ࡱ>  Q|bjbjȃ/9n!/]^^^d8\4T-( ,,,,,,,$02l - J @ ^ -R'nR'R'R' R, ,R'vR'*l,hj",,'xߐj , /. 9'E1 9J'4 'D,(H1J E/13 'DB'FHF 'D9'E CDJ) 'DB'FHF / ,'E9) *C1J*EB/E) : #GEJ) 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) HH3'&D *7HJ1 9EDG' : *9/ 3D7'* 'D(1DE'F() 9F51'K #3'3J'K AJ 'D-J') 'D3J'3J) H'D/3*H1J) AJ ,EJ9 'DF8E 'D/JEB1'7J)  DE' *E'13G G0G 'DE$33) EF '.*5'5'* EGE) *.*DA (-3( '.*D'A 'DF8E 'D3J'3J) 'D3'&/) AJ 'D9'DE() . HF81'K DD'.*5'5'* 'DEGE) 'D.7J1) 'D*J *E'13G' (1DE'F'* 'D9'DE C'D'.*5'5 'D*41J9J H'D1B'(J H'DE'DJ H'DB6'&J A%FG' *-*', AJ 9EDG' %DI BH) /A9 H9ED E9B/ H,GH/ C(J1) D2J'/) A'9DJ*G' H.(1'*G'. H*D9( 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) 'D/H1 'D1&J3J AJ %F,'2 'D9/J/ EF 'D'.*5'5'* 'D*J *67D9 (G' (1DE'F'* 'D9'DE. HGF' D' (/ EF 'D'4'1) %DI #F CD (1DE'F J*CHF EF 9// C(J1 EF 'D#96'! EE' J,9D 'F,'2 EG'EG' H#9E'DG' 3H'! 'D*41J9J) #H 'D1B'(J) #H :J1G' AJ 'D,D3'* 'D9'E) EF 'D59H() (EC'F  (D #F 0DC B/ J$/J %DI 'D'F3J'B %DI FB'4'* HCD'E AJ 'D,D3'* 'D9'E) :J1 E,/M #H EF*, EE' J*1*( 9DI 0DC EF 6J'9 DHB* H,G/ 'D(1DE'F  HF*J,) DG0G 'D#3('( H:J1G' A%F (1DE'F'* 'D9'DE (4CD 9'E *D,# %DI *CHJF 'DD,'F D/1'3) H*-6J1 #9E'DG' EF #96'! E-/H/J 'D9// H'DE*.55JF #H 'D0JF D/JGE 'D'G*E'E (#-/ A1H9 F4'7 'D/HD) #H 'DE,*E9. HB/ (/#* #GEJ) 'DD,'F **2'J/ C9F51 *F8JEJ EGE AJ A9'DJ) 'DE,'D3 'DFJ'(J) (D #FG' *ECF 'D'96'! EF 'D'4*1'C (A'9DJ) AJ 'D9ED 'D(1DE'FJ  H9DI H,G 'D.5H5 AJ 'D/JEB1'7J'* 'D-/J+) 'D5'9/)  (D #F 'D(96 J97J #GEJ) C(J1) DG0G 'DD,'F  (-J+ J5A 'DCHF,13 'D#E1JCJ 9DI 3(JD 'DE+'D (#FG "9('1) 9F E,EH9) EF 'DD,'F 'D*J *,*E9 AJ B'9)  (5H1) /H1J) DDEH'AB) 9DI ',1'!'* (96G' 'D(96"(). H3HA F*F'HD ('D/1'3) #GEJ) 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) HH3'&D *7HJ1 9EDG' AJ (-+JF  F9'D, AJ 'D#HD: *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ)  HF9'D, AJ 'D+'FJ 9ED H'.*5'5'* 'DD,'F  H9DI 0DC JFB3E G0' 'D(-+ %DI 'DE(-+JF 'D"*JJF: 'DE(-+ 'D#HD: *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ). 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ: 9ED H'.*5'5'* 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ). 'DE(-+ 'D#HD *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) J,( 9DJF' 9F/ 'DCD'E 9F *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) #F F-// E'GJ) G0G 'DD,'F  +E (J'F #,G2*G'  3F*F'HD 0DC AJ E7D(JF  CE' J#*J: 'DE7D( 'D#HD: E'GJ) 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ). 