J3J1 9DJG' 3H'! #C'F* G0G 'DBH'9/ .'1,J) 3FG' 'DE419 DJ3J1 9DJG' 'DE1AB 'D9'E 'E /'.DJ) H69G' 'DE1AB DFA3G #H JB*6JG' 'D3J1 'D9'/J DD#EH1. HAJ 'DH'B9 #F 'DE1AB 'D9'E D' JECF #F J1*C( 'D.7# (0'*G D#FG 4.5 E9FHJ H'D4.5 'DE9FHJ J*7D( H,H/ #4.'5 7(J9JJF JE+DHFG HJ*51AHF ('3EG  HE9 0DC F3*7J9 #F FA1B (JF FH9JF EF #FH'9 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ .7# JECF F3(*G %DI EH8AJF E9FJJF ('D0'*  H.7# D' JECF E91A) E5/1G HJ9/ EF3H('K %DI 'DE1AB 'D9'E 0'*G HG0JF 'DFH9JF EF 'D.7# 3FH6-GE' AJE' J#*J : 1- 'DFH9 'D#HD : .7# EH8A #H EH8AJF E9FJJF ('D0'* H**-BB G0G 'D-'D) %0' #ECF F3() 'D.7# 'D0J *1*(* 9DJG BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) %DI EH8A E9JF ('D0'* #H EH8AJF E9FJJF (0H'*GE  HE+'D 0DC #F J,1J #-/ 1,'D 'D417) H1'! E,1E G'1( AJ 'D71JB 'D9'E EF #,D %DB'! 'DB(6 9DJG H#+F'! ,1JG J5/E #-/ 'DE'1) AJ-/+ DG 611' AG0' 'D.7# J9/ E1ABJ'K -*I H%F C'F 5'/1'K EF 1,D 417) (#J EH8A 9'E E9JF ('D0'*) D#F 'D611 B/ HB9 #+F'! *#/J) G0' 'DEH8A DH8JA*G H(3((G' (). 2- 'DFH9 'D+'FJ : 'D.7# 'D0J JF3( %DI 'DE1AB 'D9'E 0'*G H**-BB G0G 'D-'D) %0' *901 E91A) E5/1 'DA9D 'D6'1 'D0J #/I %DI BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1)  AB/ JB9 'D.7# HJ*1*( 9DI HBH9G -/H+ 611 %D' #FG D' JECF F3() G0' 'D.7# %DI EH8A E9JF ('D0'*  HE+'D 0DC #F JBHE 417J (%DB'! 'DB(6 9DI #-/ 'DE*8'G1JF HAJ B3E 'D417) J9*/I 9DJG ('D61( AJ-/+ DG 611 A%0' *901 E91A) 'D417J 'D0J '9*/I 9DI 'DE,FI 9DJG ('D61(  9/QN G0' 'D.7# E1ABJ'K 9DI #3'3 #FG F*, 9F 3H! *F8JE 'DE1AB 'D9'E(). 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ *EJJ2 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 9F 'D.7# 'D4.5J (0D 'DABG H'DB6'! 'D%/'1JJF ,GH/'K C(J1) D%J,'/ E9J'1 E-// JEJ2 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'D0J **-ED 'D/HD) E3$HDJ) 'D*9HJ6 9F 'D#61'1 'DE*1*() 9DJG EF 'D.7# 'D4.5J 'D0J J*-ED 'DEH8A C'A) *(9'*G. H(F'!K 9DJG 3FH6- G0G 'D,GH/ AJ 'DA19JF 'D"*JJF : 'DA19 'D#HD EHBA 'DABG 'D%/'1J *9//* 'DE9'JJ1 'D*J F'/I (G' 'DABG'! 'D%/'1JJF D*EJJ2 'D.7# 'D4.5J EF 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ  H#GE 'DE9'JJ1 'D*J B(D* (G0' 'D5// GJ : #HD'K : E9J'1 'DF2H'* 'D4.5J) HGH #HD E9J'1 B/EG 'DABG 'D%/'1J HB/ B'D (G 'DABJG "D'AJ1JJ1" HJBHE 9DI #3'3 'DF2H'* 'D4.5J) DDEH8A 'D0J F3( %DJG 'D.7#  AGH J1I #F 'D.7# J9/ 4.5J'K %0' C'F 'DA9D 'D6'1 E7(H9'K (7'(9 4.5J J/D 9DI 69A 'DEH8A H9/E *(51G  A'DEH8A AJ G0G 'D-'D) J3#D H-/G 9F 'D.7# HJ*-ED C'A) F*'&,G  #E' %0' C'F 'DA9D 'D6'1 'D0J HB9 EF 'DEH8A :J1 E7(H9 (G0' 'D7'(9 'D4.5J #J #F DJ3 DEJHDG #H F2H'*G 'D4.5J) /.D AJG HJF(& 9F EH8A 916) DD.7# H'D5H'( A'D.7# AJ G0G 'D-'D) JCHF E1ABJ'K H*3#D 'D%/'1) H-/G' 9FG /HF 'DEH8A (). HB/ #.0* 'DE-CE) 'D%/'1J) 'D9DJ' AJ E51 (G0' 'DE9J'1 AJ -CEG' 'D5'/1 (*'1J. 6 JHFJG 3F) 1959 %0 *BHD : "HJ9QN/ 'D.7# 4.5J'K %0' C'F 'D9ED 'D6'1 E57(:'K (7'(9 4.5J JC4A 9F 'D%F3'F (69AG HF2H'*G H9/E *(51G . #E' %0' C'F 'D9ED 'D6'1 :J1 E57(: (7'(9 4.5J HJFE 9F EH8A E916 DD.7# H'D5H'( A%F 'D.7# AJ G0G 'D-'D) JCHF E5D-J'K. A'D9(1) ('DB5/ 'D0J JF7HJ 9DJG 'DEH8A HGH J$/J H',('* H8JA*G  ACDE' B5/ 'DFC'J) H'D#61'1 #H *AJ# EFA9) 0'*J) C'F .7$G 4.5J'K J*-ED GH F*'&,G" (). HG0' 'DE9J'1 H%F '*3E ('DH6H- H'D*-/J/ %D' #F #GE E' DH-8 9DJG 'G*E'EG ('D,'F( 'D4.5J A3H! 'DFJ) H-3FG' *9/ EF 'D#EH1 'D*J J59( 'DC4A 9FG' D*9DBG' (E3'&D /'.D 'D%F3'F D' JEDC 'DC4A 9FG' %D' GH 0'*G  CE' #F G0' 'DE9J'1 D' J*F'HD -'D'* 'D.7# 'D,3JE 'D*J *B9 EF 'DEH8A (-3F FJ) H'D0J 0G( 'DB6'! %DI %/1',G AJ (96 'D-'D'* AJ F7'B 'D.7# 'D4.5J (). +'FJ'K : E9J'1 'FA5'D 'D.7# 9F 'DH8JA) 0G( 'D9EJ/ "GH1JH" %DI H69 E9J'1 ".1 DD*A1B) (JF 'D.7# 'D4.5J H'D.7# 'DE1ABJ  A'D.7# 'D4.5J 9DI HAB G0' 'DE9J'1 GH 'D.7# 'D0J JECF A5DG 9F #9E'D 'DH8JA)  H'D.7# 'DE1ABJ GH 'D0J J/.D AJ #9E'D 'DH8JA) HJCHF E*5D'K (G' AD' JECF A5DG 9FG'. A'D.7# 'D4.5J 'D0J JECF A5DG 9F #9E'D 'DH8JA) B/ JFA5D 9FG' 'FA5'D'K E'/J'K #H E9FHJ'K  A'D'FA5'D 'DE'/J JCHF AJ -'D) %*J'F 'DEH8A D9ED DJ3 DG 9D'B) E'/J'K (H',('* H8JA*G E+'D 0DC %0' F5 'DB'FHF 9DI '.*5'5 'D9E/) (-0A #3E'! 'D#4.'5 'D0JF D' **H'A1 AJGE 41H7 'D'F*.'( HB'E 'D9E/) (47( #3E 4.5 B/ 5/1 -CE 6/G (%4G'1 %AD'3G EF ,/HD 'D'F*.'( A*51A 'D9E/) J9/ 5-J-'K D#FG J/.D 6EF H',('* H8JA*G  HDCF %0' *,'H2 'D9E/) G0G 'D-/H/ %DI 'D*4GJ1 (G ('D%9D'F 9F 0DC ('DEF'/') AJ 'DB1J)  AG0' 'D9ED 'D#.J1 J9/ .7#K EFA5D'K 'FA5'D'K E'/J'K 9F 'DH8JA) %0 DJ3 EF #9E'D H8JA*G 'D%9D'F 9F #3E'! 'DE4G1 %AD'3GE #H 'D*4GJ1 (GE () . #E' ('DF3() DD.7# 'DEFA5D 'FA5'D'K E9FHJ'K 9F H',('* 'DH8JA) AJCHF AJ -'D) /.HD 'D9ED 'D.'7& 6EF H',('* 'DH8JA) E'/J'K HDCF D#:1'6 :J1 *DC 'D*J '3*./E D*-BJBG' HE+'D 0DC C#F JBHE 'D9E/) (B19 #,1'3 'DCF'&3 AJ ,F'2) E/FJ) D' *B19 DG' 'D#,1'3 () . +'D+'K : E9J'1 'D:'J) B'D (G0' 'DE9J'1 'DABJG "/J,J" HJBHE 9DI #3'3 'D:'J) 'D*J J*H.'G' 'DEH8A (*51AG 'D0J F*, 9FG 'D611  A%0' C'F 'DEH8A B/ B5/ (9EDG *-BJB #:1'6 'DH8JA) 'D9'E) A%F .7#G J9/ .7#K E1ABJ'K  #E' %0' C'F *51A 'DEH8A (B5/ *-BJB #:1'6 4.5J) D' 9D'B) DG' ('DH8JA) A%F 'D.7# J9/ 4.5J'K () . HB/ #.0 E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J (G0' 'DE9J'1 AJ -CEG 'D0J #5/1G (*'1J. 27 A(1'J1 1903 AJ B6J) (Zimmermann) 'D0J **D.5 HB'&9G "AJ #F '+FJF EF EH8AJ E5D-) 'D71B H'DC('1I 9E/'K %DI '3*.1', 'D1E'D H'D#-,'1 'DD'2E) D#9E'D 'D5J'F) EF #16 .'5) EEDHC) D9'&D) (Zimmermann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nguet) 'D0J **D.5 HB'&9G "#F #-/ 'D#A1'/ (BJ AJ EC*( 'D(1J/ (9/ %:D'B 'D('( 'DE9/ D.1H, 'D,EGH1. HDE' '671 D'3*9E'D 'D('( 'DE.55 D.1H, 'DEH8AJF B'E EH8AH 'DEC*( ('D'9*/'! 9DJG ('D61( H#+F'! G0' 'D-'/+ 3B7 'DE61H1 9DI 9*() ('( G$D'! 'DEH8AJF AC31* 3'BG HC'F 0DC F81'K D3H! -'D) 9*() G0' 'D('(. HDE' *B/E (/9H'G E7'D('K ('D*9HJ6 B11 E,D3 'D/HD) #F 'D611 'D0J #5'(G %FE' J1,9 %DI .7#JF : #HDGE' .7# 4.5J J*E+D AJ 'D'9*/'! 9DJG ('D61( EF 'DEH8AJF  H+'FJGE' .7# E1ABJ J*E+D AJ 3H! -'D) 9*() 'D('( 'D.'5 ('DEH8AJF A6D'K 9F *B/JE 3'9) EC*( 'D(1J/ 9F EH9/G' (A9D E,GHD 1:() AJ %FG'! 'D9ED B(D EH9/G 'DE-// EE' #/I %DI %:D'B 'D('( 'DE.55 DD,EGH1 B(D G0' 'DEH9/ . H(0DC JCHF E,D3 'D/HD) B/ #B1 #F 'DA9D 'D6'1 JECF #F J*CHF EF .7# 4.5J H.7# E1ABJ AJ "F H'-/" () . H'D#E1 'DEGE AJ -'D) 'D,E9 (JF 'D.7# #FG JECF E3'!D) 'D%/'1) 9F 'D611 ,EJ9G #J 'D-CE 9DJG' ('D*9HJ6 C'ED'K 9F G0JF 'D.7#JF 9DI #F JCHF DG' 'D-B AJ 'D1,H9 9DI 'DEH8A F*J,) 'D.7# 'D4.5J. 