ࡱ> oqjklmnq`0bjbjqPqPEP::Q6t7  &w&w&w8^wRxI2yz((z(z(z{{{HHHHHHH$LhOHQ{{{{{Hzz(z(zh?IRRR{Pez&(zvR(zHR{HRR7"@(zy V9&w;PH$UI0I;OZO@@OA{{R{{{{{HHj{{{I{{{{?QD%Qzzzzzz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bstract Incredible violence crimes are regularly committed against women during armed conflicts. International law classifies them as either war crimes or anti humanity crimes like killing, torture, inhuman treatment, forceful displacement, and sexual rape which is the most dangerous and harful because of the deep and bad psychological effects on the victims and their societies. Examples are the cases practiced by the American soldiers against Iraqi women. The human international law provides a set of legal rules to protect women from such armies by admitting the criminal responsibility of individuals including leaders and states' presidents. It also admits the international responsibility of being such acts as prohibited. 'DEB/E) C+J1'K E' **916 'DF3'! D'.7'1 ('D:) '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) -JF JF81 'DJGF  C-'ED'* "1E2J'*" DDGHJ) 'D+B'AJ) H'D'+FJ)  HEF,('* 'D',('D 'DEB(D) AJ 'DE,*E9  AAJ E+D *DC 'D'H6'9 *CHF 'DF3'! 916) DDG,HE H'D*G/J/'*  HJ3*G/AGF 'D9/H 39J'K 'DI */EJ1 G0' 'D/H1 H*.1J(G  H*(JF 'DF2'9'* 'D*J J4G/G' 'D9'DE 'DJHE  'F 'DF3'! '5(-F GF 'DE3*G/A'* ('DB*D H'D'9*/'!'* 'C+1 EF #J HB* E6I. H'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'E' 'F *CHF F2'9'* /HDJ) 'H F2'9'* E3D-) :J1 /HDJ)  'E' 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ)  AGJ 51'9 (JF /HD*JF 'H 'C+1 JF8EG 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  HJCHF H1'! G0' 'D51'9 E-'HD) EF ,'F( '71'AG ('F J39I CD EFGE DDE-'A8) 9DI E5'D-) 'DH7FJ) EF .D'DG'  HGJ *.*DA 9F 'D'671'('* 'D/'.DJ) H'D+H1'* 'D*J *BHE (G' 'DE3*9E1'*(). HB/ '5(-* 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ) 'D3E) 'DEEJ2) DD9D'B'* 'D/HDJ) AJ 'DHB* 'D1'GF  H0DC 9DI 9C3 E' *B11G BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ. HEJ+'B 'D'EE 'DE*-/) 'D0J J-81 '3*./'E 'DBH) 'H 'D*G/J/ ('3*./'EG' AJ F7'B 'D9D'B'* 'D/HDJ). HB/ 4G/ 'D9'DE E$.1'K F2'9'* E3D-) 6'1J) 9B/* ('3E EC'A-) 'D'1G'( *'1) H('3E 'D/JEB1'7J) H-BHB 'D'F3'F *'1) '.1I  HE' 1'ABG' EF '-*D'D /HD ('CEDG' H*/EJ1G' CDJ'K  D' D0F( 'B*1A*G 3HI #FG' C'F* E-7 'F8'1 BHI 'D41 H*,'1 'D-1H(. HG0' E' -/+ AJ ,EJ9 'D-1H( 'D*J .'6G' 'D91'B H'D*J 'F*G* (HBH9G *-* 'D'-*D'D 'D'E1JCJ. 'E' 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) :J1 'D/HDJ)  AGJ 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D*J *B9 AJ 'BDJE /HD) 9F/E' JH,/ 51'9 E3D- 7HJD 'D',D (JF 'D3D7'* 'D-CHEJ) H,E'9'* E3D-) 'H AJE' (JF G0G 'D,E'9'*()  HJ7DB 9DI G0G 'DF2'9'* "('D-1( 'D'GDJ)". H**916 'DF3'! .D'D 'D9EDJ'* 'D9/'&J) 'DE3D-) 'DI 4*I 'FH'9 'D'F*G'C'* -1EG' 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  H**.0 G0G 'D'F*G'C'* 5H1'K 9/J/) C'DB*D 'D,E'9J 'DEF8E DDF3'!  AB/ 'DB* /HD 'D-DA'! DDHD'J'* 'DE*-/) AJ -1H( 'D.DJ, 9DI 'D91'B BF'(D H5H'1J. *-HJ 9DI CEJ'* C(J1) EF 'DJH1'FJHE 'DEF6( *5D 'DI E&'* 'D'D'A EF 'D'7F'F  EE' '/I 'DI *#+1 'DE/FJF  HD' 3JE' 'DF3'!  'D*J */.D 6EF G0' 'DF3J,  .5H5'K '0' E' 9DEF' 'F G0G 'D'3D-) **1C "+'1'K 5-J) 3J&) 9DI 'DE1#)  HE' J5'-( 0DC EF *#+J1'* AJ 'F,'( '7A'D E9'BJF H'3B'7'* H*4HG'* .DBJ) H9BE HE' 'DI 0DC. HGF'C 5H1'K '.1I DD9FA *1*C( 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  C'D*41J/ H'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J) H'D*90J( H'DE9'ED) 'DD''F3'FJ)  HD9D '.71 G0G 'D,1'&E  GJ 'D':*5'(  *DC 'D,1JE) 'D*J DE *9/ 9('1) 9F EE'13'* A1/J) F',E) 9F F2H'* 4.5J) DD,F/  (D '5(-* "DJ) H'3*1'*J,J) D'0D'D 'D71A 'D'.1  H',('1G 9DI 'D16H. 'H EF ',D 'D*#+J1 9DI 'D*CHJF 'D91BJ D(96 'D,E'9'*. EF G0' 'DEF7DB  C'F *F'HDF' DD(-+ AJ G0G 'D,1'&E '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) H'D'-*D'D 'D-1(J  HD' J.AI 9DI '-/ E' *916* DG 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'*  EF 'F*G'C'* AJ 'DE9*BD'* HEF ,1'&E -*I AJ /'.D EF'2DGF  H'D'E1 'D0J '/I 'DI '+'1) 'D'G*E'E 'D/HDJ H'D9'DEJ. H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ '/.1 E,EH9) EF 'DBH'9/ 'DB'FHFJ) 'D*J *HA1 'D-E'J) 'DB'FHFJ) DDE/FJJF 9EHE'K H'DF3'! (4CD .'5  AGD HAB* '*A'BJ'* ,FJA H(1H*HCHDJG' 'D'6'AJJF H,EJ9 BH'9/ 'D-1(  AJ G0' 'D4#F HE' GJ #H,G 'DB5H1 'D*J %9*1* G0G 'DEH'+JB 'D/HDJ) AJ E,'D *7(JBG'  'H AJ 'D-BHB 'D*J 'B1*G' D*DC 'DA&) 'DE3*69A) H'DE4EHD) (F8'E 'D-E'J)  HGD F,-* 'DE-'CE 'D/HDJ) 'D.'5) H'D3'(B) 9DI 'F4'! 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) H'D*J ,EJ9G' ,1QE* 'D'F*G'C'* 'D*J *B9 9DI 'DF3'! H9/*G' ,1'&E /HDJ) *B*6J 'D9BH()  GD F,-* AJ *HAJ1 '/FI /1,'* 'D-E'J) DDF3'! HEF9* *41J/GF 'H B*DGF 'H 'D'*,'1(GF  'H ':*5'(GF '+F'! 3J1 'D9EDJ'* 'D-1(J) H'D'-*D'D. HE' GH /H1 E,D3 'D'EF H'D/HD 'DC(1I 'D'96'! H9DI 1#3G' 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) H(1J7'FJ'  AJ *HAJ1 'D-E'J) 'DD'2E) DDF3'! .D'D G0G 'DA*1'*  HGD *ECF EF 'D-/ EFG'  'E C'F DG /H1 AJ *A'BE G0G 'DE4CD)  H3'GE AJG' E3'GE) A9'D). G0' E' 3J*E 'D,H'( 9DJG EF .D'D 'D(-+ AJ 'D,1'&E 'D*J *1*C( 6/ 'DF3'! HAB'K DDE('-+ 'D"*J): 'DE(-+ 'D#HD: E'GJ) ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'!. 'DE7D( 'D#HD: EAGHE 'DF3'! AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ. 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ: EAGHE 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'!. 'DE7D( 'D+'D+: 'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'!. 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ: 5H1 ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! H'1C'FG'. 'DE7D( 'D#HD: 'DB*D 'D9E/. 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ: 'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J). 'DE7D( 'D+'D+: ,1'&E 'D*90J( H'DE9'ED) 'DD''F3'FJ) 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'DE9*BD'*. 'DE7D( 'D1'(9: 'D'*,'1 ('DF3'!. 'DE7D( 'D.'E3: 'D*G,J1 'DB31J DDF3'!. 'DE(-+ 'D+'D+: 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 9F ,1'&E 'D9FA 'DE1*C() 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-). 'DE7D( 'D#HD: 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'DA1/J). 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ: 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'DA1/J) DDBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ). 'DE7D( 'D+'D+: E3$HDJ) 'D/HD 9F 'A9'D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-). 'DE(-+ 'D#HD E'GJ) ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! DD-/J+ 9F ,1'&E 'D9FA 'D*J *1*C( (-B 'DF3'! '('F 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  F,/ EF 'D61H1J *-/J/ EAGHE 'DF3'! EF H,G) F81 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ HGH E' 3J*E 71-G AJ 'DE7D( 'D#HD +E 'D*71B 'DI EAGHE 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'!  HG0' 3J*E *F'HDG AJ 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ  AJ -JF 3JCHF GF'C HBAG E9 'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) DG0G 'D,1'&E AJ 'DE7D( 'D+'D+. 'DE7D( 'D#HD EAGHE 'DF3'! AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ 9DI 'D1:E EF E4'1C) 'DF3'! 7H9'K 'H C1G'K AJ 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 3H'! CEB'*D'* 'H AJ 9EDJ'* 'D'3F'/  EB(HD) AJ (96 'D/HD  H*F8E E4'1C*GF AJ 'D9EDJ'* 'D93C1J) HAJ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) *F8JE'K /BJB'K  A'F (96 'D/HD H'D+B'A'* *1A6 '67D'9 'DE1#) (/H1 'DEB'*D AJ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-)  HEF GF' JECF 'DBHD ('F 'DF3'! J9'FJF *,1() 'D-1( (H5AGF  AJ 'DEB'E 'D#HD  #A1'/'K EF 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF. HB/ 5FA 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ AJ "EAGHEG DDF3'!"  ('F 'DF3'! 'E' 'F JCF F3'! EB'*D'* 'H F3'! :J1 EB'*D'*  #J F3'! E/FJ'*  HAJ CD*' 'D-'D*JF HA1 BH'9/ B'FHFJ) *-EJGF EF ,1'&E 'D9FA 'D*J B/ *1*C( (-BGF '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  HAJE' J#*J 916 DCD EFGE': #HD'K: 'DF3'! 'DEB'*D'* 'F 'D'4.'5 'D0JF JECF '9*('1GE EB'*DJF  AJ 'DF2'9'* 'D/HDJ) GE 'A1'/ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) #J 'D,E'9'* 'DEF8E) *-* BJ'/) E3$HD) H'D*J *.69 D'F6('7 /'.DJ J*J- *FAJ0 BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  HJ9*(1G' H',() 'D*7(JB '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)(). 'E' AJ 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) :J1 'D/HDJ)  AD' JH,/ *91JA DDEB'*DJF  HDCF 'D4.5 'D0J J4'1C (/H1 E('41 AJ 'DB*'D  D' J-B DG 9F/&0 'F J*E*9 (E' GH ECAHD DDE/FJF EF -E'J) EF 'DG,E'*(). 'E' 'DB*'D AGH 'DE4'1C) AJ 'D'9E'D 'D-1(J). HB/ *4'1C 'DF3'! E4'1C) A9DJ) AJ C+J1 EF 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) AJ 4*I 'F-'! 'D9'DE  AB/ D9(F /H1 AJ 'D-1H( 9DI 'E*/'/ 'D*'1J.  AAJ 'D-1( 'D9'DEJ) 'D+'FJ) 4'1C* 'DF3'! AJ H-/'* BH'* 'D'-*J'7 H'D'3F'/  (E' AJ 0DC 'D9ED AJ E5'F9 'D0.J1)  AJ 'D,J4 'D'DE'FJ H'D'FCDJ2J. AJ -JF 4'1CF AJ 'D'*-'/ 'D3HAJ*J (3'(B'K) E('41) AJ 'DB*'D C'A1'/ AJ ,EJ9 'D'/'1'* H'DH-/'* 'D93C1J)  HCF J4CDF 8% EF ,ED) 'A1'/ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D1H3J)  HEF0 0DC 'D-JF *9'8E /H1 'DF3'! C+J1'K H'2/'/* '9/'/ EF JD*-BF EFGF 7H9'K 'H C1G'K ('DBH'* 'DE3D-)  DJ$/JF /H1'K AJ 9EDJ'* 'D'3F'/ H'DB*'D 9DI -/ 3H'!  H*4CD 'DF3'! 14% EF ,ED) 'A1'/ 'DBH'* 'D9'ED) AJ ,J4 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  HB/ (D: 9// 'DF3'! AJ 'DBH'* 'D'E1JCJ) 'D*J 4'1C* AJ -1( 'D.DJ, AJ 9'E 1990-1991 '1(9JF #DA %E1#)(). H'DF3'! 'DEB'*D'* J*E*9F ('D-E'J) (EB*6I 'DBH'9/ 'D*J *-CE '3'DJ( 'DB*'D  H*4ED G0G 'DBH'9/  -81 EG',E) 'A1'/ 'D9/H  'D0JF '3*3DEH' 'H #(/H' FJ*GE AJ 'D'3*3D'E  '6A 'DI 0DC  'F '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D+'D+)  *D2E 'D/HD 'DE*-'1() 9DI H,H( E9'ED) '3J1'* 'D-1(  AJ ,EJ9 'D'-H'D "E9'ED) D' *BD ED'&E) 9F 'DE9'ED) 'D*J J*DB'G' 'D1,'D" H*F5 G0G 'D'*A'BJ) 9DI 9// EF 'D'-C'E 'D*J *G/A 'DI CA'D) 'DE3'H') AJ 'DE9'ED) H*D(J) 'D'-*J','* 'D.'5) ('DF3'!(). +'FJ'K: 'DF3'! 'DE/FJ'* GF'C *5H1 9'E  H'F C'F D' H,H/ DG AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  JEJD 'DI *5FJA 'DF3'!  6EF ,ED) 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF AJ A&) H'-/) GJ A&) "'DF3'! H'D'7A'D"  HGF'C EJD ".1 J*,G 'DI *5FJA 'DF3'! CE,1/ A&) "E3*69A)" HG0' GH 'D:'D( AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ. :J1 'FG D'(/ EF 'D*3DJE ('F 'DF3'! 