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AJ -JF #4'1 'DB1'1 1BE (291) H'D5'/1 9F '*A'BJ) B17',F) 'DE0CH1 3'(B'K %DI 417 *-/J/ 'D#39'1 AJ 'DAB1) 'D+'FJ) EF 'DE'/) (14) EFG H'DI 417 *-/J/ -,E 'D%F*', H0DC AJ 'DAB1) 'D+'D+) EF 'DE'/) FA3G' (). H*H,/ B6J) 9DI E3*HI 'DB6'! 'DJ'('FJ **E+D (#FG AJ 9'E 1982 E #5/1* 'DE-CE) 'DJ'('FJ) 'D9DJ' %F0'1'K (4#F 3H! '3*9E'D 'D-BHB 'DE3,D) H'D.'5 ('D41C'* 'D5J/DJ), AEF0 3F) 1965 E C'F* 41C) Fujisawa D5F'9) 'D#/HJ) *5F9 /H'!K J3*9ED D59H('* 'DG6E H'D0J J7DB 9DJG metochroplamide (EH,( 9B/ *1.J5 .'5) E3,D) E9 41C) SECIF 'DA1F3J) (), HAJ 3F) 1971 E B'E* 41C'* +D'+ #.1I J'('FJ) (*5FJ9 'D/H'! FA3G (71JB*GE 'D.'5) 'DE3,D) (EH,( (1'!) '.*1'9 (*1.J5 EF 'D41C) 'DE1.5) DG' 'D#HDI Fujisawa(), HB'E* 41C) SECIF 'DA1F3J) 'DE0CH1) (1A9 /9HI 9DI 'D41C) 'DE1.5 DG' 'D#HDI H'D41C'* 'D+D'+ 'D#.1I (/9HI %F G0G 'D41C'* *5F9 G0' 'D/H'! (EH,( *1.J5 EF 'D('7F /HF EH'AB) 'D41C) 'DE1.5) 'D#HDI, D0DC -CE* 'DE-CE) 'DE0CH1) (9/E ,H'2 '3*E1'1 'D41C'* 'DE0CH1) (G0' 'D%F*', E9 H,H( %JB'AG H/A9 *9HJ6 *6'EFJ (JF 'D41C'* 'D+D'+ 'DE0CH1) H'D41C) 'DE1.5) DG' Fujisawa DE5D-) 'D41C) 'DE1.5) 'D#HDI, 9DI #3'3 #F G0' 'D3DHC #J 'D*1.J5 EF 'D('7F J,( #F J*E CB'9/) 9'E) (EH'AB) 'D41C) 'DE1.5) 'D#HDI HA6D'K 9F G0' CDG J,H2 DG0G 'D41C) #F *,J2 E' *E EF *1.J5 EF 'D('7F H'D'3*E1'1 E9 'D41C'* 'D#.1I AJ 'D%F*', (EH,( 41H7 JO*AB 9DJG', %D' #F G0G 'D41C) 'D#.J1) *F'2D* 9F 'D/9HI (417 #F */A9 'D41C'* 'DE0CH1) 7j EF 9'&/'* 'D#/HJ) 'DE(J9) A6D'K 9F 9/E ,H'2 BJ'E G0G 'D41C'* 'D+D'+ (%(1'E 9B/ DD*1.J5 EF 'D('7F DG0' 'DFH9 EF 'D#/HJ) HDCF G0G 'D41C'* 'D+D'+ H41C) Fujisawa '*AB* AJ 'D9B/ 9DI *+(J* 'D#39'1 DG0' 'D/H'!, D0DC #4'1* 'DE-CE) 'DE0CH1) H'D*J F81* 'DF2'9 H'D*J '(1E 'D9B/ 'D+'FJ *-* 3D7*G' C-D DD*F'2D 9F 'D/9HI 'DE0CH1) %DI(9/E ,H'2 *6EJF 'D9B/ DG0' 'D417 ('9*('1G ('7D'K DE.'DA*G #-C'E 'DA5D 'D+'D+ EF B'FHF 'DEE'13'* :J1 'DE41H9) 'DJ'('FJ D9'E 1960E 'DF'A0)(). 3'/3'K : '4*1'C 'DEH1/ AJ 'D%/'1) H'.*J'1 'D9'EDJF : #4'1 'DE419 'DE51J AJ B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DF'A0 %DI ,H'2 %(7'D G0' 'D417 D'F '4*1'C 'DEH1/ AJ %/'1) 'DEF4#) AJG FH9 EF A16 'D3J71) 9DI 'DE41H9 'DE*DBJ H(E' B/ JE+D 9'&B'K #E'E 'D'C*3'( 'D-BJBJ DD*CFHDH,J' HE9 0DC B/ J5(- G0' 'D417 5-J-'K %0' 'B*51 9DI *B/JE 'DE3'9/) 'DAFJ) AJ G0' 'D.5H5(). 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AJ -JF F5 *BFJF 'D3DHC E-D 'D/1'3) 9DI G0' 'D417 9DI '9*('1 #F EF 'D41H7 'DEBJ/) '4*1'7 'D71A 'DEH1/ E' J#*J ('D*2'E 'D71A 'DE*DBJ ('3*9E'D EH8AJF E9JFJF EF B(D 'D71A 'DE,G2 ('DEH1/)....'D.)(). 3'(9'K : 41'! 'DEH'/ 'D.'E H'DE9/'* EF 'DEH1/ #H *'(9JG : HJ91A G0' 'D417 (417 'D41'! 'D%,('1J #H E' J7DB 9DJG AJ (96 'D#-J'F ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) "Tie in Clause"(). H(EB*6I G0' 'D417 JD*2E 'DE*DBJ (41'! 