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ 5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 3F3D7 'D6H! AJ G0' 'DE(-+ 9DI 5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ H0DC EF .D'D +D'+) E7'D( GJ : F*91A AJ 'D#HD 9DI 9/E #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH()  AJ -JF F*71B AJ 'D+'FJ 'DI 3H! #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH()  AJ -JF F.55 'D+'D+ 9DI *('7$ #H *#.1 'DE1AB 'D9'E AJ #/'! 'D./E) 'DE7DH()  H9DI 'DF-H 'D"*J : 'DE7D( 'D#HD 9/E #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH() H**E+D G0G 'D5H1) AJ -'D) 'E*F'9 'D%/'1) 9F #/'! H',( C'F J,( 9DJG' 'DBJ'E (G AJ*1*( 9DI EHBAG' 'D3D(J 611 J5J( 'D#A1'/  AAJ G0G 'D-'D) *3#D 'D%/'1) ('D*9HJ6 9F 'D#61'1 'DF',E) 9F 'E*F'9G' 9F %*J'F *51A E9JF  A'D.7# GF' D' J*E+D AJ 9ED %J,'(J B'E* (G 'D%/'1) H%FE' AJ EHBA 3D(J ('D'E*F'9 9F 'DBJ'E (9ED E' J,( 9DJG' 'DBJ'E (G ()  H*9/ G0G 'D5H1) E1-D) AJ *7H1 F8'E E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) ('D*9HJ6 9F 'D#61'1 'DF',E) 9F 'D#.7'! 'DE1ABJ). HE+'D 0DC 'E*F'9 'D%/'1) 9F %B'E) -',2 DEF9 'DAJ6'F  #H 'E*F'9G' 9F %B'E) -',2 DEF9 3BH7 'DE'1) EF AHB EC'F E1*A9 () . A3D7'* 'D%/'1) #H '.*5'5'*G' DE *9/ 'E*J'2'K DG' *E'13G CE' J-DH DG' HE*I #1'/* H%FE' #5(-* 'DAC1) 'D3'&/) GJ #F G0G 'D3D7'* #5(-* H',('K 9DI 'DEH8A J,( 9DJG #F J$/JG (CD #E'F) E9 'D-15 9DI 'DE5D-) 'D9'E) HD' J5/B G0' 9DI 'D'.*5'5'* 'DEBJ/) H%FE' J4ED #J6'K 'D'.*5'5'* 'D*B/J1J) . 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ 3H! #/'! 'DE1AB 'D9'E DD./E) 'DE7DH() J*E+D 'D.7# AJ G0' 'DE,'D ('D#9E'D 'D%J,'(J) 'D*J *$/J 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) ./E'*G' 9DI H,G 3J!  'D#E1 'D0J J$/J %DI %D-'B 611 ('D:J1 (). H5H1 'D.7# EF G0' 'DB(JD GJ 'D*J #B1G' 'DB6'! AJ #HD 'D#E1 H-'D'*G' E*9//)  H('D*'DJ A%F 'D#E+D) AJ G0' 'D4#F D' *B9 *-* 'D-51. AB/ JF4# 'D611 9F 3H! #/'! 'D./E) %DI 3H! *F8JE 'DE1AB H0DC C#F J5'( 'DEH8AHF (E16 F*J,) 3H! *GHJ) #E'CF 'D9ED (9/ */A&*G' ('DA-E (). HCE' DH #5'( 'D3AF 'D/1'3J) AJ 'DEJF'! *DA F*J,) 3H! *F8JE 'D%41'A 9DI 'DEJF'! ()  #H #F JD-B 611 ('D#A1'/ F*J,) '3*9E'D 'DE1'AB DEH'/ *'DA) (). HB/ JF4# 'D611 9F 9ED 5'/1 EF #-/ EH8AJ 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) HEF #E+D) 0DC 'D.7# 'DE'/J 'DH'B9 EF #-/ 1,'D 'D417) 'D0J #7DB 15'5) 9DI +H1 G'&, AJ 'D71JB 'D9'E A#D-B* #0I #H #61'1 (#-/ 'D#A1'/ /'.D EF2DG #H #F **-1C E/13) AJ 'D5A -1C) EA',&) HGJ EE3C) (BDE AJ J/G' AJF:13 'DBDE AJ 9JF #-/ 'D*D'EJ0 AJAB#G'  #H #F JD,# #-/ -1'3 E5'F9 'D#3D-) %DI '3*9E'D E3/3 '9*B/ #FG A'1:  D#,D %.'A) 5(J (B5/ %(9'/G  A*F7DB EFG 15'5) 'D#E1 'D0J J$/J %DI %5'() 'D5(J %5'() B'*D) (). CE' #F 'D.7# AJ G0' 'DE,'D B/ JCHF 1',9'K #-J'F'K %DI A9D 'D#4J'! #H 'D-JH'F'* 'D*'(9) DD,G) 'D%/'1J) ()  C'D#61'1 'D*J *5J( 'D#A1'/ #H 3J'1'*GE F*J,) 'D-A1J'* 'D,'1J 'D9ED (G' AJ 'D71B 'D9'E) ()  #H #F *3B7 7'&1) -1(J) 9DI (96 'DEF'2D A*-/+ #61'1'K (G' F*J,) D19HF) #H %GE'D 'D7J'1 HE.'DA*G DD*9DJE'*  A6D'K 9F 'D%GE'D 'D0J B/ JB9 EF 'D%/'1) D.JHD *9H/ DG' A*$/J %DI %D-'B #0I #H #61'1 ('D#A1'/ (). H%0' C'F* 'D#E+D) AJ 'D5H1 'D3'(B) **9DB ('D#9E'D 'DE'/J) () DD,G) 'D%/'1J)  A%F 'D#9E'D 'DB'FHFJ) () 'D5'/1) EFG' JECF #F *F4# DF' .7#K E1ABJ'K  C#F JD,# #-/ E-5DJ 'D61'&( %DI 'D-,2 9DI EFBHD'* #-/ 'DEEHDJF ('D1:E EF 3(B *3/J/ 'DE-HD DD61J() 'DE3*-B) 9DJG H'D*J HB9 'D-,2 EF #,D 3/'/G' ()  #H #F *BJ/ 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) F4'7 #-/ 'DE-D'* 'D*,'1J) ('DE.'DA) DD#-C'E 'DB'FHFJ) (). J*6- EE' *B/E #F 'D611 'DF',E 9F .7# 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) J916G' DDE3$HDJ) #E'E 'D,G'* 'DE.*5)  H('D*'DJ 'D*9HJ6 -3( 7(J9) 0DC 'D.7#  H3H'! *E+D 'D.7# (A9D 3H! *F8JE 'DE1'AB 'D9'E) #H 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) #H 'D*51A'* 'DB'FHFJ)  A6D'K 9F 'D.7# 'D5'/1 (A9D -JH'F'* *9H/ EDCJ*G' DD,G) 'D%/'1J)  #H C'F (A9D EH8A E9JF. 'DE7D( 'D+'D+ *('7$ #H *#.1 'DE1AB 'D9'E AJ #/'! 'D./E) 'DE7DH() B/ *CHF 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) ED2E) ('D*/.D D#/'! ./E'* #H #9E'D E9JF)  %D' #FG' *EDC 'D-1J) AJ '.*J'1 HB* */.DG' HJ9/ '.*J'1 HB* 'D*/.D EF #GE 9F'51 3D7'*G' 'D*B/J1J) ()  %D' #FG %0' *('7#* 'D%/'1) AJ 'DBJ'E (#9E'DG' #C+1 EF 'DHB* 'DE9BHD 'D0J *EDJG 7(J9) G0G 'D#9E'D  9/Q 0DC EF 'D#.7'! 'DE1ABJ) 'D*J *3*D2E E3$HDJ) 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) %0' E' D-B 'DA1/ 611'K EF ,1'! 0DC () . H'D-'D) 'D3'DA) 'D0C1 D' *:J1 #F 'DB'FHF B/ -// DD,G) 'D%/'1J) EJ9'/'K E9JF'K D#/'! ./E'*G' (-J+ DE *BE 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) ('D9ED .D'D G0' 'DEJ9'/  0DC #F G0G 'D-'D) */D 9DI #F 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) B/ 'E*F9* 9F 'DBJ'E (./E'*G' EE' J:J1 %/1', 0DC AJ 9/'/ 'D-'D) 'D+'FJ)  %D' #F 'DEB5H/ AJ G0' 'D4#F #F 'DB'FHF DE JBJ/ 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) (EJ9'/ E9JF  %D' #F *('7#G' 9F 'D-/ 'DE9BHD AJ #/'! ./E'*G' B/ JD-B 'D611 ('D#A1'/ 'D#E1 'D0J J3*H,( 'D*9HJ6 (). H%0' C'F 'DE3DE (G #F '.*J'1 'DHB* GH #(12 #1C'F 'D3D7) 'D*B/J1J) DD,G) 'D%/'1J)  H#FG D' JECF #F J3*E/ EFG 3(( DD%D:'!  A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J  -15'K EFG 9DI -E'J) 'D#A1'/  B/ B'E (%.6'9 G0' 'D,'F( EF F4'7 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) D1B'(*G D'3JE' AJ E,'D 'D*9HJ6  E3*G/J'K (E3DC 'DE419 'DA1F3J 'D0J -*E 9DI 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) #D' **1'.I #C+1 EF #1(9) #4G1 AJ %,'() 7D('* 'D#A1'/ %0' E' *B/EH' %DJG' (7D( 4J! E9JF  (-J+ %0' 'F*G* G0G 'DE/) /HF #F *1/  *BHE B1JF) B'FHFJ) 9DI #FG' B/ #5/1* B1'1'K ('D1A6 () . H*#3J3'K 9DI E' *B/E A%F 'D*('7$ 'DEH,( DBJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) H('D*'DJ JCHF 3(('K DD*9HJ6 D/I 'DB6'! H'DE419 'DA1F3J GH 'D*('7$ :J1 'D9'/J 'D0J J.1, 9F -/G 'DE#DHA  #E' 'D*#.J1 'D9'/J 'D(3J7 AD' JECF #F JCHF 3(('K AJ 'D*9HJ6 () . HEF ,'F(F' F1I H,H( #F J-// 'DE419 E/) 'D*('7$ (-/JG' 'D#9DI H'D#/FI CHF #F *1C 'D*#.J1 'D9'/J D*B/J1 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) B/ J$/J %DI '3*:D'D G0G 'D3D7) EF B(D 'D%/'1) E*I 'B*6* E5D-*G' 0DC  'D#E1 'D0J 3JF9C3 -*E'K 9DI %D-'B 'D611 ('D#A1'/. HAJ G0' 'D4#F F*AB E9 'D/C*H1 3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ #F E3DC E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J #FG C'F J3*(J- DFA3G AJ B6'! 'D*9HJ6 E'D' JEDCG AJ B6'! 'D%D:'!  (9('1) #.1I %0' C'F 'DE,D3 AJ B6'! 'D%D:'! J-*A8 DD,G) 'D%/'1J) (E,'D 'D3D7) 'D*B/J1J) (5H1) C'ED)  A%FG E3DC 'DE,D3 AJ B6'! 