'C+1 916) DD*GEJ4 H'DE9'F')  HEF 'DE*HB9 ,/'K 'F *H69 'DF3'! AJ EB/E) 'D6-'J' .D'D 'DF2'9 'DE3D-  DJ3 D'FGF J4CDF ,2!'K C(J1'K EF 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF  H'FE' 'J6'K D9,2GF 9F EH',G) C+J1 EF 'DEH'BA H'D*-/J'* 'DEA',&) 'DF',E) 9F 0DC 'DF2'9(). H'DF3'! 'DE/FJ'*  EF H,G) F81 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  GF 'DF3'! 'DDH'*J D' J4'1CF AJ 'DB*'D HD' JF.17F AJ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-)  HD' J3*./EF AJ #J :16 93C1J 'H 9EDJ'* 'D'3F'/ ('J 4CD EF 'D'4C'D. G$D'! J-EJGF AJ 'DEB'E 'D#HD  E,EH9) C'ED) EF BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  H'D*J *-EJ 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF  H'DEB'*DJF 'D9',2JF 9F 'DB*'D 'H 'D0JF CAH' 9F 'DB*'D ('1'/*GE A'5(-H' 6EF 'D3C'F 'DE/FJJF  A6D'K 9F 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  H'9*1'A'K EFG ('-*J','* 'DF3'! 'D.'5)  J69 BH'9/ '6'AJ) D*HAJ1 -E'J) DGF  HG0G 'DBH'9/ *H,( 'DE9'ED) 'D'F3'FJ)  H*(JF 'D-BHB 'D'3'3J) 'D*J J,( CA'D*G' D,EJ9 'D'4.'5, **6EF '4'1'* .'5) 'DI 'DF3'!  AF,/ AJ E/27 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) *F5 9DI 'FG "J,( -E'J) 'DF3'! (5A) .'5) EF #J '9*/'! 9DI 41AGF HD'3JE' EF 'D':*5'(  H'D'C1'G 9DI 'D/9'1)  'H #J 4CD ".1 D./4 'D-J'!"(). HG0' 'D-CE JD2E 'D/HD 'DE9FJ)  ('F *-EJ 'DF3'! 'DE/FJ'* EF E+D *DC 'D'9E'D 'D*J J-*ED 'F *1*C(G' BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 'H 'D71A 'D'.1 AJ 'DF2'9 CE' 'FG JD2E 'D,E'9'* 'DE9'16) 'DE3D-) H-*I BH'* -A8 'D3D'E '0' E' 4'1C* AJ 9EDJ'* B*'DJ). HGF'C BH'9/ B'FHFJ) '.1I AJ '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D-E'J) 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF (4CD 9'E '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'D/HDJ) 'DE3D-) *F7(B (/H1G' 9DI 'DF3'! 'DE/FJ'*  H*4ED G0G 'DBH'9/  -81 '3*./'E 'DB31 'D(/FJ 'H 'DE9FHJ DD-5HD 9DI E9DHE'* EF '4.'5 E4EHDJF ('D-E'J)  H-81 */'(J1 'D'B*5'5 H'D9BH('* 'D,E'9J) H,EJ9 */'(J1 'D*G/J/ 'H 'D'1G'( H-81 '.0 'D1G'&F(). '6A 'DI 0DC  AB/ #H1/ 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D#HD */'(J1 .'5) D-E'J) 'DF3'! 'DE/FJ'* AJ 8D 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ)  AB/ F5 9DI 'FG J,( 'F *CHF 'DF3'! EH69 '-*1'E .'5 H'F J*E*9F ('D-E'J) H(5A) .'5) EF 'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J). CE' 'FG 'D2E 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D',F(J)  ('97'! 'D'HDHJ) 'DB5HI DB6'J' 'DF3'! 'D-H'ED H'EG'* 5:'1 'D'7A'D  'DDH'*J J9*E/ 9DJGF '7A'DGF 'DEB(H6 9DJGF 'H 'DE-*,2'* 'H 'DE9*BD'* D'3('( **9DB ('DF2'9 'DE3D-(). 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ EAGHE 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! 'D9FA: GH 'D'J0'! 'D(/FJ 'H 'D9BDJ 'H 'D*G/J/ (G  CE' J91A ('FG ,EJ9 'D'.7'1 H'9E'D 'D9FA 'H 'D*G/J/ (G' 6/ 'A1'/ 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF 'D0J D' J4'1CHF E4'1C) A9DJ) AJ 'DB*'D 'H 'D0JF CAH' 9F 'DE4'1C) AJG(). HJB5/ ('D9FA 'D0J **916 DG 'DF3'!  GH #J 9ED EF '9E'D 'D9FA 'DB'&E 9DI FH9 'D,F3 J*1*( 9DJG 'H EF 'DE-*ED 'F J*1*( 9DJG '0I (/FJ 'H FA3J 'H ,F3J  'H E9'F') DDE1#)(). H*/.D AJ '9E'D 'D9FA 'D0J B/ **916 DG 'DF3'! EF 'D71A 'D'.1 AJ 'DF2'9  'D*1HJ9 H'D'9*B'D 'D*93AJ DGF  DCHFGF 'EG'* 'H 2H,'* 'H (F'* 'H '.H'* D1,'D *1J/ 'D3D7'* 'DE-*D) 'DB(6 9DJGE 'H *3*,H(GE  'H DCHFGF B1J('* DE9*BDJF 'H EB'*DJF  CE' 'F '67G'/ 'DF3'! DCHFGF 2H,'* D'4.'5 EB'*DJF. 0DC 'F #J 4CD EF '4C'D 'D*1HJ9 'D9FJA J,D( E9G .71'K E3*E1'K DHBH9 'D9FA 'D,F3J 6/ 'DF3'! HJ3(( ('D*'DJ DGF 6:H7'K FA3J) -'/) *.*DA 9F 'D'+'1 'D*J J9'FJG' 'D1,'D 9F/ *916GE DD*1HJ9 FA3G. H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  J-81 "EE'13) 'D9FA '2'! -J') 'D'4.'5 'H 5-*GE 'H 3D'E*GE 'D(/FJ) 'H 'D9BDJ) -'D'K HE3*B(D'K 3H'! '1*C(G' E*9E/HF E/FJHF 'H 93C1JHF  HAJ #J 2E'F HEC'F"  AB/ CAD* 'DE'/) (75) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'DE9'ED) 'D'F3'FJ) D,EJ9 'D'4.'5 'DE/FJF H(4CD .'5 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D H'D.'69JF D3J71) '-/ '71'A 'DF2'9  EF .D'D *-1JE EE'13) 'D9FA 6/ 'DE/FJF G0' EF ,G)  EF ,G) '.1I F1I 'F F5 'DE'/) ,'! EH6-'K D5H1 'D9FA 'D0J B/ J*916 DG 'DE/FJF AJ 8D 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) (6EFGE 'DF3'!. H'D*J ,'! AJG' -81 EE'13) 'D9FA '2'! -J') 'D'4.'5 'H 5-*GE 'H 3D'E*GE 'D(/FJ) 'H 'D9BDJ) H(H,G .'5: ('DB*D H'D*90J( (4*I 5H1G (/FJ'K C'F 'E 9BDJ'K  H'D9BH('* 'D(/FJ) H'D*4HJG  H'F*G'C 'DC1'E) 'D4.5J) H(H,G .'5 'DE9'ED) 'DEGJF) DD'F3'F H'DE-7) EF B/1G H'D'C1'G 9DI 'D/9'1) H'J 5H1) EF 5H1 ./4 'D-J'!. H'.0 'D1G'&F  H'D9BH('* 'D,E'9J)  H'D*G/J/ ('1*C'( #J EF 'D'A9'D 'DE0CH1) "FA'K)(). HAJ FA3 'DE9FI *-// 'DE'/) (3) 'DE4*1C) (JF '*A'BJ'* ,FJA  5H1 'D9FA 'D*J B/ *1*C( 6/ 'DE/FJF '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) :J1 'D/HDJ). 'DE7D( 'D+'D+ 'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! JECF 'F *#.0 ,1'&E 'D9FA 'D*J *1*C( 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 5H1'K 9/J/) -//G' 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J  ('9*('1G' ,1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)  H,1'&E -1( '0' *H'A1* 41H7G' H'1C'FG' 'DE'/J) H'DE9FHJ). J91A 'DABG "'D,1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)" ('FG' 'D,1'&E 'D*J *5/E 6EJ1 'D'F3'FJ) ,EJ9'K (A6D 7(J9*G' 'DEF*41) H'DEF8E) 'DI -/ 'F *9*(1 'D'F3'FJ) ,EJ9G' 6-J) G0G 'D,1JE). HDB/ (/#* 'DE-'HD'* 'D,/J) D*F8JE G0G 'D,1JE) AJ '7'1 /HDJ  AJ 'D*39JF'* EF 'DB1F 'D941JF (9/E' '5(-* 9('1) "'D,1JE) 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)" 5H1) (49) DD'A9'D 'DH-4J) 'D*J '1*C(* 6/ '4.'5 E/FJJF  CE' -/+ AJ E93C1'* 'DEH* H'D':*5'( H-ED'* 'D*7GJ1 'D91BJ 'D*J FA0* AJ 'D(H3F) H'DG13C  H'+F'! E,21) 'D*H*3J AJ 1H'F/' 'D*J 1'- 6-J*G' E&'* 'D'D'A EF 'D(41 F5AGE EF 'DF3'!  H(/#* 'D/HD *491 (.7H1) G0G 'D,1JE) H61H1) 'DE9'B() 9DJG'  A*E 'DF5 9DJG' AJ 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) DJH:3D'AJ' AJ E/5  CE' *E 'DF5 9DJG' AJ 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) D1H'F/' AJ E/3(). HJB5/ (EAGHE ",1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)" EF H,G) F81 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  'D,1'&E 'D*J *6E 9DI H,G 'D.5H5 'D'9E'D 'D*J ,'! 0C1G' AJ F5 ('DE'/) 7) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  "H'DE1*C() AJ '7'1 G,HE 4'ED 'H ,2&J 6/ 3C'F E/FJJF"() HG0G 'D,1'&E  'DB*D H'D'('/) H'D'3*9('/  'D*G,J1 'DB31J  'D3,F 'H 'D-1E'F EF 'D-1J) 'D,3/J) E.'DA'K DBH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ. 'D*90J(  'D':*5'( H'D'3*9('/ 'D,F3J H'D'1:'E 9DI 'D-ED H'J 4CD ".1 EF 'D9FA 'D,F3J. 'D'68G'/ 'D,E'9J D'3('( 91BJ) 'H *+FJ) 'H /JFJ) :J1 EB(HD) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ(). 'E' ",1'&E 'D-1("  AGJ 'DE.'DA'* 'D*J J9'B( 9DJG' 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  H'D*J *E 'B*1'AG' .D'D A*1) 'D9/'! 6/ 'A1'/ E9FJJF 'H 6/ 'DE,*E9 'D/HDJ CCD(). HAJ *91JA ".1 H5A* ,1'&E 'D-1( 9DI 'FG' 'D'A9'D 'D*J *B9 '+F'! 'D-1( ('DE.'DA) DEJ+'B 'D-1( CE' -//*G BH'FJF 'D-1( H9'/*G' H'DE9'G/'* 'D/HDJ)(). HGJ CD A9D 9E/J J1*C(G '-/ 'A1'/ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) D71A E-'1( 'H '-/ 'DE/FJJF 'F*G'C'K DB'9/) EF BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ 'DH',() 'D'-*1'E(). CE' JF81 'DJG' 9DI 'FG' *DC 'D,1'&E 'D*J *F7HJ 9DI E.'DA'* ,3JE) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ H'DH'1/ 0C1G' AJ '*A'BJ'* ,FJA D9'E 1949  'H (1H*HCHDJG' 'D'6'AJJF D9'E 1977  'DE1*C() .D'D F2'9'* E3D-) /HDJ) 'H :J1 /HDJ). HJ9*(1 9// EF G0G 'DE.'DA'* ('D*.5J5 ,1'&E -1( (EB*6I 'DB'FHF. HEF G0G 'DE.'DA'* AJE' J9*(1 ,1'&E 9FA 6/ 'DF3'! E' ,'! AJ F5 'DE'/) (8) A2 EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) HGJ E-//) ('D'A9'D 'D'*J): "'D':*5'( H'D'3*(9'/ 'D,F3J H'D'1:'E 9DI EE'13) 'D(:'!  H'D-ED 'DB31J  H'J '9*/'! ,F3J ".1"(). CE' 'F 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) #4'1 E('41) 'DI 'A9'D '.1I *9/ EF B(D 'DE.'DA'* 'D,3JE) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  HGJ 'DG,HE /HF *EJJ2 'D0J J5J( 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF  H'3*./'E 'D'3D-) 'DE-8H1) (EB*6I (96 'DE9'G/'*  HEF9 H5HD 'DE3'9/'* 'D'F3'FJ) H'D*J *$/J 'DI 'F*4'1 'D'E1'6 H'DHA') HE' 'DI 0DC  HG0' JF7(B 9DI 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ). H*B9 ,1'&E 'D-1( 'H 'D,1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)  -'D H,H/ -1( 'H F2'9 E3D-. H-*I *B9 E+D G0G 'D,1'&E *-* 7'&D) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  AD' (/ DD,1JE) 'D*J HB9* 'F *CHF E1*(7) (-'D) 'DF2'9 'DB'&E  CE' D'(/ 'F *B9 G0G 'D,1'&E 6/ '4.'5 J*E*9HF (-E'J) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ(). HAJ -'D) EE'13) #J 5H1) EF 5H1 ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! 'DE-//) "FA'K H'DH'1/) AJ 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J H'DEB11) 6EF 'D'F*G'C'* 'D,3JE) AJ '*A'BJ'* ,FJA  A'F 6-'J' G0G 'D,1'&E EF 'DF3'!  3H'! '1*C(* G0G 'D,1'&E (-BGF  '+F'! 'D9EDJ'* 'D93C1J)  'H EEF J*E '-*,'2GF AJ 'DE9*BD'* H*1*C( BH'* 'D'-*D'D 6/GF G0G 'D,1'&E  GF EF 'D3C'F 'DE/FJJF 'DD'*J J*E*9F ('D-E'J)  A'FG' *H5A (,1'&E -1(. HDCJ *H5A (,1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ) D'(/ DDB'&E (G0G 'D'A9'D 'D',1'EJ) 'F JCHF 9DI 9DE (#F G0G 'D,1'&E *1*C( 6EF '7'1 G,HE 4'ED HEFG,J HEH,G 6/ 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF 9EHE'K (E' AJGE 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D(). 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ 5H1 ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'! H'1C'FG' D,1'&E 'D9FA 'D*J *1*C( 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 5H1'K 9/J/). HB/ *CHF AJ '(49 5H1) JECF 'F J*.JDG' 'F3'F AGJ 'E' 'F *CHF 9F 71JB '*.'0 3DHC 'J,'(J C'DBJ'E ('DB*D H'D'('/) H'D*G,J1 'DB31J H'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J) 'H 9F 71JB '*.'0 3DHC 3D(J ('DEF9 EF 0DC  EF9 H5HD 'DE3'9/'* 'D'F3'FJ) DDE-'51JF 'H EF9 'D79'E 9F 'DE-*,2'* HE' 'DI 0DC. HB/ '1*#JF' 'F F-// E,EH9) EF 'D,1'&E 'D*J J.'D #FG' '1*C(* 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! F2'9'* E3D-)  E3*F/JF 'DI HB'&9 -/+* AJ /HD *916* DF2'9 E3D- 'H D'-*D'D 93C1J() HE3*#F3JF (E.