'DE9/'* H'D"D'* HB79 'D:J'1 H'D3D9 'DH3J7) HE' 4'(GG' EF EH1/ 'D*CFHDH,J' #H EF J9JFG H'D*J JECF 'D-5HD 9DJG' EF E5'/1 #.1I H(G0' JA16 'DEH1/ 9DI 'DE*DBJ 'D*(9J) 'D'B*5'/J) (61H1) 41'! G0G 'DEH'/ 'D#HDJ) EFG (5H1) E('41) #H :J1 E('41)(). HJ7DB #-/ 'D('-+JF()9DI E+D G0' 'D417 E57D- "'D*9'ED #D'3*&+'1J Exclusive Dealing" HJ1I (#FG (B/ JA16 'DEH1/ 9DI 'DE*DBJ 41'! CD E*7D('*G EF E5/1 E9JF HJBJ/ -1J) 'D#.J1 AJ 'D/.HD AJ 5AB'* E9 71A ".1 D*5FJ9 EF*,'* EF'A3) D3D9) 'D71A 'DEH1/ #H DD-5HD 9DI *BFJ'* ECED) (G/A *-3JF 'D%F*', #H .A6 'D*CDA)). 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E$*E1 'D#EE 'DE*-/) DD*,'1) H'D*FEJ) ('D'HFC*'/) (4#F 'DE('/& 'D9'/D) AJ 'D'*A'B'* E*9//) 'D#71'A H'DEF9B/ AJ ,FJA D3F) 2000 E, 1BE 'DE(J9 TD \ RBD\CONF\10\REV.2 , EF4H1) 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'DC*1HFJ DD'HFC*'/ 'D"*J:  HYPERLINK "http://www.unctad.org.document/" www.unctad.org.document 17. /. G'D) EB/'/ #D,DJDJ, 'D-E'J) 'DB'FHFJ) DD#5F'A 'DF('*J), (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) (-H+ E3*B(DJ), 'D5'/1) AJ CDJ) 'D-/('! 'D,'E9), 'D9// 'D3'/3 941, 2006 E . 18. /. J'31 ('3E 0FHF H5HF CD 92J2 9(/ 'DC1JE  'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB 'D5'/1) AJ CDJ) 'DB'FHF/ ,'E9) 'DEH5D  'DE,D/ 8  'D3F) 'D-'/J) 941)  'D9// 29  3F) 2006 E . 19. /. JH3A 9(/ 'DG'/J .DJD 'D'CJ'(J  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ D9BH/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  #71H-) /C*H1'G  CDJ) 'D-BHB/ ,'E9) 'D2B'2JB  1988E . 20. 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No. IPR/MCT/99/2. 14.United nations conference on an international code of conduct on transfer of technology, 1985, op. cit, on the wep :  HYPERLINK "http://www.unitednations.org.documents/" www.unitednations.org.documents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http://www.albayan.ac/" www.albayan.ac. 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ook :Decision 291 of Commission of Cartagena Agreement Common Code for Treatment of Foreign Capital and : No 291 of I.L.m.v.l.xxx.mo.5,sept .1991. p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nti  trust laws H0DC E+D'K AJ -'D) E' %0' C'F GF'C E*DBM H-J/ J*DBI 'D*CFHDH,J' EF #C+1 EF E5/1 HJBHE ('D,E9 (JFG' (71JB) JECF #F JF4# 9FG' *BJJ/ D-1J) 'D*,'1)  'F81 AJ G0' 'D1#J H"1'! #.1I :- Behrman, Comments on Developing Country, Views on Codes of Conduct for the Transfer of Technology, in. S. Holland, ed. Codes of Conduct for the transfer of Technology : A critique 46  60 (Council of the Americas  New York, 1970) reprinted in Sunshine legal Aspects of the technology, p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ook Article (3) from Chapter Four from : United nations conference on an international code of conduct on transfer of technology, 1985, op. cit, on the wep :  HYPERLINK "http://www.unitednations.org.documents/" www.unitednations.org.documents (1) %0 F5* G0G 'DAB1) 9DI #F J9*(1 417'K EBJ/'K E' J#*J ('D417 'D0J JEF9 '3*9E'D *CFHDH,J' ECED) EF E5'/1 #.1I). (2)Look :Decision 291 of Commission of Cartagena Agreement Common Code for Treatment of Foreign Capital and & etc. op.cit.p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ehrman, Op. cit, p 237 . H'F81 #J6'K AJ G0' 'D417 (5H1) 9'E): 9D'! 