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jean vincent&serg guinchared , procedeure civile , vingt et unieme edition ,dalloz 'DB1'1'* :J1 'DEF4H1) 'D5'/1) 9F E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 : B1'1 1BE 1105 / E 3 /1994AJ 21 /6 /995 . B1'1 1BE 273/ G&J) 9'E) / 98 (*'1J. 28 / 11 / 98. B1'1 1BE / G&J) 9'E) / 98 (*'1J. 28 / 11 / 98 . B1'1 1BE 29 / 4.5J) 'HDI / 2004 AJ 13 / 10 / 2004 . 'DB1'1'* :J1 'DEF4H1) 'D5'/1) 9F E-CE) '3*&F'A FJFHI (5A*G' 'D*EJJ2J) : B1'1 1BE 444 / *.( / 2004 (*'1J. 8/ 'JDHD /2004 B1'1 1BE 661/*( / 99 AJ 28/8/99 . B1'1 1BE 1BE 834 / *( / 2000 AJ 5 / 11 /2000 B1'1 1BE 166 / *.( /2001AJ 25 / 3 / 2001 B1'1 1BE 319/*.(/ 2004 AJ 26/ -2J1'F / 2004 B1'1 1BE 80 /*.( / 997 AJ 15/1/96. B1'1 1BE 432 /*( / 2002 AJ 13 /10 / 2002 B1'1 1BE 463 / *.( / 2002 AJ 23 / 11 / 2002 EH'B9 9DI 'D'F*1F* : WWW. Legifrance GOUF.FR ://www.geocities.com/magdy_law/HTM/A_R/Ahkam/A- WWW. Legifrance GOUF.FR () E9,E 'D1'&/  ,(1'F E39H/  /'1 'D9DE DDED'JJF H41C) 'D91J3 DDCE(JH*1 . () H*3*9ED BH'FJF 'DE1'A9'* 'DEB'1F) E57D- 'D/A9 'D%,1'&J -J+ '3*./E 'DE419 'DE51J *9(J1 'D/AH9 'DE*9DB) ('D',1'!'* ( 1',9 'DE'/) 108 EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE51J H'7DB 9DJG' 'DE419 'DA1F3J (esexception de procedure ) ('DE'/) 73 EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DA1F3J) HJ(/H DF' 'F E57D- 'D/A9 'D4CDJ 'C+1 /B) . () F81J) 'D/AH9 AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D7(9) 'D+'EF)  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D'3CF/1J)  1988  A 74  5 169 . () 'DH3J7 AJ 41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  'DF'41 /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  E7(9) ,'E9) 'DB'G1) H'DC*'( 'D,'E9J   1981  5 209 . () '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'DE/FJ)  'DEC*() 'DB'FHFJ)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J)  (J1H*  1989  5 217 . () 41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 1BE 83 D3F) 1969 H*7(JB'*G 'D9EDJ)  , 1  1992  5 127 . () J1',9 : EH1JD  1BE 48 HAF3'F 1BE 27  E4'1 %DJG AJ /. '-E/ #(H 'DHA'  E5/1 3'(B  A 5 5 12  jean vincent&serg guinchared , procedeure civile , vingt et unieme edition ,dalloz , p 131 . () Ibid , p 131 . () 'D' 'F (96 'D41'- DE JD*2EH' (G0' 'D*BJJ/ H'7DBH' E57D- 'D/AH9 9DI CD 9B() HB*J). 1',9 : 'DE5/1 FA3G  5 131 . () J1',9 :/. '-E/ '(H 'DHA'  E5/1 3'(B  A 5 H7 5 21 H 24 . () HGJ : 'D/A9 (9/E 'D'.*5'5 H'D/A9 ('-'D) 'D/9HI 'DI E-CE) '.1I H'D/A9 ('D*D'2E H'D/A9 ('D(7D'F H'D/A9 ('D*3HJA 'H 'DEE'7D) ( HGJ 'D*J J7D( (G' EF 'DE-CE) HBA 'D',1'!'* 'H *',JDG' (B5/ C3( 'DHB* ) HB/ 'D:I 'DB'FHF 'D,/J/ 'D/A9 'DE*9DB (9/E *B/JE CA'D) 'DFAB'* 'DB6'&J) 'D*J C'F J,( 9DI 'DE/9J EF ,F3J) ',F(J) *B/JEG' 1',9 : jean vincent &serg guinchared , Ibid ,p 131 . () H%F C'F +E) EF J0G( %DI 'F 'D/AH9 'D4CDJ) E-//) 9DI 3(JD 'D-51  AD' H,H/ DD/AH9 .'1, *DC 'D*J F5 9DJG' 'DE419 ( ,'(JH  (F/ 1275 116 E4'1 'DJG AJ : /. A*-J H'DJ  'DH3J7 AJ B'FHF 'DB6'! 'DE/FJ  'DB'G1)  E7(9) 'DB'G1)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1987  5 483) . () 1',9 : /. A*-J H'DJ  'DH3J7 AJ B'FHF 'DB6'!  