'DE7D( 'D+'FJ: ,G'2 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ). 'DE7D( 'D#HD: E'GJ) 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) J3*D2E 9F/ (J'F E'GJ) 'DD,'F #F F*71B %DI *91JA G0G 'DD,'F  +E *-/J/ #FH'9 'DD,'F 'DE.*DA)  H(F'! 9DI 0DC 3FB3E G0' 'DE7D( %DI A19JF  F*F'HD AJ 'D#HD  *91JA 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ)  HAJ 'D+'FJ #FH'9G'  HCE' J#*J: 'DA19 'D#HD *91JA 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) *9*(1 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) EF #GE 'D#,G2) /'.D 'D(1DE'F 'D*J *9ED H*3'9/ 9DI *3JJ1 #9E'DG H-3F #/'&G DH8'&AG  AGJ 'D#C+1 -1C) HF4'7'K H'F*','K  AG0G 'DD,'F GJ 'DGJCD 'D#3'3J D9ED 'D(1DE'F HEFG' J(/# EE'13) 9EDG(). HB/ 91AG' 'D(96 (#FG' " 9// 5:J1 EF #96'! 'DE,D3  **CHF AJ CD E,D3 EF #,D 'D9ED 9DI *-6J1 #9E'D 'DE,D3"()  C0DC 91AG' ,'F( ".1 (E9FI EB'1( DD*91JA 'D3'(B (#FG': "GJ&'* 5:J1) JF*.(G' 'DE,D3 'DFJ'(J EF (JF #96'&G  HJHCD %DJG' EGE) 'D(-+ H'D/1'3) DCD E' J916 9DJG EF 'DE41H9'* H'D'B*1'-'*"(). H9F/ *-DJD G0G 'D*9'1JA F*H5D %DI AGE 7(J9) 9ED 'DD,'F %0 **D.5 AJ *B3JE 'D9ED /'.D 'D(1DE'F (-J+ *916 'D#9E'D 'DE.*DA) 'D*J */.D AJ 5EJE 9ED 'D(1DE'F 9DI D,'F E*.55) DCJ */13 G0G 'DEH6H9'* H*916 .D'5) E' **H5D %DJG EF F*'&, 9DI 'DE,D3 'DFJ'(J 'D0J DG 'DB1'1 'DFG'&J (G0' 'D4#F  A9ED 'DD,'F %0F GH /H1 'DE3'9/ H'DE9'HF (-J+ *CHF 'DB1'1'* 'DFG'&J) DD(1DE'F AJ 'D'*,'G 'D5-J- (9/ #F E1* (E1'-D 'D/1'3) H'D*-1J 'DE9EB 9F/ 916G' 9DI 'DD,'F 'DE.*DA) +E %F G0G 'DD,'F **CHF EF 9// E-/H/ EF 'D#96'! *-//G 9'/) 'DDH'&- 'D/'.DJ) DD(1DE'F'*  HG0' 'D9// 'DE-/H/ EF 'D#96'! J3E- (#,1'! 9ED #C+1 319) H*F8JE'K  H(0DC JECF 'D*.D5 EF 'DEF'B4'* :J1 'DE,/J) H'DA,'&J) 'D*J EF 'DEECF #F *-/+ AJ 'D,D3'* 'D9'E) DD(1DE'F. HJ1I 'D(96 #F 'D#5D AJ *4CJD 'DD,'F E1'9') E(/# 'D*.55  #J #F *F51A CD E,EH9) /'.D 'D(1DE'F %DI /1'3) 'DEH6H9'* 'D*J *1I AJ FA3G' EJD'K .'5'K H'3*9/'/'K 8'G1'K D(-+G' H/1'3*G'  D0DC J5'1 AJ 'D*4CJD %DI %9E'D E(/# 'D*7H9  D#F CD A1/ #/1I (EJHD FA3G H'3*9/'/G'  A6D'K 9DI #F F8'E 'D*7H9 J$/J %DI *A'/J 9EDJ'* 'D'F*.'( 'D7HJD) 'D*J B/ *CHF EED). H*3GJD'K DD9ED ,1I 'D*BDJ/ AJ (96 'DE,'D3 'DFJ'(J) 9DI #F J13D 'D#96'! 