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FHAJB ADJ-  'D-,J) 'DB'FHFJ) DE.1,'* 'D-'3H( 'D'DJ AJ 'D'+('* 'DE/FJ  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  CDJ) 'DB'FHF ,'E9) 'DEH5D G'/J E3DE 'D(4C'FJ  'D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ DD*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ)  " /1'3) EB'1F) " '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF _ ,'E9) 'DEH5D 2002 . +'FJ'K : 'DE1',9 D',F(J) : Babette Aalberts Simone van der Hof , Digital Signature Blindness ,Analysis of legislative able approaches toward electronic authentication , November 1999,is available at : http://cwis.kub.nl/~frw/people/hof/ds-fr.htm. baker & McKenzie - Global E-Commerce Law Japan.. Is availalable at :www.bakernet.com/ecommerce. Baker & McKenzie - Global E-Commerce Law SINGAPORE ,LECTRONIC RANSACTIONS ,LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS is available at : http://www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm#top Baker & McKenzie E-Law , on e-signatures into Italian legislation,is available at :  HYPERLINK http://pi0279.kub.nl/simone/tekst.asp?Land=Italy http://pi0279.kub.nl/simone/tekst.asp?Land=Italy CA Guidelines, is available at : www.ecom.ecom.or.jp/ecom_e/cag-smry.htm Christopher Kuner, Esq. . Morrison & Foerster LLP, Brussels , Proposed Amendments to the German Digital Signature is available at: www. Kuner.comLdata/sig/sig.html CIC Enterprise Solutions Biometric Technology. , is available at : www.cic.com/enterprise/solutions/ Commonwealth of Massachusetts 2003 , Comparison of E-Sign and Pure UETA , is available at www.state.me.us. ITD / Legal / Comparison.htm Digital Signatures - Safe or Not 06/30/00. is available at :www.usgovinfo.about.com/library/news/aa061900a.htm Directive of the EuropeanParliament and of the Council on a Common Framework for ElectronicSignatures.,is available at :www.europa,eu.int/comm/iternal_market/en/media/sign/99.915.htm Electronic Signature in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign) , President Clinton Signed on June 30, 2000; Effective on October 1, 2000.is available at : http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c106:./temp/%7Ec106LiQKhy HYPERLINK "http://www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm" \l "eta" Electronic Transactions Act of 1998 , is available at : www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm#eta Germany 2001 Digital Signature Act is available at :HYPERLINK "http://www.iid.de/iukdg/eval/RefE-DLR.pdf"http://www.iid.de/iukdg/eval/RefE-DLR.pdf Glossary of Electronic Signature Terms is available at. www.nela.net /sckools/poele.htm Is avaiable at :http.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c106:./temp/%7Ec106LiQKhy Jesse Berst , Sign of Trouble: The Problem With E-Signatures , Editorial Director , ZDNet Monday, July 17, is available at : www. com/ anchordesk/ stories/ story/ 0, 10738, 2604099, 00. Laurence Birnbaum-Sarcy and HYPERLINK "http://www.pavialaw.com/attorneys/bios/darques_f.cfm"Florence Darques , HYPERLINK "http://www.pavialaw.com/articles/esignature.cfm" \l "asterik"Electronic Signature , Comparison Between French & U.S. Law , International Business Law Journal, April 2001 , , Pavia & Harcourt LLP is available at :  HYPERLINK http://www.pavialaw.com www.pavialaw.com M. E. Kabay , identification , authentication and , authentication on the worldwide web ,is available at : ,www.icsa.net. Randell D. Wallace and Don F. Dagenais , The Changing World of Electronic Signatures is available at,www. HYPERLINK "http://www.lathropgage.com/"Lathropgage .com Robert A. Wittie, HYPERLINK "http://www.kl.com/"Kirkpatrick and