E5/1 3'(B 5 548 A 279  '-E/ GF/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 217  /. "/E HGJ( 'DF/'HJ  'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  (:/'/  1988  212  ,DJD -3F 'D3'9/J  CA'D) -B 'D/A'9  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) (:/'/  19  5 165 . () H,/J 1':(  E('/& 'D.5HE) 'DE/FJ) 71  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J 'DB'G1)  1978  5 214 () 1',9 : '-E/ GF/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 217 . () B'1F : /. 39/HF 'DB47JFJ  41- '-C'E 'DE1'A9'*  /1'3) *-DJDJ) AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ  , 1  73  (:/'/ 1979  5 223  -J+ J0G( %DI #FG " DE' C'F* 'DBH'9/ 'D4CDJ) EF5H5 9DJG' (B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* ('DEH'/ (73 74 75 76 77) E1'A9'* D0' **-// G0G 'D/AH9 (*DC 'DF5H5 " . () *1',9 'DE'/) ( 6 ) EF G0' 'DB'FHF . () J1',9 : 6J'! 4J* .7'(  'DH,J2 AJ 41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  E7(9) 'D9'FJ  (:/'/  1973  5 5 118 119 . () J1',9 : E-E/ 'D94E'HJ H/. 9(/ 'DHG'( 'D94E'HJ  B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* AJ 'D*41J9 'DE51J H'DEB'1F  ,2  'DE7(9) 'DFEH0,J)  1958 5 213  ,DJD -3F 'D3'9/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 166 . () 1',9 'DEH'/ ( 73 H 74 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ H'DE'/) ( 108 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE51J 'DF'A0 H'DE'/) ( 74 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DA1F3J 'DF'A0 . H('D'6'A) 'DI 0DC 'C/ 'DE419 'DE51J AJ 'DAB1) 3 EF 'DE'/) (108) 9DI H,H( '(/'! ,EJ9 'DH,HG 'D*J J(FI 9DJG' 'D/A9 'DE*9DB ('D',1'!'* E9'K H'D' 3B7 'D-B AJE' DE J(/ EFG' . () H'D7D( 'H 'D/A'9 AJ 'D/9HI GH E' JG',E (G 'D.5E '/9'! .5EG ('9*('1 'F G0' 'D'/9'! D' JBHE 9DI '3'3 EF 'DH'B9 'H 'DB'FHF .( /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F AJ B'FHF 'DE1'A9'*  7 1 'D'3CF/1J)  EF4#) 'DE9'1A 1959  5 573 ) () /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 574 ,DJD 'D3'9/J  CA'D) -B 'D/A'9  5 5 168 169 . EF 0DC E+D'K D' J9/ CD'E'K AJ 'DEH6H9 E,1/ ','() 'D.5E (9('1'* 0'* 7'(9 9'E C'DBHD ('F 'D'/9'! D' '3'3 DG EF 'D5-) . () 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  ,1  E7(9) 'D9'FJ (:/'/  1970  5 378  /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 574 . () 7D( 'D*#,JD (9'E) D' J9/ CD'E'K AJ 'DEH6H9 'D' '0' C'F EF ',D 3(( EH6H9J E+D 7D( 'D*#,JD D*B/JE #H1'B +(H*J) E9JF) . () J1',9 : 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  BH'9/ 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ  ,1  (:/'/  1961  5 379 . () J1',9 : /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 578 . () *1',9 'DE'/) ( 95 / 1 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ . () F(JD '3E'9JD 9E1  3D7) 'DB'6J 'D*B/J1J) AJ 'DEH'/ 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  /1'3) *-DJDJ) EB'1F)  71 EF4#) 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J)  1984  5 417 . () /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  