*DA 'D5CHC 'D/HDJ) 'D'F3'FJ) EFG' H'D'*A'BJ) D*,1JE 'DH'B9) H*-/J/ E3$HDJ) E1*C(JG'  HG0G 'D,1'&E GJ: 'DB*D H'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J) H'D'*,'1 ('DF3'! H'D*G,J1 'DB31J H'D'9*B'D'* H3J*E *F'HDG' HAB'K DDE7'D( 'D"*J): 'DE7D( 'D#HD 'DB*D 'D9E/ ,1'&E 'DB*D: GJ 'D,1'&E 'D*J *B9 9DI 'D'F3'F H*$/J 'DI '2G'B 1H-G ('J) H3JD) C'F* HJ*E 'E' (A9D 'J,'(J 9F 71JB BJ'E 'D,'FJ (-1C) (#-/ '96'! ,3EG C'D61( 'H 'D,1- 'H ('J H3JD) *$/J 'DI EH*G H'E' 'F J*E (A9D 3D(J 9F 71JB 'D*1C 'H 'D'E*F'9(). HEF 'GE ,1'&E 'D-1( 'DH'6-) 'DE9'DE 3H'! AJ 'D*41J9'* 'DE-DJ)  'H 'D/HDJ) GJ 'DB*D 'D9E/  G0G 'D,1JE) 'D*J *1*C( AJ 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ) H:J1 'D/HDJ)  *9/ 'F*G'C'K 4/J/'K D-B 'D'4.'5 'DE*E*9JF ('D-E'J)  H*1*C( G0G 'D,1'&E 'E' ('DA9D 'H ('DEF9. H3H'! CF 6-'J' DD3D'- 'H 'D-1H( A'DF3'! **-ED '3H# F*'&, 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ) H:J1 'D/HDJ)  AGF J*916F CA&) EF 'D3C'F 'DE/FJF 'DI 'DB*D ,1'! 'DG,E'* 'DEH,G) *-/J/'K 6/ 'D'4.'5 'DE/FJF  H'DG,E'* 0'* 'D7'(9 'D94H'&J  #J 'D*J H'F DE *CF EH,G) 9F 9E/ 'DI '4.'5 E/FJF A'F EF 4#FG' 'F *5J( 'G/'A'K 93C1J) H'4.'5'K E/FJF /HF *EJJ2  CE' 'F 'DG,E'* 'D'F*B'EJ) H'D-5'1 'H 'D*,HJ9  H'.0 'DF3'! C1G'&F H/1H9 (41J) DD'-*E'! (GF  CDG' '3'DJ( B*'DJ) 3'GE* H*3'GE AJ '2J'/ *916 'DF3'! DDB*D '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  HGJ '3'DJ( JD,# %DJG' 'D71A 'D'.1 AJ 'DF2'9 D'69'A 'D9/H H'D6:7 9DJG DD'3*3D'E. HB/ JCHF B*D 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D H'DE/FJF (4CD 9'E  9F 71JB 'DEF9  EF 0DC EF9 H5HD 'DE3'9/'* H'D'E/'/'* 'D7(J) DDEF'7B 'DE-'51) H'D*J **916 'DI G,HE HB5A E3*E1 AJ 'DHB* FA3G  HJCHF '4/ B3H) -JF JE'13 G0' 'DA9D 6/ 'DE/F 'H 'DB1I 'D*J *-'51 (:J) ',('1 E3D-G' 9DI 'D16H.  H*9/ G0G 'D'A9'D ,1'&E -1( '0' E' E'* E/FJ E4EHD ('D-E'J) H'F 'DB'&E 9DI 9EDJ) 'DEF9 B/ B'E ('DB*D 'D9E/  '0 **H'A1 AJ G0G 'D-'D) 41H7 'D,1JE) 'D9E/J)()  HG0' E' -/+ AJ -1( 'DADH,) 'D#HDI 9'E 2004  H'DF,A H'D'3-'BJ H'D5JFJ) H'-J'! AJ E/JF) (:/'/  H*D9A1 H:J1G' EF E/F 'D91'B. EF B(D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ). DB/ 4G/ 'D9'DE AJ 'DB1F 'DE'6J H'D-'DJ. E,'21 (49) '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ) H:J1 'D/HDJ). 1'- 6-J*G' 941'* 'D'D'A EF 'DE/FJF (6EFGE 'DF3'!  EFG' E' '1*C(G 51( 'D(H3F) 6/ 'DE3DE'*  AB/ C'F J6E E93C1 'HE'13C' (Omarska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nprtvxzмxk^SI:+:h%|CJZ^J_HaJo(h"CJZ^J_HaJo(hCJ^JaJh3CJ^JaJo(h"CJZ^JaJo(h{CJZ^JaJo(h$CJZ^JaJo(h3hKCJ^JaJ)hsQhKCJ&H*OJQJZ^JaJ&h)hsQhKCJ*H*OJQJZ^JaJ*h&h`uGCJ*H*OJQJZ^JaJ*ho(h`uGCJZ^J_HaJo("hh{CJ Z^J_HaJ o(h"CJZ^J_HaJo(z ` b v  l`TT $a$gd_ $a$gd`uGbkd$$IfTl   V0  4 la$D $If^D a$gd1#$D $If^D a$gd" $a$gd!X p    * ^ ` b r t v yiYF:+h%|CJZ^J_HaJo(h%|5Z\_Ho($h`uGh& 5CJ(Z\_HaJ(o(hlh[7_CJ$Z_HaJ$o(h[7_h[7_CJ Z^JaJ o(hK4hCJZ^JaJ)hK4hCJOJQJZ^JaJho(hmCJZ^JaJo(hCJ^J_HaJh{CJ^J_HaJ"h=h=CJZ^J_HaJo(h$CJZ^J_HaJo(h"CJZ^J_HaJo(h,t2CJZ^J_HaJo(   TVfNP,,222V55D8ᆵ{h{h{Y{I9{9{h9hUCJZ^JaJo(hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJh82mCJZ^J_HaJo($jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(h9hUCJ Z^JaJ o("h_h_CJZ^J_HaJo(h_h_CJ^J_HaJ"h_h_5CJ\^J_HaJh_Z_Ho( h_Z_Hh%|CJZ^J_HaJo(h_h_CJZ^J_HaJ VfL #%|*.,,,,,,D---p.$dha$gd82m $dgd9 $A$a$gd}|$A$gd}|$A$gd_p.. /R//(0t0<11222222V5p558::<=&DGGI $a$gdU$dha$gd82mD8F8h8j8::<<==D DGGGGKKQQLVNVYYYYYv[x[\\gHhJhhooqqssuu8v:vZw\wh{j{$&ݵݵݵݵݵݵݵݵݦݵݵݵ݉ݵݵݵݵݵݵݵݵݵh82mCJZ^JaJo(h9hUCJZ^JaJo(hIu]hUCJ^J_HaJ$jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ(h9hU5CJZ\^J_HaJo("hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJ6IKHMQSTVYYYY~[\t`DgHhJhfhhDjkosbwy$dha$gd82m $a$gdU $a$gdU$dha$gd82myp{"~.̊*›Р6ܣt $a$gdU $a$gdU$dha$gd82m̈ΈʊjlTbVXȠʠԣ֣DFlnHJ~̶xz ޼ތ|ohUCJZ^JaJo(hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJhIu]hUCJ^J_HaJ"hIu]h82mCJZ^J_HaJo(h82mCJZ^J_HaJo(hUCJZ^J_HaJo($jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(h9hUCJZ^JaJo(+tPԱ~ζj :|40 $a$gdU $a$gdU,."TV02      "$fh242!4!((P*R*++//ξhIu]hIu]CJZ^J_HaJh82mCJZ^J_HaJo(h9hUCJZ^JaJo(h82mCJZ^JaJo($jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(>0\"l\8  *n $a$gdU $a$gdUnl::!*&(+t//x222t46T9;p>A\@\]]__\a^a(e*ehhllppqsssntptwwwʷʷʷʷʷʷʷʷʧʗʷʷʅʷʷʷʷʷʅʷʷʷʃʷU"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(h9hUCJZ^JaJo(hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJ$jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hIu]hIu]CJZ^J_HaJ%jhIu]hIu]CJU^J_HaJ3STWXXY Y$YjY|Z^dab0elfhlpw0ƨd $a$gder, $a$gdU $a$gd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omoyuki Yamashita) 'DB'&/ 'D'9DI DDBH'* 'DJ'('FJ) AJ 'DAD(JF DDA*1) EF 1942  1944  *9/ 'HD E-'CE) H'/'F) J4G/G' 'D*'1J. 'D-/J+ DB'&/ (G0G 'D1*()  9DI '3'3 E3$HDJ*G 9E' "'1*C(G ,FH/G 'D.'69JF DBJ'/*G EF ,1'&E B*D H*90J( H':*5'( 6/ 'DE/FJJF H'DF3'! (4CD .'5  HB/ '3*F/* '/'F*G 9DI '3'3 A4DG AJ 'D3J71) 9DI ,FH/G H9/E EF9GE EF '1*C'( G0G 'D'9E'D" HB/ -CE* 9DJG 'DE-CE) ('D'9/'E. CE' '/JF 'D,F1'D (Zeljko Meakic) B'&/ E93C1 'HE'13C' (Omarska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merican Service Members Protection Act" HHB9 9DJG (H4 AJ 2/8/2002  'D0J J-81 9DI 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D*9'HF E9 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J)  H'DE4'1C) AJ #J BH'* D-A8 'D3D'E *'(9 DD'EE 'DE*-/)  H'FG' 3*D,# 'DI '3*./'E -B 'DFB6 AJ E,D3 'D'EF AJ G0' 'DEH6H9  7(B'K DF5 'DE'/) (13) EF 'DF8'E  HJ-81 G0' 'DB'FHF *B/JE #J E3'9/) 93C1J) 'DI 'D/HD 'D*J *5'/B 9DI 'DF8'E H*5(- 71A'K AJG  CE' 'F G0' 'DB'FHF J.HD 'D1&J3 'D'E1JCJ '3*./'E CD 'DH3'&D 'DEECF) D*-1J1 #J 4.5 'E1JCJ (E/FJ 'H 93C1J)  'H :J1 'E1JCJ -'ED ,F3J) /HD) -DJA) DDHD'J'* 'DE*-/) E9*BD EF B(D 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)(). CE' 'F 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 9E/* 'DI 'D*-'JD 9DI (FH/ 'DF8'E 9(1 '3*./'E F5 'DE'/) (98) EFG  DD*HBJ9 9DI '*A'BJ'* *9AJ (EH,(G' 19'J'G' EF 'DE+HD 'E'E 'DE-CE)()  H*7D( EFG' 'DEH'AB) 'DE3(B) 9DI #J 9EDJ) *B/JE D'-/ 19'J'G' E*GE (,1JE) */.D AJ '.*5'5 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)(). HDJ3 G0' AB7  H'FE' D,#* 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'DI 'D*G/J/ (B79 'DE.55'* 'DE'DJ) 'D/'9E) D'B*5'/ 'D/HD 'D*J 5'/B* 9DI F8'E 'DE-CE) HDE *HB9 E9G' '*A'BJ'* +F'&J) (E' AJG' /HD -DA 4E'D 'D'7D3J H'D/HD 'D-DJA) .'1, G0' 'D-DA(). H9DI 0DC  ADJ3 ('D'EC'F E3'!D) 'D,FH/ 'D'E1JC'F 9F ,1'&E 'D':*5'( EF B(D -CHE'* 'D/HD 'D*J J*H',/HF 9DI '1'6JG'  (3(( 'DB'FHF 'D0J H69G 'D'E1JC'F  HDJ3 G0' AB7  H'FE' DJ3 ('D'EC'F E-'3() 'DE*H17JF AJ CD G0G 'D,1'&E 'DE1*C() 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'D91'B EF B(D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ)  D' EF ,'F( 'D'EE 'DE*-/) (3(( 'D9,2 'D0J J9'FJ EFG E,D3 'D'EF AJ 'DD,H! 'DI '3*./'E 'DAJ*H  HD' EF ,'F( 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) E('41) (3(( 9/E /.HD 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) AJ '*A'BJ) 1HE'(). H'D0J 2'/ EF *A'BE G0G 'DE#3') AJ 'D91'B  GH 'DB'FHF 1BE (17) D3F) 2003 'D0J H69G (1JE1  H'D0J F5 9DI "'F 9F'51 'DBH) 'DE*9//) 'D,F3J) H'D(9+'* 'D/(DHE'3J) HCD 'DEH8AJF :J1 'D91'BJJF E/FJJF 'H 93C1JJF J*E*9HF ('D-5'F) *,'G #J ',1'! B'FHFJ 91'BJ" AB/ 3'GE G0' 'DB'FHF AJ -E'J) 'D,FH/ 'D'E1JC'F  EF 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(HG' 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'D91'B  HGH FAJ 'DB'FHF 'D0J **(9G 'E1JC' AJ 'A:'F3*'F H'DJ'('F H:J1G' EF 'D/HD  HEF 'DEAJ/ 'F F0C1 'F 'DJ'('F (9/ *916 A*') J'('FJ) 9E1G' (14 3F)) 'DI 'D':*5'( AJ E/JF) 'HCJ'FH AJ EB'79) 4'F*HF  EF B(D BH'* 'DE'1JF2  H(EH,( '*A'BJ) (JF 'DJ'('F H'DBH'* 'D'E1JCJ) J-B DG0G 'DBH'* 'D'.J1) 'D*-A8 9DI *3DJE ,FH/G' 'DE,1EJF 'DI 'D3D7'* 'DJ'('FJ)  :J1 'F 'DJ'('F *9F** AJ EHBAG' (9/ ':*5'( +D'+ EF 'DE'1JF2 *DEJ0) (12 3F)) 9'E (1996)  EE' '3A1 9DI '*A'B JB6J (*3DJE 'D,J4 'D'E1JCJ 'D9F'51 'D*J *H17* (,1'&E C(1I 'DI 'D3D7'* 'DJ'('FJ) DD*-BJB(). HDCF G0' D' J9FJ 'D3CH* 9F CD G0G 'D,1'&E  A'0' DE *5'/B 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 9DI F8'E 1HE'. DJF9B/ '.*5'5 'DE-CE)  H39* 'DI '5/'1 B'FHF (1JE1 DEF- 'D-5'F) DD,FH/ 'D'E1JC'F H'D'4.'5 'DE/FJJF EF :J1 'D91'BJJF AJ 'D91'B EF 'DED'-B) 'DB6'&J) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J J1*C(HFG'  H'0' C'F 'D91'B /HD) :J1 EF*8E)  HD' *H,/ -CHE) E3*B1) AJG  HD' JECFG' 'D'/9'! 9F CD G0G 'D,1'&E  CE' GH -'D 'D-CHE) 'DJ'('FJ)  H'F 'D91'B DJ3 71A AJ F8'E 1HE'. *(BI 'DE3'!D) 9F G0G 'D,1'&E H'D*J -5D* (9/ FA'0 F8'E 'DE-CE)  HD'3JE' (9/ A6'&- 'D*90J( H'3'!) E9'ED) 'DF3'! H,1'&E 'D':*5'(  EECF) 9(1 /HD '.1I 4'1C* AJ :2H 'D91'B  H'-*D'DG H/HD) 71A AJ 'DF8'E HB'E ,FH/G' ('9E'D E4'(G) C(1J7'FJ'(). H9DI ,EJ9 B'/) 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ) 'DE*H',/) AJ 'D91B  H1&J3G' 'F J+(*H' E' '0' C'FH' B/ B'EH' ((0D #J ,G/ J*F'3( E9 EHB9GE 'DBJ'/J  HH8JA*GE 'E D'  H'FGE '0' DE JCHFH' 9DI 9DE (CD G0G 'D,1'&E 'DE1J9) H'39) 'D'F*4'1 H'DE*C11)  A0DC D'FGE B11H' 'F D' J9DEH'  HDG0' J,( 'F JB/EQH' 'DI 'DE,*E9 'D/HDJ  CE,1EJ -1(  HE1*C(J ,1'&E 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)  HD'(/ EF *4CJD E-'CE ,F'&J) .'5) ('D,1'&E 'D*J *916* DG' 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'*  9DI :1'1 'DE-'CE 'D.'5) 'D*J .69 DG' EJDH3HAJ*4  HJ'E'*'4'  'DE'1 0C1GE'. 'DE7D( 'D+'D+ E3$HDJ) 'D/HD 9F #A9'D BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 'F B'9/) E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F 'A9'D BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  B'9/) +(** (JF 'D-1(JF 'D9'DEJ*JF  A(9/ '3*B1'1 B'9/) 9/E E41H9J) 'D-1(  H9/E ,H'2 'DD,H! 'DJG' H3JD) D-D 'DEF'29'* 'D/HDJ)  (12* B'9/) E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F "+'1 'D-1( 'D6'1). HGF'C 'DC+J1 EF 'D'1'! '9*(1* 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) DDA1/ D' *.D ('DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 'D*J **-EDG' 'D/HD)  A'DA9D 'D0J JCHF 'DA1/ E3$HD'K 9FG (5A*G 'D4.5J)  J,H2 '3F'/G 'DI 'D/HD) 'J6'K  '0' C'F 'DA1/ B/ *51A CHCJD 9F 'D/HD) 'H 9ED D-3'(G' 'H ('3EG'  H9DJG A'F 'D/HD) #J6'K  D' 'DA1/ H-/G  J,H2 '9*('1G' E3$HD) ,F'&J'K 9E' 'B*1A) ,FH/G' 'H 19'J'G' EF 'F*G'C'* DBH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ '+F'! 