'D*9HJ6 B/ #.69 CD 'D9F'51 D1B'(*G  A-'3( 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) 9DI 'E*F'9G' 9F 'D*/.D %0' C'F* H',('*G' 'D9'E) *B*6J G0' 'D*/.D H*A16G  H-CE (E3$HDJ*G' %0' */.D* (9/ AH'* 'D#H'F #H AJ HB* :J1 ED'&E  (D 0G( #(9/ EF 0DC '0 B'E (%.6'9G' D1B'(*G %0' '.*'1* 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) H3'&D 9FJA) C'F EF 'DE*J31 #F *3*(/D (G' :J1G'  'D#E1 'D0J -/' ('DABG'! 'DA1F3JJF %DI #F J/1,H' G0G 'D5H1 AJ *3EJ) ,/J/) GJ (F81J) 'D*93A AJ '3*9E'D 'D-BHB 'D%/'1J)) 9DI :1'1 ('D*93A AJ '3*9E'D 'D3D7)) (). H*#3J3'K 9DI E' *B/E A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J JE'13 3D7'* H'39) AJ %41'AG 9DI 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) %DI -/ ,9DG 4(JG'K ('D1&J3 'D%/'1J  HB/ (/' 'DE,D3 JB11 G0' 'DE(/# (5H1) 3D(J)  (E9FI 9/E %.6'9 'D%/'1) DDE3$HDJ) CHF #F *#.J1G' C'F DG E' J(11G  H0DC AJ -CEG 'D4GJ1 AJ B6J) (Gaillard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ve Mouurton) -J+ -CE (E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) 9F *9HJ6 #-/ 'D#A1'/  D#F 'D%/'1) *#.1* AJ *3DJEG 'DE9'4 'D.'5 (G E/) 941 3FH'* EF '3*-B'B 'DE9'4 (/HF #J E(11 B'FHFJ () . HAJ -CE ".1 *7H9 #-/ 'D4('F 'D0JF DE J3*HAH' 'D3F 'DB'FHFJ) AJ 'DA1B) 'D#,F(J) H'D*J J4*17 D5-) 'D*7H9 AJG'  AJ E+D G0G 'D-'D)- EH'AB) 'DH'D/  HGH E' DE J*H'A1 AJ G0' 'DE+'D . A1A9 'DH'D/ *8DE'K J+(* (G (7D'F *7H9 HD/G  HC'F 'DH',( #F J(-+ 'D*8DE HJFA0 AH1'K %0' +(** 5-*G. HDCF 'D0J -/+ #F 'D7D( B/E DDH2J1 AJ #HD 4('7  HDE J5/1 #E1 'D%A1', %D' AJ 'D+'D+ EF #J'1 EF FA3 'D9'E  -JF C'F 'D4'( B/ D'BI -*AG AJ #-/ 'DE9'1C  A-CE 'DE,D3 ('D*9HJ6 D#F *B5J1 'D%/'1) DE JCF DG E' J(11G () . H(9/ '3*91'6F' D5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 'D+D'+ A%F 'D3$'D 'D0J JA16 FA3G AJ G0' 'DE,'D GD #F 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ JB*51 9DI 'D9ED 'DE'/J #H 'D9ED 'DB'FHFJ #H (JF #9E'D 'D3D7) H'D*51A'* 'D9'/J)  %F 'D%,'() 9DI G0' 'D*3#D *CEF AJ 9/E H,H/ *A1B) (JF *DC 'D#9E'D 'DEH,() DD.7# 'DE1ABJ  CHFG' E*/'.D) EF ,'F(  A6D'K 9F #FG' 'D9ED 'DH'-/ JECF #F JF/1, *-* #C+1 EF 9FH'F H'-/ . 'DE(-+ 'D+'D+ CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ EF 'DE9DHE #FG D' J-CE 9DI 'D%/'1) ('D*9HJ6 DE,1/ '1*C'(G' 9ED'K .'7&'K 3H'! C'F 0DC AJ 4CD #9E'D E'/J) #H *51A'* B'FHFJ)  H%FE' JB*6J 'D#E1 *HA1 /1,) E9JF) EF 'D,3'E) AJ 'D.7# 'DEF3H( DD%/'1)  CHF #F 'D*9HJ6 D' J*E 9F E,1/ 'D.7# (D J*E 'D*9HJ6 9F 'D.7# 'D0J JE+D .7H1) E9JF) (). HB/ *7D( G0' 'DEHBA EF E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J #F JA-5 CD -'D) 9DI -/)  DCJ JB11 E' %0' C'F 'D.7# 'DE/9I (BJ'EG J(11 E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) #E 'D9C3  HG0' 'D#E1 J.'DA 'DB'9/) 'DE/FJ) 'D*J *69 E9J'1'K E,1/'K DJB'3 9DJG 'D.7# 'DE/9J (BJ'EG  %D' #F 'D.7# J.*DA ('.*D'A 'D9ED 'DEF3H( %DI 'D%/'1)  HE' %0' C'F G0' 'D9ED B1'1'K %/'1J'K #H 9ED'K E'/J'K (). 9DJG 3FBHE ('D*91A 9DI CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ E7D(JF F.55 'D#HD DD*91A 9DI CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J)  HAJ 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ F3D7 'D6H! 9DI CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# AJ 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) DD%/'1). 'DE7D( 'D#HD CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J) () DE J1*( E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J 9DI 9/E E41H9J) 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J) E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ ,EJ9 'D81HA  (D #H,( DBJ'E 'DE3$HDJ) #F JCHF 9/E 'DE41H9J) 9DI /1,) C'AJ) EF 'D,3'E)  HB/ 'A*16 'DE,D3 #F 9/E 'DE41H9J) AJ CD EF 9J( 'DE-D H9J( 'D:'J) JCHF /'&E'K 9DI B/1 EF 'D,3'E) C'AM D*HDJ/ E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1)  H0DC 9DI 9C3 #H,G 9/E 'DE41H9J) 'D#.1I 'D*J D' *1*( /'&E'K G0G 'DE3$HDJ)  HGJ 9J( 'D3(( H9J( 'D4CD H9J( 'D'.*5'5 (). HG0' E' 3F(JFG AJ 'DA1H9 'D.E3) 'D"*J) : 'DA19 'D#HD 9J( 'DE-D #H 9J( E.'DA) 'DB'FHF () J,9D E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J 9J( 'DE-D #H E.'DA) 'DB'FHF ('DE9FI 'D6JB AJ CD 'D#-H'D EH,('K DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) %0' F,E 9FG %D-'B 611 ('D#A1'/  3H'! #C'F* 'DB'9/) 'DB'FHFJ) 'D*J .'DA*G' 'D%/'1) E/HF) #H :J1 E/HF)  H3H'! *E+D 9J( 'DE-D AJ 3H! *7(JB 'DB'FHF #H AJ 'D'E*F'9 9F *7(JBG  A6D'K 9F #FG JECF #F *+'1 E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ -'D) *FAJ0 'DB'FHF #H 'D#-C'E 'DB6'&J) (). H('D*'DJ 3H'! #.'DA* 'D%/'1) 'DB'FHF 'DEC*H( (5H1) 51J-) #H #,D* *7(JBG %DI #E/ 7HJD  #H .'DA* 'D91A 'D0J '3*B1* 9DJG AJ E9'ED'*G' *,'G 'D#A1'/  #H .'DA* E(/# EF 'DE('/& 'D9'E) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D9'E CE(/# 'DE3'H') #E'E 'D61'&(  #H 'DE3'H') AJ 'D*9'ED E9 'D/HD) H'D'F*A'9 (./E'*G'  #H E(/# '-*1'E 'D-1J'* 'D9'E) H-BHB 'DEH'7F  #H E(/# 9/E 1,9J) 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J)  AAJ ,EJ9 G0G 'D5H1 A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J JB6J (%D:'! 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J -*E'K (BJ'E 'DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1J) ()  CHF 9/E 'DE41H9J) H'DE3$HDJ) AJ G0G 'D-'D) (JFGE' *D'2E /'&E (). HF*AB E9 'D/C*H1 E-EH/ 9'7A 'D(F' #F G0' 'D'*,'G J9H/ %DI #F 9J( 'DE-D GH 9J( EH6H9J J:J1 EF E6EHF 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J  (-J+ J.*DA G0' 'DE6EHF DH #F 'D%/'1) 7(B* 'DB'FHF *7(JB'K 3DJE'K (). HEF #E+D) B6'! E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J AJ G0' 'D4#F 'D-CE 'D5'/1 AJ 10 4('7 3F) 1950 '0 B6I (BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) DE.'DA*G' DE(/# :J1 E/HF GH E(/# 'DE3'H') #E'E 'D#9('! 'D9'E)  H0DC AJ B6J) Dame Sornin de Leysat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ĴġzeP;-hK4hCJZ^JaJ)hK4hCJOJQJZ^JaJho()hhCJOJQJZ^JaJho()hhSpCJOJQJZ^JaJho()h2rh2rCJOJQJZ^JaJho(#h2rCJOJQJZ^JaJho(%h2rhf5CJZ\^J_H8aJhhK4OJQJZ^Jh&hhK4CJ$OJQJZ^JaJ$h&hhCJ$OJQJZ^JaJ$h&h2rh2rCJ$OJQJZ^JaJ$h . P R T f ZJJ$`a$gd_xbkd$$IfTl   V0  4 la$$If^gd2r$$If^`gd2r$$Ifa$gd2r $a$gd2rwR T f Nh vXǯǚǚǚtbRbh2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(%h2rh2r5CJ\^J_HaJo(%h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJ(h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo(.h2rh2r56CJZ\]^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(&hSphfCJOJQJZ^JaJh#hvCJOJQJZ^JaJho(f x$l^XL v<vb$da$gd2r$d`a$gd2rb(r"!@"N$&T'h**. . .