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'D/HDJ /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 'DB'G1) 1998 ,J1G'1/ A'F :D'F 'DB'FHF (JF 'D'EE 'D,2! 'D+'FJ *1,E) HAJB 2G/J EF4H1'* /'1 'D'A'B 'D,/J/) (J1H* 1970. /.-3JF -FAJ 9E1 'D-CE 'DB6'&J 'D/HDJ -,J*G H6E'F'* *FAJ0G  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 'D7(9) 'D'HDI 1997. #..DJD '3E'9JD 'D-/J+J 'DH3J7 AJ 'D*F8JE 'D/HDJ  E7(9) ,'E9) 'DEH5D 1991. /.3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  'DEF'29'* 'D/HDJ) E7(9) /'1 'DB'/3J) (:/'/ 1985 /.5'D- ,H'/ C'8E /1'3) AJ 'DEF8E'* 'D/HDJ) E7(9) 'D'14'/ (:/'/1975. /.5(J- E3CHFJ E-CE) 'D9/D 'D/HDJ) H'DB'FHF 'D/'.DJ DDEF8E'* 'D/HDJ) E7(9) 4AJB (:/'/ 1968. /.9('3 'D9(H/J 41- '-C'E B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) E7(9) ,'E9) 'DEH5D 2000. /.9(/ 'DH'-/ E-E/ 'DA'1  'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) H3D7) 'D9B'( 9DJG' /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 'DB'G1) 1996. /.95'E 'D97J) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 (:/'/ 'D7(9) 'D3'/3) 2001. /.9DJ '(1'GJE *FAJ0 '-C'E 'DB6'! 'D/HDJ /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 1996-1997. /.9DJ 5'/B '(H GJA 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J) 1993. /.E-E/ (G'! 'D/JF ('4'* 'DE9'ED) ('DE+D AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) D4&HF 'DE7'(9 'D'EJ1J) 'DB'G1) 1974. /.E-E/ -'A8 :'FE 'DEF8E'* 'D/HDJ) 'DB'G1) 73  1967. /.E-E/ .DJD 'DEH3I 'DH8JA) 'DB6'&J) DDEF8E'* 'D/HDJ)  /'1 H'&D DDF41 9E'F 'D7(9) 'D'HDI 2003. /.E-E/ 5'D- 'DE3A1 EF8E) 'D'EE 'DE*-/) .DAJ'* 'DF4#) H'DE('/&  EC*() /'1 'DA*- 'D/H-) 'D7(9) 'D'HDI 1997. +'FJ'K: 'D(-H+ /.#/E HGJ( 'DF/'HJ #D'-C'E H'DE-11'* 'DB'(D) DD*FAJ0  E,D) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F *5/1G' ,E9J) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'D91'BJ) 'D9// 'D.'E3 941 'D3F) 'D9'41) 1983. /.,'3E E-E/ 2C1J'  '5HD 'DGJEF) H'E*J'2'*G' AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'DE9'51  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D-BHB *5/1 9F CDJ) 'D-BHB ,'E9) 'D(-1JF 'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ 'D9// 'D'HD  JF'J1 2005. ,'F AJDJ( D'AHJJ) 'D*/.D 'D'F3'FJ EJ+'B 'D'EE 'DE*-/) H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ (-+ EF4H1 AJ C*'( 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ H'D9D'B'* 'D/HDJ)  '9/'/ 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  E7(9) 'D/'H/J /E4B 2003. /.9(/ 'D92J2 E.JE1 9(/ 'DG'/J *9DJB 9DI 'D'E1 'D5'/1 EF E-CE) 'D9/D 'D/HDJ) AJ 'DB6J) 'DE*9DB) (*7(JB '*A'BJ) '('/) 'D,F3  E,D) 'D-BHB 'DCHJ*J) 'D9// 'D'HD 'D3F) 'D*'39) 941) '0'1 1995. /.:3'F 'D,F/J E/I A9'DJ) E-CE) 'D9/D 'D/HDJ) AJ -D 'DEF'29'* (JF 'D/HD E,D) 'D-BHB 'DCHJ*J) 'D3F) 'D*'39) 'D9// 'D+'D+ 3(*E(11985. /.E-E/ 'D39J/ 'D/B'B -BHB 'D'F3'F AJ '7'1 F8'E 'D'EE 'DE*-/)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ C*'( -BHB 'D'F3'F 'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ /1'3'* -HD 'DH+'&B 'D9'DEJ) H'D'BDJEJ)  %9/'/ /.E-EH/ 41JA (3JHFJ H'.1HF  /'1 'D9DE DDED'JJF (J1H* 'D7(9) 'D+'FJ) 1998. +'D+'K: 'D13'&D 'D,'E9J) %(1'GJE 2GJ1 'D/1',J ,1JE) 'D9/H'F HE/I 'DE3$HDJ) 'DB'FHFJ) 'D/HDJ) 9FG' 13'D) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI ,'E9) 9JF 4E3 2002. 