5 570  9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  E5/1 3'(B  5 378 . () ,(JF 13'D) 5 150 E4'1 'DJG AJ : /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 572 A 314  '(H 'DHA'  E5/1 3'(B  5 170 A 75  9(/ 'D,DJD (1*H  41- B'FHF '5HD 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) H'D*,'1J)  1957  'D41C) 'D'3D'EJ) DD7('9) H'DF41 'DE-/H/)  (:/'/  5 38 . () J1',9 : /. A*-J H'DJ 'DH3J7  E5/1 3'(B  483A 285  /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 572 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  E5/1 3'(B  5 379. () JF81 : /. A*-J H'DJ  'DH3J7  E5/1 3'(B  5 484  'D3'9/J  E5/1 3'(B  5  176 . () 1BE 'D'6('1) 1105 / E 3 /1994AJ 21 /6 /995 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () 1',9 'DE'/) ( 15 ) HE' (9/G' EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ . HB/ B6* E-CE) '3*&F'A FJFHI (5A*G' 'D*EJJ2J) : 'F 'D*(DJ: 'D5'/1 'DI 'DE/9I 9DJG ( E) B/ '9J/ HE41H- 9DJG EF B(D 'DE(D: ( *(JF 'FG E.*D 9BDJ'K ) D0' A'F *(DJ: 'DEHE' 9DJG J9*(1 ('7D'K '3*F'/' K D'-C'E 'DE'/) 27 E1'A9'* 'D9// 444 / *.( / 2004 (*'1J. 8/ 'JDHD /2004 (:J1 EF4H1) . () 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* E5/1 3'(B  5 307 . () E/-* 'DE-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  5 128 . () 'DE'/) ( 73/2 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ . () /. A'13 9DJ 9E1 'D,1,1J 'D*(DJ:'* 'DB6'&J) H/H1G' AJ -3E 'D/9HI 'DE/FJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5@D  2004  5 142 . () 'DE'/) ( 73/3 ) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ . () /. A*-J H'DJ  F81J) 'D(7D'F  E5/1 3'(B  5 549 . () B1'1 1BE 661/*( / 99 AJ 28/8/99 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () J1',9 'J6'K B1'1 E-CE) '3*&F'A FJFHI (5A*G' 'D*EJJ2J) 1BE 834 / *( / 2000 AJ 5 / 11 /2000 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . %0 ,'! AJ -J+J'*G C'F 9DI 'DE-CE) 1/ '9*1'6 'DE9*16 'DE/9I 9DJG 9DI 'D-CE 'D:J'(J 'D5'/1 (-BG (*'1J. 1/ 8 / 2000 4CD'K D9/E '4*E'D D'&-) 'D'9*1'6 9DI '3('(G ....... " () *1',9 'DE'/) ( 37 ) HE' (9/G' EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ .HDCF JD'-8 'F GF'C (96 'D/9'HI 'D*J J-// AJG' 'DE419 'D'.*5'5 'DEC'FJ EF 0DC /9HI 'D'9*1'6 9DI 'D-CE 'D:J'(J  '0 JD2E 'F J1A9 'DI 'DE-CE) 0'*G' 'D*J '5/1* 'D-CE 'D:J'(J  (E ( 178 A1 / ) E1'A9'* 91'BJ )  HC0DC *-/J/ 'DE-CE) 'D'3*&F'AJ) 'DE.*5) (F81 'D79F 'D'3*&F'AJ ( E (188 ) E1'A9'* 91'BJ ) () 29 / 4.5J) 'HDI / 2004 AJ 13 / 10 / 2004 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () EF4H1 AJ : '(1'GJE 'DE4'G/J  E9JF 'DE-'EJF  'D,2! 'D'HD AJ 'DE1'A9'* H'D'+('* (:/'/  /HF 3F) 7(9 . 5 9 . () 1',9 : /. '/E 'DF/'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 160  '3*'0F' /. 9('3 'D9(H/J  41- '-C'E B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ)  /1'3) EB'1F)  /'1 'DC*( DD7('9) H'DF41  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2000 E  5 164 HE' (9/G' . () 'D9// 263 / *.