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E-E/ 3D'E E/CH1 : 'D,FJF H'D'-C'E 'DE*9DB) (G AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1969. .'E3' : 'D(-H+ H'D/1'3'* 'DB'FHFJ) /. -3FJF '(1'GJE 5'D- : AC1) 'DE5D-) AJ B'FHF 'D9BH('*  (-+ EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D,F'&J) 'DBHEJ)  'DE,D/ /7  92  'DB'G1)  1994 . /. 9'/D 9'21 : EAGHE 'DE5D-) 'DB'FHFJ)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D,F'&J) 'DBHEJ)  93  'DE1C2 'DBHEJ DD(-H+ 'D',*E'9J) H'D,F'&J)  'DB'G1)  1972 . /. C'ED .'D/ 'D39J/ : ,1JE) 'D#,G'6  /1'3) EB'1F)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) /1'3'* ('D41J9) H'DB'FHF) E,D/ 11  93  1984 ,'E9) 'D#1/FJ)  9E'F . /. E,J/ 'D9F(CJ : AC1*' 'DE5D-) H'D-B  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) /1'3'* B'FHFJ)  91  31  (J* 'D-CE)  (:/'/  1999 . /. E-E/ E57AI 'DBDDJ (C : 'D',G'6  (-+ EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D7(J) 'DE51J)  32  97  1937 . 3'/3' : 'DEH'B9 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1F* 1   HYPERLINK "http://www.asharqalawsat.com/" www.asharqalawsat.com 2   HYPERLINK "http://www.rezgar.comaltadhad@hotmail.com/" www.rezgar.comaltadhad@hotmail.com 3'(9' : 'DBH'FJF 1  B'FHF -EH1'(J 2  B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DE51J 1BE 58 D3F) 1937 3  B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D3H1J 1BE 148 D3F) 1949 4- B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D#1/FJ 1BE 116 D3F) 1960 5  B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ 1BE 111 D3F) 1969 +'EF' : 'DE5'1 ('DD:) 'D#,F(J) 1- clayton , S.Q "obstetrics by ten teachers" 13th ed, Edward Arnold Uk, 1980 (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 31/5/2009 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 23/12/2009 . (1) JF81 'DEH'/ (2-9 214) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE0CH1 . (2) JF81 'DE'/) (30) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE0CH1 . (1) JF81 /. -3F 5'/B 'DE15A'HJ : 'D#,G'6 AJ F81 'DE419 'D,F'&J  (-+ EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D,F'&J) 'DBHEJ)  9 3  'DE9G/ 'DBHEJ DD(-H+ 'D,F'&J)  'DB'G1)  1958  597 . 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