(.r./$da$gd2r$da$gd2r$d`a$gd2rXr(hjln!!!!T!n!""""%%&T'^*`*b*d*h**-.... .4.ݸݸݸݸݸ݌ݸ݌ݸ}hF9PCJZ^J_HaJo((h2rh2r6CJZ]^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ,4.N.n.r.. /F001.1115555J9L9N9P9;;;<<R<BBBBDDDDDE0G2G4G6GGȶݶiiiiii,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(%h2rh2r>*CJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo((h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ(/F0`00115T9<R<*>BDET@TBTVVV2WZZ<_H_eeeefffff̵̵ߢ̵̵ߒ߀ߒ̵qah2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJhCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2r>*CJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ&"efffffvg*iFiilmp.p|prtVx|{r~ҀX8~$da$gd2r$d`a$gd2rfg8g(i*ii l"l$l&lmmmmp|p|q~qqqssss2t4t6t8tttttJxLxNxPx"y$y&y(yyyyyr{t{v{x{{{{{D|F|H|J|}}}Ͻ,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(:}}h~j~l~n~ҀX,.02rtvxNPRTΝ  ֢آڢܢڱڢڒڒڢڒڒڒh2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJh2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(9~Z2PΥܪ|ȳ^$da$gd2r$d`a$gd2r*,.0ҪԪ֪ت"<8D|ʬ(*,}gMg}2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo((h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(,.³ij^`bdTVXZҺ˼|b|KKKK,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo(.h2rh2r56CJZ\]^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h8CJZ^J_HaJo(h2rCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(Һtvxzpr̵̵̵̵ߦiOi2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo((h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rCJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ^¿r dfhjln6(|~$da$gd2r$d`a$gd2rTVXZ dnììììì֝u[uì2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(hCJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(.h2rh2r56CJZ\]^J_HaJo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uze B3E 9J( 'D4CD %DI 9J( +'FHJ D' J$/J %DI %D:'! 'DB1'1 HD' %DI 'D*9HJ6  #E' 'D9J( 'D,HG1J A%FG J$/J -*E'K %DI %D:'! 'DB1'1 HD' J$/J ('D61H1) %DI 'D*9HJ6  #E' 'D'3*'0 Delbez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uidicelle) 'D5'/1 (*'1J. 7 4('7 3F) 1934 -JF A5D #-/ 'DEH8AJF EF H8JA) /HF #F J916 #E1G 9DI E,D3 'D*#/J(  D0' B6I 'DE,D3 (*9HJ6 'DE/9J D9/E E41H9J) B1'1 A5DG DCHFG ED& ('D#.7'! 'D,3JE) 9D'H)K 9DI %(7'D B1'1 'DA5D. CE' #C/ 'DE,D3 G0' 'DE(/# AJ 9/) #-C'E C'D-CE 'D5'/1 AJ 9 *41JF 'D+'FJ 1934 *-* 9FH'F Societe Smith Premier() . '0 FD'-8 EF 'D#-C'E 'D3'DA) 'D0C1 #F 'DE,D3 B11 %D:'! 'DB1'1 'DE9J( AJ 4CDG A6D'K 9F 'D*9HJ6. AJ -JF #5/1 'DE,D3 #-C'E'K #.1I DE *CA D'F9B'/ 'DE3$HDJ) EF 0DC -CEG AJ B6J) Monpillie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eil AJ -JF JA1B 'D9EJ/ /HJ2 "Duez" (JF -'D) 9/E 'D'.*5'5 'DEH6H9J ()  H-'D) 9/E 'D'.*5'5 'D4.5J()  HB'D (#F 9/E 'DE41H9J) AJ 'D-'D) 'D#HDI *CHF ,3JE) D#F 'D%/'1) B/ B'E* (9ED D' *.*5 (G #5D'K HD0DC *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ G0G 'D-'D)  #E' ('DF3() DD-'D) 'D+'FJ) A%F 9/E 'DE41H9J) *CHF #BD ,3'E) 'D#E1 'D0J D' J(J- /'&E'K 'F9B'/ E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1)() . #E' ('DF3() DEHBA E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J EF 9J( 'D'.*5'5 HDCHFG JB/1 E9J'1 ,3'E) 'D.7# AJ CD -'D) 9DI -/)  A%FG JB11 %(7'D 'DB1'1 D9/E 'D'.*5'5 HD' *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ -'D) CHF 'D.7# 'D5'/1 EF 'D%/'1) D' JH,( BJ'E G0G 'DE3$HDJ)  EF 0DC 'D-CE 'D5'/1 AJ B6J) "Bour" (*'1J. #HD #JDHD 3F) 1944 -JF 1A6 #-/ 'D9E/ EF- %9'D) (7'D) DDE/9J 8F'K EFG ('.*5'5 GJ&) #.1I  D0' B6I 'DE,D3 (%D:'! B1'1 'D'E*F'9 CHF #F 'D.7# 'D0J '1*C(G 'D9E/) D' J4CD .7#K JH,( BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) (). CE' B11 'D*9HJ6 AJ -'D'* #.1I EF 0DC -CEG 'D5'/1 (*'1J. 20 FJ3'F 3F) 1934 AJ B6J) Verdier -JF B'E #-/ 'D9E/ (*CDJA #-/ 'DEGF/3JF ((F'! /'1 'D9EH/J)  H%2'! 9/E '.*5'5 'D#HD 1A6 'DE,D3 'DB1HJ *B/J1 #*9'( 'D+'FJ 'D0J #B'E 'D/9HI #E'E 'DE,D3 'D0J B6I (#F 9/E '.*5'5 'D9E/) J*E+D AJ .7# EF 7(J9*G BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D/HD)(). #E' ('DF3() DEHBA E,D3 'D/HD) 'DE51J A%F #-C'EG B/ '3*B1* 9DI #F 9J( 9/E 'D'.*5'5 D' J$/J AJ ,EJ9 'D#-H'D %DI *-1JC E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ -'D) E+D'K E' %0' C'F 'DB1'1 J/.D AJ '.*5'5 'D%/'1) HDCFG J.1, 9F 3D7) 'DEH8A 'D0J #5/1G (). AJ -JF AJ -CE ".1 D' JB11 E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) %0' C'F 'D611 D' E-'D) D' -B'K ('DA1/ (F'!K 9DI E+D E' 'F*GI %DJG 'DB1'1 FA3G AJE' DH 5/1 EF 'DGJ&) 'DE.*5) (). #E' ('DF3() DEHBA 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J AJ 'D91'B AFBHD CB'9/) 9'E) #F 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'D91'BJ B/ E'13 1B'(*G 9DI 9J( 9/E 'D'.*5'5 AJ 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J HDE J9*/ ('DB1'1'* 'D*J *5/1 EF :J1 '.*5'5 (). %D' #FG DE J41 (5H1) 51J-) %DI BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) EF 9/EG'  D0DC F1I H,H( 3J1 'DB6'! 'D91'BJ 9DI :1'1 F8J1G 'DA1F3J H'DE51J AJ #F BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) JB/1 -3( ,3'E) 'D.7# AJ CD -'D) 9DI -/G  H('D*'DJ D' *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) %0' C'F 'D.7# 'D5'/1 D' JH,( BJ'E G0G 'DE3$HDJ)  AJ -JF *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) %0' C'F 'D.7# JH,( BJ'E *DC 'DE3$HDJ). 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ AJ 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) DD%/'1) HJ*.0 'D.7# AJ G0' 'D4#F -'D'* E*9//) C9/E 'D*(51 #H 'D*#.J1 #H 'D*1C #H 'D%GE'D H:J1G' EF 'D-'D'*  AJ -'D) BJ'E 'DE1AB #H 'DE41AJF 9DJG (9ED E'/J  HAJ G0G 'D-'D) D' J*BJ/ 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J (B'9/) 5E'! (D JB/1 CD -'D) 9DI -/G  HD' JH,( 'DE3$HDJ) %D' AJ -'D) CHF 'D.7# 9DI /1,) E9JF) EF 'D,3'E) J-//G' 9DI HAB '9*('1'* 9/) 3F*71B %DJG' AJ 'DA1H9 'D"*J) : 'DA19 'D#HD E/I 'D59H('* 'D*J JH',GG' 'DE1AB '0 J*E E1'9') 81A 'D2E'F AJ G0' 'D4#F  A6D'K 9F 81A 'DEC'F 'D0J J$/J AJG 'DE1AB ./E'*G  A6D'K 9F E1'9') #9('! 'DE1AB HEH'1/G DEH',G) 'D*2'E'*G  HG0' E' 3FA5DG 9DI 'DF-H 'D"*J : #HD'K : E1'9') 81A 'D2E'F 'D0J J$/J AJG 'DE1AB ./E'*G 'D.7# 'D0J JB9 AJ 'D81HA 'D9'/J) J.