92J2 -EJ/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 136. (4) #F81 AJ E9FI B1J( : /DJD 'D*1'.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  AB1) 343  5 85. (5) 'F81 AJ 'DE9FI FA3G: 'D/C*H1 -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E41H9 'DB'FHF 'DE51J D*F8JE FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 54  H'F81 #J6'K AJ 'DE9FI FA3G : 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 114. . (1) Behrman, Op. cit, p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http://www.americanmaritimelaw.com/" www.americanmaritimelaw.com (2) 'F81 'DAB1) 'D#HDI EF 'DE'/) 'D#HDI EF 'DA5D 'D+'D+ EF G0G 'DH+JB) : ""model law on competition, Unctad Series on issues in Competition law and policy,  HYPERLINK "http://www.unctad.org.documents/" www.unctad.org.documents Geneva 2003, published on the wep: (3) 'F81 F5 G0G 'DAB1) AJ FA3 'DH+JB) #9D'G, CE' F5* AJ 'DE'/) 'D+'FJ) EF 'DA5D 'D1'(9 EFG' 9DI G0' 'D417 #J6'K (BHDG' ( *9*(1 'F*G'C'K 'D*51A'* 'D"*J) : ,- *+(J* 'D#39'1 H'D*J JECF AJG' %9'/) (J9 'D(6'&9 HEF 6EFG' 'DE5/1) H'DE3*H1/)), CE' F5 9DI G0' 'D417 #J6'K AJ 'DAB1) 'D.'E3) EF 'DE'/) 'D+'FJ) EFG 9DI #F J9*(1 'F*G'C'K #J6'K (A16 E-//'* **9DB ('DEC'F #H 'D5J:) #H 'DCEJ) 'D*J JECF #F *('9 (G' 'D(6'&9 'DE,G2) #H (6'&9 #.1I (%9'/) (J9G' #H *5/J1G'). (1) Look :Decision 291 of Commission of Cartagena Agreement Common Code for Treatment of Foreign Capital and & etc. op.cit.p3. (2) HG0' 'DDA8 E.*51 D41C) (Societe d,etudesScientifiques et Industrilles de I,lle de france) . (3) HG0G 'D41C'* GJ : )Yamanouch, Pharmaceatical Co, Nippon Kayaku Co, and Teikoto chemical industrial Co) )1 (Competition Policy And Intellectual Property Rights, Organization For Economic Co-Operation And Development, Fujisawa Case, No. 2334, 1982, Japan, Published on the wep:  HYPERLINK "http://www.oeodlcourt.com/" www.oeodlcourt.com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nternational code of conduct on transfer of technology 1985, op. cit, on the wep : www.unitednations.org.documents . (3) 'F81 AJ G0' 'DEH6H9 : 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 116  117. (4) 'F81 AJ G0' 'DEH6H9 ('D*A5JD : 9D'! 92J2 -EJ/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 135  136. (5) 'F81: 'D/C*H1 E-EH/ 'D14J/ B1J4  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 22  H'F81 #J6'K AJ FA3 'DEH6H9 : 9D'! 92J2 -EJ/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 135  HC0DC 'F81 'D/C*H1) 3EJ-) 'DBDJH(J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 103. (1) 'F81 AJ G0' 'DE9FI 'D/C*H1 E-EH/ 'DCJD'FJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 380  H'F81 #J6'K: 'D/C*H1 -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E41H9 'DB'FHF 'DE51J D*F8JE FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 44- 45. (2) 'F81: .'