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F* %0 *6EF (FH/ 'D'*A'B (JFGE' H(JF 'DEF*A9JF EF 'D'F*1F* ('FG' *7DB E57D- '*A'BJ) '3*./'E  H'D'5- 'F J3EI G0' 'DFEH0, (9B/ 'D'F*A'9 (4(C) 'D'F*1F*) D'F G0' 'D'*A'B HB9 6EF F7'B 'DB'FHF 'D.'5 HAJ /'&1) 'DE9'ED'* 'DE'DJ). 'DE5'/1 : 'HD' : 'DC*( : 1- /.'-E/ E-EH/ 39/  F-H '13'! F8'E B'FHFJ D9B/ 'DE4H1) 'DE9DHE'*J) ('DE9'D,) 'D'DJ) DD(J'F'* (H'37) 'D-'3( 'D'DJ). 'D7(9) 'D'HDI  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1995. 2- /.('3E E-E/ 5'D-  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'DB3E 'D'HD  /'1 'D-CE)  (:/'/  1987. 3- ,(1'F E39H/  'D1'&/  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  /'1 'D9DE DDED'JJF  (J1H*  1967. 4- /.,9A1 'DA6DJ  'DH,J2 AJ 'D9BH/ 'DE/FJ)  'D(J9 H'D'J,'1 H'DEB'HD)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1997. 5- /.-3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  '5HD 'D'D*2'E  E7(9) 'DE9'1A  (:/'/  1970. 6- /.-E/J 9(/ 'D1-EF  'DH3J7 AJ 'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'*  'DC*'( 'D'HD  'DE5'/1 'D'1'/J) DD'D*2'E  'D9B/ H'D'1'/) 'DEFA1/)  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1999. 7- /.7HFJ EJ4'D 9J3I  'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ D4(C) 'D'F*1F*  /'1 5'/1 D(F'F  2001. 8- /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  'DC'AJ AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D'1/FJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  'D,2! 'D'HD AJ E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'DE,D/ 'D'HD AJ 'D9B/  'DB3E 'D'HD AJ 'D*1'6J  'D41C) 'D,/J/) DD7('9)  9E'F  1993. 9- /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  'DEH,2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  'D,2! 'D'HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'D7(9) 'D.'E3)  E7(9) F/JE  (:/'/  1977. 10- /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  /.9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J  /.E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1  'DH,J2 AJ F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  'D,2! 'D'HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 (,'E9) 'DEH5D  1980. 11- 9DJ (F G'/J) H(D-3F 'D(DJ4  'D,JD'FJ (F 'D-', J-JI  'DB'EH3 'D,/J/ DD7D'(  72  'D41C) 'D*HF3J) DD*H2J9  *HF3  1980 12- 'DEGF/3 A'1HB -3JF  'D'F*1F* H4(C) 'DE9DHE'* 'D9'DEJ)  72  2002. 13- C13*J'F C1HEDJ4  'DA ('! 'D'F*1F*  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  'D/'1 'D91(J) DD9DHE  (J1H*  1996. 14- /.E-E/ 'D39J/ 14/J  'D*9'B/ (H3'&D 'D'*5'D 'D-/J+) E9 'D*1CJ2 9DI 'D(J9 (H'37) 'D*DA2JHF  E7(H9'* ,'E9) 'DCHJ*  1988. 15- /.EF01 'DA6D  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'* AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  'D,2! 'D#HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  1991. 