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'-E/ #(H 'DHA'  'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  713  'DF'41 EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J)  1980. 3. /. '-E/ -4E* #(H 3*J*  F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D,/J/  'DC*'( 'D#HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  72  E7(9) E51  'DB'G1) 1954. 4. /. '-E/ -4E* #(H 3*J*  F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D,/J/  'DC*'( 'D#HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  72  E7(9) E51  'DB'G1) 1954. 5. %3E'9JD 'D9E1J  F81J) 'D-H'/+ 'D7'1&) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ H*7(JB'*G' 'DB6'&J)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1974. 6. /. ,D'D 9DJ 'D9/HJ  #5HD #-C'E 'D'D*2'E H'D%+('*  'DF'41 EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J)  1996. 7. /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DDA3. AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  E7(9) 'DFG6)  E51  1946. 8. /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'* (E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  #-C'E 'D'D*2'E  %+('* 'D'D*2'E)  (:/'/  1976. 9. 6J'! 4J* .7'(  'DH,J2 AJ 41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  E7(9) 'D9'FJ  (:/'/  1973. 10. /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- #-C'E B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  /1'3) EB'1F) HE922) ('D*7(JB'* 'DB6'&J)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2000. 11. /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- #-C'E B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ  72  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1997. 12./. 9(/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J HE-E/ 7G 'D(4J1  'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ H'-C'E 'D'D*2'E ,2  E7'(9 H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ  (:/'/  1980. 13. 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  41- BH'9/ 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ  ,1-,2  (D' EC'F 7(9  (:/'/  1961. 14. /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,1  F81J) 'D'D*2'E (H,G 9'E  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  E7(9) D,F) 'D*#DJA H'D*1,E) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  1966. 15. /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  71  /'1 'D,'E9'* DD7('9) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  1952. 16. /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,3  ('D#H5'A  'D-H'D)  'D'FB6'!)  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1964. 17./. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J HE-E/ 7G 'D(4J1  'DH,J2 AJ F81J) 'D'D*2'E  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  E7'(9 H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ (:/'/  1980. 18. /. 9(/ 'DEF9E A1, 'D5/)  'D%+('* AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ)  72  E7(9) E57AI 'D('(J 'D-D(J  E51  1955. 19. /. 9(/ 'DHG'( 9DJ (F 39/ 'D1HEJ  'D'3*-'D) H#+1G' 9DI 'D'D*2'E 'D9B/J  /1'3) EB'1F) AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  71  1994. 20. E/-* 'DE-EH/  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  1BE 83 D3F) 1969  ,1  41C) 'D-3'E DD7('9)  (:/'/  1994. 21. E/-* 'DE-EH/  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  ,2  'D#-C'E H71'&B 'D79F AJG'  E7(9) 'D.J1'*  (:/'/  2000. 22. /. E-3F 4AJB  F81J) 'D-1( CBH) B'G1) H#+1G' AJ 9B/ 'D(J9 'D*,'1J  /'1 'D%31'! DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  'D#1/F  1998. 23. /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  'DBH) 'DB'G1) AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'*  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2001. 