*DA -CEG 9F 'D.7# 'D0J JB9 AJ 'D81HA 'D'3*+F'&J)  H9DI 0DC A%0' -/+ .7# .D'D 81A '3*+F'&J AJ,( #F JCHF 'D.7# 9DI /1,) C(J1) EF 'D,3'E) -*I JECF #F *BHE 'DE3$HDJ) *,'G 'D%/'1)  CHF #F 'D81A 'D'3*+F'&J J3*D2E *.AJA 'DE3$HDJ) 9DI 'D%/'1)  A6D'K 9F #FG JH,( AJ (96 'D#-J'F 1A9 'DE3$HDJ) (5H1) FG'&J) 9F 'DE1AB  -J+ '*,G E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J %DI *.AJA 'DE3$HDJ) AJ 81HA 'D-1( H'DCH'1+ (). (D #F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J 1'9I 81HA'K #.1I #.A EF 'D-'D'* 'D3'(B) EFG' 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D 'D3'9) 'D*J HB9 AJG' 'DA9D 'D6'1: GD C'F 0DC ('DDJD #H ('DFG'1 H%0' C'F ('DDJD AGD AJ #HDG #H AJ 3'9) E*#.1) (). HEF ,'F(F' F1I #F 'D.7# 'D0J JH,( E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) HD'3JE' AJ -'D) 'D81HA 'D'3*+F'&J) GH 0DC 'D.7# 'D0J JF,E 9F 9/E BJ'E 'D%/'1) ('3*9E'D %EC'FJ'*G' 'D*J C'F EF '3*7'9*G' '3*./'E'*G' D:16 *A'/J 'DHBH9 AJ 'D-'/+  H('D*'DJ *A'/J #61'1G. +'FJ'K : E1'9') 81A 'DEC'F 'D0J J$/J AJG 'DE1AB ./E'*G ACDE' C'F 'DE1AB 'D9'E JBHE (./E'*G AJ EC'F F'!M CE3*9E1) 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D #H AJ #-/ 'D#B'DJE 'DF'&J) 'D(9J/) 9F 'D9E1'F AJ 'D/HD)  A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J J*4// AJ -,E 'D.7# 'DE*7D( #C+1 EE' DH C'F 'DE1AB JBHE (./E'*G AJ #16 'DH7F  D#F 'D59H('* 'D*J 3*,'(G AJ 'D-'D) 'D#HDI *.*DA 9E' GH 9DJG 'D-'D AJ 'D-'D) 'D+'FJ)  HD0DC A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J J*4// AJ ,3'E) 'D.7# 'D0J J$/J %DI BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ %41'AG' E+D'K 9DI 'D3,HF 'DEH,H/) AJ 'DE3*9E1'*  AJ -JF J3'E- %0' E' *9DB* 'DE3$HDJ) ('D3,HF 'DEH,H/) AJ A1F3' (). +'D+'K : E1'9') #9('! 'DE1AB HEH'1/G DEH',G) 'D*2'E'*G HJF/1, *-* G0G 'D-'D) E1'9') ,3'E) 'D'D*2'E'* 'DEDB') 9DI 9'*B 'DE1AB  A6D'K 9E' D/JG EF H3'&D H%EC'FJ'* DEH',G*G'  '0 #F 'D.7# AJ G0' 'D4#F J,( #F JCHF 9DI /1,) EF 'D,3'E) -*I *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) ()  HEF #GE 'DE1'AB 'D*J J*E E1'9') #9('&G' AJ G0G 'D-'D) E1AB 'D(HDJ3  '0 J3*D2E E,D3 'D/HD) CB'9/) 9'E) *H'A1 .7# ,3JE D:16 BJ'E E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) 9F F4'7G' AJ E,'D 'D6(7 'D%/'1J ()  DCHF G0' 'DF4'7 J*EJ2 AJ 'D:'D( ('D/B) H'D59H()  AGH J*7D( E,GH/'* C(J1) HH3'&D A9'D) D*-BJB #:1'6 9'E)  EE' D' J3H: %9'B*G ('D*G/J/ 'DE3*E1 (1A9 /9'HI 'DE3$HDJ). HEF 'DE1'AB 'D#.1I 'D*J J*H,( E1'9') #9('&G' GF' GH 'DE1AB 'D5-J  '0 J*EJ2 'DF4'7 'D7(J (59H() .'5) (-J+ J*916 #A6D 'D#7('! D'1*C'( 'D#.7'! AJ 'D*4.J5 H'D9D',  A6D'K 9F 'D-',) %DI 319) 'D9ED #-J'F'K /HF .4J) 'DE3$HDJ) 9F #J .7# JB9  HD0DC J4*17 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'DA1F3J 'D.7# 'D,3JE DEF- 'D*9HJ6 9F 'D#.7'! 'D7(J)  HEF 'DE1'AB 'D#.1I 'D*J J*H,( E1'9') #9('&G' E1AB *-5JD 'D61'&(  HE1AB EB'HE) 'D-1JB  HE3$HDJ) 3D7'* 'DH5'J) 'D%/'1J) (). 'DA19 'D+'FJ 'D9H'ED 'DE*5D) ('DE61H1 JA1B E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J 9DI G0' 'D'9*('1 (JF %0' E' C'F 'DE*611 E3*AJ/'K EF 'DE1AB 'D0J *3(( AJ 'D611 H(JF :J1 'DE3*AJ/ EFG 9DI HAB G0' 'D'9*('1  %0' C'F B/ D,# %DI 'DE1AB E.*'1'K #H E671'K (). HG0' E' 3J*E (J'FG 9DI 'DF-H 'D"*J : #HD'K : E/I '3*A'/) 'DE*611 EF 'DE1AB 9DI HAB G0' 'D'9*('1 A%F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J JA1B (JF E' %0' C'F 'DE*611 E3*AJ/'K EF 'DE1AB 'D0J *3(( AJ 'D611 #H :J1 'DE3*AJ/  H(5A) 9'E) J*7D( 'DE,D3 AJ B6'&G /1,) EF 'D.7# #C(1 AJE' DH C'F 'DE*611 E3*AJ/'K EF 'DE1AB  %D' #FG J*3'GD %0' C'F 'DE*611 D' 9D'B) DG ('DE1AB  DCHF 'DE,D3 JB/1 #F 'DE61H1 AJ 'D-'D) 'D+'FJ) DE J3*A/ E('41)K #J 4J! AJ EB'(D 'D611 'D0J JF'DG EF F4'7 'DE1AB  A6D'K 9F #FG J*.0 EHBA'K 3D(J'K *,'G 'DE1AB  DE J5/1 EFG #J 9ED B/ J3'9/ 9DI %-/'+ 'D611 #H *H5JDG %DJG  A'D611 JD-B (G 1:E 3D(J) EHBAG  .D'A 'DE3*AJ/ 'D0J JF'DG 'D.J1 EF ,1'! F4'7 'DE1AB  CE' #FG J916 FA3G DD611 %0 J39I DD-5HD 9DI ./E'* 'DE1AB  H('D*'DJ 9DJG #F J*-ED 9//'K EF 'DE.'71 (). +'FJ'K : E/I 61H1) D,H! 'DE61H1 %DI 'DE1AB *#3J3'K 9DI G0' 'DE9J'1 A%F E,D3 'D/HD) D' J3HJ (JF 'DEF*A9JF EF 'DE1AB  DCFG JA1B (JF E' %0' C'F 'DE3*AJ/ JD,# E.*'1'K DD'3*A'/) EF ./E'* 'DE1AB #H C'F E671'K DD'D*,'! %DI 'DE1AB  CE' #F 'DE,D3 JA1B AJ (96 #-C'EG (JF E' %0' C'F 'DE3*AJ/ J-5D 9DI ./E) 'DE1AB E,'F'K #H (EB'(D HJA1B (JF /1,) 'D.7# AJ 'D-'D*JF (). H('D*'DJ F*AB E9 E' 0G( %DJG 'D(96 ()  #FG %0' C'F D,H! 'DE*611 %DI 'DE1AB '.*J'1J'K A%F 'DB6'! '4*17 #F JCHF 'D.7# ,3JE'K -*I JB11 'DE3$HDJ) (.D'A E' %0' C'F D,H&G %DI 'DE1AB '671'1J'K '0 'C*AI ('D.7# 'D(3J7  HGH 'D#E1 'D0J JF7(B 9DI EF J3*AJ/ EF ./E'* 'DE1AB (EB'(D  #E' 'D0J J-5D 9DI ./E'* 'DE1AB E,'F'K AB/ '4*17 'DE,D3 'D.7# 'D,3JE -*I JB11 'DE3$HDJ) . 'D.'*E) DB/ *H5DF' EF G0G 'D/1'3) %DI 'DF*'&, H'D*H5J'* 'D"*J) : #HD'K : 'DF*'&, %F %.D'D 'D%/'1) 9DI HAB 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ D' JB*51 AB7 9DI 'D%.D'D ('D'D*2'E'* 'D*J JB11G' 'DB'FHF #H 'DE1AB FA3G H%FE' J4ED 'D%.D'D ('D'D*2'E'* :J1 'DEC*H() 'DF'4&) 9F 'D91A HE*7D('* 'D-J') AJ 'DE,*E9 H'D*J J3*.D5G' 'DB6'! EF (-+ CD -'D) 9DI -/G  H'D*J *9/ B'FHF'K DDE1AB HJCHF 'DHA'! (G' EF 5EJE #G/'AG HEF #3('( H,H/G. AJE' J*9DB (5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ D'-8F' *9// H*FH9 5H1 'D%.D'D ('D*2'E'* 'D%/'1) H'D*J *4CD .7#K E1ABJ'K D/1,) J59( E9G' -51 5H1G #H 'D*91A 9DJG'  G0' E9 H,H/ '*,'G AJ 'DB6'! ('D*H39 AJ G0G 'D5H1 EF #,D -E'J) 'D#A1'/ #H 'DEH8AJF E9'K  DCF 'DABG ,1I AJ 'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J 9DI -51 (-+ 5H1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ (+D'+ -'D'* HGJ 'D*J *F'HDF'G' AJ G0' 'D(-+. H(.5H5 CJAJ) *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ D'-8F' #F E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J AJ E,'D 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J) DE J1*( E3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) AJ ,EJ9 'D81HA  (D 'B*6I #F JCHF 9/E 'DE41H9J) 9DI /1,) C'AJ) EF 'D,3'E). #E' AJ E,'D *B/J1 'D.7# AJ 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) AB/ D'-8F' #F 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J D' J*BJ/ (B'9/) 5E'! (D JB/1 CD -'D) 9DI -/G HD' JB6J (BJ'E 'DE3$HDJ) %D' AJ -'D) CHF 'D.7# 9DI /1,) E9JF) EF 'D,3'E). +'FJ'K : 'D*H5J'* ('D1:E EF 'DE-'HD'* 'D9/J/) 'D*J (0DG' 'DABG 'D%/'1J D%J,'/ E9J'1 JEJ2 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ EF 'D.7# 'D4.5J %D' #FG DE J*H5D %DI E9J'1 ,'E9 HE'F9 DD*EJJ2 (JFGE' D0' F1I 61H1) *1C 'D#E1 D*B/J1 'DB6'! (%J,'/ 'D-D 'DEF'3( DCD -'D) 9DI -/G. 61H1) */.D 'DE419 D*-/J/ E/) 'D*('7$ (-/JG' 'D#9DI H'D#/FI CHF #F *1C 'D*#.J1 'D9'/J D*B/J1 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) B/ J$/J %DI '3*:D'D G0G 'D3D7) EF B(D 'D,G) 'D%/'1J) E*I 'B*6* E5D-*G' 0DC 'D#E1 'D0J 3JF9C3 3D('K 9DI 'D#A1'/. 