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'DB'FHF AJ H'/J 'D1'A/JF H'D/HD) 'D1HE'FJ))  E7(9) 'D#2G1  (:/'/ 1393G@  1973E . #(J 9(/ 'DDG E-E/ (F #-E/ 'D#F5'1J 'DB17(J ('D,'E9 D#-C'E 'DB1"F)  ,3  /'1 'DC'*( 'D91(J DD7('9) H'DF41  1387G@@  1967E /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E) ('D'F*1FJ* H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 / A1'B #E *D'B)  E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ*  ,'E9) 'D%E'1'* 'D91(J)  EF 1-3 #J'1  2000  (-H+ 'DE$*E1 . /. #-E/ 9DJ 'D.7J( H".1JF (41- B'FHF 'D#-H'D 'D4.5J))  71  E$33) /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  'DEH5D  1980 . #3'E) #(H 'D-3F E,'G/ (.5H5J) 'D*9'B/ 9(1 'D'F*1FJ*)  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ* 'D0J F8E*G ,'E9) 'D%E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  EF 1-4 #J'1 2000  (-H+ 'DE$*E1  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ . ('3JD JH3A ('D,H'F( 'DB'FHFJ) D9BH/ 'D*,'1) 9(1 'D-H'3J( H4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* H'D(1J/ 'D'DC*1HFJ  E,D) /1'3'* B'FHFJ)  (J* 'D-CE)  (:/'/  'D9// 4  'D3F) 2  2000 . /. 'D3FGH1J (F81J) 'D9B/)  /'1 'DAC1 DD7('9) H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  /HF EC'F H3F) 7(9. /. 7HFJ EJ4'D 9J3I ('D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ D4(C) 'D'F*1FJ*)  71  /'1 5'/1  D(F'F  2001 . /. 9('3 'D9(H/J ('D*9'B/ 9F 71JB H3'&D 'D'*5'D 'DAH1J H-,*G' AJ 'D%+('*/ /1'3) EB'1F)) EC*() /'1 'D+B') DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1997 . /. 9('3 'D9(H/J ( 41- #-C'E B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ))  /1'3) EB'1F) E922) ('D*7(JB'* 'DB6'&J)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  'DEH5D  2000 . /. 9('3 'D9(H/J (#-C'E B'FHF 'D%+('* 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ)  E7(9) ,'E9) 'DEH5D  1991 . /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J H'D#3*'0 E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1 ('DH,J2 AJ 'D'D*2'E) ,1  (/HF E7(9) #H EC'F 7(9  1980 . /. 92 'D/JF 9(/ 'DDG ('DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5) ,2 (*F'29 'DBH'FJF H*F'29 'D'.*5'5 'DB6'&J)  79  'DGJ&) 'D951J) 'D9'E) DDC*'(  1986 . /. 9E1 'D3J/ #-E/ 9(/ 'DDG ('(1'E 'D9B/ AJ B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ) 'D%E'1'*J) /1'3) EB'1F) ('DABG 'D%3D'EJ  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1995  510 . 'D4J. 9DJ 'D.AJA (#-C'E 'DE9'ED'* 'D419J))  (/HF EC'F H3F) 7(9 . /. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9 ('D4CDJ) AJ 'D#H1'B 'D*,'1J))  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F 'D9// 'D941HF 'D3F) 'D+'D+) 941  1987E  *5/1 9F ,E9J) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F . /. A*-J H'DJ (F81J) 'D(7D'F AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'*)  71  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D%3CF/1J)  1959 . A1J/ A*J'F ('D*9(J1 9F 'D%1'/) AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DAB/ 'DE/FJ)  E9G/ 'D(-H+ H'D/1'3'* 'D91(J)  (:/'/  1985 . /. AH2J E-E/ 3'EJ (41- B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D91'BJ)  71  E7(9) 'D2G1'!  (:/'/  1972 . /. 39J/ 9(/ 'DC1JE E('1C (#5HD 'DB'FHF)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  'DEH5D  1982 . /. E,J/ -EJ/ 'D9F(CJ (%F4'! 'D9B/ AJ 'DB'FHF 'D%FCDJ2J)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) ,'E9) 5/'E  'D9// 3  D9'E 1999 . E-E/ #(H 2G1) (41- B'FHF 'DH5J))  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  72  1988 . 