ࡱ> q`0(bjbjqPqPAX::g1`D 4 4 4 H ,,,8,-|H ^..(D.:~.~.~.~.~. ^^^^^^^$ahc3^E4 0/~.~.0/0/3^4 4 ~.~.x^>>>0/n4 ~.4 ~. ^>0/ ^>>2mZ4 4 ]~.. |,7\.]^0^/\d|<Bd\]d4 ]p~..>. .~.~.~.3^3^=^~.~.~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tate Federal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alhon) H'DA1F3J (G-Scelle) H'D#3*'0 (Dabin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onfederation) '*6- DF' EE' 3(B %F 'D/HD) 'D'*-'/J) GJ /HD) *6E E,EH9) EF 'D/HD #H 'D/HJD'* #H 'DHD'J'* #H 'DEB'79'* H'D*J **E*9 ('3*BD'D /'.DJ E41H7 -J+ *.69 D/3*H1 '*-'/J . #E' 'D/HD) 'D*9'G/J) (Confederation State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llinois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rganization Sessions : *(/# AJ 'DJHE 'D1'(9 941 JDJ CD 'F*.'( 9'E HJCHF 'D'F*.'( D:16 .'5 DDEF8E) H'.*J'1 EH8AJG . 2. ,D3'* EF*8E) Regular Sessions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a, B, c, d, e, f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xz l Z\^®mcSD5h( CJZ^J_HaJo(hxzLNPT ~hhz0N$ & F^a$$ & F^a$ $a$gdJN$0`0a$gdJN $0`0a$DFHLjl.024*4FZj(<DԿԿԿ䵩sssssss$hh*CJZ\^JaJ#hJNhFJNjпапппп}qfqfqfqfqfqhZ^JaJo(hzhZ^JaJ#hzh0JOJQJZ^JaJ"hzhH*OJQJZ^JaJhh$hA$^h`a$gd $s]sa$gdMF$sA$^s`a$gdXZ\,taM7*hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJo('hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ%jhMFhOJQJU^JaJ hMFh0JOJQJ^JaJ.jhMFhOJQJUZ^JaJhMFhOJQJ^JaJ(jhMFhOJQJUZ^JaJ#hhCJOJQJZ^JaJ&hhCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ0jhh0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJ,.024j l           B D F H J \ ^ ۰tcP<۰۰'hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ%jhMFhOJQJU^JaJ hMFh0JOJQJ^JaJ.jhMFhOJQJUZ^JaJhMFhOJQJ^JaJ(jhMFhOJQJUZ^JaJ#hhCJOJQJZ^JaJ0jhh0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJ&hhCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ hhCJOJQJ^JaJ^ ` b d 4 6 8 : <   $  df <lnp&(*,|h%hOJQJ^JaJ hJNhOJQJ^J_HaJ'hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ hhCJOJQJ^JaJ#hhCJOJQJZ^JaJ0jhh0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJ&hhCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ0,.(*,HJPRTVX<>@BŶōzdK:K:K hhCJOJQJ^JaJ0jhh0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJ*hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJo(%jhJNhOJQJU^JaJ hJNh0JOJQJ^JaJ.jhJNhOJQJUZ^JaJhJNhOJQJ^JaJ(jhJNhOJQJUZ^JaJ#hhCJOJQJZ^JaJ&hhCJH*OJQJZ^JaJBD\^`bdZ`bdfh$jprtvxڡڡڡڡ'hhCJOJQJZ^J_HaJhJNhOJQJ^JaJ0jhh0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJ hhCJOJQJ^JaJ#hhCJOJQJZ^JaJ&hhCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ7^brxhL  6!!&""B#%%n&p&t&v&$$sA$^s`a$gdvxz|~  fhjln F J L N P R        !.!0!4!6!8!:!@> 9FH'F 2$$@&a$^JaJ L@L 9FH'F 3$$@&]a$5\^JaJ B@B 9FH'F 4$$@&a$ CJ,^JaJ8>@> 9FH'F 5$$@&a$^JaJ$P@P 9FH'F 6$$Z@&`Za$5\^J_HaJ>A@> .7 'DAB1) 'D'A*1'6JPi@P  ,/HD 9'/J :V 44 la ,k, (D' B'&E) @&@@ E1,9 -'4J) 3ADJ)H*^JJ@J F5 -'4J) 3ADJ) $A$a$^Jh4U@4 Hyperlink >*B*^JbC@"b F5 #3'3J (E3'A) ('/&) `CJ^J_HaJhD>@2D 'D9FH'F$a$CJ ^J _HaJ hPT@BP F5 E9*16^`CJ^J_HaJh8B@R8 F5 #3'3J CJ^JaJB@bB yW1#3 5A-)$ 9r F @rF yW *0JJD 5A-)$ 9r ()@( }d1BE 5A-)#&  R7 8!!#$W$%')*+.//0223 4>4u55I6678I:?W@@BBLCDEYFGLLLNRNvNOPQT=9a]7c(W `  f ( X Yc2vVY J03=X&'=[vw~^(5KX + k `GHIJX[|<G=!