Lockhart, LLP and Jane K. Winn, HYPERLINK "http://faculty.smu.edu/jwinn"Southern Methodist UniversityHYPERLINK "http://www.kl.com/" ,E-Sign of the Times , 2000 , is available at :http://www.glasserlegalworks.com/ STATUTES, SIGNATURES AND EVIDENC : department of justice canada , is available at :http://canada.justice.gc.ca/en/cons/ The csc group , Electronic Signature Capture with Biometric Verification H , 24/4\2003,is available at :  HYPERLINK http://www.csc-groupinfo.com www.csc-groupinfo.com Understanding Electronic Signature, is available at : www. cic.com utah digital signature act , is available at , www.commerce.state.ut.us/web/commerce/digsig/act.htm. () HD:16 'D'7D'9 9DI EH'BA 'D*41J9'* 'D91(J) H'D',F(J) JF81 ,/HD (1) H (2) . () EA'GJE -HD 'D*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ)  #31) '/'1) B7'9'* 'D./E'* 'D'3'3J)  H presentations% E*HA1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : http://ituarabic.org/e-business/presentations%5CDoc12-las.doc. () HJECF 'D*9(J1 9F 'DH69 'D1'GF DD*,'1) 'D/HDJ) ('D9('1) 'D"*J) " JECF 5F'9) #J 4& HAJ #J EC'F H(J9G AJ #J EC'F " DJ3*1 +1H  E3*B(D 'D1#3E'DJ)  *1,E) A'D- -DEJ  (J* 'D-CE)  (:/'/  2000  5262. () 3FBHE ('J1'/ G0G 'D*91JA'* CE' F5* 9DJG' 'D*41J9'* AJ 'DE(-+ 'D+'FJ AJ 'DEH69 'DE.55 D(-+ CDM EF G0G 'D*41J9'* . () 'DE'/) 'D+'FJ) EF 'DB'FHF  #9*E/ EF B(D 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) 'D'EE 'DE*-/) A@J 12/C'FHF 'D'HD/2001 is available at www.uncitral.org () electronic sound, symbol, or process, attached to or logically associated with a contract or other record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record . Electronic Signature in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign) , President Clinton Signed on June 30, 2000; Effective on October 1, 2000. 1',9 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' 'DB'FHF 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c106:./temp/%7Ec106LiQKhy () The csc group , Electronic Signature Capture with Biometric Verification H ,p 1 24/4\2003,is available at :  HYPERLINK http://www.csc-groupinfo.com www.csc-groupinfo.com () Babette Aalberts Simone van der Hof , Digital Signature Blindness ,Analysis of legislative approaches toward electronic authentication , November 1999, p9 ,is available at: http://cwis.kub.nl/~frw/people/hof/ds-fr.htm. () see By Randell D. Wallace and Don F. Dagenais , The Changing World of Electronic Signatures is available at,www. HYPERLINK "http://www.lathropgage.com/"Lathropgage .com () 1',9 : Glossary of Electronic Signature Terms is available at. www.nela.net /sckools/poele.htm Babette Aalberts ,Simone van der Hof , op.cit ,pp12 13 .  F(0) 9F 'D*HBJ9'* 'D1BEJ) E*HA1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J :  HYPERLINK http://www.hitskuwait.com/documents/Digital%2520Signatures.doc+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%B9+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%85%D9%8A+&hl=ar&ie=UTF-8 www.hitskuwait.com/documents/Digital%2520Signatures.doc+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%B9+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%85%D9%8A+&hl=ar&ie=UTF-8  +1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  'D*HBJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ  /'1 'DFJD DD7('9) H'DF41  'DF'41 EC*() 'D,D'! 