'D0JF J14-HF #FA3GE DD96HJ) AJ #J) D,F) *14J-GE G0' %DI 1&'3) 'DE,D3  DJ*HDI ,E9 'D*14J-'* H*-6J1G' +E J916G' 9DI 'DE,D3 AJ 'D,D3) 'D*'DJ) DCJ JA5D AJG'  :J1 #FG B/ J-/+ #F J2J/ #H JFB5 9// 'DE*B/EJF *7H9'K 9F 'D9// 'DE-// D*4CJD 'DD,F)  D0DC J5'1 %DI -0A 'D2J'/) #H 'CE'D 'DFB5 (H'37) 'D'F*.'( HJ-5D G0' 'D'F*.'( ('DB'&E) DCD D,F). H'D96H 'D0J D' J1J/ #F JF*.( AJ D,F) E' #F J9DF 0DC B(D 9EDJ) 'D'F*.'( #H (9/G' %0' C'F B/ *E 'F*.'(G HJCHF 0DC 9F 71JB 1&'3) 'DE,D3(). HF1I #F E1'9') E(/# 'D*.55 AJ *4CJD 'DD,'F J2J/ A'9DJ*G' H*#+J1G' AJ E,'D 'D9ED 'D(1DE'FJ  D#F 'D*H5J'* H'DB1'1'* 'D*J 3HA **.0G' G0G 'DD,'F 3HA *CHF E$+1) HEBF9) 9F/ 916G' D#FG' *5/1 EF #96'! E*.55JF AJ 'DEH6H9'* 'D*J *916 9DJGE  H'D-BJB) #F 'DC+J1 EF 'DE,'D3 'DFJ'(J) D' *F5 AJ DH'&-G' 'D/'.DJ) 9DI E(/# 'D*.55 H**1C G0' 'D#E1 DD#96'! H'DB1'1'* 'D*J **.0G' 'DE,'D3 (G0' 'D4#F  %D' #F (96 G0G 'DDH'&- F5* 9DI G0' 'DE(/# 51'-)  AB/ H1/ AJ 'DD'&-) 'D/'.DJ) DE,D3 'DFH'( 'DJEFI  HAJ 'DE'/) (26) EFG' E' J#*J: "*14- GJ&) 'D1&'3) #96'! 'DD,'F 'D/'&E) (F'! 9DI 1:() 'D#96'! E9 E1'9') 'D*.55 H'D.(1) H'DCA'!)...". 'DA19 'D+'FJ #FH'9 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) 3(B #F 0C1F'  #F 'D(1DE'F D' J*F'HD EH6H9'K E9JF'K ('D(-+ H'DEF'B4) %DI (9/ '-'D*G %DI '-/I D,'FG  C#5D 9'E  -J+ *BHE G0G 'DD,'F (/1'3*G H'D'F*G'! %DI 1#J *916G 9DI 'D(1DE'F D**E EF'B4) 'DEH6H9 'DE-'D %DJG AJ 6H&G  H(4CD 9'E A%F 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) AJ 'D9'DE *FB3E %DI FH9JF 1&J3JJF: 'DFH9 'D#HD : HJ4ED 'DD,'F 'D/'&E) 'DE*.55) #H 'DFH9J) 'D*J *.*5 (/1'3) E' J916 9DI 'DE,D3 EF 'DEH6H9'* 'D*J **9DB (4$HF B7'9 E9JF #H (4$HF H2'1) EF 'DH2'1'*  H'DEB5H/ EF CHF G0G 'DD,'F /'&E) %FE' GH EGE*G' 'H '.*5'5G' D' CJAJ) *4CJDG'  AG0G 'DD,'F J9'/ *4CJDG' (5A) /H1J) CD 3F) #H 3F*JF (-3( F5 'DD'&-) 'D/'.DJ) DCD E,D3 FJ'(J  HC0DC A%F G0G 'DD,'F D' *3*E/ H,H/G' EF B1'1 E$B* J5/1 EF 'DE,D3 (D EF 'DD'&-) 'D/'.DJ) 0'*G' 'D*J *3EJ G0G 'DD,'F H*-// '.*5'5'*G'. 'DFH9 'D+'FJ: J4ED 'DD,'F 'D.'5) #H 'DE$B*) 'D*J J4CDG' 'D(1DE'F D#:1'6 E9JF) #H D(-+ #E1 E9JF  H*F*GJ G0G 'DD,'F ('F*G'! 'D:16 EFG' #H (5/H1 B1'1 EF 'D(1DE'F (%D:'&G' #H ('D'C*A'! (E' B'E* (G EF #9E'D(). %F 'DB'9/) 'DE3*B1) AJE' J*9DB ('D9ED 'D(1DE'FJ #F 'D#5D J-*HJ 'DA1H9  H('D*'DJ A'DD,'F 'D/'&E) *3*7J9 EE'13) EG'E 'DD,'F 'DE$B*) H'DBJ'E (H8'&AG'  AJ -JF %F 'D9C3 D' J,H2(). H'D-BJB) #F 'D*B3JE 'D3'(B GH 'D3'&/ AJ E98E /HD 'D9'DE  %D' #F (96 (1DE'F'* 'D/HD 'D91JB) AJ 'D/JEB1'7J) *#.0 (FG, E.