*E) F5 'DE'/) (75) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 'DF'A0 1BE 17 D3F) 1999E  H'F81 AJ E9FI B1J( #J6'K : /DJD 'D*1.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  AB1) 337, 5 84  HC0DC : 'D/C*H1 E-3F 4AJB  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 30 . (3) 'F81 /DJD 'D*1'.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  AB1) 322  5 81. (4) 'F81 F5 'DAB1) 'D3'/3) ( H) EF G0G 'DE'/). (1) HB/ #4'1* G0G 'DE'/) %DI E' J#*J (D' J,H2 *3,JD 'D9BH/ AJ 'D-'D'* 'D"*J) : ,- %0' C'F 'D9B/ JD2E 'DE*DBJ (41'! 'DE9/'* H'D"D'* #H B79 'D:J'1 #H 'DEH'/ 'D.'E #H'DH3J7) EF EH1/ 'D*CFHDH,J' #H EF J9JFG, H'D*J JECF 'D-5HD 9DJG' EF E5'/1 #.1I (41H7 #A6D) . (2) 'F81 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 116- 117  H'F81 #J6'K: /DJD 'D*1'.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  AB1) 324  5 81. (3) HG0' E' *6EF*G 'DE'/) (7/#) EF G0' 'DB'FHF . (4) HG0' E' *6EF*G 'DE'/) (13/4) EF G0' 'DB'FHF . (1) HB/ F5* G0G 'DAB1) 'D#.J1) (2) EF 'DE'/) (75) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 'DF'A0 1BE 17 D3F) 1999 E 9DI E' J#*J (H0DC CDG E' DE JCF #J EF G0G 'D41H7 B/ H1/* AJ 9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' (B5/ -E'J) E3*GDCJ 'DEF*, #H 19'J) E5D-) ,/J) HE41H9) DEH1/ 'D*CFHDH,J') . (2) 'F81 .'*E) F5 'DE'/) (7) EF 'DA5D 'D1'(9 EF G0' 'D*BFJF . (3) HB/ F5* 9DI G0' 'D-CE 'DE'/) 'D9'41) EF G0' 'D%49'1, 'DE5/1 'D3'(B, EF4H1 9DI 'D'F*1FJ* 9DI 'DEHB9 'D'DC*1HFJ 'D"*J :  HYPERLINK "http://www.americanmaritimelaw.com/" www.americanmaritimelaw.com . (4) Look :Decision 291 of Commission of Cartagena Agreement Common Code for Treatment of Foreign Capital and etc. op.cit. p3. (5) 'F81: /DJD 'D*1'.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 89  90  H'F81: 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 118 - 119. (1) HB/ F5* G0G 'DAB1) 9DI #F EF 'D41H7 'DEBJ/) 'DE-8H1) E' J#*J (B51 (J9 'D%F*', #H 'D*HCJD AJ (J9G 9DI 'DEH1/ #H 'D#4.'5 'D0JF J9JFGE) . (2) HB/ F5* G0G 'DAB1) 9DI E' J#*J (%0' C'F 'D9B/ JD2E 'DE*DBJ  /HF E(11- ((J9 'D3D9 'D*J JF*,G' %DI EH1/ 'D*CFHDH,J' #H EF J9JFG . C0DC %0' C'F 'D9B/ JD2E 'DE*DBJ (*HCJD 'DEH1/ #H *E+JDG AJ 'D(J9) . (3) 'F81 : 'D/C*H1 -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E41H9 'DB'FHF 'DE51J D*F8JE FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 70. (4) 'F81: 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 118  119. (5) HB/ F5* G0G 'DAB1) 9DI 'FG JE*F9 9DI 'DEH1/ #F J4*17 9DI 'DE*DBJ ('D*5/J1 %DI 71A +'D+ 'DEF*H,'* 'DE5F9) (*7(JB '*A'B FBD 'D*CFHDH,J') . (1) Competition Policy And Intellectual Property Rights, Organization For Economic Co-Operation And Development, Bottlers Case, No. 2384, 1965, Japan, Published  HYPERLINK "http://www.oeodlcourt.com/" www.oeodlcourt.com on the wep : (2) HG0' 'DF5 *6EF*G 'DE'/) (7/,) EF G0' 'DB'FHF, B'FHF FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' 'D#,F(J) %DI AJ*F'E 'DF'A0 D3F) 2007 E . (3) 'F81 'DAB1) 'D+'FJ) EF 'DE'/) 'D#HDI EF 'DA5D 'D1'(9 EF G0' 'D*41J9 :  HYPERLINK "http://www.unctad.org.documents/" www.unctad.org.documents model law on competition, Unctad, op. cit, on the wep : (1) 'F81: 'D/C*H1) 3EJ-) 'DBDJH(J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 103  104. 