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() /. EFJ1 -EJ/ 'D(J'*J  'D/HD) 'DB'FHFJ) H'DF8'E 'D3J'3J 'D%3D'EJ  (:/'/  1978  553. () /. EFJ1 'D(J'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 54. DD*A5JD JF81 %DI +1H* (/HJ  'DF8E 'D3J'3J)  5153. () /. 9/F'F -EH/J 'D,DJD  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 18-19. DD*A5JD JF81: /. :'2J -3F 5('1JFJ  524-25. H'DI /. EFJ1 'D(J'*J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 58-61. () /. 9/F'F -EH/J 'D,DJD  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  525-26. () /. 9/F'F -EH/J ,DJD  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  59. () /. :'2J -3F 5('1JFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  527. () Goseph Brthelemy; Labeur Delaliberte , Paris, P.110. () DD*A5JD JF81: /. 79JE) ,1A  'D-1J'* 'D9'E) (JF 'DE0G(JF 'DA1/J H'D'4*1'CJ  EC*() 'DFG6)  E51  527-28. (*) HGJ 'DH+JB) 'D*J HB9 AJG' ,HF 9DI G0' 'D9G/ .6H9'K D+H1) 'D49( H'D%CDJ2H3  'D0J +'1 9DI 'D8DE H'D7:J'F  AB/ F5 G0' 'D9G/ 9DI 'D-BHB 'D#3'3J) H-E'J*G'. HB11 9/E -(3 'D%F3'F EF /HF E-'CE) . CE' #B1 F8'E 'DE-DAJF H#97I %DI 'D(1DE'F 3D7) 9DI 'DE'D  HB/ '*.0* 'D#E) G0G 'D9F'51 H'D-BHB AJE' (9/ 3D'-'K DEB'HE) 'D'3*(/'/  H*:JJ1 'DEDCJ) 'DE7DB) %DI 'DEDCJ) 'D/3*H1J) 'DEBJ/) . /. -3F 5('1JFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  528. () /. :'2J -3F 5('1JFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 29. () Billington (Lowenberg, Brook Unier) : The meaking of American Democracy , New York , P.133. () DD*A5JD JF61 %DI /.79E) ,1A  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  585 H'DI /.:'2J -3F 5('1JFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  530-34. () Ramond , Aron : Essairurles libertes, Paris 1965 P. 210. ()Ramond Aron : a.g.e.p.219. () Ramond Aron : a.g.e P 226. () Pierre Goubert, pierr(Denis Michel) : les fran caisontla parola, Paris, 1960 P. 167. DD*A5JD JF81 %DI /.79EJE) ,1A  'DE5/1 'D3'(B 5112 H5137 H /.#(H 'DJ2J/ 9DI 'DE*J* 'DF8E 'D3J'3J) H'D-1J'* 'D9'E)  'D%3CF/1J)  1982 5 156 - 157. () Pierre Goubert , pierr. A.g.e. P 185. () Muinci Kapani: Kamu Huriyetleri. Ankara 1976 P. 136. () Munci Kapani : a.g.e. P. 150. () Munci Kapani : a.g.e. P. 155. 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() Bulent Tanor : a.g.e. P. 175. () Erich Fromm : Cagimizin ozgurluk surunu. Ankara. 1988. P. 217. () /.:'2J -3F 5('1JFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  544. 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