*DA AJE' J*9DB (9ED 'DD,'F H*B3JEG'  A'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) AJ (1J7'FJ' 0'* '.*5'5 :J1 E-// AJE' J*9DB (EE'13) 9EDG'  #E' #4C'D G0G 'DD,'F AJ E,D3 'D9EHE 'D(1J7'FJ AGJ(). D,F) 'DE,D3 (#CEDG: H**#DA G0G 'DD,F)  CE' J/D 9DJG' '3EG'  EF CD '96'! E,D3 'D9EHE 'D*J *GEG' 'DB6J) EH6H9 'DEF'B4)  HD' J*1#3 1&J3 E,D3 'D9EHE  Speaker G0G 'DD,F) (D 1&J3 'D71B H'DH3'&D #H #-/ 'D'96'! 'D941) 'DEH,H/JF 9DI D'&-) 'D1$3'!  HB/ C'F 'D:16 EF 'F4'! G0G 'DD,F) GH #F D' J*E 'D.6H9 D1B'() 1&J3 E,D3 'D9EHE  Speaker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wade &C.F.Forsyth : Administrative law, 8th edition, Oxford University Press, New Yourk, 2000. Jennings (sit W.I): Parliament, 2nd edition, Londres 1957. Lawrence D.Longley and Roger H. Darodson (eds.): The new roles of parliamentary committees, (Londo) farms Cass, 1998. Lowell, Lawerence: The government of England, Macmillan of Co. LTD, London, 1908. Paul Silk: How parliament works, Longman, London, 1987. Phillips O. Hood: Constitutional and administrative law, London 1987. Wade and Phillips E.C.S and G.Godfrey: Constitional law, Longman, London 1960. Walkand: The legislative process in great Britain, Londres 1968. Wilding, Norman and Philip Laundry: An encyclopedia of parliament, 3rd edition, London, 1968. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD 7(J9) 9ED 'D(1DE'F 'F81: - H.W.R. Wade of C.F.Forsyth: Administrative (aw, 8th edition, Oxford University Press, Newyourk, 2000. P. 460. - Paul Silk: How Parliament Works, Longman, London 1987. P.150. - Philips O.Hood: Constitutional and Adminstrative ( aw, London, 1987. P.60. - Lowell, Lowerence: The Government of England, Macmillan of Co. LTD, London , 1968- P 300. - Wilding, Norman and Philip Laundry: An encyclopedia of Parliament, 3rd edition, London, 1968. P750. - Wade and Philips E.C.S and G.Godfrey: Constitutional law, Longman, London 1960. () C'F* CDE)  Parlement *7DB 9DI 'DGJ&'* 'DB6'&J) 'D9DJ' AJ A1F3' B/JE'K H(G0' 'DE9FI #7DB* 9DI 'D(1DE'F 'D'F,DJ2J AJ #HD F4#*G  D#FG C'F #B1( %DI 'DGJ&'* 'DB6'&J) EFG %DI 'DGJ&'* 'DFJ'(J) ('DE9FI 'DE91HA 'D"F  -J+ C'F EF F*J,) '5/'1 'D9G/ 'DC(J1  Magna charta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alkand : The Legislative Process in Great Britain, Londres 1968. - Jennings (Sir W.I): Parliament, 2nd edition, Londres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awrence D. Longley and Roger H. Darodson (eds): The new Roles of Parliamentary Committees, London: Farms cass, 1998. P84. () /. G'FJ 'D-H1'FJ H".1HF  E,EH9) #H1'B  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 37. () 9E1H #-E/ -3(H: 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 44. () 9E1H #-E/ -3(H  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 45. () /. G'FJ 'D-H1'FJ H".1HF  E,EH9) #H1'B  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 37. () HD' (/ EF 'D'4'1) %DI #F 31J) ,D3'* 'DD,'F D' *F51A %DI #96'! 'DE,D3 'DFJ'(J 'D0J *F*EJ %DJG G0G 'DD,'F  AJECF DD#96'! -6H1 ,D3'* D,'F DJ3H' #96'! AJG' D3E'9 E' J/H1 AJG' EF EF'B4'*  HDCF 'D#E1 %0' *9DB ('B*1'- EB/E EF #-/ 'D#96'!  AD5'-( G0' 'D'B*1'- -B 'D-6H1 9F/ /1'3) 'B*1'-G EF B(D 'DD,F)  HC0DC DG 'D'4*1'C AJ EF'B4*G /HF 'D*5HJ*. (G'FJ .J1: /1'3'* *41J9J)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 106). () Lawrence, op. cit P. 82. () /. ,'(1 9H6: F8'E 'D-CE AJ 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ) (E*1,E)  'D,E9J) 'DE51J) DF41 'DE91A) H'D+B'A) 'D9'DEJ)  'DB'G1) 1996  5 158. () Lawrence, op.cit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awrence, op, cit-p.71. () /. E-3F .DJD: 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J H'DF8E 'D3J'3J)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 570  H'F81 C0DC /. 9(/ 'D-EJ/ E*HDJ: 'DH3J7 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 564. () /. 9(/ 'D-EJ/ E*HDJ  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 564. () /. E-E/ 1A9* 9(/ 'DHG'(: 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 414. () /. 3DJE'F 'D7E'HJ: 'D3D7'* 'D+D'+ AJ 'D/3'*J1 'D91(J) 'DE9'51) HAJ 'DAC1 'D3J'3J 'D'3D'EJ  /1'3) EB'1F)  75  E7(9) 9JF 4E3  1986  5 551 HE' (9/G' . () G'FJ .J1  /1'3'* *41J9J) 'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 185. () 'F81: 9E1H '-E/ -3(H: 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 80  HC0DC Lawrence, op. cit. P.80. () /. 