16- /.F2JG E-E/ 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  'D'D*2'E B(D 'D*9'B/ ('D'/D'! ('D(J'F'* 'DE*9DB) ('D9B/  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1982. 17- /.F2JG E-E/ 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E  'D,2! 'D'HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1998. 18- /.JHF3 91(  B'FHF 'DCHE(JH*1  '5/'1'* '*-'/ 'DE5'1A 'D91(J)  (J1H*  2001. +'FJ' : 'D(-H+ H'D13'&D H'D/H1J'* : 1- /.'-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'D'F*1F* H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 A1'B 'E *D'B  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCHE(JH*1 H'D'F*1F*  'DEF9B/ AJ 'D'E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  2000. 2- /.'3'E) '(H 'D-3F E,'G/  .5H5J) 'D*9'B/ 9(1 'D'F*1F*  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCHE(JH*1 'DEF9B/ AJ 'D'E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  2000. 3- /.,9A1 'DA6DJ  'D'D*2'E ('D'9D'E H'DF5J-) H'D*9'HF  (-+ EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D-HDJ) 'D91'BJ) DDB'FHF  *5/1 9F CDJ) 'DB'FHF ,'E9) (:/'/  (:/'/  'D9// 1  -2J1'F/*EH2  2000. 4- /.3'DE 1J9'F 'D92'HJ  E3$HDJ) 'DEF*, AJ 'DBH'FJF 'DE/FJ) H'D'*A'BJ'* 'D/HDJ)  13'D) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI E,D3 'DB'FHF (,'E9) (:/'/  1991. 5- E,D) ('J* 'D41B 'D'H37 'D'1/FJ)  9E'F  *41JF 'D+'FJ  1995. 6- E,D) '*-'/ 'DE5'1A 'D91(J)  'D9// 224  'DE,D/ 19-"(-1999. 7- E,D) 'F*1F* 'D9'DE 'D91(J  'D9//9  'D3F) 'D'HDI  -2J1'F  1998. 8- E,D) 'F*1F* 'D9'DE 'D91(J  'D9// 3  'D3F) 'D+'D+)  C'FHF 'D'HD  1999. 9- /.G'/J E3DE JHF3 B'3E 'D(4C'FJ  'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ DD*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) /C*H1'G *B/E (G' 'DI ,'E9) 'DEH5D  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  2002. 10- /.GD'D 'D(J'*J  '3*./'E 'D-'3('* 'DAFJ) H-E'J*G'  (-+ EF4H1 AJ C*'( F/H) 'DB'FHF H'D-'3H(  *5/1 9F (J* 'D-CE)  (:/'/  1999. +'D+' : 'DBH'FJF : 1- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 1BE 40 D3F) 1951 'DE9/D. 2- B'FHF 'D'3*GD'C 'DA1F3J 'DE1BE 719/2000 AJ 'D'HD EF '( 9'E 2000. 3- 'D*H,JG 'D'H1(J 'DE*9DB (-E'J) 'DE3*GDCJF AJ E,'D 'D9BH/ 'D'DC*1HFJ) 'D5'/1 AJ 20 'J'1 1997. 1'(9' : 'DE1',9 'DA1F3J) : 1-BENSOUSSAN (A.), Le commerce lectronique, aspects juridiques d HERMES, paris. 1998. 2-Chestin (J.), Trait de droit civil, Le contratformation, 3me d.L.G.D.J.1993. 3-VIVANT(M.), Les contrats du commerce lectronique, d. 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'-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E)  'D'F*1FJ* H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 A1'B 'E *D'B (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCHE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ* 'DEF9B/ AJ 'D'E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  2000  556  *,/1 'D'4'1) 'DI 'FF' DE F,/ *91JA'K D9B/ 'D'F*A'9 AJ #J E5/1 '9*E/F' 9DJG ('3*+F'! *91JA 'D/C*H1 '-E/ 3D'E) D'F G0' 'DEH6H9 -/J+ H:J1 EF8E HAJ 'C+1 'D'-J'F 1,9* 'DI 'DBH'9/ 'D9'E) H'DE5'/1 'D*J *71B* 'DI G0' 'D9B/ '.