'D,/J/) ('DEF5H1)  2001  5 61 . HJ91A 'DE9G/ 'DBHEJ DDE9'JJ1 H'D*BFJ) 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ ('FG : the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) "cryptographic checksum computed as a function of a message and a user private key  , Signature Law Digital Signatures - Safe or Not 06/30/00. is available at : www.usgovinfo.about.com/library/news/aa061900a.htm () 'DE5/1 FA3G. () ('3JD JH3A  'D'9*1'A 'DB'FHFJ ('DE3*F/'* H'D*H'BJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ) AJ 'D*41J9'* 'DEB'1F)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) /1'3'* B'FHFJ)  'D9// 'D+'FJ  'D3F) 'D+'D+)  2001  5 24 . () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD : J1',9 is available at : www. cic.com  Understanding Electronic Signatures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www.sheikhmohammed.co.ae  Babette Aalberts ,Simone van der Hof , op.cit ,pp12 13 . () /.+1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  E5/1 3'(B  5 88 . () %F 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ J9ED 9DI *-/J/ GHJ) 'D13'D) 'DEHB9) (+B) H/B) -J+ %F 9EDJ) 'D*+(* EF 'D5-) (EB'1F) F*'&, 'D@ G'4 (H'-/) J*E %9/'/G' 9F/ 'D*HBJ9 H'D#.1I 9F/ 'D*+(* EF 'D5-)) *(JF E' %0' C'F* 'D13'D) GJ FA3G' 9F/E' *E *HBJ9G' H *C4A #J *D'9(  F(0) 9F 'D*HBJ9'* 'D1BEJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B . () %F 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ JF3( HJ92H 'D13'D) %DI 'DEHB9 H D' JECF *2HJ1 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ E' DE JAB/ 'DEHB9 'D3J71) 9DI 'DEA*'- 'D.'5 C#F JBHE (%A4'&G 'H JAB/ 'DH37 'DE-*A8 (G AJG'  'DE5/1 FA3G. () / . A'1HB 'D'('5J1J  'D'E'F 'DB'FHFJ H'D*HBJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ  EB'D EF4H1 AJ ,1J/) 'D'G1'E 'D'B*5'/J  23 / C'FHF 'D'HD / 2002 E*HA1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J :HYPERLINK "http://ik.ahram.org.eg/IK/ahram/2002/12/23/MAKA2.HTM"http://ik.ahram.org.eg/IK/ahram/2002/12/23/MAKA2.HTM. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD J1',9 : 'DE5/1 FA3G  /. F,D'! FHAJB ADJ-  'D-,J) 'DB'FHFJ) DE.1,'* 'D-'3H( 'D'DJ AJ 'D'+('* 'DE/FJ  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  CDJ) 'DB'FHF ,'E9) 'DEH5D  5 101. () G0G 'D4G'/) GJ H+JB) 'DC*1HFJ) *1(7 EA*'-'K 9'E'K E9JF'K (GHJ) E9JF)  *5/1G' ,G) EH+HB) DE4*1CJG'  H**6EF E,EH9) EF 'DE9DHE'* 9F 'DEHB9 . () see : M. E. Kabay , identification , authentication and , authentication on the worldwide web ,is available at : ,www.icsa.net. JF81 #J6'K : /. A'1HB 'D'('5J1J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  /. 95E* 9(/ 'DE,J/  E4CD) 'D'+('* ($3'&D 'D*7(JB'* 'D9DEJ)  E,D) 'DB6'! *5/1G' FA'() 'DE-'EJF AJ ,EGH1J) 'D91'B  9 1H 2  'D3F) 'D.'E3) H'D.E3HF  2002  5 39  'DE-'EJ ('3JD JH3A  E5/1 3'(B  5 26  /. G'/J E3DE  E5/1 3'(B 5 164 HE' (9/G' /. F,D'! *HAJB ADJ-  E5/1 3D(B  5 102 . () JF81 : /. '-E/ 41A 'D/JF  -,J) 'DC*'() 'D'DC*1HFJ) 9DI /9'E'* :J1 H1BJ) AJ 'D'+('*  9F E1C2 'D(-H+ H'D/1'3'* (417) /(J  /(@@@@@@@J  2001  5 5 39-40 . () see : Glossary of Electronic Signature Terms , Biometrics , op.cit Jesse Berst , Sign of Trouble: The Problem With E-Signatures , Editorial Director , ZDNet Monday, July 17, is available at : www. com/ anchordesk/ stories/ story/ 0, 10738, 2604099, 00. () HJ7DB 9DJ 'J6'K E57D- 'D*HBJ9 'D/JF'EJCJ . HJD'-8 'FG DJ3 ('D61H1) CD *BFJ) *9*E/ (J'F'* 6(7 'D*HBJ9 *3*./E 0'* 'D71JB)  0DC 'F (96 'D*B'F'* *9*E/ 'DEFG, 'D3'CF H*B*51 9DI *.2JF 5H1) 'D*HBJ9 (H'37) 'D*5HJ1 ('DE'3- 'D6H&J (scanner ) HEF +E /E,G E9 'DE3*F/ 'D'DC*1HFJ /HF 'D9F'51 'D3DHCJ) DDEHB9 . () 'D1J'6 *4G/ 'C(1 *8'G1) 9DEJ) AJ 'D41B 'D'H37  EB'D EF4H1 9DI EHB9 EF*/I 91(J'* E*HA1 9DI 'D9FH'F 'D'*J : www,Arabeyat.com () see : The csc group , op.cit , p2  Jesse Berst , op.cit  CIC Enterprise Solutions Biometric Technology. , is available at : www.cic.com/enterprise/solutions/ () B'1F /. +1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  E5/1 3'(B  5 54 . () -HD 41H7 'D*HBJ9 J1',9 : /.