'DF2'9 'DE3D-(). HDB/ *#C/ E(/# E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J J1*C(G' 'A1'/ BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 6/ 'DE4EHDJF (F8'E 'D-E'J)  (6EFGE 'DF3'!. AJ 'D9/J/ EF 'D'*A'BJ'* 'D/HDJ). CE' 'F 'D'-C'E 'DH'1/) AJ '*A'BJ) D'G'J H'*A'BJ'* ,FJA H'D*J *4CD 'DBH'9/ 'D'3'3J) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  F5* 9DI G0' 'DE(/# 51'-)  DCJ D' *A17 'D/HD) AJ 9EDJ'* 'D'F*B'E EF 'D71A 'DE9'/J EF .D'D ',G2*G' 'D93C1J). AB/ ,'! AJ F5 'DE'/) (3) EF '*A'BJ) D'G'J 'D.'5) (BH'FJF 'D-1( 'D(1J) D3F) 1907 9DI 'F 'D/HD) 'DE*-'1() *D*2E ('D*9HJ6  H*CHF E3$HD) "9F ,EJ9 'D'9E'D 'DEB*1A) EF B(D 'D'4.'5 'D*'(9JF DBH'*G' 'DE3D-)"(). CE' '6'A* '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) 9DI 'FG D' J,H2 D'J /HD) 'F "**-DD EF E3$HDJ*G' 'D*J *B9 9DJG' AJ 'DE.'DA'* 'D,3JE)" 'D*J J1*C(G' 'A1'/ EF BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  C'DB*D 'D9E/ H'D*90J( H'DE9'ED) 'DD' 'F3'FJ) H*9E/ '-/'+ 'D'E 4/J/) 'H 'D'61'1 ('D3D'E) 'D(/FJ) 'H 'D5-)()  HGJ 'A9'D *1*C( 6/ 'DE/FJF H'DF3'! (4CD .'5  H*$/J 'DI '+'1) 'DE3$HDJ) 9DI 'D/HD) 'DE9FJ)  E9 'D'.0 (F81 'D'9*('1 'F 'DF5 'C*AI (H5A 'D'.7'1 'H 'D'F*G'C'* 'D*J *1*C( EF 'D/HD) 'D71A AJ 'DE9'G/)  (E,1/ 'DE.'DA'* 'D.7J1) 9DI -JF 'FG' AJ E,EDG' *E+D ,1'&E ('DEAGHE 'D9'E(). HE' ,'! AJ F5 'DE'/) (91) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'HD D3F) 1977  'D' *#CJ/'K H(4CD B'79 9DI E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F 'DE.'DA'* 'D*J *B*1AG' 'A1'/ BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 6/ 'DF3'!  ('DF5 "J3#D 71A 'DF2'9 'D0J JF*GC '-C'E 'D'*A'BJ'* 9F /A9 *9HJ6 HJCHF E3$HD'K 9F C'A) 'D'9E'D 'D*J JB*1AG' 'D'4.'5 'D0JF J4CDHF ,2!'K EF BH'*G 'DE3D-)"(). '3*F'/'K 'DI 0DC  A'F 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ '.0 ('DE3$HDJ) 'DE7DB) DD/HD) AGJ E3$HD) 9F ,EJ9 'D'A9'D 'D*J JE'13G' #J ,F/J AJ 'D'16 'DE-*D)(). H*(1J1 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE7DB) DD/HD) 9F 'A9'D BH'*G' 'DE3D-) J3*F/ 'DI 'D5A) 'D*E+JDJ) DDBH'* 'DE3D-) AGJ A&) .'5) *E+D /HD*G'  H**51A D5'D-G' HD-3'(G'  A6D'K 9F 'D3J71) 'DA9DJ) DD/HD) 9DI BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  HGJ 'D*J *EDC '5/'1 'D'H'E1  HEF +E AGJ B'/1) 9DI EF9 ',G2*G' EF 'F*G'C 'D'D*2'E'* 'D/HDJ)  AGE (5A*GE 'D4.5J) DE JCF ('EC'FGE B7 'D'-*C'C (19'J' 'D9/H 'H 'D9ED 9DI '16G  /HF 'J9'2 EFG'  'D'E1 'D0J J,9DG' E-D'K DDE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ)(). EF ,G) '.1I  A'F BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ AJ -'D) BJ'E BH'*G' ('1*C'( ,1'&E 9FA 6/ 'DF3'!  GJ BH'9/ 'E1G *G/A 'DI -E'J) 'DE/FJJF '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  D0DC A'F 'D/HD) **-ED (EB*6I G0G 'DBH'9/ 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE7DB) 9F #J 3DHC :J1 E41H9 5'/1 9F 'A1'/ BH'*G' 'DE3D-) -*I '0' '1*C(H' G0' 'D3DHC (5A*GE 'D4.5J)(). HJ4*17 D'+'1) EH6H9 E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 'D71A AJ 'DF2'9  9F 'D'A1'/ 'D0JF J1*C(HF ,1'&E 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9 'DE3D-. H,H/ 1'(7) 8'G1) (JF 'D/HD) HG$D'! 'D'A1'/  HG0' J9FJ 'F JCHF 'DA1/ *'(9'K DD/HD) (5A) 13EJ) H*1(7G (G' 9D'B) B'FHFJ)  3H'! C'F '-/ 'DEF*3(JF 'DI BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  H*-* 'E1) BJ'/*G' 'D93C1J) 'H 'D3J'3J)  'H C'F B/ '1*(7 (G' (EH,( 9BH/ .'5) DD9ED D-3'( ',G2) *DC 'D/HD)  CE' GH 'D-'D AJ 'D41C'* 'D'EFJ) 'D.'5)(). *,/1 'D'4'1) 'DI 'F EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ)  '4'1* AJ E,'D 'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'A9'D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-)  'DI E3$HDJ) 'D/HD 9F 'DBH'* 'D-DJA) 'D*J *E'13 'D3J71) 'DA9DJ) 9DJG'  '0' E' '1*C(* G0G 'DBH'* 9ED'K :J1 E41H9 (BHDG' "AJ 81HA E9JF)  **-ED 'D/HD 'DE3$HDJ) 9F HBH9 'F*G'C'* .7J1) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  DE *1*C( EF B(D BH'*G' 'DE3D-) (4CD E('41  HJECF 'F *F4# G0G 'DE3$HDJ) 9F/E' *1*C( 'F*G'C'* 9DI 'J/J 'A1'/ 'DBH'* 'DE*9'HFJF 'H 'DEJDJ4J'* 'D*J *9ED *-* %E1) '-/ '71'A 'DF2'9  CE' JECF 'F *F4# 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F/ E' *BHE /HD (E3'9/) /HD) AJ '1*C'( 'F*G'C -81 DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ"(). H**-ED 'D/HD) 'D71A AJ 'DF2'9 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F '1*C'( ,1'&E 'D9FA 6/ 'DF3'!  '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  '0' A4D* AJ ',1'! *-BJB EF'3( AJ G0G 'D,1'&E  'H *:'6* 9F *B/JE E1*C(J G0G 'D'9E'D DDE-'CE) 'H DE *BE (*9HJ6 'D6-'J'  'H 'F E-'CEG' B6* ((1'!) 'DE*GEJF  CE' *BHE E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 9F/E' *+(* *B5J1G' AJ *HAJ1 'D-E'J) 'DD'2E) DD6-'J'(). HF-F F1I  'FG -*I AJ -'D) '-'D) 'DE*GEJF ,F'&J'K 'DI 'DE-'CE HE9'B(*GE EF B(D 'D/HD) 'D71A AJ 'DF2'9 'H 'D/HD) 'DE-*D) 9F ,1'&EGE 6/ 'DF3'!  A'F G0' D' J-HD /HF *-ED 0DC 'D71A  'DE3$HDJ) 9E' '1*C(*G BH'*G' 'DE3D-) EF 'F*G'C'* 6/ G0G 'DA&) EF 'DE/FJJF 'DE4EHDJF ('D-E'J). H('DEB'(D A'F 'D/HD) D' *3*7J9 'D*.D5 EF *(9) 'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ)  ('DB'! *(9*G' 9DI 9'*B 'D'A1'/ 'D7(J9JJF  (D 'F E3$HDJ*G' *8D B'&E)  (,'F( 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'DA1/J)  H0DC D'F '/.'D G$D'! 'D'A1'/ 'DI /'&1) 'DE3'&D) 'D/HDJ) 'D,F'&J) ,'!* (3(( ,3'E) *DC 'D'A9'D 'DEH,G) 6/ 'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ 'D/HDJ  HE' *-/+G *DC 'D'A9'D EF 'G/'1 DDBJE 'D9DJ' H'F*G'C DDE5'D- 'D'F3'FJ) 'D,/J1) ('D-E'J) 'D,F'&J)  H(G0' A'F E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) *(BI B'&E) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) 'D.7J1) 'D*J JBHE (G' 'A1'/G' EF 'D3J'3JF 'H 'D93C1JJF  'D0JF J*51AHF ('3EG' HD-3'(G'(). H'D/HD) *CHF E3$HD) 9F ,EJ9 ,1'&E 'D9FA 'D*J *1*C( 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'HB'* 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  D'F G0G 'D,1'&E D' *1*C( AJ 'D:'D( DE5D-) A1/J)  (D *1*C( DE5D-) /HD) E9JF) 71A AJ F2'9 93C1J(). H-HD 'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D*-ED 'D/HD) 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 9E' J1*C(G 'A1'/G' EF ,1'&E 9FA (-B 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9 'DE3D-  A'F 'D/HD) **-ED 'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D9ED :J1 'DE41H9 'D0J JBHE (G 'A1'/G' 7(B'K DBH'9/ 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ)  -J+ 'FG' **-ED E3$HDJ) 'D611 9F 'DA9D 'D',1'EJ  H*BHE (/A9 'D*9HJ6'* 'DE'DJ) 9F 0DC 'D611  'DF',E 9F H,H/ 'D9D'B) 'D3((J) (JF 'DA9D :J1 'DE41H9 'D0J '1*C(G ,FH/ AJ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D*'(9) D*DC 'D/HD) H'D0JF JE+DHFG' HJ9EDHF D5'D-G' H('3EG' H'D611 'D0J HB9 9DI 'DF3'!  AJ -JF 'F 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) J*-ED *(9*G' 'DA1/ 'D7(J9J 'D0J B'E ('1*C'( 'DA9D 'D',1'EJ(). H(G0' 'DE9FI  '.0 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  -J+ #H1/* 'DAB1) 'D'.J1) EF 'DE'/) (25)  'FG "D' J$+1 #J -CE AJ G0' 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J AJE' J*9DB ('DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'DA1/J) AJ E3$HDJ) 'D/HD (EH,( 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ"()  H('D*'DJ A'F E9'B() 'D'A1'/ 'D0JF GE HCD'! 9F 'D/HD)  D' *FAJ ('D*#CJ/ '9E'D 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 'DH'B9) 9'*B 'D/HD) 9F 'D'A9'D :J1 'DE41H9) /HDJ'K. 'D*J *F3( 'DJG' AJ E+D G0G 'D-'D'* (3(( *51A ',G2*G' 'D93C1J). HGC0'  A'F 'D/HD) *(BI E3$HD) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J J1*C(G' 'A1'/G' 6EF BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 6/ 'DF3'!. E3$HDJ) 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) 9F 'D,1'&E 'DE1*C() 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'D91'B EF 'DH'6- 'F 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  B/ 1*( 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F 'A9'D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) DD/HD) 'D71A AJ 'DF2'9  (:6 'DF81 9F 'DEF*51 'H 'DEFG2E. AGD JECF 'F F3#D 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(*G' BH'*G' 'D93C1J) AJ 'D91'B  HGD ('D'EC'F *-EJDG' 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F 'D'F*G'C'* 'D.7J1) 'D*J '1*C(*G' DJ3* BH'*G' A-3(  (D BH'* 'D/HD 'D-DJA) DG' AJ 4F -1( :J1 E41H9) 9DI 'D91'B H',*J'-G H'-*D'DG  H'1*C'( ,1'&E 9FA E1J9) 6/ 'DF3'!  HGD 'DH'B9 'D/HDJ J4J1 'DI *7(JB AC1) 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 9F 'A9'D :J1 E41H9) *1*C(G' BH'*G' 'DE3D-) 6/ 'DF3'!. 9DI 'D1:E EF 'F GF'C 1#J'K AJ ABG 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J  J4J1 'DI 'F 'DH'B9 'D/HDJ J$C/ 9DI H,H/ AC1) E3$HDJ) 'D/HD) 'D,F'&J) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J *1*C(G' BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  -J+ '6AI 'D7(J9) 'D,F'&J) 9DI 'D,2'!'* 'D*J 'HB9G' E,D3 'D'EF 9DI /HD) 'D91'B '+F'! 'D'2E) 'D91'BJ)  'DCHJ*J) 9'E 1990  H/DD 9DI 0DC  ('F 'D',1'!'* 'D93C1J) 'D*J B'E* (G'  BH'* 'D*-'DA 'D/HDJ 6/ 'D91'B  *9/ 9BH('* ,F'&J) B'&E) 9DI '*G'E 'D91'B ('1*C'( ,1'&E 6/ /HD 'DCHJ*  HDE **6EF '*G'E'* EH,G) 6/ B'/) 'D91'B D'1*C'(GE ",1JE) 'D9/H'F" CE' 'F 'D,2'!'* 'D'B*5'/J) 'D*J A16G' E,D3 'D'EF 9DI /HD) 'D91'B *9/ FH9'K EF 'D,2'!'* F8J1 'D'*G'E (,1'&E 'D/HD)(). 'F 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) DD/HD) , -3( G0' 'D1#J  AJ '3F'/ 'D7(J9) 'D,F'&J) 9DI 'D9BH('* 'D93C1J) H'D'B*5'/J) 'D*J JHB9G' E,D3 'D'EF (EB*6I '-C'E 'DA5D 'D3'(9 EF 'DEJ+'B  AGJ 0'* 7(J9) 3J'3J) (-*)  D' J,H2 .D9 'D5A) 'D,F'&J) 9DJG'  H0DC D9/E 5/H1G' EF 3D7) B6'&J) E.*5)(). HAJ E7D9 -/J+F' 9F 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ)  0C1F' 9F 'D'-C'E 'DH'1/) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  (.5H5 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) DD/HD) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ)  H'B1'1G E(/# EF E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  6/ 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) 'D*J *1*C(G' BH'*G' 'D93C1J) '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  H/A9 'D*9HJ6 DD6-'J' 'D*J *B9 ,1'! *DC 'D,1'&E  HF-F F4J1 'DI 'D'F*G'C'* 'D.7J1) H'DE3*E1) DDBH'* 'D'E1JCJ) 9DI 'DE/FJJF EF 'DF3'! AJ 'D91'B  'D' J-B DD91'BJ'* H0HJGF '+'1) 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) DDHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'EJ1JCJ) 9F 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(*G' BH'*G' 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'D91'B  H'DE7'D() ('D*9HJ6'* D6-'J' 'D'F*G'C'*  9F C'A) 'D'61'1 'D*J D-B* (GF F*J,) 'D'-*D'D. DD','() 'DB'FHFJ)  9F G0' 'D*3'$D H(9J/'K 9F 'D9H7A  A'F 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) E3$HD) 9F CD 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(* 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! *H',/ BH'*G' 'DE3D-) AJ 'D91'B  HF-F F4// 9DI 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  ('9*('1G' 'DB'&/ 'D9'E "DBH'* 'D*-'DA" AJ 'D91'B. HG0' J9FJ 'F *-EDG' 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ)  ,'! EF /H1G' 'DBJ'/J AJ 'D9DEJ'* 'D-1(J) H'DB*'DJ) 'D*J /'1* AJ 'D91'B  HD'2'D*  'D'E1 'D0J JAGE EFG 'F ,EJ9 G0G 'D'F*G'C'* 6/ 'DF3'! *-/J/'K  H(4CD .'5 E' ,1I AJ 'DE9*BD'*  H'DE'1 0C1G'  -/+* (9DE 'D'/'1) 'D'E1JCJ). HG0' J9FJ H'3*F'/'K 'DI BH'9/ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ A'F 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) E3$HD) 9F ,EJ9 'D'61'1 'D*J D-B* 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'*  HJ*9JF 9DI 0HJ 'D4GJ/'* H'D6-'J'() EF 'DF3'!  