'D4J. E-E/ ,9A1 4E3 'D/JF ('DH5J) H#-C'EG' AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ)  /'1 'D*1'+ DD7('9) H'DF41  D(F'F  1974 . /. E-E/ E91HA 'D/H'DJ(J ('DH,J2 AJ 'D-BHB 'D1HE'FJ) H*'1J.G')  ,2  71961 . /. E-E/ H-J/ 'D/JF 3H'1 ('D4CD AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1998 . 'D4J. 'D9D'E) EF5H1 (F JHF3 'D(GH*J (41- EF*GI 'D%1'/'*) ,2  /'1 'DAC1  E51  /HF 3F) 7(9 . F'/1 'DA1/ B'EH4 ('D9ED 'DE51AJ 9(1 'D'F*1FJ*)  71  'D/'1 'D91(J) DD9DHE  (J1H*  2001 /. G'/J E3DE JHF3 ('D*F8JE 'DB'FHF DD*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ))  /1'3) EB'1F)  '71H-) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF/ ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2002 /. G4'E 9DJ 5'/B (*F'29 'DBH'FJF)  /1'3) EB'1F) AJ 'DE('/& 'D9'E) H'D-DHD 'DH69J) 'DEB11) AJ 'D*41J9 'DE51J  73  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D%3CF/1J)  1997 . +'FJ'K : 'DBH'FJF : 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'D91'BJ B'FHF 'D%+('* 'D91'BJ B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ) 'D%E'1'*J E41H9 B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ) 'DE51J 'DB'FHF 'D*HF3J DDE('/D'* H'D*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ) 'DE1BE 83 D3F) 2000 . B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'D%DC*1HFJ) 'D#1/FJ 'DE1BE 85 D3F) 2001 . B'FHF /(J DDE9'ED'* H'D*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ) 'DE1BE 2 D3F) 2002 . 'DB'FHF 'DFEH0,J DD*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ) ('D'H1F3*1'D) D9'E 1996 . () /. E-E/ E91HA 'D/H'DJ(J ('DH,J2 AJ 'D-BHB 'D1HE'FJ) H*'1J.G' )  ,2  71961  533 . () /. '(1'GJE 9(/ 'DC1JE 'D:'2J ( *'1J. 'DB'FHF AJ H'/J 'D1'A/JF H'D/HD) 'D1HE'FJ) )  E7(9) 'D#2G1  (:/'/ 1993G@  1973E  5 5220 -223 . () JF81 /. 'D3FGH1J (F81J) 'D9B/)  /'1 'DAC1 DD7('9) H'DF41 H'D*H2J9  /HF EC'F H3F) 7(9  AB1) 11  5113 HE' (9/G'  HJF81 'DE'/) (73) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ -J+ DE *4*17 #F J*E 'D9B/ (5J:) 4CDJ) E9JF) H%FE' '1*('7 'D%J,'( ('DB(HD C'AJ'K D%F4'! 'D9B/  JF81 : E,EH9) 'D#9E'D 'D*-6J1J) DDB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  ,1  E7(9) 'D2E'F  (:/'/ 1419G@-1998E  596 HE'(9/G' /.E,J/ -EJ/ 'D9F(CJ (%F4'! 'D9B/ AJ 'DB'FHF 'D%FCDJ2J)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) ,'E9) 5/'E  'D9// 3  D9'E 1999  568 . () /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE (F81J) 'D9B/ E9 'DEB'1F) H'DEH'2F) (JF F81J'* 'DABG 'D:1(J HE' JB'(DG' AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ H'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ)  ,1  41C) 'D7(9 H'DF41 'D#GDJ)  (:/'/  1967  562 . () /. 9(/ 'D12'B #-E/ 'D3FGH1J (F81J) 'D9B/)  E5/1 3'(B  581 . () 'DE'/) 'D+'FJ) EF 'D*41J9 'D'1/FJ DDE9'ED'* 'D'DC*1HFJ) 'DE1BE 85 D3F) 2001 . () 'DE'/) 'D#HDI EF 'DE41H9 'DE51J . () 'DE'/) (13/1) EF *41J9 /(J DDE9'ED'* H'D*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ) 'DE1BE 2 D3F) 2002 . () %F F5 G0G 'DE'/) ,'! EB*(3'K EF 'D41J9) 'D%3D'EJ) H('D*-/J/ EF 'DE'/) (262) EF E14/ 'D-J1'F . () /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE H9(/ 'D('BJ 'D(C1J H'D'3*'0 E-E/ 7G 'D(4J1 ('DH,J2 AJ 'D'D*2'E)  ,1 (/HF E7(9) #H EC'F 7(9  1980  519-20 . () /. 9('3 'D9(H/J ('D*9'B/ 9F 71JB H3'&D 'D'*5'D 'DAH1J H-,*G' AJ 'D%+('*)  /1'3) EB'1F)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1997  535 HE' (9/G' . () 'D5'/1 ('DB'FHF 'D'*-'/J 1BE 5 D3F) 1985 'DE9/D ('DB'FHF 'D'*-'/J 1BE 1 D3F) 1987 . () 'D*J (/H1G' 'B*(3* EF 'DE'/) (103) EF E,D) 'D#-C'E 'D9/DJ) H'DE'/) (262) EF E14/ 'D-J1'F . () #3'E) #(H 'D-3F E,'G/ (.5H5J) 'D*9'B/ 9(1 'D'F*1FJ*)  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 "'DB'FHF H'DCE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ*" 'D0J F8E*G ,'E9) 'D%E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  EF 1-3 #J'1 2000  (-H+ 'DE$*E1  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  539. () FBD'K 9F /. G'/J E3DE JHF3 ('D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ DD*,'1) 'D%DC*1HFJ))  /1'3) EB'1F)  #71H-) /C*H1'G :J1 EF4H1) EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF/,'E9) 'DEH5D  2002  5206 . () /. 