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(2) DE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD  #F81 /. #-E/ #(H 'DHA'  'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  718  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D%3CF/1J)  1980  5 602. #F3 E-EH/ 'D211J  'D.(1) AJ 'DE3'&D 'DE/FJ)  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) %DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF H'D3J'3)  ,'E9) (:/'/  1987  559-132. () E- ALLAN, Frans worth, An introduction to the legal system of united states, 2ed, New York. P. 103. - Kriafy. A.K.R. The English legal system- London. Sweet, Maxwell. 1984. p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abin: La technique de L' elaboration du droit positif. Bruxelles, Paris, 1935, p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