HEF 'D/HD) 'D91'BJ) 'DE7'D() ('D*9HJ6 9F G0G 'D'61'1. HF-F '0 F-ED 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) G0G 'DE3$HDJ)  F,/ EF 'D61H1J 'DE7'D()  9F 71JB 'D'EE 'DE*-/)  H('D*-/J/ E,D3 'D'EF  ('DF81 AJ 'J,'/ 'DJ'* D*ECJF 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'* 'DD'*J HB9F 6-'J' G0G 'D'F*G'C'* 'D,3JE) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  EF 'D-5HD 9DI *9HJ6 9'/D EF /HD) 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  (H5AG' ,2!'K EF 9EDJ) *.AJA E9'F'*GE 'D'F3'FJ)  .5H5'K H'F E,D3 'D'EF DG 3'(B) .7J1)  AJ 'B1'1 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F 'A9'D 'DBH'* 'DE3D-). '.0* EC'FG' AJ 'DF81J) H'D*7(JB  H-3(F' 'F F4J1 'DI B1'1'* E,D3 'D'EF AJ EH',G) 'D91'B (.5H5 'D'2E) 'D91'BJ)  'DCHJ*J) 9'E 1990  AB/ 'C/ 9DI "'F 'D91'B  E3$HD (EB*6I 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 9F #J .3'1) E('41) 'H 611 E('41& F*J,) D:2HG H'-*D'DG :J1 'DE41H9JF DDCHJ*" H*7(JB'K DG0' 'DB1'1 *E& 'F4'! "5F/HB D/A9 'D*9HJ6'*" CE' *E 'F4'! "D,F) D'/'1) 'D5F/HB"() D/A9 'D*9HJ6'* DCD E7'D( J/9J HBH9 'D611 9DJG '+F'! /.HD 'D91'B DDCHJ*. HB/ -// E,D3 '/'1) 'D5F/HB AJ EB11G 'DE1BE (1) 22 E7'D('* 'DA&) (,) CD E7'D( 9F 'D'D'E H'DC1H( 'D0GFJ) 'DF',E) 9F 'D'.0 1GJF) 'H 'D'-*,'2 DE/) +D'+) 'J'E 'H 'BD AJ 'D81HA 'D*J */D 9DI H,H/ .71 /'GE -J') 'DE7'D( 'H F*J,) DD'.*('! 'DB31J  (3(( H,H/ .HA DG E(11'*G 'DH'6-) 9DI -J') 'DE7'D(. EF 'F J$.0 1GJF)  'H J-,2 (5H1) :J1 E4H19)  'H 'D4.5 'D0J 9'FI EF '9*/'! ,F3J  'H '9*/'! H*90J( ,3/J 'H EF -1E EF 'DEH'1/ 'D'B*5'/J) 'D'E1 'D0J G// -J'*G 9DI F-H .71 'H -J') 2H,*G 'H 'HD'/G. HDDA*1) EF 2 "( 1990 -*I 2 "0'1 1991  JCHF E3*-B'K DD*9HJ6  EF 19'J' (D/'F EF8E) 'D*9'HF H'D*FEJ) 'D'B*5'/J) 'H EF /HD) 'DCHJ*. CE' *E 'B1'1 'D*9HJ6 9F 'DE4'CD 'D5-J) 'D*J *916 DG' 'D,G'2 'D*FA3J H9/G' '5'('* ,3/J) ,3JE) F'*,) 9F /.HD 'D91'B 'DI 'DCHJ* (D 'F 'D*9HJ6'* 4ED* 9F 'D'5'('* 'D,3/J) 'DF'*,) 9F -H'/+ 'D3J1 'DE1H1J 9DI '9*('1 'FG' (A9D /.HD 'D91'B 'DI 'DCHJ*(). H*7(JB'K 9DI 0DC  'D' *3*-B 'D91'BJ'* 'D*9HJ6 9F CD 'D,1'&E 'D*J HB9* 6/G' ,1'! 'D:2H 'D'E1JCJ  'DE *D-B (GF .3'1) E('41) E'/J) E9FHJ). 'DE J-DB (GF 611 ,3/J HFA3J  9DI 'J/J 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ)  H-DJA'*G' HGJ *F*GC CD 'DBH'FJF 'D/HDJ) H'91'A HBH'FJF 'D-1(  F*J,) D:2HG' H('9*1'A 9// EF B'/*G' H'-*D'DG' :J1 'DE41H9JF DD91'B EF0 9'E 2003. 'D.'*E) EF .D'D (-+F' AJ EH6H9 'D,1'&E 'D*J **916 DG' 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  *H5DF' 'DI 'D*H5J'* 'D"*J): 'F 'C+1 'DE/FJJF *916'K DDG,HE H'D'9*/'! '+F'! 'DF2'9 'DE3D- GE 'DF3'!  HEF .D'D (-+F' G0'  H,/F' 9EHEJ) 'DF5H5 'DE*9DB) ('DE1#) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  AG0' 'DB'FHF DE JHA1 DDF3'! F5H5'K B'FHFJ) .'5) (G'  H'FE' '3*A'/* EF 'DF5H5 'DE*HA1) D-E'J) 'D3C'F 'DE/FJJF  H-*I 'DF3'! 'DEB'*D'* *3*A'/ EF 'DF5H5 'D.'5) (A&) 'DEB'*DJF  E9 'D'4'1) 'DI (96 'D'E*J'2'* (3(( "'-*J','*G' 'D.'5)". H1:E 'F 'DF3'! **916 'DI 'D'F*G'C'* H'D'9*/'!'* 'C+1 EF #J A&) '.1I EF A&'* 'D3C'F 'DE/FJJF  (3(( 9'ED 'D69A 'D0J **3E (G 'DE1#)  A'FG' :'D('K E' **916 DD*GEJ4. CE' H*3*./E 'DF3'! H3D) DD*7GJ1 'D91AJ EF .D'D ',('1G' 9DI 'D-ED 'DB31J. D0' F,/ EF 'D61H1J 'JD'! G0G 'DE3#D) 'D'GEJ) 'DC(1I  EF .D'D H69 BH'9/ B'FHFJ) .'5) ('DF3'! *6EF 'D-E'J) DDF3'! 'DE/FJ'*  HEF 'HDI 'D'HDHJ'*  'F *4J1 G0G 'DBH'9/  9DI F-H E-// HE71/ 'DI 61H1) -E'J) 'DF3'! H(4CD .'5 'D-E'J) EF 'D,1'&E 'D,F3J)  9DI 'F *CHF G0G 'DBH'9/ AJ '*A'BJ'* /HDJ)  *D-B ((1H*HCHD ".'5 ('DF3'!" AJ '*A'BJ'* ,FJA  AB/ E6I 9DI 'D(1H*HCHDJF 'DED-BJF 'C+1 EF +D'+JF 9'E'K  HDG0' A'F 'D*7H1'* 'D*J 4G/*G' '3'DJ( 'DB*'D .D'D G0G 'DA*1)  (-',) 'DI *7H1'* EE'+D) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ. *9/JD 'DBH'9/ 'DE*9DB) (-E'J) 'DF3'! (JF '71'A 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  H*7HJ1G' H,9DG' 'C+1 H'B9J)  .5H5'K 'DEF5H5 9DJG' AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  EF ',D *-3JF G0G 'DBH'9/  HF41G' D2J'/) H9J 'D'71'A 'DE*F'29)  EF 'F 'D'F*G'C'* 'D*J **916 DG' 'DF3'! AJ A*1) 'DF2'9 H(9/G  3*4CD ,1'&E /HDJ). D'EC'F -E'J) 'DF3'! EF 'D*916 D'J 5H1) EF 5H1 ,1'&E 'D9FA  E9 'D*#CJ/ 9DI 'F G0G 'D'A9'D E-8H1) AJ ,EJ9 'D'HB'*. 'F 'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J) (CD '4C'DG'  6/ 'DF3'!  *3*./E CH3JD) -1(J) 'H '3DH( DD-1( HDE J*E ',1'! *-DJD 4'ED D'+1 G0G 'D'F*G'C'*  9DI 'DD'*J *916F DG '+F'! F2'9 E3D-  HDE J*E *B/JE 'D3(D 'DB'FHFJ) 'DCAJD) D-E'J) 'DF3'! EF G0G 'D,1'&E  EE' J/DD 9DI B5H1 E*9E/ AJ H69 "DJ) B'FHFJ) D*-BJB 'D'F*5'A DDF3'! EF 6-'J' 'D'9*/'!'* 'D,F3J) AJ *DC 'DA*1)  HGF'C 'A*B'1 'DI (J'F'* H/1'3'* 4'ED) D'-*J','* 'D6-'J' EF 'DF3'!  'DD'*J *916F DD'9*/'!'*  'H 'D'9*B'D'* :J1 'DE(11) H'D*J *F*, 9FG' G0G 'D,1'&E. H9DI G0' *B*6J 'D-',) 'DI (0D E2J/ EF 'D,GH/ 9DI 'D59J/ 'DH7FJ H'D/HDJ DD-/ EF G0G 'D,1'&E. AJE' J*9DB ('D91'B H'D,1'&E 'D*J *916* DG' 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'* FH5J (E' J#*J: *9/JD B'FHF (1JE1 'DE1BE (17) D3F) 2003  'DE*6EF EF- 'D,FH/ 'D'E1JC'F 'D-5'F) EF 'DED'-B) 'DB6'&J) AJ 'D91'B. H'D:'&G (#+1 1,9J  DJ*3FI D0HJ 'D6-'J'  EF E-'3() 'HD&C 'D0JF '1*C(H' ,1'&E 9FA H'9*B'D'* :J1 E(11) (-B 'DF3'!. /9H) 'G'DJ 'D6-'J' EF 'DF3'!  'DI 1A9 /9'HJ 6/ 'D,FH/ 'D'E1JC'F 'D0JF '1*C(H' ,1'&E 9FA 6/ 'DF3'! AJ 'DE9*BD'*  'E'E 'DE-'CE 'D'E1JCJ)  7'DE' 'FG' *6EF "E-'CE) 9'/D)" D,FH/G' E1*C(J 'D,1'&E 9DI '1'6J 'D/HD 'D*J J*H',/HF AJG'  (3(( 'DB'FHF 'D0J H69*G 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) (9/E E+HD 19'J'G' 'DE*H',/JF AJ '1'6J /HD'K '.1I 'E'E 'DE-'CE 'DH7FJ) D*DC 'D/HD  H9/E .6H9GE D#J B'FHF 'D' 'DB'FHF 'DH7FJ 'D'E1JCJ. F81'K D9/E 'F6E'E 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) 'DI '*A'BJ) 1HE' 'DE$33) DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  HD'F 'D91'B DJ3 71A AJ 'D'*A'BJ)  HF81'K D'F 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) D' J31J 'D' 9DI 'D/HD) 'D71A AJ 'D'*A'BJ)  HD9/E H,H/ -CHE) E3*B1) AJ 'D91'B DD'/9'! (CD 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(* 6/ 'DF3'!. *(BI 'DE3'!D) 9F G0G 'D,1'&E  H(9/ FA'0 F8'E 'DE-CE)  EECF'K 9(1 (1J7'FJ'  D'FG' 4'1C* AJ 'D:2H H'D'-*D'D  HGJ /HD) 71A AJ 'DF8'E  HB'E ,FH/G' ('1*C'( ,1'&E EE'+D) 6/ 'DF3'! 'D91'BJ'*. *-EJD 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F ,EJ9 'D,1'&E 'D*J '1*C(*G' BH'*G' 'DE3D-)  H*DC 'D*J '1*C(*G' 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) DD/HD 'D*J 4'1C* E9G' AJ 'D:2H H'D'-*D'D :J1 'DE41H9JF DD91'B  6/ 'DF3'!  H'D*J *9*(1 'F*G'C'* ,3EJ) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  ('9*('1G' 'DB'&/ 'D9'E "DBH'* 'D*-'DA" AJ 'D91'B. AJE' J*9DB ('DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) F,/ EF 'DEGE E9'D,) /H1 E,D3 'D'EF AJ 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) H*-,JEG -*I D' *7:J 'D'9*('1'* 'D3J'3J) 9DI 9ED 'DE-CE)  HJBDD EF 'GEJ*G' H/H1G' AJ 'DB6'! 'D/HDJ. ('D*G/J/ EF B(D '96'! E,D3 'D'EF ('3*./'E -B 'DFB6 AJ 'DB1'1'* 'D*J D' **AB HE5'D-G'  DJ*3FI DD91'BJJF H:J1GE 1A9 'D/9'HJ 'E'E 'DE-'CE 'D/HDJ) 6/ E1*C(J 'D,1'&E (-B 'DF3'! DJ3 AJ 'D91'B A-3( H'FE' AJ #J /HD) HB9* AJG' E+D G0G 'D,1'&E HC'F D'-/ '96'! 'DE,D3 /H1'K AJG'. EF .D'D (-+F' AJ 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) 'D*J *1*C*( 6/ 'DF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) H,/F' 'F GF'C FH9 EF 'D'3*BD'DJ) D/I 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J)  AGJ AJ -'D) 51'9 (JFG' H(JF 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ). HE' '9'B) 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) D9ED 'DE-CE) HF8'EG'  'D' /DJD'K 9DI E/I '3*BD'DJ) G0G 'DE-CE)  H3J1G' ('D'*,'G 'D3DJE F-H *-BJB 'D9/'D) 'DB6'&J)  D0' FH5J ('F6E'E 'D91'B 'DI F8'E 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  D-E'J) 'D91'BJJF 9EHE'K H'DF3'! (4CD .'5 EF 'D,1'&E 'D*J *1*C( 6/GE  HD' F,/ 'F 'D'F6E'E 'DI F8'E 'DE-CE) (E3 ('D3J'/)  D'FG JCHF ('.*J'1 'D/HD. 'DE5@@@'/1 #HD'K- 'DC*( /. .DJD 9(/'DE-3F .DJD E-E/  'D*9HJ6'* AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ H*7(JB'*G 9DI 'D91'B  (:/'/  2001. /. 2J'/ 9J*'FJ  'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) H*7H1 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J  (J1H*  2009. /. 3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  (:/'/  1990. /. 3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  -BHB 'D'F3'F EH3H9) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E  (J1H*  2009. /. 5D'- 'D/JF 9'E1  '.*5'5 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  71  (J1H*  2001. /. 5D'- 9(/ 'D(/J9 4D(J  'D*/.D 'D/HDJ HE#3') 'D(H3F) H'DG13C  'DB'G1)  1995. /. 9(/'DH'-/ 'DA'1  'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) H3D7) 'D9B'(  'DB'G1)  1996. /. 9E1 E-EH/ 'DE.2HEJ  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ AJ 6H! 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ  9E'F  2008. 9DJ ,EJD -1(  F8'E 'D,2'! 'D/HDJ 'D9BH('* 'D/HDJ) 6/ 'D/HD H'D'A1'/  71  (J1H*  2010. /. 9DJ 9(/'DB'/1 'DBGH,J  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J 'GE 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ)  71  (J1H*  2001. /. A1'3 2GJ1 ,9A1 'D-3JFJ  'D-E'J) 'D/HDJ) DEH'1/ 'DEJ'G H'DEF4"* 'DE'&J) '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-)  (J1H*  2009. /. E-E/ -'A8 :'FE  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E /1'3) D6H'(7G 'D'5HDJ) H'D'-C'E 'D9'E)  71  'DB'G1)  1961. /. E-EH/ 3'DE 'D3'E1'&J  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ H*-/J'* 'DEHBA 'D3J'3J  'DEH5D  2008. EF'D AF,'F 9DC  E(/# 'D*EJJ2 6/ 'DE1#) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ H'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ)  (J1H*  2009. +'FJ'K- 'D13'&D 'D,'E9J) ,'3E 2H1  'D-E'J) 'D/HDJ) DDF3'! '+F'! 