4E3 E1:FJ 9DJ: 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  E7(9) /'1 'D*#DJA  'DB'G1) 1977  5 648  H'F81 C0DC /. '(1'GJE 4J-': 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 757. () /. E57AI C'ED: 41- 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  72  /'1 'DC*'( 'D91(J  'DB'G1) 1952 5 562  H'F81 C0DC /. 1E2J 7G 'D4'91: 'DF8'E 'D/3*H1J 'DE51J  1990  5 146. () /. 4E3 E1:FJ 9DJ : 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 648. () /. '(1'GJE 4J-': 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 757. () /. CE'D 'D:'DJ: E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J H'DF8E 'D3J'3J)  72  E7(9) ,'E9) /E4B 1967-1968  5 272. () #F/1JG GH1JH: 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 408  H-HD 'D9D'B) (JF 'D3D7'* 'D+D'+ AJ 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D'E1JCJ)  J1I 'D(96 #F 'D0J J(12 *H2J9 'D/3*H1 DD3D7'* (JF 'D3D7) 'D*FAJ0J) H'DCHF,13 GH F8'E 'DA5D (JF 'D3D7'* 'D0J J*6EF H,H/ E$33'* EFA5D) HDCFG' *E'13 3D7'* E4*1C)  H'F 'D9D'B'* 'D-BJBJ) DG0G 'DE$33'* E-//) (H'37) -B'&B 9EDJ)  -J+ J-CEG' 'D91A H'D9'/) #C+1 EE' *-CEG' 'DF5H5 'D/3*H1J) 'D13EJ). (DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0' 'DEH6H9 'F81 : ,J1HE #. ('1HF H 3. *HE'3 /JFJ3: 'DH,J2 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D/3*H1J  (*1,E) : E-E/ E57AI :FJE HGF/ 'D(BDJ). 72 'D'F,DJ2J) 71 'D91(J)  'D,E9J) 'DE51J) DF41 'DE91A) H'D+B'A) 'D9'DEJ)  'DB'G1) 1998  5126HE' (9/G'. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0' 'DEH6H9 'F81: 9E1H '-E/ -3(H  'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ)  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 70. () Lawrence, op,cit.P.87. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD G0' 'DEH6H9  #F81: (-+F' 9'E1 9J'4 9(/  'D"DJ'* 'D5-J-) DH69 /3*H1 'D91'B  'DEF4H1 AJ E,D) ,'E9) *C1J* DD9DHE 'D'F3'FJ)  'D9// (3) 'DE,D/ (11)  554 HE' (9/G'. 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (2/'D3F) 'D9'41)) 9// (25) #JDHD (2005) ============== ============================== *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) H'.*5'5'*G' PAGE 276  PAGE 277  'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (2/'D3F) 'D9'41)) 9// (25) 3F) (2005) [5271-5305] 271 *CHJF 'DD,'F 'D(1DE'FJ) H'.