24. /. F(JD %3E'9JD 9E1  3D7) 'DB'6J 'D*B/J1J) AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  71  'DF'41 EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D%3CF/1J)  E7(9) #7D3  'DB'G1)  1984. 25. /. H,/J 1':(  E('/& 'D.5HE) 'DE/FJ)  71  'DF'41 /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  E7(9) #7D3  'DB'G1)  1978. +'FJ'K. 'D(-H+ H'DEB'D'*: 1. /. 9E1 'D3JHJ  'D9B/ 'D%/'1J H'DBH) 'DB'G1)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) /1'3'* B'FHFJ) *5/1 9F ,'E9) *'1JHF3  (F:'2J  E,D/ 13  314  DJ(J'  1994. 2. /. E-E/ 4*' #(H 'D39/  EAGHE 'DBH) 'DB'G1)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) E51 'DE9'51)  *5/1G' 'D,E9J) 'DE51J) DD'B*5'/ H'D3J'3) H'D%-5'! H'D*41J9  'D9// 393 H394  374  'DB'G1)  1984. +'D+'K. 'D13'&D 'D,'E9J): 1. ',J'/ +'E1 F'JA 'D/DJEJ  9H'16 'D/9HI 'DE/FJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2001. 2. #J'/ 9(/ 'D,('1 EDHCJ  'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D#4J'! H*7(JBG' 9DI 'D#4.'5 'DE9FHJ) (H,G .'5  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF (,'E9) (:/'/  1978. 3. 3DJE'F E1B3  AJ F81J) /A9 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ)  #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI CDJ) 'D-BHB AJ ,'E9) 'DB'G1)  1936. 4. 5A'! *BJ 9(/ FH1 'D9J3'HJ  'DBH) 'DB'G1) H#+1G' AJ 9BH/ 'D*,'1) 'D/HDJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF (,'E9) 'DEH5D  2005. 5. 9DJ 6'1J .DJD  'D3(( 'D#,F(J H#+1G AJ F7'B 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF (,'E9) (:/'/  1999. 1'(9'K. 'DEH3H9'*: 1. -3F 'DACG'FJ H9(/ 'DEF9E -3JF  'DEH3H9) 'D0G(J) DDBH'9/ 'DB'FHFJ) 'D*J B11*G' E-CE) 'DFB6 AJ .E3JF 9'E'K  ,1  'DB'G1)  1982. .'E3'K. 'DBH'FJF: 1. 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J D3F) 1804 'DE9/D. 2.'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J 1BE (131) D3F) 1948. 3. 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 1BE (40) D3F) 1951 'DE9/D. 4.B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'D*,'1J) 'DE51J 1BE (13) D3F) 1968. 5. B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DE51J 1BE (25) D3F) 1968 'DE9/D. 6. B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'D91'BJ 1BE (83) D3F) 1969. 7. B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'DA1F3J 1BE (1123) D3F) 1975 'DE9/D. 8. B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ 1BE (107) D3F) 1979 'DE9/D. 3'/3'K. 'DE5'/1 ('DD:) 'DA1F3J): 1. DE- mou GuE, Les effects obiligations, T.l. Paris, 1986. 2. . LEON (U-J-Lecon de droit les odligation-T.ll-Paris, 1991). 3. MaZeaud (H.L.J)- Lecon de droit civil obligations T.2.3 eme, Paris,1966. ( #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 14/8/2007 *B(D DDF41 AJ 11/9/2007 () 'F81 F5H5 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F AJ 'DE'/) (165) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J H'DE'/) (1148) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J. () *F5 'DE'/) (1) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 1BE (83) D3F) 1969 9DI 'FG "JCHF G0' 'DB'FHF GH 'DE1,9 DC'A) BH'FJF 'DE1'A9'* H'D%,1'!'* %0' DE JCF AJG' F5 J*9'16 E9G 51'-)". () 'F81: /. '/E HGJ 'DF/H'J  'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ H'D(-+ 'D9DEJ  ,'E9) (:/'/  1988  5254. () 'F81: F5H5 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'DE'/) (130/1) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J) 'DE51J H'DE'/) (369) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'DA1F3J. () 'FB7'9 'DE1'A9) GF' D' J9/QN 'FB7'9'K ('DE9FI 'DE91HA ('DB'FHF 'DE/FJ #J 'FB7'9 'D*B'/E  H%FE' GH 5H1) EF 5H1 'DHBA 9(1 9FG' 'DE419 (*9(J1 'D'FB7'9 *EJJ2'K DG 9F 5H1 'DHBA 'D#.1I. () 'F81 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  41- BH'9/ 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ  ,1  (D' EC'F 7(9  (:/'/  1961  5399. () 'F81: #3*'0F' /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- #-C'E B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  /1'3) EB'1F) HE922) ('D*7(JB'* 'DB6'&J)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2000  5286. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (85) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) HF5 'DE'/) (130) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J) 'DE51J. () 'F81: 6J'! 4J* .7'(  'DH,J2 AJ 41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  E7(9) 'D9'FJ  (:/'/  1973  5222-223 E/-* 'DE-EH/  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 1BE (83) D3F) 1969  ,1  41C) 'D-3'E DD7('9)  (:/'/  1994  5152 HE' (9/G' /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  E5/1 3'(B  5287. () 'F81 F5 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'DE'/) (217) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J) 'DE51J H'DE'/) (540) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DA1F3J. () #F81: /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  'DBH) 'DB'G1) AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'*  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2001  533. () *F5 'DE'/) (77/+'FJ'K) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ 9DI 'FG "%0' C'F 'D*51A 'DB'FHFJ *2J/ BJE*G 9DI (5000) .E3) "D'A /JF'1 #H C'F :J1 E-// 'DBJE) AD' J,H2 %+('* G0' 'D*51A #H 'FB6'&G ('D4G'/) E' DE JH,/ '*A'B #H B'FHF JF5 9DI .D'A 0DC". () 'F81: F5H5 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'DE'/) (63/2) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DE51J 1BE 25 D3F) 1968. H'DE'/) (1348/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J. () 'F81: '-E/ F4#*  13'D) 'D%+('*  ,2  'D%B1'1  'DJEJF  'DB1'&F (E' AJ 0DC BH) 'D4J! 'DE-CHE AJG  'DE9'JF)  77  'DF'41 /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  E7(9) /'1 'D-E'EJ  1972  5702 /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- #-C'E B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ  72  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1997  5223. () 'F81: /. ,D'D 9DJ 'D9/HJ  #5HD #-C'E 'D'D*2'E H'D%+('*  'DF'41 EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D'3FC/1J)  1996  5378 /. 9(/ 'DEF9E A1, 'D5/)  'D%+('* AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ)  72  E7(9) E57AI 'D('(J 'D-D(J  E51  1955  5378. () 'F81: '3*#0F' /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- #-C'E B'FHF 'D%+('*  E5/1 3'(B  5113-114. () DB/ ,1* 9/) E-'HD'* DD*EJJ2 (JF 'DBH) 'DB'G1) H'D-'/+ 'DA,'&J. H8G1* 9/) #1'! -HD 'DEH6H9. A'D1#J 'D#HD. J1I 'F 'DBH) 'DB'G1) H-/G' *9/QN 3(('K #,F(J'K /HF 'D-/+ 'DA,'&J  HJ#.0 (G0' 'D1#J 'C3F1  HJ$/JG 'D#3*'0 ,H31'F. HJ1I ('F A9D 'D7(J9) E+D'K J9/QN BH) B'G1)  'E' 'D-'/+ 'DA,'&J AJ*EJ2 (E5/1G 'D/'.DJ ('DF3() DD4J!  E+D 'FA,'1 %7'1 'D3J'1)  'E' 'D1#J 'D+'FJ  AJ0G( %DI 'F CD'K EF 'DBH) 'DB'G1) H'D-'/+ 'DA,'&J J9/QN 3(('K #,F(J' E9AJ'K  'D' 'F DCD EFGE' E9FI E3*BD 9F 'D#.1 #J #FGE' J.*DA'F AJ 'DE9FI AJ -JF J*AB'F AJ 'D#+1 H'DF*J,). HJ#.0 (G0' 'D1#J 'D#3*'0 (H/'F HEH1H. 'E' 'D1#J 'D+'D+ AJ1I 'F 'DBH) 'DB'G1) **EJ2 9F 'D-'/+ 'DA,'&J  ('F 'D'3*-'D) AJ 'D#HDI *CHF E7DB)  AJ -JF *CHF AJ 'D+'FJ) F3(J). H9DI G0' 'D1#J 'D#3*'0 CHD'F HC'(J*'F H/J D'EH1'F/JJ2  #E' 'D1#J 'D1'(9  AJF81 %DI #GEJ) 'DH'B9). A'DHB'&9 'DEGE) *9/QN BH) B'G1) 'E' 'DHB'&9 'D#BD #GEJ)  A#FG' *9/QN -'/+'K A,'&J'K. H9DI G0' 'D1#J 'D#3*'0 E'2H H'D1',- #FG' E57D-'* E*1'/A) HG0' 'D1',- ABG'K HB6'!K HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0G 'D'1'! 