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(1) 'F81 AJ E9FI B1J( EF 'DEH6H9 H(5H1) 9'E) 9F EHBA 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) EF 'D41H7 'DEBJ/) : 'D/C*H1 E-EH/ 'DCJD'FJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 365  366  HJBHD #J6'K (#FG (DE JB*51 *B1J1 'D(7D'F DD41H7 'DEBJ/) 9DI BH'FJF 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) (D %F BH'FJF (96 'D/HD 'D5F'9J) 'DC(1I '*.0* EHBA'K E*4//'K EF G0G 'D41H7  E+'D 0DC : 'FCD*1' HA1F3' H'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D#E1JCJ) H:J1G') . (1) 'F81 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  597 98. (2) HDB/ C'F* 'DE'/) 'D3'/3) EF E41H9 *F8JE FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' 'D0J H69*G #C'/JEJ) 'D(-+ 'D9DEJ 'DE51J) D9'E 1987E *F5 9DI E' J#*J : (JCHF 'D9B/ ('7D'K (7D'F'K E7DB'K HJ-81 *3,JDG AJ 'D-'D'* 'D"*J) : # - %0' C'F 'DG/A EF 'D9B/ FBD *CFHDH,J' E*'-) E-DJ'K. 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J'31 ('3E 0FHF H5HF CD 92J2 9(/ 'DC1JE  'D7(J9) 'DB'FHFJ) D9B/ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB 'D5'/1) AJ CDJ) 'DB'FHF/ ,'E9) 'DEH5D  'DE,D/ 8  'D3F) 'D-'/J) 941)  'D9// 29  3F) 2006 E .  5 87. (2) 'F81: 'DE0C1) 'D%J6'-J) DB'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 'DF'A0 1BE 17 D3F) 1999E  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 35  36  H'F81 #J6'K : 'DE-'EJ EFJ1 E-E/ 'D,F(JGJ H'DE-'EJ EE/H- E-E/ 'D,F(JGJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B, 5 12- 13. (3) 'F81 AJ G0' 'DEH6H9 : 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'D%7'1 'DB'FHFJ DFBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 100  #E' ('DF3() %DI 'DE419 'D#1/FJ AJ B'FHF 'DEF'A3) :J1 'DE41H9) H'D#31'1 'D*,'1J) 'D#1/FJ 1BE 15 D3F) 2000 E 'DF'A0 AB/ 9'D, G0G 'DE3#D) E9'D,) 5-J-) H#A6D EF 'DEHBA 'DE51J ('DF3() %DI 'D41H7 'DEBJ/) %0 0C1 G0' 'DB'FHF  #J 'D#1/FJ  AJ E'/*G 'D*'39) HAJ AB1*G' ( # ) 'D9('1) 'D"*J) ( J9*(1 ('7D'K ) HDE J0C1 9('1) ( J,H2 %(7'D ) H(0DC JCHF B/ -3E G0G 'DE3#D) (5H1) FG'&J) H'9*(1G ('7D'K HDJ3 ,'&2 'D%(7'D C'DEHBA 'DE51J 'DE0CH1 AJ G0' 'D4#F . (1) HG0' E' *6EF*G 'DE'/) (21) EF G0' 'DB'FHF, B'FHF 9B/ 'D*CFHDH,J' D,EGH1J) 'D5JF 'D49(J) 'DF'A0 D3F) 1987 E . (2) HB/ F5* 9DI G0' 'D-CE 'DE'/) (7) EF G0' 'DB'FHF (BHDG' (E' DE JO3E- (G' EF GJ&) 13EJ) E.HD) AJ AJ*F'E, A%F 'D41H7 'DEBJ/) 'D"*J) D' J,H2 *6EJFG' AJ 'D9B/) . (3) HB/ F5* 9DI G0' 'D-CE 'DE'/) (13) EF G0' 'DB'FHF, 'DB'FHF 'DEF:HDJ AJ FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' 'DF'A0 D3F) 1998 E . (1) 'F81 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 100  101  H'F81 #J6'K HAJ E9FI B1J( : 'DE-'EJ JHF3 91(  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 9. (2) H*CHF 'D*CFHDH,J' E*'-) E-DJ'K %0' C'F* E3*./E) EF ,'F( E41H9 E51J ".1 (EH,( 9B/ *1.J5 ((1'!) '.