+1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  E5/1 3'(B  5 24 HE'(9/G' . () Signature Lawop.cit . () E-E/ 'DE13J 2G1)  E/I -,J) 'D*HBJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ AJ 'D'+('* AJ 'DE3D&D 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DCHE(JH*1  'DB'G1)  1994 5 53  /. '-E/ 41A 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5 37  /. +1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  E5/1 3'(B  5 35 HE' (9/G'  #3*'0F' /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  E/I E3H$DJ) 'DED*2E AJ 'D3F/ 'DEHB9 9DI (J'6 AJ 'D'+('* 'DE/FJ  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  *5/1 9F CDJ) 'DB'FHF / ,'E9) 'DEH5D  '0'1 2002  5 23 . () CONSULTATION PAPER ON FACILITATING ELECTRONIC COMMERCE: STATUTES, SIGNATURES AND EVIDENC : department of justice canada , is available at :http://canada.justice.gc.ca/en/cons/ (1) rebuttable presumption (in the absence of evidence to the contrary) that a secure electronic signature on an electronic document is the signature of the person to whom the secure electronic signature has been validly issued or in whose name it has been registered; (2) rebuttable presumption that the content of an electronic document which has been signed using a secure electronic signature issued by a trustworthy Certification Authority which follows a specified standard is presumed not to have been tampered with or altered . () G0' 'D*B3JE J1,9 'DI 'D'3*'0'F : op.cit . p 24 .  Babette Aalberts ,Simone van der Hof () ibid , 25 () F8'E J3*./E D*H+JB 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ . () 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' 'DB'FHF E*HA1 9DI 'D9FH'F 'D"*J HYPERLINK "http://www.iid.de/iukdg/eval/RefE-DLR.pdf"http://www.iid.de/iukdg/eval/RefE-DLR.pdf () see : Christopher Kuner, Esq. . Morrison & Foerster LLP, Brussels , Proposed Amendments to the German Digital Signature is available at: www. Kuner.comLdata/sig/sig.html () Article 1 2 () utah digital signature act , is available at, www.commerce.state.ut.us/web/commerce/digsig/act.htm. () see : Baker & McKenzie E-Law , on e-signatures into Italian legislation,is available at :  HYPERLINK http://pi0279.kub.nl/simone/tekst.asp?Land=Italy http://pi0279.kub.nl/simone/tekst.asp?Land=Italy  Babette Aalberts , Simone van der Hof , op.cit , p.p. 27 28 . () CA Guidelines, is available at : www.ecom.ecom.or.jp/ecom_e/cag-smry.htm () Babette Aalberts, o Simone van der Hof , p.cit , p. 29 . () baker & McKenzie - Global E-Commerce Law  Japan.. Is availalable at :www.bakernet.com/ecommerce. () Law (UNCITRAL) HYPERLINK "http://www.haledorr.com/pdf/modellaw_electronic_signature.pdf"Model Law on Electronic Signatures does not mandate a particular implementation of digital signatures, but establishes criteria of technical reliability under which electronic signatures shall be treated as equivalent to hand-written signatures. Is Available at : www.haledorr.com/pdf/modellaw_elictronic_signature.pdf. () 'DE'/) (5) **9DB ('*A'B 'D'71'A . () 'DE'/) ( 3 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DFEH0,J DD*HBJ9'* 'D'DC*1HFJ). () Directive of the EuropeanParliament and of the Council on a Common Framework for ElectronicSignatures, is available at, www.europa,eu.int/comm/iternal_market/en/media/sign/99.915.htm () 'DE'/) 'D.'E3) EF 'D#14'/ . () see: Babette AalbertsSimone van der Hof,op.cit, p.32  ('3JD JH3A  E5/1 3'(B  5 27. () /. +1H* 9(/ 'D-EJ/  E5/1 3'(B  5 161 . () J1',9 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' D'14'/ 'D'H1(J 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'*J : en/ecommerce/index.htm comm/internal_market/ www..europa..eu.int/ () J1',9 : 'D'3*'0'F /. 9('3 'D9(H/J H/. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  -,J) 'D3F/'* 'D'DC*1HFJ) AJ 'D'+('* 'DE/FJ AJ 6H! 'D*9/JD 'D,/J/ DDB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J  E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB  CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  9 11 2001  5 9 HE'(9/G' . H*,/1 'D#4'1) 'DI 'F *9/JD 'DB'FHF 'D:1F3J J*6EF *.HJD 'DEH8A 'D9'E %EC'F %F4'! H-A8 'D'H1'B 'D13EJ) 9DI /9'E) 'DC*1HFJ) . ( E/ 1317 A2 ). () J1',9 : Laurence Birnbaum-Sarcy and HYPERLINK "http://www.pavialaw.com/attorneys/bios/darques_f.cfm"Florence Darques , HYPERLINK "http://www.pavialaw.com/articles/esignature.cfm" \l "asterik"Electronic Signature , Comparison Between French & U.S. Law , International Business Law Journal, April 2001 , , Pavia & Harcourt LLP is available at :  HYPERLINK http://www.pavialaw.com www.pavialaw.com () HAB'K DDB'FHF 'DA1F3J 'F 'D41H7 'D*J *3DE (G' G0G 'D4G'/) H'D4.5 'DE.HD (EF-G' *-// (E13HE J5/1 9F E,D3 'D/HD)  GF' ('3*./'E 4G'/'* 'DE5'/B) A'F 'D*HBJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ J'.0 5H1) 'D*HBJ9 'D1BEJ . () HYPERLINK "http://www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm" \l "eta"Electronic Transactions Act of 1998 , is available at: www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm#eta () Baker & McKenzie - Global E-Commerce Law SINGAPORE ,ELECTRONIC RANSACTIONS ,LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS is available at : http://www.bmck.com/ecommerce/singapore-t.htm#top () Babette Aalberts , Simone van der Hof , op.cit , p. 33 . () 1',9 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' 'DB'FHF 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : http://www.egovs.com/news.php?main=3&detailsid=17 () E'/) (1) . () HAB'K DDB'FHF 'D4G'/) 'DE9*E/) GJ : 3,D %DC*1HFJ J*3E (#FG :  # - J1(7 (J'F'* *-BB EF *HBJ9 (4.5 E9JF .  (- J+(* GHJ) 0DC 'D4.5 .  ,- JCHF 5'/1'K EF B(D E2H/ ./E) 4G'/'* E9*E/ .  /- E3*HAM DDE9'JJ1 'DE*AB 9DJG' (JF 'D#71'A 'DE9FJ) #H 'DEF5H5 9DJG' AJ 'DB1'1'* 'D*J *5/1 '3*F'/'K D#-C'E G0' 'DB'FHF . () E'/) (2) A/ 2 . () E'/) (22) . () E'/) (4) . () see: Babette AalbertsSimone van der Hof,op.cit, p.41. () H0DC (B1'1G' 1BE 51/ 162 J1',9 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' 'DB'FHF E9 'D*9/JD 'D0J '6'A E/ 5 EC11 AJ 1998 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/uncitral/doc.html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ommonwealth of Massachusetts 2003 , Comparison of E-Sign and Pure UETA , is available www.state.me.us. ITD / Legal / Comparison.htm () Robert A. Wittie, HYPERLINK "http://www.kl.com/"Kirkpatrick and Lockhart, LLP and Jane K. Winn, HYPERLINK "http://faculty.smu.edu/jwinn"Southern Methodist UniversityHYPERLINK "http://www.kl.com/" , E-Sign of the Times , 2000 , is available at :http://www.glasserlegalworks.com () See: E-Sign 101 . () See : E-Sign 102. () See : E-sign 101. () Laurence birnbaum & florence darques , op.cit . () 1',9 'DF5 'DC'ED DG0' 'DB'FHF 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : HYPERLINK "http://www.juris-net.net/E-commerce/loi_jordanie.doc"http://www.juris-net.net/E-commerce/loi_jordanie.doc () 'D/C*H1 (3'E 'D*DGHFJ  BH) B'FHFJ) DD*H'BJ9 H'D9BH/ 'D'DC*1HFJ) ('D#1/F  E*HA1 9DI 'DEHB9 'D"*J : http://www.egovs.com/news.php?main=3&detailsid=15 () 'DE'/) 6 . () 'DE'/) 32 . () 'DE'/) 31 . () JF81 : /. 95E* 9(/ 'DE,J/  E5/1 3'(B  5 45 . HJ4J1 /. G'/J E3DE (E5/1 3'(B  5 228) 'DI 61H1) *9/JD BH'9/ 'D'+('* (E' JF3,E H'D'9*1'A ('3DH( 'D*HBJ9 'D'DC*1HFJ  'E' *F8JE 'D*,'1) 'D'DC*1HFJ) AJ 5H1) *41J9 E3*BD JECF 'F JCHF AJ E1-D) D'-B) (9/ 'F *F*41 *7(JB'* G0G 'D*,'1) AJ 'D91'B . 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