#\$'+f,t,,--.7.Y.g.x..c/ 00d12022334P4r44"5566667>88::::;<<<Z==V>>/??K@@ABBQCDEEE^FjIILM3MXM}MMMOO/OIObO{OO?PwP%RR4S[TeTTTUUXY[b]m]^^__$_{__0``aaaAbbbccccccdzddd e:e[e{eeef6fqffffg=ggggg/hhhWiijkSll-nYnnoMopVpppqr\ssttt~uuvNw|wwxxxyyOzzzY{{{(|l|||L}}}~O~~~@{Ȁ&')*,-/023@rs:>00 000 0 00000000000000000000000000000000000000 0 0 00000000000000000000000000000000000 0 0 0000000000000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00000000000000000 0 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 0000 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0 000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0  0  0  0 00 0 00 00 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 00@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0000@0I00@0I00@0I00@0I00@0@0I00@0@0I0 0 4@0@0I0 0 @0I00,'=[vw>K00K00"@0K00 "@0  L^$p;Wi}j,^ ,B!x&((FJLMOQSl lz@dzu4Bv&((GIKNPR(H LSW!!d . S b i3XXX4 ܎w>w>C*urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttagsmetricconverter  53.927 CE ProductIDCLNZ $ T \ i q &,8=yMV^fMVNU ^#c#>$I$V%^%f%m%%%%%&&&&U(\((())k)n)o)v))),,00 4(4V4[45566:&:{::<<<<=$='@,@AADD0D7DkDsD>EAEKKNOO O!O,O5O:O;OFOOOSOTO_OhOlOmOxOoSwSSSSSSSSSUU*U/UlUtUUUUU VV1V6VVVVV/W3WWWWWOXTXUXXXtXwXXX YYBYJYYYYYYYYYYYYYbZhZiZlZZZ~[[[[[[[[*\3\L\T\n\q\{\\]]y]]]]]]M^T^^^^^'_,_____`&````` a%a bbcc8d@dkdpddddd$e-eeeeeee6f>fDfJfffffffg:gggg^iciCkHkIkOkkk/lPlllsmmnnoo.q2q rr=rDr\rbrrrssssJtStltttuu"wEwx!xyyrzzzzz{"{;{C{ }}.}6}}}[~_~`~d~!''))**,-/023ȁ;>47w~em (.KQjs  JP ++f,l,-..#.>.F.Y._.g.m...\/b/0 0|11*2/232;233445!5x667748=8::::'?.???AANBXBDDEEEEEE*M2MQMWMtM|MOO8P>PmPvP[TdTb]l]___#_aabbbb@cKccczdde eghhhh iijjDlRlflmlll9nAn3o:okprpppNs[sHwLwwxxxy yzz||||\}b}|~~~~~8>''))**,-/023;>3333333'=(5-.::M3M}MMO{O[TeTb]m]cczddd e:e{eeerffggg''))**,-/023ށ9;>g''))**,-/023;>S+n{I)XeJ2d,P(et)<4Ĥ65fkI7~s Q9gB'.9*r=tW>LhI8/JOQmV)QeB qe*Tb$e$viN$Rp]jv2~(rIQ 41*" \]`\CJ^Jo(()"\]`\^Jo(()h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH." \]`\CJ^Jo(()"\]`\^Jo(()" \]`\CJ^Jo(()h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h   ^ `hH.h [[^[`hH.h +L+^+`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH."\]`\^Jo(()h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH. `^Jo(.0 `^J.0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ.0" hh]h`^JaJo(()"\]`\^Jo(() ^`hH. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH. `^Jo(.0 `^J.0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ. `^Jo(.. `CJ^JaJo(-0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ.0!^`. `^Jo(.0 `^J.0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h pLp^p`LhH.h @ @ ^@ `hH.h ^`hH.h L^`LhH.h ^`hH.h ^`hH.h PLP^P`LhH. `^Jo(.0 `^J.0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ. `^Jo(.0 `^J.0"Lp`L^JaJ. @ `^J.0 `^J.0"L`L^JaJ. `^J.0 `^J.0"LP`L^JaJ. qe=Rp2~Q $eS,P(65t)<4s Q9>LhIQmVn{IiQeXeI7jv.9                                             K S5zEMFyWY#l%^sOk/f iJNLa$@((,2((@$13A=@@P@j@n@Unknown Gz Times New RomanMSymbolWingdings 33& z ArialQ`@PT Simple Bold RuledA @Ali-A-SahifaM`@Traditional ArabicK @Simplified ArabicU @MCS Taybah S_U normal.; @Akhbar MTE @Monotype Koufi#ho2f&&ErX5rX5!4gg `HX?2"H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ H'D(-+ 'D9DEJMicrosoft Corporation Mohamad Jamal\               Oh+'0  $0 P \ h t$ Microsoft CorporationNormalMohamad Jamal25Microsoft Office Word@ޡ @{@"4؇@${rX՜.+,D՜.+,d  hp  Microsoft Corporation5g #  8@ _PID_HLINKSAh3!http://www.google.com/73!http://www.google.com/71q3http://www.rezgar.com/dept/show.art.asp?aid=4360897  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~Root Entry F|Data 1TableeWordDocumentAXSummaryInformation(DocumentSummaryInformation8CompObjn  F Microsoft Office Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q