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) 'D/HDJ)  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) -D(  2009. 9(/'DDG 9DJ 9(H 3D7'F  /H1 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J AJ -E'J) -BHB 'D'F3'F  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2004. +'D+'K- 'D/H1J'* 1./. ,'3E 2H1  /H1 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) AJ -E'J) 'DF3'! EF 'D9FA 'D,F3J  E,D) 'D1'A/JF  'DE,D/ 11  'D9// 39  'D3F) 14  "0'1 2009. 'D,J4 'D'E1JCJ J9*BD 2H,'* 'DE3D-JF 'D91'BJJF D'(*2'2GE  E,D) -B  'D9// 8  'D3F) 'D#HDI  FJ3'F 2006. 2./. E-E/ '-E/ 'DE4G/'FJ  ,1'&E 'DB*D AJ 'DB'FHF 'DH69J H'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ) HE/I *#+J1G' 9DI -BHB 'D'F3'F  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  'D9// 15  'D3F) 'D3'(9)  C'FHF 'D'HD 2002. 3./. F:E '3-'B 2J'  'D'EF 'D/HDJ (JF EJ+'B 'D'EE 'DE*-/) HEA'GJE -E'J) -BHB 'D'F3'F  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  'DE,D/ 9  'D9// 33  'D3F) 12  #JDHD 2007. 1'(9'- EH'B9 'D4(C) 'D/HDJ) 1.'3E'! ,EJD  /JEB1'7J) 'D'-*D'D 'D'E1JCJ DDF3'! 'D91'BJ'*   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo.com" www.yahoo.com 2.'D'F ,'F 1H(J1  E,21) -/J+) *9J/ 0C1J'* E,21) EJ D'J AJ AJ*F'E   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo.com" www.yahoo.com 3.*,'1) 'D1BJB 'D'1(J  *G1J( F3'! 91'BJ'* ('JG'EGF ('D9ED AJ /HD 'D.DJ, H9F 71JB 'D2H',  18-8-2005   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo.com" www.yahoo.com 4.-BHB 'DE1#) AJ 8D 'D'-*D'D 'D(1(1J   HYPERLINK "http://www.c-we.org" www.c-we.org. 5..HA H'0D'D H':*5'( 91'BJ'*   HYPERLINK "http://www.m7shsh.com" www.m7shsh.com. 6.5'&( .DJD  'D-H'1 'D3'.F  'D9// 1571  4-6-2006   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo.com" www.yahoo.com  7-9DJ 9(/'DDG -E'/)  E-'CE) HE9'B() E1*C(J 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) 'E'E 'DB6'! 'D/HDJ. ,'E9) -D(  CDJ) 'D-BHB  13'D) /C*H1'G  F41 (*'1J. 27-10-2007   HYPERLINK "http://www.birasy.com" www.birasy.com. 8-9DJ 'DC'4  ,FH/ 'D'-*D'D H'DGH3 'D,F3J H/JEB1'7J) ':*5'( 'D91'BJ'*   HYPERLINK "http://www.c-we.com" www.c-we.com. 9-E-E/ .J1J 'D,E'DJ  E,21) -/J+) 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 'D(B9) 'D3'.F)  'D'+FJF 26-6-2006   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo,com" www.yahoo,com. 10-EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ) *4F G,HE'K 9FJA'K 9DI 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  EB*7A'* EF *B1J1 5'/1 9F 'DEF8E)  'D+D'+'! 22/2/2005   HYPERLINK "http://www.dd.sunnat.net" www.dd.sunnat.net. 11-F3'! 91'BJ'* J*916F DD*90J( H'D*G/J/ ('D':*5'( 9DI J/ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-D) 'D'E1JCJ  'D'-/ 24 #JDHD 2006   HYPERLINK "http://www.dd.sunnat.net" www.dd.sunnat.net. 12-F5 B'FHF ASPA H*-DJD DG   HYPERLINK "http://www.usaforicc.org" www.usaforicc.org. 13-G/I 'D92'HJ (9/ '7D'B 31'-G' *1HJ B5) 90'(G' 'DI DHC G'1/F, Luke Harding   HYPERLINK "http://www.yahoo.com" www.yahoo.com. .'E3'K- '5/'1'* 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1 '-*1'E 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ HCA'D) '-*1'EG  'D'*-'/ 'D(1DE'FJ 'D/HDJ H'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  *1,E) E-E/ /HA)  3HJ31'  1999. 'D,H'F( 'DB'FHFJ) 0'* 'D5D) ('D'-*D'D  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D.'E3 H'D941HF  ,FJA  2003. (J1G'3F1  EF 'D-1( H'D3D'E 'DI 'D9FA H'D*/.D  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  *41JF 'D+'FJ  C'FHF 'D'HD  1999. 4'1DH* DJF/3J  F3'! JH',GF 'D-1(  '5/'1 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  2002. C1J3*' 1H*4JF2  EF9 'DE3'9/'* ,1JE) -1(  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D+'EF 941  #JDHD  *1  2001. D,F) -BHB 'D'F3'F  2 E'13 ('0'1)  28 '(1JD (FJ3'F) 2000  'D,D3) 'D3'/3) H'D.E3HF  'DE3#D) 1BE (12) EF ,/HD 'D'9E'D  (J'F EF 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1. 3'/3'K- *B'1J1 EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ) EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ)  'D91'B  6E'F 'D9/'D) H'DE3'H') AJ 'F*G'C'* -BHB 'D'F3'F  1BE 'DH+JB) 2003/088/14 MDE  '(1JD/ FJ3'F 2003. EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ)  'D91'B  '-*1'E 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  1BE 'DH+JB) 14/4/2003  *'1J. 25 E'13/ '0'1 2003. 3'(9'K- 'DEH'+JB 'D/HDJ) 1.'*A'BJ) D'G'J 'D.'5) ('-*1'E BH'FJF 'D-1( 'D(1J) D3F) 1907. 2.'*A'BJ) '(7'D 'D1B H*,'1) 'D9(J/ H'DF8E 'DEE'13) 'D4(JG) ('D1B D3F) 1945. 3.'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DE-CE) FHE(1: 'DEF4# (EH,( '*A'BJ) DF/F AJ 8 "( 1945. 4.'*A'BJ) EF9 ,1JE) 'D'('/) 'D,E'9J) H'DE9'B( 9DJG' D9'E 1948. 5.'*A'BJ'* ,FJA 'D'1(9) D3F) 1949. 6.'D(1H*HCHDJF 'D'6'AJJF 'DED-BJF ('*A'BJ'* ,FJA 'D'1(9) D3F) 1977. 7.E,D3 'D'EF , 'DB1'1 687 (1991) 'DE*.0 AJ 'D,D3) ( 2981 ) 'DE9BH/) AJ 3FJ3'F /'(1JD 1991. 8.'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 'D.'5) (JH:3D'AJ' 1993. 9.'*A'BJ) 'DB6'! 9DI ,EJ9 '4C'D 'D*EJJ2 6/ 'DE1#) D3F) 1994. 10- 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 'D.'5) (1H'F/' 9'E 1994. 11_E41H9 E/HF) 'D,1'&E 'DE.D) (3DE 'D'F3'FJ) H'EFG' D9'E 1996. 12_'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 'DEF4') (EH,( '*A'BJ) 1HE' D9'E 1998. 13_E41H9 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) 9F 'D'9E'D :J1 'DE41H9) /HDJ'K D3F) 2001. 14_(1H*HCHD EF9 HBE9 HE9'B() 'D'*,'1 ('D'4.'5 H(.'5) 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D D3F) 2002. (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 9/6/2010 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 27/6/2010 . () /. E-E/ -'A8 :'FE  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E /1'3) D6H'(7G 'D'5HDJ) H'D'-C'E 'D9'E)  72  'DB'G1)  1961  5172. () F5 'DE'/) (8) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 'DEF4# (EH,( '*A'BJ) 1HE' D3F) 1998. () 'F81 F5 E/43 EF 'D(1*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D#HD D3F) 1977  HC0DC F5 E/4 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D+'D+) D3F) 1949  HF5 E/1 EF '*A'BJ) D'G'J D3F) 1907. () 'F81 F5 E/13 A3 EF 'D(1*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D+'FJ D3F) 1977. () 4'1DH* DJF/3J  F3'! JH',GF 'D-1(  '5/'1 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  2002  525. () E/14 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D+'D+) D3F) 1949. () (J1G'3F1  EF 'D-1( H'D3D'E 'DI 'D9FA H'D*/.D  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D3'(9  *41JF 'D+'FJ  C'FHF 'D'HD 1999  56. () 'F81 F5 E/27 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D3F) 1949. () 'F81 F5H5 'DEH'/ 31  33  34 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D3F) 1949. () 'F81 F5 E/76 EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D'HD D3F) 1977. () 4'1DH* DJF/3J  E5/1 3'(B  546. () EF'D AF,'F 9DC  E(/# 9/E 'D*EJJ2 6/ 'DE1#) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ H'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ)  EF4H1'* 'D-D(J 'D-BHBJ)  (J1H*  2009  5177. () 'F81 F5 E/75 A1, A2, EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D#HD 3F) 1977. () 9(/'DDG 9DJ 9(H 3D7'F  /H1 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J AJ -E'J) -BHB 'D'F3'F  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2004  5101. () '-*1'E 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ HCA'D) '-*1'EG  'D'*-'/ 'D(1DE'FJ 'D/HDJ H'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  *1,E) E-E/ /H.)  3HJ31' 1999  523. () 'F81 F5 E/7 EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  '*A'BJ) 1HE' 17 *EH2 / JHDJH 1998. () /. 3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  (:/'/ 1990  5 184. () /. 9DJ 9(/'DB'/1 'DBGH,J  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J 'GE 'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ)  71  (J1H* 2001  575. () /. 5D'- 'D/JF 9'E1  '.*5'5 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) (ED'-B) E,1EJ 'D-1(  EF C*'( 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ  *B/JE '-E/ A*-J 31H1  71  'DB'G1) 2003  5457. () 'F81 F5 E/8 EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () C1J3*' 1H*F4*J2  EF9 'DE3'9/'* ,1JE) -1(  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D+'EF 941  #JDHD  *1  2001  541. () /. E-EH/ 'D3'E1'&J  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ H*-/J'* 'DEHBA 'D3J'3J  /'1 '(F 'D'+J1 DD7('9) H'DF41  'DEH5D 2008  5138-139. () *9/ '16 E' E-*D) 9F/E' *CHF *-* 'D3J71) H'D'/'1) 'DA9DJ) DE-*D  HD' **6EF '*A'BJ'* ,FJA *91JA'K DD'-*D'D  H'F C'F* 'D'*A'BJ) 'D1'(9) *4ED F5H5'K JECF 'F *F7(B #J6'K 9DI 'D'16 'DE-*D) ('DEH'/ 27-34 EF 'D'*A'BJ) 'D1'(9)) H*4ED C0DC F5H5'K *F7(B *-/J/'K 9DI 'D'1'6J 'DE-*D) ('DEH'/ 47-48 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9))  HGJ ECED) DD'&-) D'G'J 1907 'D*J *F5 9DI *91JA 'D'-*D'D AJ F5 'DE'/) (42) 'D*J ,'! AJG' "*9*(1 '16 'D/HD) E-*D) -JF *CHF *-* 'D3J71) 'DA9DJ) D,J4 'D9/H  HD' J4ED 'D'-*D'D 3HI 'D'1'6J 'D*J JECF 'F *E'13 AJG' G0G 'D3D7) (9/ BJ'EG'". 'D,FH'F( 'DB'FHFJ) 0'* 'D5D) ('D'-*D'D  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D.'E3 H'D941HF  ,FJA 2003  532. () /. E-E/ '-E/ 'DE4G/'FJ  ,1'&E 'DB*D AJ 'DB'FHF 'DH69J H'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ) HE/I *#+J1G' 9DI -BHB 'D'F3'F  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  'D9// 15  'D3F) 'D3'(9)  C'FHF 'D#HD 2002  5173. () C1J3*' 1H*F4*JF1  EF9 'DE3'9/'*: ,1JE) -1(  E,D) 'D'F3'FJ  *5/1 9F 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  'D9// 'D+'EF 941  3(*E(1 ('JDHD)/ 'C*H(1 (*1) 2001  515. () 9DJ 9(/ 'DDG -E'/)  E-'CE) HE9'B() E1*C(J 'D,1'&E 'DC(1I 'E'E 'DB6'! 'D/HDJ  ,'E9) -D(  CDJ) 'D-BHB  F41 (*'1J. 27-10-2007  59-12. www.birasy.com () E-E/ .J1J 'D,E'DJ  E,21) -/J+) H'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ)  'D(B9) 'D3'.F)  'D'+FJF  26-6-2006  www.yahoo.com. () 'D'F ,'F 1H(J1  E,21) -/J+) *9J/ 0C1J'* E,21) EJ D'J AJ AJ*F'E  www.yahoo.com. () 5'&( .DJD  'D-H'1 'DE*E/F  'D9// 1571  4-6-2006. () 9F 4GH/ 9J'F  59H/ /('() 'E1JCJ) AHB 3J'1) (1'2JDJ -E1'! AJ 4'19 "'D31,.'F)" AJ E/JF) 'DEH5D B*D* AJG' 1,D H'E1#) H'D3'&B AJ 4('7 2009 . () 'DBFH'* CD EF (:/'/  H'D(:/'/J)  H'D41BJ)  H'D1'A/JF  'DA6'&J) (*'1J. 26 H27/4/2009. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (33) EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D3F) 1949. () '3E'! ,EJD, /JB1'7J) 'D'-*D'D 'D'E1JCJ DDF3'! 'D91'BJ'* www.yahoo.com . () 4'1DH* DJF/3J  E5/1 3'(B  566. () /. 2J'/ 9J*'FJ  'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) H*7H1 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D,F'&J  EF4H1'* 'D-D(J 'D-BHBJ)  (J1H* 2009  5197-199. () .D'D 'D-1( 'D9'DEJ) 'D+'FJ) (1939-1945)  (JF (100000  200000) 'E1#) CH1J) ':*5(* EF B(D 'D,FH/ 'DJ'('FJJF H'D"A 'DA1F3J'* ':*5(F EF B(D 'D,J4 'D'DE'FJ  H'DF3'! 'D'DE'FJ'* EF B(D 'D,J4 'DA1F3J  HAJ 'D-1( 'D(FCD'/J4J) (200000) %E1#) 9'E 1971  DDE2J/ 1',9 FA3 'DE5/1. () -BHB 'DE1#) AJ 8D 'D'-*D'D 'D(1(1J www.c-we.org. () 9DJ 'DC'4  ,FH/ 'D'-*D'D H'DGH3 'D,F3J H/JEB1'7J) ':*5'( 'D91'BJ'*  51  www.c-we.org. () FA3 'DE5/1  53. () 9DJ 9(/'DDG -E'/)  E5/1 3'(B  516. () 9DJ 'DC'4 , E5/1 3'(B. HC0DC, 9DJ 9(/ 'DDG E'/) , E5/1 3'(B . () /. 5D'- 9(/'D(/J9 4D(J  'D*/.D 'D/HDJ HE#3') 'D(H3F) H'DG13C  'DB'G1) 1995  545-46. () FA3 'DE5/1  546. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (75) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D+'FJ D3F) 1977  HF5 'DE'/) (27) EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D3F) 1949. () F5 (E/7 A1-G@) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () F5 (E/7 A2  G@) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81F5 'DE'/*'F75 H 76 EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D'HD D3F) 1977.HC0DC E/ 4 EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D+'FJ . (1) D,F) -BHB 'D'F3'F 20 E'13 ('0'1)  28 '(1JD (FJ3'F) 2000  'D,D3) 'D3'/3) H'D.E3HF  'DE3#D) 1BE (12)  EF ,/HD 'D'9E'D  (J'F EF 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  www.hup://icrc.org. (2) D,F) -BHB 'D'F3'F 20 E'13 ('0'1)  28 '(1JD (FJ3'F) 2000  'D,D3) 'D3'/3) H'D.E3HF  'DE3#D) 1BE (12)  EF ,/HD 'D'9E'D  (J'F EF 'DD,F) 'D/HDJ) DD5DJ( 'D'-E1  www.hup://icrc.org. (3) 'D,J4 'D'E1JCJ J9*BD 2H,'* 'DE3D-JF 'D91'BJJF D'(*2'2GE  E,D) -B  'D9//8  'D3F) 'D#HDI  FJ3'F 2006  58. (4) EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ) *4F G,HE'K 9FJA'K 9DI 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  'D+D'+'! 22/2/2005  www.dd.sunnat.net. (5) .HA H'0D'D H':*5'( H*90J(& 91'BJ'*  www.m7shsh.com () F3'! 91'BJ'* J*916F DD*90J( H'D*G/J/ ('D':*5'( 9DI J/ 'DBH'* 'DE3D-) 'D'E1JCJ)  'D'-/ 24 #JDHD 2006  www.dd.sunnat.net. () G/I 'D92'HJ (9/ %7D'B 31'-G' *1HJ B5) 90'(G' 'DI DHC G'1/F, Luke Harding. www.yahoo.com. () EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ) *4F G,HE'K 9FJA'K 9DI 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  EB*7A'* EF *B1J1 5'/1 9F 'DEF8E)  'D+D'+'! 22/2/2005  www.dd.sunnat.net. () 9DJ 'DC'4  E5/1 3'(B. () F5 (E/3  #) EF (1H*HCHD EF9 HBE9 HE9'B() 'D'*,'1 ('D'4.'5 D'3JE' 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D  'DED-B ('*A'BJ) 'D'EE 'DE*-/) 'DEF'G6) DD,1JE) 'DEF8E) 'D9'(1) DD-/H/ H'DE9*E/ (EB*6I B1'1 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) 55/25 'D5'/1 AJ 15 FHAE(1/ *41JF 'D#HD 2000. () 4'1DH* DJF/3J  E5/1 3'(B  564. ()'DE5/1 FA3G  567. () '3E'! ,EJD  /JEB1'7J) 'D'-*D'D 'D'E1JCJ DDF3'! 'D91'BJ'*  www.yahoo.com () *,'1) 'D1BJB 'D'(J6: *G1J( F3'! 91'BJ'* ('JG'EGF ('D9ED AJ /HD 'D.DJ, 'H 9F 71JB 'D2H',  18/8/2005  www.yahoo.com. () 4'1DH* DJF/3J  E5/1 3'(B  568. () 'F81 F5 E/6 EF '*A'BJ) 'DB6'! 9DI ,EJ9 '4C'D 'D*EJJ2 6/ 'DE1#) D3F)1994 . ()'F81 F5 E/5EF (1H*HCHD EF9 HBE9 HE9'B() 'D'*,'1 ('D'4.'5 H(.'5) 'DF3'! H'D'7A'D D3F)2000. () (E/7 A2-/) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () /. 2J'/ 9*J'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5193. () 'F81 F5 E/49 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9) D3F) 1949. () 'F81 F5 E/49 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9)  HC0DC E/17 A1 EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D+'FJ . () 'F81 F5 E/49 EF '*A'BJ) ,FJA 'D1'(9). () 'F81 F5 (E/ 85 A4  () EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D'HD. () /. E-EH/ 'D3'E1'&J  E5/1 3'(B  5137. HC0DC /. 2J'/ 9*J'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5194. () /. 9E1 'DC(J3J  AJ CDE*G 'D*J 'DB'G' 'E'E 'D(1DE'F 'D'H1(J AJ (1HC3D  H51- (G' AJ BF') 'D1'A/JF 'DA6'&J) (*'1J. 7/5/2009. () /. 9(/'DH'-/ 'DA'1  'D,1'&E 'D/HDJ) H3D7) 'D9B'(  'DB'G1)  1996  526. () JB5/ ('DE-'CE 'D/HDJ): *DC 'DE-'CE 'D*J J*E 'F4'$G' EF B(D 'D/HD DE-'CE) 'D'A1'/ 'D0JF J1*C(HF ,1'&E '+F'! 'D9DEJ'* 'D93C1J)  DDE2J/  /. 3GJD -3JF 'DA*D'HJ  -BHB 'D'F3'F  EH3H9) 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  9E'F  2009  5326. () 'F4#* 'DE-CE) 'D93C1J) 'D/HDJ) "FHE(H1:" (EH,( '*A'B DF/F AJ 8 "( 1945 DE9'B() E,1EJ 'D-1( EF /HD 'DE-H1 'D'H1(J) (JF 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) H(1J7'FJ' HA1F3' H'D'*-'/ 'D3HAJ*J H'.*5* AJ 'DF81 AJ 'D,1'&E 'DE1*C() 6/ 'D3DE H,1'&E 'D-1( H'D,1'&E 'DE1*C() 6/ 'D'F3'FJ)  'F81 F5 'DE'/) (6) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DE-CE) FHE(1: D3F) 1945. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (6) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) 'D.'5) (JH:3D'AJ' 9'E 1993  HC0DC F5 'DE'/) (5) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D.'5) (1H'F/' 9'E 1994. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (25) AB1) (1) H(2) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81 'DE(/# 'D3'(9 EF E('/& E-CE) FHE(1:  H'DAB1) (13/3) EF 'DE'/) (2) EF E41H9 E/HF) 9'E 1954  H'DAB1) 'DA19J) (G@) EF 'DE'/) (3) EF '*A'BJ) EF9 ,1JE) 'D'('/) 'D,E'9J) H'DE9'B( 9DJG' D9'E 1948  HC0DC 'B1# F5 'DE'/) (25) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  D3F) 1998. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (28 A2) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81 E' ,'! AJ F5 'DE'/) (86 A2) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D'HD  HF5 'DE'/) (7 A3) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DE-CE) JH:3D'AJ'  H'DE'/) (27) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (7) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DE-CE) FH1E(1:  H'DE'/) (7) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J 'DE-CE) JH:3D'AJ'  H'DE'/) (27) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (33) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) D3F) 1998. () /. 2J'/ 9*J'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5372-373. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (28) EF 'DF8'E 'D'3'3J DDE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ). () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (87) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'HD D3F) 1977. () 1',9 ,1'&E 'D':*5'( AJ 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ EF G0' 'D(-+. () EF8E) 'D9AH 'D/HDJ)  'D91'B  6E'F 'D9/'D) H'DE3'H') AJ 'F*G'C'* -BHB 'D'F3'F 1BE 'DH+JB) MDE 14/088/2003  '(1JD/ FJ3'F 2003  51. () ,'3E 2H1  /H1 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ) AJ -E'J) 'DF3'! EF 'D9FA 'D,3EJ  E,D) 'D1'A/JF  'DE,D/ 11  'D9// 39  '0'1 2009  5193-194. () 2J'/ 9*J'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5372. () /. 9E1 E-EH/ 'DE.2HEJ  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ AJ 6H! 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  9E'F  2008  5377-395. () 'D,F,HJ/: GJ EJDJ4' 3D-*G' HEHD*G' 'D3D7'* 'D3H/'FJ)  HB/ B*D 9DI 'J/JGE H'J/J 'DBH'* 'D-CHEJ) E'J1(H 9DI (50000) 4.5 HG,Q1 'C+1 EF (1.8) EDJHF 4.5 (5H1) B31J) H':*5(* 'D'A 'DF3'!  HD'2'D* 9EDJ'* 'D':*5'( E3*E1)  DDE2J/ 9F G0G 'DB6J)  /. 9E1 E-EH/ 'DE.2HEJ  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D'F3'FJ AJ 6H! 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  9E'F  2008  5157-162. () HB9* 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) AJ 31 C'FHF 'D'HD 9'E 2000 9DI 'DE9'G/) D/I 'D'EE 'DE*-/) H3-(* *HBJ9G' AJ 16 #J'1 EF 9'E 2002  (9/ 9/) 'J'E EF 'C*E'D 'DF5'( 'DB'FHFJ (60) /HD) DDE5'/B) 9DI 'DE-CE) H/.HDG' -J2 'D*FAJ0 AJ 1 *EH2 2002  /. 2J'/ 9*J'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  544. () J7DB 9DI G0' 'DB'FHF AJ 'H1(' "B'FHF ',*J'- D'G'J" D'FG J.HD 'D1&J3 'D'E1JCJ '3*9E'D 'DBH) D',*J'- GHDF/' HGJ 'D/HD) 'DE6JA) DEB1 'DE-CE) 'D,F'&J) 'D/HDJ)  H'D*J J*E '9*B'D 'DE,1EJF AJ 3,HFG'  DDE2J/ 9F G0' 'DB'FHF  F5 B'FHF ASPA H*-DJD DG www.usaforicc.org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afidain Of Law Journal, Vol. (12), No. (45), Year (2010) Rafidain Of Law Journal, Vol. (12), No. (45), Year (2010) ¨ֲز.\j\^RTZ\^`>@zjh9hUCJZ^JaJo("hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hIu]hUCJ^J_HaJhIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJ$jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo("hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo()d޲d\^`|.F` 8dd $a$gdU $a$gdU $a$gder, HJ02\^d$&DF(*~  " $ FH##&&((22t7v78hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJh9hUCJZ^JaJo($jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJhIu]hUCJ^J_HaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(=L2 * H@`!&(h-j/j1239@ $a$gder,$dha$gder,88899N9P9R9T9^9@@CLCLLTTZZ]] `"`ccggghhxiziijjj&k(kkkDlFllܹܙܙܙܙܙܙܙrܙܙܙܙܙܙ(h9hU5CJZ\^J_HaJo("hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(hIu]hUCJ^J_HaJo(h9hUCJZ^JaJo(hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJ$jhIu]hUCJUZ^JaJ"hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo("hIu]hUCJZ^J_HaJo(,@@"&(*,.lnprt  8:<>@\^`bdٰٰٰٰٰٰٰٰٰٰٰٜ'h9hUCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ#h9hUCJOJQJZ^JaJ-jh9hU0JCJOJQJU^JaJ&h9hUCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ$h9hUCJOJQJ^J_HaJ=:<>@BD$&(*,.0246 "$׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮׮#h9hUCJOJQJZ^JaJ-jh9hU0JCJOJQJU^JaJ&h9hUCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ'h9hUCJOJQJZ^J_HaJD<$.Zbn.8 $a$gdU$2^`2a$gdU>\Z\^`bbdfhj,4Jlnprtv,.024ƜƜƜƜ$h9hUCJOJQJ^J_HaJ-jh9hU0JCJOJQJU^JaJ'h9hUCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ#h9hUCJOJQJZ^JaJ&h9hUCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ=8:<>@nprtv|~\`bdf,.024,.024-jh9hU0JCJOJQJU^JaJ'h9hUCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ#h9hUCJOJQJZ^JaJ&h9hUCJH*OJQJZ^JaJE8n|`,,L>>nptvz$ $gdU$2^`2a$gdULNPRT>@BDL>@BDFnprvx|~ŮŮŮŮŮŮŮŮ٪6jh'h@0J5CJOJQJUZ\^JaJjhK UZ^JhK -jh9hU0JCJOJQJU^JaJ&h9hUCJH*OJQJZ^JaJ'h9hUCJOJQJZ^J_HaJ#h9hUCJOJQJZ^JaJ3z| "<$&$h$dA$N]ha$gdXl)$&dP`a$gd'$&dPa$gd$h&dP]h`a$gd$&`#$gd$ "$028:<δ꣐{w^K^4^K,her,0JCJOJQJZ^JaJmHnHu$h^h0JCJOJQJ^JaJ0jh^h0JCJOJQJUZ^JaJh;-g)hh"5CJOJQJZ\^J_H %hh5OJQJZ\^J_H!hh5OJQJZ\^J2her,0J5CJOJQJZ\^JaJmHnHu6jh'h@0J5CJOJQJUZ\^JaJ*h'h@0J5CJOJQJ\^JaJ<"$&dfhxz|зРЗз~zvrnzn\"hIu]h`uGCJZ^J_HaJo(h\AhK?hk;h)qohK h`3h;-g5\^JhXl)5\_Hh;-g5\_H hZ\5\h`3h;-g5CJ\^JaJh`3h;-g5<\ hXl)5\ h;-g5\h`3h;-g5\h;-g,hh;-g5CJOJQJZ\_HaJo(hVhZ_H# $a$gdIu]$C0&P P:p<0BP' (5!"