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audement, p.m., prcis de finances publiques, T.2, paris, Editions Montchrestien, 1970. Lois Trotabase, Science et technique fiscals deuxieme edition, paris, 1960. Michel Bouvier, Introduction ou droit fiscal, et ala, Theorie de Limpot, paris, 1995. Office National Interprofessional, des cereals, Cours de droit fiscal, JuIIip, Free. France, 2001. Simon James and Christopher Nobes, The economic of taxation, 3edition camelot press, Southampton, Great Britan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audement, p.m., prcis de finances publiques, T.2, paris, Editions Montchrestien, 1970, p.229. FBD'K 9F /.9'/D #-E/ -4J4 ('B*5'/J'* 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E))  E$33) 'D+B'A) 'D,'E9J)  'D%3CF/1J)  E51  1983  5231. () Lois Trotabase, Science et technique fiscals deuxieme edition, paris, 1960, p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ichel Bouvier, Introduction ou droit fiscal, et ala, Theorie de Limpot, paris, 1995, pp86-87. (1) JF81: Simon James and Christopher Nobes, The economic of taxation, 3edition camelot press, Southampton, Great Britan, 1988, p219. (2) 'DE15A'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 525-26. (1) /.E'G1 5'D- 9D'HJ 'D,(H1J (E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D%/'1J//1'3) EB'1F))  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1996  5117. (1) 7'D( FH1 9(H/ 'D419 ('D,1JE) 'D61J(J)) #71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI ,'E9) (:/'/  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  2000  5146 'DE15A'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 512-13. (2) 'DE15A'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 513-14. (1) E-E/ 5'/B 4E3)  E5/1 3'(B  518 'DE15A'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  515. (1) 7'D( 'D419  E5/1 3'(B  5148. (2) 'D471 'D#.J1 EF 'DE'/) (99) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'DE51J 1BE 91 D3F) 2005 HDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD JF81: /.'D3J/ 97J) 9(/ 'DH'-/ (41- #-C'E B'FHF 'D61J() 9DI 'D/.D/'DB'FHF 1BE 91 D3F) 2005)  71  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2006  5455 HE' (9/G'. (1) B'FHF 'D*G1( 'D61J(J 1BE 25 D3F) 2003 H'D0J J9*(1 F'A0'K EF *'1J. 1/1/2004. (2) 'DE'/) (34) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'DD(F'FJ 'D5'/1 AJ 4 C'FHF 'D#HD 1944. JF81: /.9(/ 'D1$HA B7J4 (61J() 'D/.D AJ D(F'F)  /'1 'D.DH/  (J1H*  1995  5234. (1) 'DAB1) (3) EF 'DE'/) (26) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'D91'BJ 1BE 113 D3F) 1982 'DE9/D. (2) 'DAB1) (5) EF 'DE'/) FA3G'  H'DB'FHF FA3G. (3) 'DAB1) (1) EF 'DE'/) (28) EF 'DB'FHF FA3G. (1) 'DAB1) (#HD'K/1) EF 'DE'/) (56) EF 'DB'FHF FA3G. (2) 'DE'/) (95) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'DE51J 1BE 91 D3F) 2005. (3) 'DE'/*'F (4  6) EF B'FHF 'D'3*9D'E HEC'A-) 'D*G1( 'D61J(J 'D3H1J 1BE (25) D3F) 2003. (4) /.E-J E-E/ 39/ ('D%7'1 'DB'FHFJ DD9D'B) (JF 'DEEHD H'D%/'1) 'D61J(J)) E7(9) 'D%49'9 'DAFJ)  'D%3CF/1J)  1998  5222. (1) /.E/-* 9('3 #EJF ('D9BH('* 'DEB11) AJ B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D)  E,D) 'DE'DJ)  'D9//'F (1  2)  H2'1) 'DE'DJ)  (:/'/  1989  543. (2) JF81: #-E/ 3EJ1 #(H 4'/J (E,EH9) 'DE('/& 'D*J B11*G' 'D,E9J) 'D9EHEJ) DDB3E 'D'3*4'1J DDA*HI H'D*41J9 (E,D3 'D/HD) E9DB'K 9DJG' AJ 941 3FH'* C/2 1960  C/2 1970  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  51892. (1) /.#-E/ A*-J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  5238. (2) /.E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ (41- B'FHF 'D9BH('* / 'DB3E 'D.'5)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1992  5777. (3) JF81: -CE E-CE) 'DFB6 'DE51J) AJ 9/12/1940 E,EH9) 'DBH'9/ 'DB'FHFJ) 'D5'/1) 9F 'DEC*( 'DAFJ DE-CE) 'DFB6  ,5  1BE 162  5295. (4) /.#-E/ C'ED 3D'E) ('D-E'J) 'D,F'&J) D#31'1 'DEGF))  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) %DI ,'E9) 'DB'G1)  CDJ) 'D-BHB  1980  5256. (1) JF81: F5 'DE'/) (437) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ 1BE 111 D3F) 1969 'DE9/D 'D*J *F5 9DI #F (*9'B( ... AD' 9B'( %0' #0F (%A4'! 'D31 5'-( 'D4#F AJG #H C'F %A4'! 'D31 EB5H/'K (G 'D%.('1 9F ,F'J) #H ,F-) #H EF9 '1*C'(G'). (2) JF81: 'DE'/) (53) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'D91'BJ 'DF'A0. (3) JF81: /.#-E/ C'ED 3D'E)  E5/1 3'(B  5257. (4) %/'1) 'DA*HI H'D*41J9 DH2'1) 'DE'DJ) H'D'B*5'/  A*HI 1BE 443 AJ 10/3/1957  E,EH9) 'D3F) 'D-'/J) 941  5474 FBD'K 9F: 'DE5/1 FA3G  'D5A-) FA3G'. (5) 'DE5/1 FA3G  'D5A-) FA3G'. (1) E4'1 %DJG AJ: 'DE5/1 FA3G  5260. (2) JF81: 'DE'/) (53) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'D91'BJ 'DF'A0. (1) 'DE'/) (101) EF B'FHF 61J() 'D/.D 'DE51J 1BE 91 D3F) 2005. (2) JF81: /.E-J E-E/ 39/  E5/1 3'(B  5225. (3) 'DB'FHF 'D3H1J 1BE (25) D3F) 2003. (1) 'D*9DJE'* 'D*FAJ0J) 'D5'/1) (B1'1 EF H2J1 'DE'DJ) 1BE 6381/16 AJ 9/3/2004 D#:1'6 61J() 'D/.D 'D3H1J 1BE 24 D3F) 2003  E4'1 %DJG AJ: /9'3 #39/ 3DJE (41- B'FHF 'D61J() 9DI 'D/.D AJ 'D,EGH1J) 'D91(J) 'D3H1J) 'D5'/1 ('DB'FHF 1BE 24 D3F) 2003)  71  3H1J'  2004  5314. (2) JECF DD%/'1) 'D61J(J) 'DA1F3J) #F *51A 'DF81 9F 'D31 'DEGFJ HDG' #F *7D( 'D'7D'9 9DI #31'1 'DECDAJF HD'3JE' %0' C'F 'D#E1 J*9DB ('D31 'D7(J #H 'DE91AJ JF81: Office National Interprofessional, des cereals, Cours de droit fiscal, JuIIip, Free. France, 2001, p.4.     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