*DA* AJ *3EJ*G (JF 9B/ '3*./'E 'D4(C) 'H 9B/ 'D'4*1'C ('D'F*1FJ* 'H 9B/ 'D/.HD 'DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* /HF 'F *0C1 'D*91JA  HH,/* #F 'F3( *3EJ) DG0' 'D9B/ GJ 9B/ 'D'F*A'9 ('D4(C) D'FG (EH,( G0' 'D9B/ JHA1 'DEF*A9 EFG DDEF*A9 ./E'* C+J1) AD' JB*51 9DI E,1/ 'D/.HD 'DI 'D'F*1FJ* H'3*./'EG 'H -*I 'D'4*1'C. (1) /.7HFJ EJ4'D 9J3I  'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ D4(C) 'D'F*1F*  /'1 5'/1 D(F'F 2001  590. (2) /.'3'E) '(H 'D-3F E,'G/  .5H5J) 'D*9'B/ 9(1 'D'F*1F*  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCHE(JH*1 H'D'F*1F*  'DEF9B/ AJ 'D'E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  9'E 2000  557. (1) /.7HFJ EJ4'D 9J3I  E5/1 3'(B  591. (2) 'F81 FEH0, '*A'BJ) 21B'! F*. (1) HEHB9G 9DI 'D4(C) 'D9'DEJ) DDE9DHE'* GH  HYPERLINK "http://www.uruklink.net" www.uruklink.net . (2) HB/ 5/1 'D(J'F 'D*'3J3J DG0G 'D41C) AJ ,1J/) 'DHB'&9 'D91'BJ) 'D9//3812 AJ 27/2/2000 H,'! AJ G0' 'D(J'F 'F 'G/'A 'D41C) GJ *B/JE ./E'* 'D4(C) 'D/HDJ) DDE9DHE'* H./E'* 'D4(C'* 'DH7FJ) H'DE4'1C) AJ *5EJE H*FAJ0 4(C'* 'D-'3('* H'DE9DHE'*J) H*B/JE 'D'3*4'1'*. (1) (4'F 'D9B/ 'DED2E D,'F( H'-/ HED2E DD,'F(JF 1',9 CD EF /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  H /.9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J H /.E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1  'DH,J2 AJ F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  'D,2! 'D'HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 (,'E9) 'DEH5D  1980  524.  /.-3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  '5HD 'D'D*2'E  E7(9) 'DE9'1A (:/'/  1970  525. (2) (4'F E9FI 9BH/ 'DE9'H6) 1',9 /.-3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  E5/1 3'(B  576. C0DC : /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  H".1HF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  526. (3) (4'F 'D9B/ AH1J 'D*FAJ0 H'D9B/ E3*E1 'D*FAJ0 1',9 /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H".1HF  E5/1 3'(B  524 /.EF01 'DA6D  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'* AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  'D,2! 'D'HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  1991  570H71. (1) /.-3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  E5/1 3'(B  524  /.EF01 'DA6D  E5/1 3'(B  549. (1) 'DEH/E HGH ,2! -JHJ AJ 'D'*5'D'* 9F 71JB 4(C) 'D'F*1F* . A/H1 'DEH/E C/H1 'DE*1,E (JF 'DE*-/+JF (D:*JF E.*DA*JF. HB/ ,'!* *3EJ) 'DEH/E (modem) EF CDE*JF (modulator / Demodlator) H*,/1 'D'4'1) 'DI 'F ',G2) 'DEH/E *5FA -3( 319*G' AJ FBD 'D(J'F'* HG0G 'D319) *B'3 (H-/) ((*/+') A(2J'/) G0G 'D319) *2/'/ B/1) 'DEH/E 9DI FBD 'D(J'F'* '13'D' H'3*B('D' H'D',G2) 'DEA6D) 'D*J JCHF 319) 'DEH/E AJG' 28800 (*/+'. '4'1 'DJG /.GD'D 'D(J'*J  '3*./'E 'D-'3('* 'DAFJ) H-E'J*G'  (-+ EF4H1 AJ C*'( F/H) 'DB'FHF H'D-'3H(  EF '5/'1'* (J* 'D-CE)  1999  528. (1) C13*J'F C1HEDJ4  'DA ('! 