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www.rezgar.com-alfadhal@hotmail.com. () /. 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() J7DB 9DI G0' 'DE16 ('DD:) 'D91(J) (E16 FB5 'DEF'9) 'DEC*3()) HCDE) 'J/2 **CHF EF 'D-1HA 'D#HDI DDCDE'* 'D'FCDJ2J) 'D*J 3EJQ (G' G0' 'DE@@@@@@@16: (Acquired Immune Deficiecy Syndrome) HJ7DB 'DA1F3JHF 9DI G0' 'DE16 DA8 3J/' HGJ 'D#-1A 'D#HDI DDCDE'* 'DA1F3J): (Syndrome Immuno Deficien ce Aquise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