*5'5'*G'  &(*,rtvx z|~hjdf̽{{{{{{yy{{{{{ZCJaJ ^JhnH #jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH 5CJ\aJ ^JhnH Z5CJ\aJ ^JhnH  Z5\ Z5\^J CJaJ ^J ZaJ^J ZaJ ^JjZaJ ^JUjaJ ^JU/  6\ jf$1$$$$Tl V  $A$U$A$  6\ jfhT&++6+f+-@12B46D:<^=>.?4@FCEEEGlQW a NyZz-R+ Ai  5hT&++6+f+-@12B46D:<^=>.?4@FCEEEG$1$A$$1$lnprfhJ&L&N&P&R&T&++d+f+---@1Z12222226484:4<4@4B4x6z6|6~6667789B:D:<ȳaJ ^JjZ0JaJ ^JUZH*aJ ^J ZaJ ^JZ5CJ\aJ ^JhnH CJaJ ^JhnH #jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH Z<<<\=^= >>,?.?(@*@,@.@2@4@C@CBCDCFCEEEEEGGGGGGKKKL`QbQdQfQjQlQWWWWWWaaaaa aggggg4p6pqqqqssssss{aJ ^J ZaJ ^JZZCJaJ ^JhnH #jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH CJaJ ^JhnH FGlQW ag6ps{l J02v NRTp$1$$A$$1$$1$ ag6ps{l J02v NRTpBVtp<4rZ||yvqn-78w u;h  p) lyzGP+{{{{{{ jl HJ.02tv \^`bޠDFHJLN PRTʱʩʯaJ ^J ZaJ ^JZZCJaJ ^JhnH ^JZ^J ZaJ ^JCJaJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH #jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH @pBVtp<4rZ|D $A$$1$dfhj8:<>@BLNPRTVrtdfhjnp0246:<*,.0ļļĪaJ ^JjZ0JaJ ^JUZH*aJ ^J ZaJ ^JCJaJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH #jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH C024prPRTVXZxz|~z|BF  | ~ TVln!""D"F"꼹ꪝ5CJ\aJ ^JhnH Z5CJ\aJ ^JhnH ^JZ^J#jZ0JCJaJ ^JUhnH ZCJH*aJ ^JhnH aJ ^J ZaJ ^JCJaJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH >D ~ Vn!!"F"`""#$%&2''d()**+,,ſwog_W  O          D      ^    @      .<=yv ~ Vn!!"F"`""#$%&2''d()**+,,$ & F1$0 h0$ & F1$$1$F"^"`"""##$$%%&&0'2'''T(d()) **R*V***++,,,,H-J-////n0p0000011v1x111 2 2334447l8r8t8v8z888辳 ^JhnH Z^JhnH jZ0J^JUZ^J5CJ\aJ ^JhnH Z5CJ\aJ ^JhnH CJaJ ^JhnH ZCJaJ ^JhnH aJ ^J ZaJ ^JA,J-//p0001x11 234456v667F7G777l8n8p8r889:k::.;ƾ|yqi_]]ZXXUX   K      #  [    #  ^        7g        (  ^  ~     ,J-//p0001x11 234456v667F7G777$A$1$ $A$ & F1$$ & F1$$ & F1$$1$$ & F1$0 h07l8n8p8r889:k::.;;h@BpETF4GHHHIxJJ$$$$1$$A$rr $A$1$r$1$ & F89k::;;;<<,<=>f@h@BBnErEtExERFVFXF\F2G6G8G|@|B|J|L|N|||||||     HJbKK8LnMMWZ[[\R\\_`*a`aabii&j^kkFlxmm$A$$$$1$$A$ZZ Z Z[[ [[[[[[[\\\P\T\V\Z\\\\\_____```"`(a*a,a.a2a^abadahaaaaa bbbbiiiiiiiii$j(j*j.j\k`kbkfkkkkkDlHlJlNlmmvmzm|mmmmmmpnnnn ^JhnH Z^JhnH jZ0J^JU^JZ^JXmnopvqqrwxxDzFzzzh{j{{{{{{{"|>|$$d%d&d'd&`#$ $d%d&d'd$A$$$nnnoooopppqtqxqzq~qqqqqrrrrwwwwxxxxxxxxxBzDzFzpzzzzzzzz{{ {f{h{j{l{x{z{{{{{{{{{{ jUZ0JaJ^J 0JaJ^JjZ0JaJ^JUjZUmHZ^JZ ZCJ^J ZCJ^J ^JhnH ^JZ^JhnH Z^JjZ0J^JU@{{{{{{{||| || |"|6|:|<|>|B|H|L|N|||||||ZCJaJ ^JhnH ZCJ$aJ4^J 5CJ$\aJ4^J nHZ5CJ$\aJ4^J nHZCJ$aJ^J ZCJ aJ^JZZ<CJ^J ZCJ^J ZCJ^J jU 0JaJ^JjZ0JaJ^JU>|@|B|J|L|N|||||||$1$$$$ - 000&PP' (5!"