'D'F*1F*  'D/'1 'D91(J) DD9DHE  71  (J1H*  1996  527. (2) EF8E'* 'DG'C1 H*,E9'*GE  EB'D EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'F*1F* 'D9'DE 'D91(J  'D3F) 'D+'D+)  'D9// 3  C'FHF 'D'HD  1999  530. (3) ,H1, (HF/  'D1'-) HDCF ('J +EF  EB'D E*1,E HEF4H1 AJ E,D) ('J* 'D41B 'D'H37 'D'1/FJ)  *41JF 'D+'FJ  1995  572. (4) /.'3'E) '(H 'D-3F E,'G/  E5/1 3'(B  560. (1) 'F81 'DAB1) (5) EF '*A'BJ) 21B'! F* 'DE1AB) AJ FG'J) 'D(-+. (2) /.'3'E) '(H 'D-3F E,'G/  E5/1 3'(B  562H63. 'DEGF/3 A'1HB -3JF  E5/1 3'(B  599. (3) /.,9A1 'DA6DJ  'DH,J2 AJ 'D9BH/ 'DE/FJ)  'D(J9  'D'J,'1  'DEB'HD)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1997  5395 H396. (1) /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H'.1HF  E5/1 3'(B  545  /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  'DEH,2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  75  E7(9) F/JE  (:/'/  1977  584. CE' 'F81 '*A'BJ) 21B'! F* 'DE1AB) AJ FG'J) 'D(-+. (1) 'F81 FEH0, '*A'BJ) 21B'! F*. (2) /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H'.1HF  E5/1 3'(B  546. (1) /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  'DC'AJ AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D'1/FJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  'D,2! 'D'HD AJ E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'DE,D/ 'D'HD AJ 'D9B/  'DB3E 'D'HD AJ 'D*1'6J  'D41C) 'D,/J/) DD7('9)  9E'F  1993  5188. (2) 'F81 E,D) 'F*1F* 'D9'DE 'D91(J  'D9//9  'D3F) 'D'HDI  -2J1'F  1998  520. (1) /.('3E E-E/ 5'D-  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'DB3E 'D'HD  /'1 'D-CE)  (:/'/  1987  551. (1) /.'-E/ E-EH/ 39/  F-H '13'! F8'E B'FHFJ D9B/ 'DE4H1) 'DE9DHE'*J) ('DE9'D,) 'D'DJ) DD(J'F'* (H'37) 'D-'3( 'D"DJ) /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  1995  5198. (2) 'F81 'DE'/) (167) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ. (1) 9ED' (EAGHE 'DBJ'3 D'F G0' 'DF5 *E '9E'DG EF B(D 'DABG (5// 'D*2'E 'DE3*',1 ('DE-'A8) 9DI 'DE',H1. 'F81 /.,9A1 'DA6DJ  E5/1 3'(B  5273 H274. (2) 'F81 'DE'/) (150) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ. (1) /.G'/J E3DE JHF3 B'3E 'D(4C'FJ  'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ DD*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) /C*H1'G *B/E (G' 'DI ,'E9) 'DEH5D CDJ) 'DB'FHF  2002  5200. (1) /.F2JG E-E/ 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  'D'D*2'E B(D 'D*9'B/ ('D'/D'! ('D(J'F'* 'DE*9DB) ('D9B/  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 'DB'G1) 1982  523. HJ$C/ '3*'0F' 'D/C*H1 ,9A1 'DA6DJ ('F 'DB6'! 'DA1F3J B/ C4A EF .D'D *7(JB'*G 9F 'D.DD 'D0J '5'( 'D9D'B) (JF 'D71AJF . . 