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Safa, Code de Commerce Annote, University Saint Joseph, Tome I, 1965. +'FJ'K  'D13'&D H'D(-H+ H'DEB'D'* : '-E/ 'DC(J3J  3J'3) 'D'B1'6 AJ 'D(FHC  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D*,'1) H'D5F'9)  *5/1 9F :1A) *,'1) H5F'9) B71  'D9// 'D-'/J H'D941HF  'D3F) 'D+'D+)  B71  1996 . 3EJ1) 9(/ 'DDG  A*1) 'D1J()  13'D) E',3*J1  E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) (:/'/  1998 . 9(/ 'D-EJ/ '(H EH3I  E9'D,) 'D/JHF 'DE*9+1)  EB'D) EF4H1) 9DI 4(C) 'DE9DHE'* 'D9'DEJ) ('D'F*1F*) 9DI 'DEHB9 'D*'DJ : WWW. IK. Ahram. org . F3J() '(1'GJE -EH  .7'( 'D6E'F  /1'3) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  13'D) E',3*J1  CDJ) 'DB'FHF H'D3J'3)  ,'E9) (:/'/  1978 . +'D+'K- 'DBH'FJF H'D*B'1J1 : 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 1BE 40 D3F) 1950 . B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE 149 D3F) 1970 . B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE 30 D3F) 1984 . 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J 1BE 131 D3F) 1948 . B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 1BE 17 D3F) 1999 . B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D'1/FJ 1BE 12 D3F) 1966 . 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D'1/FJ 1BE 43 D3F) 1976 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D'1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D-'/J H'D+D'+HF  1994 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D'1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D+'D+ H'D+D'+HF  1996 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D'1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D1'(9 H'D+D'+HF  1997 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D'1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D.'E3 H'D+D'+HF  1998 . (*) (-+ E3*D EF 13'D) 'DE',3*J1 'DEH3HE) "'D'9*E'/ DD3-( 9DI 'DEC4HA" EB/E) EF CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D AJ 23/6/2004 . () ('D'9*E'/ DD3-( 9DI 'DEC4HA 9B/L J69 'DE51A (EB*6'G *-* *51A 'DE3*AJ/ E(D:'K EF 'DFBH/ DE/) E9JF) 'H :J1 E9JF)) . 'DE'/) (269/1) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE (30) D3F) 1984 . () /. 9(/ 'D-CE AH/G  41C'* 'D#EH'D H'D9BH/ 'D*,'1J)  /'1 'DAC1 'D,'E9J  E7'(9 'D1HJ'D  %3CF/1J)  1988  5130 . () 9(/ 'D-EJ/ #(H EH3'  E9'D,) 'D/JHF 'DE*9+1)  EB'D@@) EF4@H1) 9DI 4(C@) 'DE9DHE@'* 'D9'DEJ@) ( 'D'F*1FJ* ) 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : www.ik.ahram.org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ass . 24 Fevr . 1975 : Rev. trim. dr . com . 1975 . P. 883 . Cass . 15 mars 1977 : Rev . trim . dr . com . 1977 . P. 561. FBD' 9F #./. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9  5251 . () %(1'GJE EE/H- 2CJ  E5/1 3'(B  571 . () /. .DJD E-E/ -3F 'D4E'9  E5/1 3'(B  5551 . () %(1'GJE EE/H- 2CJ  E5/1 3'(B  569 . () FBD' 9F #./. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9  E5/1 3'(B  5254 . () %(1'GJE EE/H- 2CJ  E5/1 3'(B  585  #./. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9  E5/1 3'(B  5455 . () Ch. Fabia et P.Safa , code de commerce Annote , Universite Saint Joseph , Tome I , 1965 , P. 686 . () ( 'D1GF 'D*#EJFJ  9B/ (G JC3( 'D/'&F 9DI 9B'1 E.55 DHA'! /JFG -B'K 9JFJ' JCHF DG (EB*6'G 'F J*B/E 9DI 'D/'&FJF 'D9'/JJF H'D/'&FJF 'D*'DJF DG AJ 'DE1*()  AJ '3*JA'! -BG EF +EF 0DC 'D9B'1 AJ #J J/ JCHF )  'DE'/) ( 1285 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . H ( 'D1GF 'D-J'2J  9B/ (G J,9D 'D1'GF E'D' E-(H3' AJ J/ 'DE1*GF 'H AJ J/ 9/D (/JF JECF DDE1*GF '3*JA'$G EFG  CD'K #H (96'K  EB/E' 9DI 'D/'&FJF 'D9'/JJF H'D/'&FJF 'D*'DJF DG AJ 'DE1*() AJ #J J/ C'F G0' 'DE'D )  'DE'/) ( 1321 ) E/FJ 91'BJ . () 'DE'/) ( 1294 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  H'DE'/) ( 1332 ) E/FJ #1/FJ . () 'DE'/) ( 1337 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  H'DE'/) ( 1395 ) E/FJ #1/FJ . () #. /. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9  E5/1 3'(B  5256 . () 'DE'/) ( 1306 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  H'DE'/) ( 1353 ) E/FJ #1/FJ . () 'DE'/) (1304) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ H'DE'/) (1322) E/FJ '1/FJ . () /. 9(/ 'D:A'1 -FAJ  #3'3J'* 'D*EHJD H'D%/'1) 'DE'DJ)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J) DD7(9 H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  %3CF/1J)  2001  5435 . () -3F #FH1 7G -(J(  E5/1 3'(B  515 . () 'DE'/) ( 1300 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  H*B'(DG' 'DE'/) ( 1341 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D#1/FJ. () 'DE'/*'F ( 1315  1346 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  H*B'(DGE' 'DE'/) (1342/2) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D#1/FJ . () 'DE'/) ( 613 / 4 ) 'DF'A0) -'DJ'K EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE ( 149 ) D3F) 1970 'DED:J . -J+ 'F B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ 1BE ( 30 ) D3F) 1984 'DF'A0  DE JF8E #-C'E 'D%AD'3 (D *1C 0DC D'-C'E B'FHF 'D*,'1) D3F) 1970  H'3*+F'G EF 'D%D:'! . () 3EJ1) 9(/ 'DDG  A*1) 'D1J()  13'D) E',3*J1  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) (:/'/  1998  574 . () #./. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9  E5/1 3'(B  5268 . () /. 5D'- AGEJ  6E'F E.'71 'D'&*E'F  '*-'/ 'DE5'1A 'D91(J)  (J1H*  2001  541 . () B/ #33* G0G 'D41C) AJ E51 (H5AG' 41C) E3'GE) (*'1J. 9 / 12 / 1989 . #E' AJ 'D#1/F AB/ #33* AJG' G0G 'D41C)  (H5AG' 41C) E3'GE) 9'E) E-/H/) (*'1J. 26 / 3 / 1994  H /. 5D'- AGEJ  'DE5/1 FA3G  561  'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D#1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D-'/J H'D+D'+HF  /'&1) 'D#(-'+ H'D/1'3'*  1995  563 . () 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D#1/FJ 'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D.'E3 H'D+D'+HF /'&1) 'D#(-'+ H'D/1'3'* 1999  564 . () /. ,E'D 5D'-  6E'F E.'71 B1H6 'DE41H9'* 'D5:J1) H'DE*H37) H6E'F 'D5'/1'*  '*-'/ 'DE5'1A 'D91(J)  (J1H*  1998  5129 . () /. %3E'9JD %(1'GJE 'D71'/ H,E9) E-EH/ 9('/  'D*41J9'* 'DE'DJ) 'H 'DE51AJ) AJ 'D'1/F  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  /'1 H'&D DD7('9) H'DF41  9E'F  1999-2000  5257 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D#1/FJ 'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D1'(9 H'D+D'+HF  /'&1) 'D#(-'+ H'D/1'3'*  1998  569 . () /. ,E'D 5D'-  E5/1 3'(B  5112 . 'D(FC 'DE1C2J 'D#1/FJ  'D*B1J1 'D3FHJ 'D-'/J H'D+D'+HF 'DE4'1 %DJG 3'(B'  563 . () /. .'D/ HGJ( 'D1'HJ  '/'1) 'D9EDJ'* 'DE51AJ)  /'1 H'&D DD7('9) H'DF41  9E'F  2001  572 /. %3E'9JD %(1'GJE 'D71'/ H,E9) E-EH/ 9('/  E5/1 3'(B  5257. () HEF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 'FG JH,/ AJ 'D9'DE -'DJ'K G0' 'DFH9 EF 'D41C'* AJ 'C+1 EF ( 37 ) /HD) EF 'D/HD 'D5F'9J) H'DF'EJ) . /. ,E'D 5D'-  E5/1 3'(B  5115 . 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