1'(9'K: 'DH+'&B H'D'F8E) 'D/'.DJ) 1. 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'DF8'E 'D/'.DJ DE,D3 'D'EF 'D/HDJ JECF 'D'7D'9 EF .D'D 4(C) 'D'F*1F* 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J: htttp:www.un.org/arabic/sc/sc_files/intersc.htm .'E3'K: 'DB1'1'* H'D/9'HI 'DB6'&J) 1.B1'1 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) 41/31 AJ 9'E 1986 JECF 'D-5HD 9DJG EF H+'&B 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) 9DI EHB9 'D'EE 'DE*-/) 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1F*:http://www.un.org 2.B6J) nottebohm 9DI EHB9 'D'F*1F*http://www.icj-cj.org/icjuwww/idecisions/isummarios/55046.htm. 3.B6J) 'D'F47) 'D93C1J) H4(G 'D93C1J) (JF 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) HFJC'1'CH' 9'E 1986 9DI EHB9 E-CE) 'D9/D 'D/HDJ) 9DI 'D'F*1F*:http://www.icj-cj.org * 'DE5'/1 'D',F(J) : 1./.3'EJ 4(1 (-+ AJ E,D) 'D-BHB 'DCHJ*J) 'D9// 'D+'D+ 'D3F) 'D9'41) #JDHD 1986 ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) case concerning military and paramilitary activities in and against nicaragua jurisdiction of the court and admissibility of the application. 2 - constanze schulte, compliance with decisions of international court of justice.p2.http:www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/ipbr/main.htm1. 3-Attila Tanzi, problems of enforecement of decisions of the internatinal court of justice and the law of the united nations: http://www.ejil.org/journal/vol6/no41idex.htm#. . () 'F81 /.#/E HGJ( 'DF/'HJ #D'-C'E H'DE-11'* 'DB'(D) DD*FAJ0  E,D) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F *5/1G' ,E9J) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'D91'BJ) 'D9// 'D.'E3 941 'D3F) 'D9'41) 1983 5305. () 'F81 /.,E9) 5'D- -3JF E-E/ 9E1 'DB6'! 'D/HDJ /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 'DB'G1) 1998 5157 () 'F81 'DAB1)1 EF 'DE'/)38 EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DE-CE) 'D9/D 'D/HDJ) 'E' (.5H5 'DE'/) (59) A'FG' *F5 9D 'FG(D'JCHF DD-CE BH) 'D'D2'E 'D' ('DF3() DEF 5/1 (JFGE HAJ .5H5 'DF2'9 'D0J A5D AJG). () 'F81 'DAB1) 2 EF 'DE'/) 38 EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE). () 'F81  /.95'E 'D97J) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41 (:/'/ 'D7(9) 'D3'/3) 2001 5577. () 'F81  /.3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  'DEF'29'* 'D/HDJ) E7(9) /'1 'DB'/3J) (:/'/ 1985 585. () H*,/1 'D'4'1) 'DI 'F 'DABG'! B/ '.*DAH' -HD 'DE9J'1 'D0J JECF 'D'9*E'/ 9DJ) DD*EJJ2 (JF 'DF2'9'* 'DB'FHFJ) H'DF2'9'* 'D3J'3J) HB/ 'FB3EH' 'DI +D'+) '*,'G'* (.5H5 G0G 'DE3#D) DE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD 'F81 /.95'E 'D97J) E5/1 3'(B 5577. 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