9DI 'DB6'! 'D91'BJ #F J3J1 9DI FG, F8J1G 'DA1F3J H'DE51J H#F J3*B1 9DI ,9D 9J( 'D:'J) E5/1'K DDE3$HDJ) DCHF G0' 'D.7# JH,( 'D*9HJ6 %0' E' *1*( 9DJG 611. F1I H,H( #F J-// 'DE419 DDB6'! 'D%/'1J E9'JJ1 +'(*) AJ *B/J1 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ 3H'! AJ E,'D 'D#9E'D 'DE'/J) #H AJ E,'D 'DB1'1'* 'D%/'1J) D'F 0DC 3J4CD 6E'F'K DD#A1'/ H'DEH8AJF E9'K AH69 E9'JJ1 JB'3 9DJG' 'D.7# 9DI 'D1:E EF *FH9 'DF4'7'* 'D%/'1J) H'D#.7'! 'D5'/1) 9FG' J4CD 6E'F'K EF 'D*93A AJ 'DHBH9 AJ 0DC 'D.7# 'DEH,( DDE3$HDJ). F1I H,H( #F JCHF 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ :J1 'D,3JE 'D5'/1 EF 'D%/'1) EH,( DE3$HDJ) 'D%/'1) -*I D' JCHF GF'C *3'GD AJ ,'F( 'DE1AB AJ *C1'1 'D#.7'! 'D#E1 'D0J B/ J$/J %DI 'D'3*G'F) (G'. 'DE5'/1 #HD'K : 'DE5'/1 'D91(J) %(1'GJE 7G 'DAJ'6  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  71  EC*() 'DAD'-  'DCHJ*  1988. #-E/ 9H/) 'D:1J1J  B6'! 'D%D:'! AJ 'D#1/F  /1'3) *-DJDJ) *7(JBJ) EB'1F)  71  E7'(9 'D/3*H1 'D*,'1J)  1989. -E/J J'3JF 9C'4)  'DB1'1 'D%/'1J AJ B6'! E,D3 'D/HD)  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  1987. .'D/ 3E'1) 'D29(J  'DB1'1 'D%/'1J (JF 'DF81J) H'D*7(JB  'D#1/F  1999. 1E2J 'D4'91  E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F #9E'DG' :J1 'D*9'B/J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1989. 39/ 95AH1 HE-3F .DJD  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  (/HF 3F) 7(9. 39J/ 'D-CJE  'D1B'() 9DI #9E'D 'D%/'1) AJ 'D41J9) 'D%3D'EJ) H'DF8E 'DH69J)  72  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1987. 3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'D*93A AJ '3*9E'D 'D3D7)  E7(9) 'D%3CF/1J)  1950. 3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1981. 3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  'DC*'( 'D+'FJ  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G1)  1986. A'DJF  'DE7HD AJ 'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  76  1951. A$'/ 'D97'1  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  (/HF 3F) 7(9. E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  /'1 'DE7(H9'* 'D,'E9J)  'D%3CF/1J)  (/HF 3F) 7(9. E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  71  /'1 'DE7(H9'* 'D,'E9J)  1977. E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  /'1 'DE7(H9'* 'D,'E9J)  1994. E-3F .DJD 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'DD(F'FJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (J1H*  1982. E-E/ 'D4'A9J #(H 1'3  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  9'DE 'DC*(  'DB'G1)  (/HF 3F) 7(9. E-E/ A$'/ 9(/ 'D('37  #9E'D 'D3D7) 'D%/'1J)  CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 'D%3CF/1J)  1989. /.E-E/ E*HDJ  'D'*,'G'* 'D-/J+) AJ .5.5) 'DE1'AB 'D9'E) (JF 'DF81J) H'D*7(JB  'DB'G1)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  2004. E-EH/ 9'7A 'D(F'  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1975-1976. E57AI #(H 2J/ AGEJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J HE,D3 'D/HD)  73  CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 'D%3CF/1J)  1966. FH'A 'DCF9'F  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  'DC*'( 'D+'FJ  CDJ) 'D-BHB  'D,'E9) 'D#1/FJ)  2001. GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F #9E'D 'D%/'1) "'DE3$HDJ) :J1 'D*9'B/J)"  /1'3) EB'1F)  1997. +'FJ'K : 'D13'&D 'D,'E9J) H'D(-H+ #F3'E 9DJ 9(/ 'DDG 'D5'&:  'D9F51 'D4.5J DD'.*5'5 AJ 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  2001. 5'D- %(1'GJE 'DE*JH*J  1B'() 'DB6'! 9DI E.'DA) 'DB'FHF AJ 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  CDJ) 'DB'FHF. DJ+ -3F 9DJ  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ DD4CD H'D%,1'!'*  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1  ,'E9) (:/'/  1983. /.E-EH/ -DEJ  'DB1'1 'D%/'1J #1C'FG H41H7G  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D9DHE 'D%/'1J)  39  92  1967 EGF/ 39/ *HAJB 'D(4*'HJ  9J( 'D4CD H'D%,1'!'* AJ 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J H*7(JB'*G AJ 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'D#1/FJ  13'D) E',3*J1  'D,'E9) 'D#1/FJ)  1994. +'D+'KN : 'DBH'FJF B'FHF 'D*9/JD 'D+'FJ DB'FHF E,D3 4H1I 'D/HD) 1BE (106) D3F) 1989. 1'(9'K : 'DE5'/1 'D#,F(J) Bonnard, Le pouvoir discetionnaire, RDP, 1929. Benoit Francis, paul Le droit Administratif, Francis, paris, 1986. De Laubadaire (A) . Traite de Droit Administratif, Tome 1, ged. L.G.D.J. 1984. Gustave peiser  Droit Administratif, 19ed  Dalloz 1998. Jean Rivero, Administrative Law et droit, administrative, Paris, 1986. Vedel (G), Delvolve. P.Droit Administratif, P.U.F. loed, 1988. .'E3'K : 'DEH'B9 'D%DC*1HFJ) www.http://ar.jurispedia. (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 9/6/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 4/11/2008 . ( 1 ) /.E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  /'1 'DE7(H9'* 'D,'E9J)  'D%3CF/1J)  (/HF 3F) 7(9  5411. ( 2 ) /.3DJE'F E-E/ 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  'DC*'( 'D+'FJ  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G1)  1986  5139. ( 1 ) /.E-3F .DJD  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J 'DD(F'FJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (J1H*  1982  5569. (  ) www.http://ar.jurispedia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ame Chiffoleau). E4'1 %DJG D/I /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  1981  5590 ( 4 ) -CE E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J (*'1J. 20 FJ3'F  3F) 1934 AJ B6J) (Le Meut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ailly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ve Mouurton) /'DH2 'D#3(H9J)  5497 . E4'1 %DJG /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5602 . ( 3 ) -CE E,D3 'D/HD) 'DA1F3J (*'1J. AJ 18 *EH2  3F) 1919  AJ B6J) (Brunet) . E4'1 %DJG D/I /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5601 . ( 1 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  549 . ( 2 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  E5/1 3'(B  5603 . ( 1 ) GJ #9E'D B'FHFJ) 5'/1) ('D%1'/) 'DEFA1/) DD%/'1) (:J) %-/'+ "+'1 B'FHFJ). /.E-EH/ -DEJ  'DB1'1 'D%/'1J #1C'FG H41H7G  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D9DHE 'D%/'1J)  39  92  1967  565. Benoit Francis, paul Le droit Administratif, Francis, paris, 1986, p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onnard, Le pouvoir discetionnaire, RDP, 1929, p.363. ( 1 ) /.E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  E5/1 3'(B  5422. ( 2 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  E5/1 3'(B  5606. ( 3 ) /.E',/ 1':( 'D-DH  'DE5/1 FA3G  5422-423. ( 4 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DE5/1 FA3G  5606. ( 5 ) /.E57AI #(H 2J/ AGEJ  E5/1 3'(B  5981 . ( 1 ) JCHF 'DB1'1 E4H('K (9J( 'D3(( %0' B'E* 'D%/'1) (%5/'1 B1'1 E3*F/) %DI :J1 3((G 'D5-J-. %(1'GJE 7G 'DAJ'6  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  EC*() 'DAD'-  'DCHJ*  1988  5331. /.