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'D4(C) 'D9'DEJ) DDE9DHE'* ('D'F*1FJ*): 1. -EJ/ 4G'( '-E/ ,'D91'B 'DE4CD) H'D-D ,/1'3) FB/J) ,(-+ EF4H1 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* 9DI 'DEHB9.  HYPERLINK "http://www.arabrenewal.com" www.arabrenewal.com 2. E.*.CDJ1,.7) 'DFA7 'D1&J3J) D(H4 ,EB'D EF4H1 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* H9DI 'DEHB9  HYPERLINK "http://www.alternet.org" www.alternet.org 3. F(JD 4(J( ,'D419J) 'D/HDJ) , CJ D' J5J1 'D-B ('7D' , (-+ EF4H1 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* H9DI 'DEHB9:  HYPERLINK "http://www.islamonline.net" www.islamonline.net . 4. J'31 B7J4'* ,'D419J) H3J'/) 'DB'FHF ,(-+ EF4H1 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* ,EHB9 E,D) #BD'E www.aklam.net . +'FJ': 'DE5'/1 ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J): 1. Francis Fukyama ,state building Government and word in the twenty  first century profile box,London,2004. 2. Joseph cirincione.Jessica T.Mathews and George perkovich, wmd,in Iraq ,Evidence and implication (Washington ,Dc,carenge Endowment for international ,peace ,2003, (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 17/12/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 28/4/2009 . 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