*1'9 #H 9B/ FBD E91A) AFJ) #H E3'9/) AFJ) #H %0' C'F* 'D*CFHDH,J' E*'-) E-DJ'K D9/E *:7J*G' (-B EF -BHB 'DEDCJ) 'D5F'9J) E+D (96 'DEF*,'* 'D/H'&J)  B(D '*A'BJ) *1(3 #H %0' C'F* -BHB 'DEDCJ) 'D5F'9J) B/ 'FB6* (#-/ 'D#3('( 'D.'5) (G' C'F*G'! E/) 'D(1'!) #H %A4'! 31J) 'DE91A) 'DAFJ) . 'F81: 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 101  102 . H'F81 AJ 'D*9DJB 9DI F5 'DAB1) ( # ) EF 'DE'/) 'D3'/3) EF E41H9 'D#C'/JEJ) 'DE51J D9'E 1987E: 'D/C*H1 -3'E E-E/ 9J3I  E41H9 'DB'FHF 'DE51J D*F8JE FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 45 HE' (9/G'  H'F81 #J6'K : 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5101. (1) 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (81) EF G0' 'DB'FHF. (2) 'F81: 'DE0C1) 'D%J6'-J) DB'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 'DF'A0 1BE 17 D3F) 1999E  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 35. (3) Look in this condition with ageneral preview : Behrman, Op. cit, p 237 . (4) FBD'KN 9F: 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'D%7'1 'DB'FHFJ DFBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 102. (1) Behrman, Op. cit, p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ook : Chapter four which concerning about the restrictive conditions from : International code of conduct on transfer of technology 1985, op. cit, on the wep : www.unitednations.org.documents . )1) 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B, 541 . (2) /DJD 'D*1'.J5 'DE9/ DE5D-) 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ), 'DE5/1 'D3'(B, 5126  HJ1I '*,'G 61H1) H,H/ F5- 9DI :1'1 E' *B6J (G E98E *41J9'* FBD 'D*CFHDH,J' AJ 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) (*-1JE C'A) 'D41H7 'D*J *-/ EF -1J) 'DE*DBJ AJ '3*:D'D 'D*CFHDH,J' (9/ 'F*G'! E/) 'D9B/, 1',9 AJ 0DC : /. -3'E E-E/ 9J3I "FBD 'D*CFHDH,J'  /1'3) AJ 'D"DJ'* 'DB'FHFJ) DD*(9J) 'D/HDJ)  /'1 'DE3*B(D 'D91(J DD7('9) H'DF41  'DB'G1)  1987E , AB1) 2, 5 11. (3) ) Look : UNCTAD, Guidelines for Evaluation of Transfer of Technology Agreements, U.N. Know-How and the Know-How Agreement, 1979, p 18. No. IPR/MCT/99/2. (4) Henrg Dahl, V.S. Restrictions on high Technology Transfer : Impact Aboard and Domestic Consequences ,Volume 26 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 1987- 1988 ,pp 27-51. (1) 'F81 'D/C*H1 ,D'D HA'! E-E/JF  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 104 HE' (9/G'. (2) HG0' E' F5* 9DJG 'DE'/) (75/,) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DE51J 'DF'A0 1BE 17 D3F) 1999E (BHDG' (J,H2 %(7'D CD 417 ... JCHF EF 4#FG *BJJ/ -1J) 'DE3*H1/....HJF7(B 0DC (H,G 'D.5H5.... 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