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() Vivant(M.) cahiers du lamy droit de l'informatique, aut-septembre 1998, p.196. AEF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 'F E98E 4(C'* 'DEF7B) 'DE-DJ) (LANS) *1(7 ('D'F*1F* .D'D .7 E.55 H'D0J J*J- 1(7 (F'! 9DI ,/HD (F8'E). H**HA1 .J'1'* E*9//) H'D*J **J- '3*9E'D'K DD4(C) D+E'FJ) 3'9'* AJ 'DJHE 'H 24 3'9) AJ 'DJHE 'H #J A*1) '.1I EF 'D2EF G0' EF ,'F( HEF ,'F( ".1  JH,/ F8'E .'5 D*+EJF ./E) 'D'F*1F* CompuServe HEF 'GE '96'! AJ .7) 'D*+EJF 'DE9J'1J) (.7) 'D*+EJF 'D'A*1'6J) D'96'! CompuServe 'D,// (EB'(D 9.95 /HD'1 4G1J') HJ-5DHF 9DI +D'+) 3'9'* '3*9E'D DD'F*1F* 4G1J' E,'F'  HCD 3'9) '6'AJ) J/A9 DG' 2.5 /HD'1 HJ(/' 4G1 'DE-'3() 'D,/J/ AJ ".1 JHE #-/ DD4G1 'D-'DJ. HEF 'DED'-8) 'F 'DH5HD 'DI CompuServe .D'D 4(C) .'1,J) B/ J,9D 'DE3*GDC E671' D/A9 ',H1 '6'AJ) (Surhages) '*5'D'* .'5) ('D'6'A) DE5'1JA 'D'F*1F* 'DEF*8E). '4'1 'DJG 'DEGF/3 A'1HB -3JF  'D'F*1F* H4(C) 'DE9DHE'* 'D9'DEJ)  72  2002  5127 H120 9DI 'D*1*J(. () V.Chestin (J.),Trait de droit civil,Le contrat.Formation,3e'med.L.G.D.J.1993, P.87. 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() V.VIVANT (M.) cahiers du Lamy droit de l informatique, aoutseptember. 1998, p.199. () V.VIVANT (M.), op.cit.p.46. (1) /.G'/J E3DE  E5/1 3'(B  5203 H204. (2) HB/ JCHF 9DI .D'A 'D-BJB) 'D*J '1'/G' 'DEF*A9 D'F 'DB(HD J*E (E,1/ 'D6:7 9DI 'DE'H3  AE,1/ 'DFB1 (F9E 9DI 'D'4'1) 'DH'1/) 9DI 4'4) 'D-'3H( 'D.'5 (G JAJ/ 'DB(HD 'DF81J 1:E 'F '-*E'DJ) -/H+ :D7'* 'DFB1 H'1/) HEF +E JF(:J 'D*'C/ EF -BJB) 'DB(HD EF 71JB 13'D) B(HD FG'&J) C'J) 9DI 'D1:() 'DJBJFJ) AJ 'D*9'B/ 'H CD E' EF 4'FG *'CJ/ 'DB(HD 'DJBJFJ EF ,'F( 'DEF*A9. 'F81 : V.BENSOUSSAN (A.), op.cit.p.47. (1) /.E-E/ 'D39J/ 14/J  'D*9'B/ (H3'&D 'D'*5'D 'D-/J+) E9 'D*1CJ2 9DI 'D(J9 (H'37) 'D*DA2JHF  71  E7(H9'* ,'E9) 'DCHJ*  'DCHJ*  1988  584. (2) /.E-E/ 'D39J/ 14/J  E5/1 3'(B  585. (1) *HAJB 4E(H1  E3'&D B'FHFJ) .'5) ('D*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ)  E,D) '*-'/ 'DE5'1A 'D91(J)  'D9// 24  'DE,D/ 19  '( 1999  547. 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(1) 'F 'DE,D3 'DA1F3J DDE3*GDC B/ '.0 AJ -3('FG 'DE1C2 'D*9'B/J 'D69JA DDEF*A9 F81' D'GEJ) E' J(1EG EF 9BH/ DD-5HD 9DI 'D./E'* 'D'DC*1HFJ) H'D*J (/HFG' DF J*3FI DG *D(J) -',*G 'D4.5J) D'FG D'JEDC ECF'* 'D/.HD 'DC*1HFJ' 'DI 'D4(C) HEF +E A5H'( E' ,'! (*B1J1 G0' 'DE,D3 EF 'F "'DE('/& 'D9'E) AJ *BFJF 'D'3*GD'C *F7(B 9DI 'D'F47) 'D*J JBHE (G' EB/EJ ./E'* 'D/.HD 'DI 'D4(C)" V.chestin (J.), op.cit.P.94. (2) J3*A'/ G0' 'D-CE EF F5 'DE'/) (783) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 9ED'K (EAGHE 'DBJ'3 D'F G0G 'DE'/) **9DB ('F*G'! 9B/ 'D'J,'1. () V.VIVANT(M.) cahiers du Lamy droit de l informatique, aoutseptember. 1998, p.101. (3) 'F81 'DAB1) (8) EF '*A'BJ) 21B'! F*. () V.VIVANT (M.), op.cit.p.52. PAGE 2 PAGE 2 *'1J. B(HD 'DF41 : 28/9/2006 *'1J. 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