7HFJ EJ4'D 9J3I ('D*F8JE 'DB'FHFJ D4(C) 'D'F*1FJ*)  /'1 5'/1 D(F'F  2001  5206 . () /. #-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E) ('D'F*1FJ* H'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D.'5 A1'B #E *D'B)  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ*  'DEF9B/ AJ 'D%E'1'* 'DE*-/)  (-H+ 'DE$*E1  9'E 2000  529 . () /. #3'E) #(H 'D-3F E,'G/ (.5H5J) 'D*9'B/ 9(1 'D'F*1FJ*)  (-+ EB/E 'DI E$*E1 'DB'FHF H'DCE(JH*1 H'D'F*1FJ*  'DEF9B/ AJ 'D%E'1'* 'D91(J) 'DE*-/)  9'E 2000  597 () D' E,'D D'3*91'6 'DE4'CD 'DF',E) 9F G0G 'DE3#D) ('D1:E EF #GEJ*G'  CHFG' *9/ (9J/) 9F EH6H9 'D(-+ FH9'K E'  DCF 3F-'HD %J,'2 EH'BA (96 'DBH'FJF 'D*J 9'D,* 'DE3#D)  HDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD E91A) #GE 'DE4'CD 'D*J **1*( 9DI *-/J/ 2E'F HEC'F 'F9B'/ 'D9B/ JF81 : /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 173 HE' (9/G'. () 'DE'/) (15/2/1) EF 'DB'FHF 'DFEH0,J ('D'HF3*1'D) . () 3H1) 'D(B1  'D"J) (282) . () HB/ H1/ AJ *A3J1 'D"J) #J6'K #F 'D:'J) EF 'DC*'() GJ DD%+('* H9/E 'D%FC'1 9F/ 'DEF'29) %0 (#F #HD EF E,/ "/E 9DJG 'D3D'E #F 'DDG #1'G 01J*G A1#I 1,D'K #2G1 3'79'K FH1G AB'D J'1( EF G0' B'D G0' %(FC /'H/ B'D J'1( AE' 9E1G B'D 3*HF 3F) B'D J'1( 2/G AJ 9E1G AB'D D' %D' #F *2J/G EF 9E1C B'D HE' 9E1J B'D #DA 3F) B'D "/E AB/ HG(* DG #1(9JF 3F) B'D AC*( 'DDG 9DJG C*'('K H#4G/ 9DJG ED'&C*G ADE' -61*G 'DHA') ,'!*G 'DED'&C) B'D #FG (BJ EF 9E1J #1(9HF 3F) B'DH' %FC B/ HG(*G' D#(FC /'H/ B'D E' HG(* D#-/ 4J&'K B'D A#.1, 'DDG *9'DI 'DC*'( H4G/ 9DJG ED'&C*G AJ 1$J)  H#*E D/'H/ E&) 3F) HD"/E 9E1G #DA 3F)) JF81 #(H 9(/ 'DDG E-E/ (F #-E/ 'D#F5'1J 'DB17(J  'D,'E9 D#-C'E 'DB1"F  ,3  /'1 'DC'*( 'D91(J DD7('9) H'DF41  1387 G@  1967E  5382 . () 'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5382 . () /. E-E/ H-J/ 'D/JF 3H'1 ('D4CD AJ 'DABG 'D%3D'EJ)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1998  523 . () 'D4J. 9DJ 'D.AJA (#-C'E 'DE9'ED'* 'D419J))  (/HF EC'F H3F) 7(9  5 5 155-156 . () /. 9E1 'D3J/ #-E/ 9(/ 'DDG ( %(1'E 'D9B/ AJ B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ) 'D%E'1'*J)  /1'3) EB'1F) ('DABG 'D%3D'EJ  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1995  510 () /. A'&B E-EH/ 'D4E'9 ('D4CDJ) AJ 'D#H1'B 'D*,'1J))  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F  'D9// 'D941HF  'D3F) 'D+'D+) 941  *5/1 9F ,E9J) 'DB'FHF 'DEB'1F  (:/'/  1987  5125 . () E,EH9) 'D'9E'D 'D*-6J1J) DDB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ  E5/1 3'(B  590 . () /.9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE (F81J) 'D9B/)  E5/1 3'(B  593 . () 'DE'/) (711 ) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () 'DE'/) (979)  E/FJ 91'BJ . () 'DE'/) (922)  E/FJ 91'BJ . () (508) E/FJ 91'BJ . () 'DE'/) (1286) E/FJ 91'BJ H'DE'/) (1400) EF B'FHF 'DE9'ED'* 'DE/FJ) 'D'*-'/J D/HD) 'D%E'1'* . () 'DEH'/ (979 711  992) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () HB/ 91A *41J9 /(J AJ E'/*G 'D+'FJ) 'DE1'3D) 'D%DC*1HFJ) (#FG' (%13'D #H '3*D'E 'D13'&D 'D%DC*1HFJ)) H91A* 0'* 'DE'/) 'D13'D) 'D%DC*1HFJ) (#FG' (E9DHE'* %DC*1HFJ) *13D #H *3*DE (H3'&D %DC*1HFJ) #J'K C'F* H3JD) '3*.1',G' AJ 'DEC'F 'DE3*DE) AJG) . 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