( / 2004 AJ 20 -2J1'F 2004 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () B'1F /. '-E/ 'D3J/ 'D5'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 221  'D0J J0G( 'DI 'F 'D/A9 ('D'-'D) /A9 4CDJ D' J*9DB ('DF8'E 'D9'E J,( '(/'$G B(D 'D*916 DEH6H9 'D/9HI 'H '(/'! 'J /A9 (9/E 'DB(HD H'D' 3B7 'D-B AJG . HD' J*AB G0' 'D*-/J/ -*I E9 'DB'FHF 'DE51J . () JB5/ ('D/A9 ('D'-'D) '.1', 'D/9HI EF HD'J) 'DE-CE) 'D*J *F81G' D'/.'DG' AJ HD'J) E-CE) #.1I .( 'D94E'HJ ,2  (F/ 748 .( E4'1 'DJG AJ /. '-E/ 'D3J/ 5'HJ  E5/13'(B  A 155 5 220 ) . () /. '/E 'DF/'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 216 . () 1',9 (4#F ,H'2 %5/'1 #C+1 EF -CE H'-/ (9/ *H-J/ 'D/9HJJF  #(H 'DHA'  E5/1 3'(B  5 280. () HB/ B6* E-CE) '3*&F'A FJFHI (5A*G' 'D*EJJ2J) (*'1J. 26/ -2J1'F / 2004 9// 319/*.(/ 2004 " ..... 'F B1'1 1A6 *H-J/ /9HJJF GH 'D0J JB(D 'D79F *EJJ2'K -3( EAGHE 'DE'/) 216 E1'A9'* ...." ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () '-E/ '(H 'DHA'  'D*9DJB  E5/1 3'(B  5 501  /. '-E/ 'D3J/5'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 223 . () /. 39/HF F',J 'DB47JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 225 . () 'D3'9/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 191 +E JBHD FG JA*16 'DF81 'DI G0' 'D/A9 9DI 'FG E*9DB ('DF8'E 'D9'E DD'9*('1'* 'D*J JBHE 9DJG' . () 9(/ 'D1-EF 'D9D'E  41- B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 1BE 83 D3F) 1969 E9 'DE('/& 'DB'FHFJ) DB1'1'* E-CE) *EJJ2 'D91'B E1*() 9DI EH'/ 'DB'FHF  , 2  E7(9) 'D9'FJ  (:/'/ 1972  5 316 E / 75 . () '/E 'DF/'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 216 . () *'1J. 'DB1'1 14 / 4 / 1999 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () (*'1J. 15/1/96 H 9// 80 /*.( / 997 ( :J1 EF4H1 ) . () AB/ *.*5 #C+1 EF E-CE) (/9HI H'-/)  CE' '0' *9// 'DE/9I 9DJGE H'.*DA E-D 'B'E*GE  'H '0' *E 'D'*A'B 9DI EH7F E.*'1 D*FAJ0 9B/ . JF81 : '(H 'DHA' 5 241 A 107  /. '-E/ 'D5'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 221 . () J1',9 : '-E/ E3DE  '5HD 'DE1'A9'*  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G@@1)  1977  5 293 . () *1',9 : 'DAB1) 1 EF 'DE'/) 76 EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'D91'BJ . CE' F5* 'DE'/) 100 EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DA1F3J 9DI 'FG : " '0' B'E F2'9 H'-/ 'E'E E-CE*JF E.*5*JF EF 7(B) H'-/)  H,( *.DJ 'DE-CE) 'D*J 1A9 'DJG' 'DF2'9 E*#.1'K 9F F81G' (F'! 9DI 7D( 'D.5HE 'H EF *DB'! FA3G' ...... " () J1',9 : /. '-E/ GF/J  E5/1 3'(B  5 223 . () HJ4J1 'D/C*H1 '-E/ E3DE ( E5/1 3'(B  5 569 ) == == %DI 'FG EF 'D:1J( 'F J3HJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J AJ 0DC (JF 'D'-'D) DD'1*('7 H'D'-'D) DD*1/J/  HJ6JA ('FG '0' C'F* 'D'-'D) DD'1*('7 'E1'K J*9DB (E5'D- 'D.5HE 'D.'5)  'D' 'F 'D'-'D) (3(( *1/J/ 'D/9HI *1EJ 'DI *A'/J '-*E'D *6'1( 'D'-C'E AJ 'DB6J) 'DH'-/)  H'DI *-BJB B'9/) 'F 1A9 'D/9HI 'DI E-CE) E.*5) JF29 '.*5'5 3'&1 'DE-'CE 'D*J *CHF '(*/'! E.*5) C0DC  ACJA JECF E9 'GEJ) G0G 'DF*'&, 'DBHD (3BH7 'D-B AJ G0' 'D/A9 (*B/JE /A9 '.1 9DJG  CE' J$C/ /. '(H 'DHA' ( E5/1 3'(B  5 256) 9DI H,H( 'F JCHF 'D/A9 ('D'-'D) EF 'DF8'E 'D9'E . 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