#$% (2~$$If!vh5#v:V l V0  54Dd<P  3 3"((DyK www.yahoo.comyK ,http://www.yahoo.com/DyK www.yahoo.comyK ,http://www.yahoo.com/DyK www.yahoo.comyK ,http://www.yahoo.com/DyK  www.c-we.orgyK *http://www.c-we.org/DyK www.m7shsh.comyK .http://www.m7shsh.com/DyK www.yahoo.comyK ,http://www.yahoo.com/DyK www.birasy.comyK .http://www.birasy.com/DyK  www.c-we.comyK *http://www.c-we.com/DyK www.yahoo,comyK ,http://www.yahoo,com/DyK www.dd.sunnat.netyK 4http://www.dd.sunnat.net/DyK www.dd.sunnat.netyK 4http://www.dd.sunnat.net/DyK www.usaforicc.orgyK 4http://www.usaforicc.org/DyK www.yahoo.comyK ,http://www.yahoo.com/F@F 9'/J$A$_HhmH sH tH<@< 9FH'F 1$@& CJ^JaJ<@< 9FH'F 2$@& CJ^JaJB@B 9FH'F 3$@&5CJ \^JaJ H@H 9FH'F 4$$@&a$5CJ \^JaJ N@N 9FH'F 5$$ & F@& CJ^JaJB@B 9FH'F 6$@&5CJ\^JaJN@N 9FH'F 7$$d@&a$5CJ\^JaJ>A@> .7 'DAB1) 'D'A*1'6JPi@P  ,/HD 9'/J :V 44 la ,k, (D' B'&E) 8B@8 F5 #3'3J CJ^JaJ8@8 F5 -'4J) 3ADJ)@&@@ E1,9 -'4J) 3ADJ)H*^JRC@"R F5 #3'3J (E3'A) ('/&) CJ^JaJ@ @2@ *0JJD 5A-)  9r aJ,)@A, 1BE 5A-)^J<@R< 1#3 5A-)  9r aJBP@bB F5 #3'3J 2$a$ CJ^JaJzsz v 4(C) ,/HD7:V0$A$^JdR@d =F5 #3'3J (E3'A) ('/&) 2$dx^DD s Char Char^J_HhmH sH tH4U@4 # Hyperlink >*ph*O* & long_text>> 1E_ Char Char2_HmH sH tH pOp `uG 31/ 'DAB1'*$d^m$CJOJ PJ QJ ^JaJhtH :c' F "%&()*b+0456788:=F?fARC5HJKdMN^QSR6ST<^`r`scgimonqarsKvQwyb{{*} WʈQk(6̝[B7Wc;6%;^p![L5 n:*Va=| D?{+ |  | &sS*AL)`9 X@1:  8!!0""!#J####$%*%%&'(S),----).s..1/z/;0l000R11112[222[44s7v7 n            nnP=a&h} U t >stuvw8k: BCDRnQMeJ !"#%&*())))*f+:-0$1%131\1"224689:<=J?X?{??@HBIBJBKBLBMBZBfBVCNDFHJhMNN:STUV?X@XNXgXLZ[f]]]@^ `w`awcrfgii>k_klmmmoorqerrlsGuHuVuuvw6zf{.} [ ΈUoĒΔ<J`:E̚8Н,Jר M>~6_Fl[?g?;<=K$)?b&_P-aABB& + 4  kkJ   !!o!! "a""'###A$Z$$V%W%h%%S&&'''!(c(((0)V))))*G* ++,,q--L.M.z.//0O00k1l11 2{2|2223f333 4g444+5j556P6Q666`77&8{88;9o999 :::[;;H<<<==X>>|A/BBcCC DVDD^D__cbnc d)dNdzdd eeefff#ggg h3h`hhhhjkmmmmmmmmmmmnn+nbncnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn00000 0 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@000@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@000s7@0I00m@0I00m@0I00m@0I00m@0@0I00@0@0I00ؾ@0I00h@0I00I00mI00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00I00D&h} U t >s8k: BCDRnQMeJ !"#%&*())))*f+:-0$131\1"224689:<=J?X?{??@MBZBfBVCNDFHJhMNN:STUV?XNXgXLZ[f]]]@^ `w`awcrfgii>k_klmmmoorqerrlsGuVuuvw6zf{.} [ ΈUoĒ<J`:E̚8Н,Jר M>~6_Fl[??=K$)?b&_P-aABB& + 4  kkJ   !!o!! "a""'###A$Z$$W%h%%S&&''!(c((0))) ++,,q--g4j556P6Q66`7JK LzLmmmnnK00$K00K000 @0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@0@ 0@ 0@ 0@0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0 @ 0 @ 0 @0@0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0 @ 0 @ 0 @ 0 @ 0 @0@ 0@ 0@0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@0@ 0@ 0@0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0 @ 0 @ 0 @ 0  @00K01$K01K01@0 00 K00K00K00K00K00K00 00K000wK00 00  Y D8/8ly{~z~:֢< p.Iyt0nSd@m6|8z'((c(((( ).)W)z)))))*6*D*** +R+u++++ ,,,,4-\-n----.;.I.nXXXXXXXXXXXXX Y`d!!t  !,b$δRR%QR@H 0(  0(  B S  ?nLRSV!,.8A]hrx$[bls} '18Y`8;<>QSloTWlq  ~  s { }   J Q  ` j v y  8 = > C K S k n bgmxy foHM  NSbiai+1 ,1"%-/:Ahp egho/4JMhmflu}?Fuz NT{   T X r y !!$!'!j!r!!!!!!!)"+"a"f"""""##~##########*$,$B$J$K$R$$$$$$%%%%-%3%9%<%j%m%%%%%6&=&I&K&c&e&l&q&&&&&'',''''' ( ( ((*(-(.(1(K(R((( )) )()*)0)1)9)W)])c)j))))))))))*****#*%*0*4*:*A*B*H*O*Q*Z*]*a*f*****++)+++7+:+@+B+H+J+Q+S+o+t+++++++++++++,,',),A,C,Q,S,o,u,,,,,- -J-R-g-k-q-x-y-{-------.. .).0.7.Q.Y.o.t.....//A/E/K/R/S/U/\/^/o/q///0 00$010400011a1c11111112292B2D2I2a2j222222222$3)3<3E3Q3X3p3u333 44~4444 55P5W555555555 6666{66666666666666d7i7q7s7777777;8@8[8]88888889 94969C9L9y9{9:#:G:O:P:V:t:|::::::::::::::;.;6;p;w;;;;;;;;;"<$<0<9<H<J<<<<<<< ==m=t===>>v>{>>>>>>>>>>>=?E?r?z?????????????&@.@8@>@S@U@@@@@@@@@AA.A1AUAWAAABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBCC C C CCC"C&C'C)CFCHCZC]CCC DD8D;DCDEDdDfD|DDDDDEIELEMEREfEhEnEuE}EEEEEEEEEEFF-F2FIFOFaFfFqFwFFFFFG GlGnGGGGGGGH H-H4HLHSHlHuHHHHHHHI IEIKIWI]IIIIIIIJJ%J*J KKWK`K:L?LfLlLnLwLLLLLLLM M#M,M.M6M?MBMMMMMMMMMMMMMMNZNaNvN{NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNBOKO\O`OOOOOOOOOOOOO8P;PBPGPSPYPmPtPvP~PPPPPPPQQQQQQQQQQ RR$R)R9R>RRRSS)S,S@SGSISLSMSOSSSSSSSSSSSSSTTTTTTUUBUEUaUhUUUUUUUVVQVWVVVVVVVW W(W-W8W:WDWMWOWQWWWYWWWWWWWWWX X7X=XgXiXpXwXxXXXXXXYYYYYY$Z&ZLZOZPZUZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ[[ [ [[[Q[U[m[p[[[[[[[[[[\\\+\3\4\6\=\B\v\}\\\\\]]^^5^:^V^Z^^^^^^^^^^^^^ __E_G_Q_S_d_f_g_l_________9`C`D`I```````````aaaa.b1b9b=bmbsbtbwbbbbbbbbbbb+c/cFcKc`cfccccccccccd dd"d+dPdVd~dddddddde efeieeeeeeeeeee)f.f/f2f3f5f6f:f]fafgfpfffffff ggg%gXg[ggggggh hh h&hJhOhPhUhlhshhhhhhhhh0i4i5ispsrsss!t&tttttuuuuunuyuuuuuuuuu2v:vSvUvfvmvvvxvvvvvvvww w"w9w>wFwHwXwZwdwfwpw{wwwxx,x1x[x]xxxxxxxxxy y+y2y\_`b5<=@ÌɌBHQSʍߍY`moptKSzďŏʏ ,.AIuwxŐ͐MYZa /1U]ltȒʒВҒ9>OWœʓnpɔ˔ <A#(RXz"%UZbdmsʗϗ #%RYsuz|ǘʘ٘ (+HNcetzǙΙQVgivy .4U]؛ڛۛޛ %'(+,126>Doq(/7<EHIL\cprНԝ "]e}ƞ؞۞ "$%(/4ckџ؟ *1BD[`rxy|}֠ܠBIJOġšȡաۡ "(*078:BJʢ̢͢Тޢ02V^£ȣɣΣӣڣ 35[`v{Ƥʤ>@ϥѥץ٥ޥ.5NSY\ahƦΦ38rw [^BK |Ī,2\cϫ̬֫Ӭ۬ z}٭ޭ68CJ®DGOVӯܯݯ :<DI˰Ͱ29|~9;acȲʲ˲в!JLX_`bjo $&OQ]_luʹдմڴ۴27befhٵ۵_dln $'BGOS_ayԸڸgnprsxùƹݹ%(<BUXdiuwºкҺ׺޺%9=FM@Bļ Ͻս%'RXҿԿ 1457W_49?AZ\otz|$+V]`forZ_"& $19;BQU_c}&HNSX?C`i}%)015u~?HIKLPQZ<B\^U\]f05&(36;=Y`ryCI\e!SUnv477<SV+4mt%*RWbe(-=?EKOX~(9@be} jnEI?Esw#&eglqru(~NUntuxJOCK[c$&NT^ev}"VZ[binosz|}(/0205rw39BIbgJOPWry-1LT!58fl 58_bx| 16LQbe$,_aBJ /124 *,mry )BDELqu 'Za*1QVt{79IQot!).3np 4:@EV[\b_aLQY^08mt=Fil"-0AHntLN/67@VY$+-DM~ ENu~  7=`cikty%+fk     S U e k             % * F H T V W ]     ) / Q T _ a t |       * 2 = @ e h }      i n         08jmot#%36NR]a -4w{(-PT#;>ginu!&@B*/Zc2;lpy16=ABFy|*1BEbj=Dnsy~"MQRW&,1Y\>@JMim W _ v ~     r!{!!!F"N"h"q"""##c#k#l#t###)$2${$$$$$$$$$$%%%!%0%3%%%b&k&&&&&&&' ''')'.'J'Q'''''#('(,(1(T(W((((())N*U***++N,W, -----$--------...U.\.s.y.......,/4/T/Z///////////0 0 00%0*0A0G0O0U0V0]0}00000000<1C1c1i111@2H222(3/373=3z3333333444p4w44444N5W5X5^5t5{555%6-6<6D6Q666667!7~77 88*8081878L8Q8h8n888888899+90999999999W:`:::::::;;; ;/;2;u;};;;< <Y<a<x<<<<<<X=`========>'>->>>>>? ?p?r?????2@5@@@@@@A%A-AMASAAAAAAA3B9B:BCBdBlBBBBBBB CCCCCCDDsDzDDD{EEEEEEEEEEEEFFFFGG1G=GGGLGGGH!HAHFHHHpIwIIIIIIJJJCJJJTJXJJJJJJJK KZKaKKKKKHLQLLLLMM M5MPEpL,P=8MFdw(Zzl'R[hD:[0d1%kZZlbk+o?1.x*^*`>o(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH. ]`CJ^JaJ.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.z^`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.0h ^`o(hH. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH. hh^h`CJo(.z^`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.II^I`o(- ^`hH. L^`LhH.   ^ `hH.   ^ `hH. YLY^Y`LhH. ))^)`hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH. hh^h`CJo(.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`o(.^`OJPJQJ^Jo(- pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.z^`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.z^`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.^`OJPJQJ^Jo(-^`OJ QJ ^J o(hHopp^p`OJ QJ o(hH@ @ ^@ `OJQJo(hH^`OJ QJ ^J o(hHo^`OJ QJ o(hH^`OJQJo(hH^`OJ QJ ^J o(hHoPP^P`OJ QJ o(hH hh^h`CJo(.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH. ^`5\o(. ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.k^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.hk^`ko(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.:z:^:`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.z^`zo(- ^`hH. pLp^p`LhH. @ @ ^@ `hH. ^`hH. L^`LhH. ^`hH. ^`hH. PLP^P`LhH.(21/$'Z;-.+,>PED:[%k $(t&.Dl D"zpL7u%zrAw(Z _1'R[DZl'=8M+oS$6t~NE.xBh OJQJo(>EBh OJQJo(P Bh OJQJo(>EBh OJQJo(%%\Xa                `@*        Ut                         =        N[@        E        >V\                         \Xa        ]a        hŨ        =        =                 \Xa                JnT        =        %$        G.f        S        6        쎠        ,        *i                h        }$onR"`6!0:aSSU?TvoFZ|wo hqIT8[^L c ' ~ a i@ D K d_ A & ( vsoIhA)sQTXa d'*@%\Ld[pu\;AR?~drG3x6\)\-3p4va&5 z) >!6[!"m"X##1#3:#g($B$JW$p$nf%[i%w&v&"(>&(A(%^(Xl)v*$+{N,er, -'-1.K.2_./"-/ }/K122 2,t2!3]3`3=.4K4X^4|4)%767@7br9;'=K)=0=0=>>'>z>K?^? @+@6@{]@_@6h@m6AqEMEjF`uGhIXJK'Kb:K/BKRuLEN|OSmP&QhjQ(RR GRTFUkUC"VyV$XNXwXdYUZMjZa [=[O[m[m[S$\#x\QW]Iu]T^[7_1E_X_x_6`m`al(arcJcDgdDze5=f&ff;-gk}g8iiSi{mi kelR:lrl82m{:m"n(n9nCBn(oUo)qo~xomqZqnq|rss +tStvdUv5wpwx*xAxj`xx>z?{V{z{{{}|^^|c|.})a}P~q~"N7m64]:}:Gs %o ,;V\D;?Z\|j}=p(8V\z srI.SKUd Spr+`Sa{090Fbl4Qd&7[gy~_zbNKbV.= q <$FE? 9KdR}j&8AGOK[_x7?f+w9g,?u9BU5[ ,A/]2a"GVVEnjz#zrJ["A^e%|]-H{'s9 oO|%&w7Q-cIoQss-!X $J~SbYNFd {Ba0>^wjK8J| W+vw{GgyL"nyuG$u} o D@]~i"`5AHs?j'VKPSzjyfArCj+$|# B*E_h~k;be\)T%|ARZ{=n@N0N0@zN0N0Ln@@ @@@@^@Unknown G:Ax Times New Roman5Symbol3& :Cx ArialQ`@PT Simple Bold RuledE @Monotype Koufia  @Ali-A-SahifaTimes New RomanK ASimplified Arabic3& LathaM`ATraditional Arabic7&@ Calibri?5 :Cx Courier New;Wingdings#hFHqfPyP.3P.3!4d55 2qHP?K42$'D*#EJF EF 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ) DDE-'EJrashafuture%                           ! " # $ Oh+'0  < H T `lt|( rashaNormalfuture80Microsoft Office Word@L@$6@@`^9P.՜.+,D՜.+,X hp  matoush35 % L 8@ _PID_HLINKSAN[$http://www.yahoo.com/R!http://www.usaforicc.org/http://www.dd.sunnat.net/http://www.dd.sunnat.net/[http://www.yahoo,com/Qhttp://www.c-we.com//&http://www.birasy.com/[http://www.yahoo.com/i( http://www.m7shsh.com/L http://www.c-we.org/[http://www.yahoo.com/[http://www.yahoo.com/[http://www.yahoo.com/  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXY[\]^_`acdefghipRoot Entry FPUs9rData 1TableGPWordDocumentEPSummaryInformation(ZDocumentSummaryInformation8bCompObjn  F Microsoft Office Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q