#-E/ 9H/) 'D:1J1J  B6'! 'D%D:'! AJ 'D#1/F  /1'3) *-DJDJ) *7(JBJ) EB'1F)  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  E7'(9 'D/3*H1 'D*,'1J)  1989  546. Vedel (G), Delvolve. P.Droit Administratif, P.U.F. loed, 1988, p.44. Gustave peiser  Droit Administratif, 19ed  Dalloz 1998, p.25. De Laubadaire (A) . Traite de Droit Administratif, Tome 1, ged. L.G.D.J. 1984. p.603. ( 2 ) 1',9 -CE Jeunesse independante chretienne feminine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ean Rivero, Administrative Law et droit, administrative, Paris, 1986, p.189. ( 2 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  551. ( 3 ) /.E-3F .DJD  E5/1 3'(B  5604. ( 1 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  551. /.E-EH/ 9'7A 'D(F'  E5/1 3'(B  5325. ( 2 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  'DE5/1 FA3G  551-52. /.E-3F .DJD  'DE5/1 FA3G  5604-605. ( 3 ) G0G 'D#-C'E E4'1 %DJG' D/I /.E-3F .DJD  E5/1 3'(B  5604-605. ( 1 ) /.E57AI #(H 2J/ AGEJ  E5/1 3'(B  5977. ( 2 ) DJ+ -3F 9DJ  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ DD4CD H'D%,1'!'*  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1  ,'E9) (:/'/  1983  5249. ( 3 ) GH 9/E 'DB/1) B'FHF'K 9DI E('41) 9ED %/'1J E9JF. /.A$'/ 'D97'1  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  1966-1967  5642. /..'D/ 3E'1) 'D29(J  'DB1'1 'D%/'1J (JF 'DF81J) H'D*7(JB  'D#1/F  1999  565 . ( 4 ) -J+ JCHF 'DB1'1 'D0J '*.0*G 'D%/'1) J.1, 9F '.*5'5 'D96H 'D0J #5/1G H9F 'D'.*5'5 'D%/'1) CDG'. ( 1 ) -J+ J5/1 'DB1'1 EF 96H :J1 E.*5 H%F C'F J/.D AJ '.*5'5'* 'D%/'1) HJ3*7J9 96H ".1 #F J5/1G. ( 2 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  551 . ( 3 ) E4'1 %DJG D/I /.E-3F .DJD  E5/1 3'(B  5606. ( 4 ) E4'1 %DJG D/I /.E-3F .DJD  'DE5/1 FA3G  5606. ( 1 ) E,EH9) #-C'E 'D3F) 'D9'41)  5432 (F/ 403. ( 2 ) -CE E-CE) 'DB6'! 'D%/'1J  37  51076 (F/ 589  51756 (F/ 851. E4'1 %DJG D/I /.E57AI #(H 2J/ AGEJ  E5/1 3'(B  5977. ( 3 ) DDE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 1',9 #F3'E 9DJ 9(/ 'DDG 'D5'&:  'D9F51 'D4.5J DD'.*5'5 AJ 'DB1'1 'D%/'1J  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  2001  536-37. ( 1 ) /.1E2J 'D4'91  E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F #9E'DG' :J1 'D*9'B/J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1989  5446-447. /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  552. ( 2 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  E5/1 3'(B  5609. ( 1 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5610-611. ( 2 ) /.1E2J 'D4'91  E5/1 3'JB  5448-452. ( 3 ) JB5/ ('D6(7 'D%/'1J: E,EH9) EF 'D%,1'!'* *BHE (G' 'D%/'1) -A'8'K 9DI 'DF8'E 'D9'E. /.9'5E #-E/ 9,JD) H".1HF  'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J 'DJEFJ  ,'E9) 5F9'  'D7(9) 'D+'D+)  1988  5143. ( 1) /.E-EH/ 9'7A 'D(F'  E5/1 3'(B  5296.299. ( 2 ) /.1E2J 'D4'91  E5/1 3'(B  5452. ( 1 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  1961  5927. ( 2 ) /.3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ  'DB6'! 'D%/'1J H1B'(*G D#9E'D 'D%/'1)  7(9) 1981  5615. ( 3 ) /.GH/ 9DJ 'D3H'9J1  E5/1 3'(B  554 .     PAGE 350 AC1) 'D.7# 'DE1ABJ PAGE 349 E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  'DE,D/ (10)  'D9// (38)  'D3F) (2008) Rafidain Of Law Journal, Vol. (10), No. (37), Year (2008) Rafidain Of Law Journal, Vol. (10), No. (38), Year (2008) xz|~z|$벣ycIc4(h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo(2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo(.h2rh2r56CJZ\]^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(hTCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rCJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(Uvt tdn!$((H), ,d,-$d`a$gd`$d`a$gd2r$da$gd2r$,vlnprjlnp    J ^ 0Bjlnpd̵̵̵̵̵̵̵ߣu+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo(.h2rh2r56CJZ\]^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ(68:<rtvxbdfht|!!!!V#X#Z#\#$$$$&& & &(лpppppppp,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ"h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo((h2rh2r5CJZ\^J_HaJo(+h2rh2r5CJH*Z\^J_HaJo(2jh2rh2r0J5CJUZ\^J_HaJ,(H),d,-2.n1p1r1t133334L5X9Z9\9^9b99\;^;`;b;<<<<rAtAvAxA|AAJCLCNCPCCCBGDG(I*I,I.I2IIKKKKBLDLܳܳܳܳܳܳܳ܌ܳܳܳh2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJ,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(+h2rh2r6>*CJZ]^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(7-2.x1 34L5b99>|AAACC2IIKNNNNNTO $dgd_% $da$gd2r$d`a$gd2r$da$gd2rDLFLHLNNNNTOvOQQTTWWWYY6[8[h\j\^^T`V`h`` a"aaabb0c2cndpd>e@eee`fbfĵ~nnn~nnnnn~nnnnnnnnh2rh2rCJ^J_HaJo(+h_% h2r5>*CJZ\^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(hTCJZ^J_HaJo(h2rCJZ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(%h2rh2rCJH*Z^J_HaJo(,jh2rh2r0JCJUZ^J_HaJ+TOvOQTWWY8[j\^V`h``"aab2cc$ & F d^a$gd2r $dgd_% $ & F d^a$gd2r$ & F d^a$gd2r$da$gd2rcpd@eebfgZggXhh^ijj8kllLmmnnpqq$ & F d^a$gd2r$da$gd2r$ & F d^a$gd2rbfggVhXhhh\i^ijjjj6k8kllllJmLmmmnnnopqqqq|r~rsss@tBtvtxtttzw|www޸޸޸wh2rh2rCJ^JaJ"h2rh2r5CJ\^J_HaJh2rh2rCJ^J_HaJ%h_% h2r>*CJZ^J_HaJo(+h_% h2r5>*CJZ\^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJZ^JaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJo("h2rh2rCJZ^J_HaJo(.q~rssBtxtt\uunvvzw|www|$ & F hdA$^ha$gd2r $dA$a$gd2r$ & F hdA$^ha$gd2r$ & F d^a$gd2r$da$gd2r$ & F d^a$gd2rwwwwwwx xxxxx"x$x(x,xHxJxLxPxRxZx`xdxfxhxxϹϫocSh2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h[*CJZ^JaJo(h`h[*CJZ^JaJo(h`h[*CJZ^JaJ*h`h[*0JCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ#h`h[*CJOJQJZ^JaJh2rh2rCJ^J_HaJo(h2rh2rCJ^J_HaJww`x$yyzzvTȁ"zƂzЃ $a$gd $a$gd" $gd $A$a$gd2r $a$gd $a$gd2r $a$gd`$`a$gd2rxx"y$y(y*y,yyyyyyyyzzzzzzzzzzzz  tvz|~ŴŚᓄylŚ`ŴŚh2rh[*CJaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJh2rh[*CJaJjh"h[*0JH*U h"h[*h[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJ%RTXZ\ЀҀԀƁȁ́΁Ё "&(*xz~ĂƂʂ̂΂  "$xz~΃Ѓԃփ؃"ȺȬȟȬȺȺȺȺȬȺȺȺȺh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJh2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(:Ѓtn^&Rzҏ(\Bj $a$gdvQ $a$gdJw? $a$gd" $a$gd2r $a$gd"$&dfrtxz|^`lnrtv…\^bdf$&*,.