'F81: 3DJE'F E1B3  AJ F81J) /A9 'DE3$HDJ)  #71H-) /C*H1'G  EB/E) %DI CDJ) 'D-BHB AJ ,'E9) 'DB'G1)  1936  5187 HE' (9/G' #J'/ 9(/ 'D,('1 EDHCJ  'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D#4J'! H*7(JBG' 9DI 'D#4.'5 'DE9FHJ) (H,G .'5  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF AJ ,'E9)  (:/'/  1978  5372 HE' (9/G'. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (165) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (1148) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J. () 'F81: 3DJE'F E1B3  E5/1 3'(B  5195. () See: Mazeaud (H.L.J) Lecon de droit Civil Obligations T.2,3eme, Paris,1966. P.382. () See: LEON V-J-Lecons de droit Les Obligation-T.ll-Paris, 1991, P.622. () See. DE-mou GuE, Les Effects Obiligations, T.l.Paris,1986, P.57. () 'F81: 3DJE'F E1B3  E5/1 3'(B  5197. () 'F81: /. 9E1 'D3JHJ  'D9B/ 'D%/'1J H'DBH) 'DB'G1)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) /1'3'* B'FHFJ)  9 14  E,D/ 13   *5/1 9F ,'E9) *'1JHF3  (F:'2J  DJ(J'  1994  525. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J HE-E/ 7G 'D(41  'DH,J2 AJ F81J) 'D'D*2'E  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  E7'(9 H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ  (:/'/  1980  5241. () #F81: /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DDA3. AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  E7(9) 'DFG6)  E51  1946  5137. () B1'1 E-CE) 'DFB6 'DA1F3J) AJ 17 JFJH 1925  'H1/G 3DJE'F E1B3  E5/1 3'(B  5196. () Cass. Ien civ, 26raai 1994. j. c. p. 94, 1, n. 11 #H1/G 5A'! *BJ 9(/ FH1 'D9J3'HJ  'DBH) 'DB'G1) H#+1G' AJ 9BH/ 'D*,'1) 'D/HDJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF AJ ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2005  513  G'E4 1BE 6. () B1'1 E-CE) 'DFB6 'DE51J) 1BE 13B AJ 1963  -3F 'DACG'FJ H9(/ 'DEF9E -3JF  'DEH3H9) 'D0G(J) DDBH'9/ 'DB'FHFJ) 'D*J B11*G' E-CE) 'DFB6 AJ .E3JF 9'E'K  ,10  'DB'G1)  1982  5194. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,1  F81J) 'D'D*2'E (H,G 9'E  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  E7(9) D,F) 'D*#DJA H'D*1,E) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  1966  5356. () H,/J1 ('D0C1 'F 'D(96 EF 'DABG J1I 'F 'DBH) 'DB'G1) FH9JF E$B*) H/'&EJ)  AGJ *CHF E$B*) %0' C'F* B'(D) DD2H'D E+D -81 'D*,H'D  H*CHF /'&EJ) %0' C'F* :J1 B'(D) DD2H'D #J (7(J9*G' E+D 'D2D'2D HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD 'F81: /. E-3F 4AJB  F81J) 'D-1( CBH) B'G1) H#+1G' AJ 9B/ 'D(J9 'D*,'1J  /'1 'D%31'! DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  'D#1/F  1998  513. () #F81: /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  5208. () #F81: /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  5209. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5354 /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  547-50. () 'F81: 5A'! *BJ 9(/ FH1 'D9J3'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  523. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'DHG'( 9DJ (F 39/ 'D1HEJ  'D'3*-'D) H#+1G' 9DI 'D'D*2'E 'D9B/J  /1'3) EB'1F) AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  71  1994  5325. () 'F81: /. F(JD %3E'9JD 9E1  3D7) 'DB'6J 'D*B/J1J) AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  71  'DF'41 EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J)  E7(9) #7D3  'DB'G1)  1984  5306. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5354-355 /. F(JD %3E'9JD 9E1  E5/1 3'(B  5306. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  ,1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  71  /'1 'D,'E9'* DD7('9) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  1952  5996 /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  550. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'DHG'( 9DJ (F 39/ 'D1HEJ  E5/1 3'(B  5338. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5997 /. F(JD %3E'9JD 9E1  E5/1 3'(B  5306 /. E-3F 4AJB  E5/1 3'(B  515 HE' (9/G'. () 'F81: 5A'! *BJ 9(/ FH1 'D9J3'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  532. () 'F81: /. E-E/ 4*' #(H 'D39/  EAGHE 'DBH) 'DB'G1)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) E51 'DE9'51)  *5/1G' 'D,E9J) 'DE51J) DD'B*5'/ H'D3J'3) H'D%-5'! H'D*41J9  'D9// 393 H394  374  'DB'G1)  1984  5175. () 'F81: /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  553  3DJE'F E1B3  E5/1 3'(B  5199 HE' (9/G' 9DJ 6'1J .DJD  'D3(( 'D#,F(J H#+1G AJ F7'B 'DE3$HDJ) 'D*B5J1J)  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) %DI E,D3 CDJ) 'DB'FHF AJ ,'E9) (:/'/  1999  541. () *F5 'DE'/) (171) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 9DI 'FG: "'DE// 'DE9JF) DE1',9) 71'&B 'D79F AJ 'DB1'1'* -*EJ) J*1*( 9DI 9/E E1'9'*G' H*,'H2G' 3BH7 'D-B AJ 'D79F H*B6J 'DE-CE) EF *DB'! FA3G' (1/ 91J6) 'D79F %0' -5D (9/ 'FB6'! 'DE/) 'DB'FHFJ)". () 'F81: F5H5 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'DE'/) (63/2) EF B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DE51J 1BE (25) D3F) 1968 H'DE'/) (1348/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J. () FBD'K 9F: /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  5137. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5997 /. F(JD %3E'9JD 9E1  E5/1 3'(B  5306. () 'F81: : /. 9(/ 'D12'B '-E/ 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5355 /. E-3F 4AJB  E5/1 3'(B  515  /. E-E/ 39J/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  554. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (147/2) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J. () 'F81: /. '-E/ -4E* #(H 3*J*  F81J) 'D'D*2'E AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D,/J/  'DC*'( 'D#HD  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  72  E7(9) E51  'DB'G1)  1954  5316. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5242 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H".1HF  'DH,J2 ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5161 /. '-E/ -4E* #(H 3*J*  E5/1 3'(B  5316-317. () 'F81: 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5717 HDFA3 'DE$DA  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5243 /. '-E/ -4E* #H 3*J*  E5/1 3'(B  5317-318 /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H".1HF  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5162-163. () 'F81: /. '-E/ -4E* #(H 3*J*  E5/1 3'(B  5318 /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H".1HF  'DH,J2  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5162. () 'F81 '3*'0F' /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'* (E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  #-C'E 'D'D*2'E  %+('* 'D'D*2'E)  (:/'/  1976  5154-155. () 'F81: /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'*  E5/1 3'(B  5159 %3E'9JD 'D9E1J  F81J) 'D-H'/+ 'D7'1&) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ H*7(JB'*G' 'DB6'&J)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1974  542. () 'F81: /. 9(/ 'D12'B 'D3FGH1J  'DH3J7  ,1  E5/1 3'(B  5722 /. -3F 9DJ 'D0FHF  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'*  E5/1 3'(B  5154. () 'F81: 5A'! *BJ 9(/ FH1 'D9J3'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  545. () 'F81: /. E-E/ 4*' #(H 'D39/  E5/1 3'(B  5178 HE' (9/G'. 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