#$% [&@&Normal$A$F@F Heading 1$$1$@&CJaJ^JhnH F@F Heading 2$$1$@&CJaJ^JhnH F@F Heading 3$$1$@&CJaJ ^JhnH F@F Heading 4$$1$@&CJaJ^JhnH <A@<Default Paragraph FontDT@D Block Text 1$ZCJaJ^JhnH &)@& Page Number2 @2Footer$A$ 9r >>@">Title$1$5CJ\aJ^JhnH DB@2D Body Text $A$1$CJaJ^JhnH ,@B,Header  9r .@R. Footnote Text8&@a8Footnote ReferenceH*RC@rRBody Text Indent$A$1$r ^JhnH TR@TBody Text Indent 2 $CJaJ ^JhnHDP@D Body Text 2$1$CJaJ ^JhnH : 7 &j=!#&).167;>@JKLOTW3XY[]ab{c3fhqhj)os|սGuL< 9  < OKt;X.RB^)n;0C4 m!p!.ս.1սM<{0F"8Zn{|Gp ,7Jm>|| a,.;|!!t@    @\ ( . l"  0jJ))? N  3  B S  ? (  TB  c $DԔ T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B B c $DjJ N11T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B  B c $DjJ N11ս$!+r<*-rl1sNn"s]}"sCHpw| _d  BG=B  """"######$$$$$$ ''0'5'7(G(m(w(x((((_+p+++%,.,7,=,z,},~,,1-6-----H.P.T.Y.....//z00x1111 222233o5v555*6/6>7C788$8+888R9Z999":):_:f:::A;H;;;&<-<c<k< ==Y=`=9>@>X>_>>>>>>>>>??????5@E@AACCTEXEEEGGrHyHHHHH?IEIIIKKKKmLsLLLMMRMWM]MMM%N+NNOPP;T@TTTTT U UU#UUUUUWWXY ZZZZ[[[[\\\\\\]]]]^"^^^^^^^E_K_m_u_____9`B```aaaabbbbMc_ccc1d6dOdVde e eeeee#e8e?efffgcgkgyg~gghphhhhimikkllllmmmmVn]nnnooop4q:qrrrr)s.s7s >5?8?@@AA$A'AGBJBDDFFFFFFJJoNrNOO T T(V*V7V8VXV[VWW Y#Y[[]]__xaza9b?{|޸߸lmл79EIUYνӽֽAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docAhmad-C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\AutoRecovery save of Raf5.asdAhmad-C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\AutoRecovery save of Raf5.asdAhmad#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen25\Raf5.docdN(lW{<(l@3+m=(l jR(lhhCJo(.hhCJo(.h.hhCJo(.hhCJo(.@3+m=W{<dN jR@D#yս@@@@l@@8@t@@<@>@@@H@Z@\@`@j@| G:Times New Roman5Symbol3& :ArialM @Traditional Arabic; @Akhbar MTG @MCS ARAFAT HIGHW @MCS Khaybar S_U normal.K @Simplified ArabicE @Monotype KoufiU @MCS Taybah S_U normal.#1h^2F&f2FJtA!0-6(3E 'DDG 'D1-EF 'D1-JEmaysamAhmadZOh+'0x   ( 4 @ LX`hp  maysamaysANormalAhmadl74aMicrosoft Word 8.0@^s@@$h@;ːtZ՜.+,D՜.+,D hp|  lawA-U  Title 6> _PID_GUIDAN{4411D3BD-ACEE-44E5-AD37-89C11AAE9487}  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~Root Entry F ߐ 1Table2WordDocument/SummaryInformation(DocumentSummaryInformation8CompObjj  FMicrosoft Word Document MSWordDocWord.Document.89q