҇b$2ҶҶҶҶқҎқҨҎҨҶh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJh2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(2PRVXZxz~@Lҏ֏؏ڏ&(,.0~Z\`bd@BFHJhǹǮǹǮǹǹǮǹǹǹǹǹh2rh[*CJ_HaJh[*CJZaJo(h[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ?hjnpr0268:ʛZ^`bZ^`bPRVXZDFHLNPXZ^`ƶƶƶƶƶƶƶƶ㛶ƶh[*CJZaJo(h[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJh2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(8j2ZZRHZڥ.ަfڨVJ $a$gd $a$gd8 $A$a$gd2r$ a$gd2r $a$gdvQ $a$gd2rإڥޥ,.246ܦަdfjlnبڨިVZ\^HJNPRZ\`bdǹǹǹǹǹǹǹǹǹǹǹǛ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ=J\DįpܱFj@t6 $gd` $a$gd` $A$a$gd2r $a$gd2r $a$gdptvxڱܱDFJLNhjnpr>@DFHȸ帪ȸȸȸȸȸȸȸȸh2rh[*CJaJo(h[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJ8rtxz|46:<>VX\^`  RTXZ\ȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺȺ!h2rh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(BXTb"$&`#$gdS$ $a$gd_% $a$gd2r`bfhj  "ɻɻɻ׫wdw$h_0JCJZ^JaJmHnHuhVh[*0JCJ^JaJ(jhVh[*0JCJUZ^JaJh[*jh[*UZ^Jh{h2rh[*CJZaJh[*0JCJH*ZaJo(h2rh[*CJZaJo(h2rh[*CJ_HaJo(h2rh[*CJZ_HaJo(h[*CJZaJo(&"FHJLXZ`bd<>XZ\^;ͫ;⎆z⎆njZh2rh2rCJ^J_HaJo(h{h9h[*5\^Jh\)h[*5\^Jh[*5<\ h[*5\h[*5Z\^Jo(h[*5Z\^J$h_0JCJZ^JaJmHnHuhVh[*0JCJ^JaJ(jhVh[*0JCJUZ^JaJh[*h\)h[*Z_Ho(h[*5Z\^J_Ho("HJd\^}$`a$gd2r$$dA$N`a$gdv$$dA$N`a$gd\)$&dP`a$gd$&`#$gdS$$&dP`a$gd` C0&P P7:p<0BP' (5!"#$% (2~$$If!vh5#v:V l V0  54F@F 9'/J $A$a$_HaJhmH sH tH<@< 9FH'F 1$@& CJ^JaJ<@< 9FH'F 2$@& CJ^JaJB@B 9FH'F 3$@&5CJ \^JaJ H@H 9FH'F 4$$@&a$5CJ \^JaJ N@N 9FH'F 5$$ & F@& CJ^JaJB@B 9FH'F 6$@&5CJ\^JaJN@N 9FH'F 7$$d@&a$5CJ\^JaJ>A@> .7 'DAB1) 'D'A*1'6JPi@P  ,/HD 9'/J :V 44 la ,k, (D' B'&E) 8B@8 F5 #3'3J CJ^JaJ8@8 F5 -'4J) 3ADJ)@&@@ E1,9 -'4J) 3ADJ)H*^JRC@"R F5 #3'3J (E3'A) ('/&) CJ^JaJ@ @2@ *0JJD 5A-)  9r aJ,)@A, 1BE 5A-)^J<@R< 1#3 5A-)  9r aJBP@bB F5 #3'3J 2$a$ CJ^JaJzsz v 4(C) ,/HD7:V0$A$^JJ I 0vl"#o%&.22456Y6&88899#::5;N=>?ABqFDJKlMPjQ|RTuTUWWXY[y\]g^ _O_+``aadg62-XW xv4^ 7A,{ > ^!!$"O""""\#$$$ %3%%&:&&&''(789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^993lCa >2X 47, !"$$%:&''''''  !"#$%&'  ( !78ڃ!88ڃ 98ڃ :8ڃ ;8ڃ <8ڃ =8ڃ >8ڃ ?8ڃ @8ڃ A8ڃ B8ڃ C8ڃ D8ڃ E8ڃ F8ڃ G8ڃ H8ڃ I8ڃ J8ڃ K8ڃ L8ڃ M8ڃ N8ڃ O8ڃ P8ڃ Q8ڃ R8ڃ S8ڃ T8ڃ U8ڃ V8ڃ W8ڃ X8ڃ Y8ڃ Z8ڃ [8ڃ \8ڃ ]8ڃ ^8ڃ<  t%i*L/26:$?BHqMnQGTW:[_ale#jmruJzo~gbJ{M~~  ( !   ihu xV! >!]"S#$%?&C'w< 6Y,b;j1Zclzq  N 'w4m9#0D){q"$$t%#&x'''*).J/K/L/[/m//000x22 44>4C5]6+899;i<x<<>?ABCuFHJKqM(NNNOnQ>RLRRBTCTDTETFTGTTTxTUWXY[\9^G^j^`aaaaaaaaacd fvh j!j"j#j1j?jlmn^pp-qrrtttvqxy-{A}P}}~~gQʅȉ׊{GHIJSܑ0~^ /sޙ5{˚ěcQ,~.۟<^fš!Mߣ`ؤ٤h]˘˘˘a ˘Q>K n``n``nK >nK ><<````n``K !<>-}&>>4><n<``<Vn````K n``K >``>><<>``<<nnL+Ļ9<nn``-}&n`!``````!<!n<n<`!!K n``````!>>-}&`!>K K >n`!<<!``<``nnn!!``nL+><`><<nnK <n`K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K v[v[v[v[yMMw< 6Y,b;j1Zclzq  N 'w4m9#0D){q"$$t%#&x'''*).J/K/L/[/m//000x22 44>4C5]6+899;i<x<<>?ABCuFHJKqM(NNNOnQ>RLRRBTCTDTETFTGTTTxTUWXY[\9^G^j^`aaaaaaaaacd fvh j!j"j#j1j?jlmn^pp-qrrtttvqxy-{A}P}}~~gQʅȉ׊{GHIJSܑ0~^ /sޙ5{˚ěcQ,~.۟<^fš!Mߣ`ؤ٤tإ:[dݨ lƩEpʪu3߭ 0Z:˰"رl{ 10ϻQO׽ 7?iT7(Z5e ^ST0000 0 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0  0  0  0  0  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 00 00 0! 0! 0! 0! 0! 0!00 00@0@00@00@0@0@000000@0@0@00@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@00000000@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@00000000000@000000@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@000'0I000I000I000I000@0@00@0@0@0@0@0@0|X wK00@0 -zR X4.Gf},Һ$(DLbfwx"h"knqrtvwyz{}f b/"e~^-TOcqwЃjJ"lopsux|m -48!!8@0(  B S  ?@UP,DUP4-BUPt-EUP-8*urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttagsCity9*urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttagsplace <4&  af}ah-4QXu| ! F M X _ "ej 'X\]`  sw5:nu5<9 A !!H"O"##$!$7$:$%%&&^'e' ))_)f)))?*F*x**++e/l/// 001111 22n2v2_7e788'9*9I:P:==r?y???CCtEvEEEGGGGUI[IJJJJNKPKSLULMMMM;NANwN~NNOQQQQ^ReRXXYYnYtYxY~YVZXZ^^rbybYe^eJfMfhhjjkkkkooppppzqqsstuRuVuXu\uuuwwxxb}i}>@نۆ.0͌όÐ:AIP Zau| }:?@F˛қ!08%*12@]aejkxˣΣߣ $<A`eksu|}֤٤@X07ҫ׫ˬw{?FʮѮ 2:{յܵ07Ƕɶζt{ɷз͸Ѹոڸ۸¼ʼ׽޽FMƾ;οտ?DJRT[\irv)12>?Int<Adl KSt{@Cqv")mtT\ 3;iqAIpx7?Zacjlrq w =E #(!!t%w%x'}',,..L/R/0022 444455i<o<x<}<2L:L;L?LNN>RDR9TATGTLTYY[[]]9^>^U^]^aagg#j(jpptt-{0{A}G}~~~~JQ ޙQUBG.3<D^cǡ̡ ]aˣΣ9;٤:Yy!%} 6<joêɪӬ׬حޭ)/mv49"*DHek"R\bf]b͸Ѹ*079ź׻ۻ׽ uy {37>Beipt ;A"*:::::::::::::czx''L/[/00 44i<x<GTTT9^G^aa#j1j~~IJS /<^Уߣؤ٤r٤ uV]BO*N[7n#k"/~x-tx.TvFCN΄_8bBL_gpj Mt>dh ^`hH.h^`OJQJo(hHh pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h ^`hH..^`o(.h jLj^j`LhH.h : : ^: `hH.h   ^ `hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h zz^z`hH.h JLJ^J`LhH. ]`CJ^JaJ.h ^`hH.h^`5CJ\aJhH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h^`5CJ\aJhH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h ss^s`hH.h CC^C`hH.h  L ^ `LhH.h   ^ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h SS^S`hH.h ##^#`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h^`5CJ\aJhH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h jLj^j`LhH.h : : ^: `hH.h   ^ `hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h zz^z`hH.h JLJ^J`LhH. O*MtFC~x-gpuV]#k8bx.           jW        t~:                t~:                  t~:                         ONS0TXT8A T%\A`[*_% g($p$A(=.4K4|4^?Jw?6@{]@m6A-EF9PvQ GR#x\T^_X_elUomqnq2r*x)a}:} ,pSp)&zKV. L_x998 2aVzr{w-"Wvw}~iVf`jBbe\)٤m@IIx IId $Of.<HPUnknownGz Times New Roman5Symbol3& z ArialQ`@PT Simple Bold RuledK @Simplified ArabicA @Ali-A-SahifaQLathaEras Light ITCM`@Traditional Arabic#Ah*F"&,?(T+?(T+24d 3qHP(?K42$'D*#EJF EF 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ) DDE-'EJrashabassam4         Oh+'0   @ L X dpx( rasha Normal.dotbassam44Microsoft Office Word@%x@Bӈ@$b@b/.h(?՜.+,0 hp  matoush+T %   !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~     !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOQRSTUVWYZ[\]^_dRoot Entry FRhfData 1Table WordDocumentESummaryInformation(PDocumentSummaryInformation8XCompObjn  F Microsoft Office Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q