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'DE.*51'* (Abbreviations) A. J. I. L. : American Journal of International Law. A .J. I. C. L. :African Journal of International and comparative Law. I. L. M. : International Legal Materials. I. C. J. : International court of Justice. R.A.C.H.R. : Review of the African commission on Human and peoples rights. U. N. E. P. : United Nations Environment Programme. U. N. T. S. : United Nations Treaty Series. P. O. Ps. : Permanent Organic Pollutants. U. N. F. C. C. C. :The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change. G. F. F. : Global Environmental Facility. I. U. P. A. C. : international Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. 'DE5'/1 : #HD'K  ('DD:) 'D91(J) : (#)'DE9'G/'* H'D'*A'BJ'* H'D(1H*HCHD'* : EJ+'B 'D'EE 'DE*-/)  1945 . '*A'BJ'* ,FJA : DD(-1 'D'BDJEJ H'DEF7B) 'DED'5B) (1958)  HD,1A 'DB'1J (1958) . E9'G/) 'DB6'! 'D.'1,J (1967) . '*A'BJ) AJF' DB'FHF 'DE9'G/'*  1969 . '*A'BJ) 1'E3'1 DD#1'6J 'D17() (1971) . '*A'BJ) DF/F 'D.'5) (EF9 'D*DH+ 'D(-1J EF 'D3AF (1973) . 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www. Undp. Org /gef . ,EGH1J) E51 'D91(J) H2'1) 'D/HD) D4$HF 'D(J&)  ,G'2 4$HF 'D(J&)  EB/E) E41H9 '9/'/ .7) *FAJ0 'D9ED 'DH7FJ) D'*A'BJ) '3*CGHDE 'DE9FJ) ('DEDH+'* 'D96HJ) 'D+'(*) EHB9 ,G'2 4$HF 'D(J&): www. eeaa. Gov. eg +'FJ'K  ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) : #HD'K  'DC*( : A) Books International court of Justice, Reports ( I. C. J. , Rep) (1969) (North sea cases) . Brown (E. D.) , The Legal Regime of Hydro space , London , 1971. Barros (J.) and Johnston (D. M.) , The International Law of pollution , The free press , New York London , 1974 . Caldwell (L. K.0, International environmental policy and Law (1st edn. , Durham, Nc, 1980) B) Researches and periodics : African Journal of International and comparative Law, vol 2, No. 1 , March 1990, PP. 154 177. A - Yusuf , (Abdul Qawi) , The U. N. convention on Biological Diversity Qatar International Law conference 1994 . churchill (R. R.) and G. Ulfstein, Autonomous Institutional Arrangement in Multilateral Agreements, A. J. I. L., vol. 94, No. Oct. 2000. Dower (Nigel), sustainability and the right to development, in : International Justice and the third world, Attifield and B. Wilkins (ed.), London New York, 1992 . Gundling (L.) our responsibility to future generations, in : Agora : what obligation does our generation own to the next ? an approach to global environmental responsibility, A. J. I. L. , vol. 84 , No. 1 , 1990. Hammond (peter. J.) Is there any thing new in the concept of sustainable development? in : the environment after Rio : International Law and economics, (L. Compiglio etal., eds), Graham and Trot man, pub, 1994. International Legal Materials, No. 4, 1992 ; Ibid. , 3114 July 1992. Peter (Ch. M) , Taking environment seriously : The African charter, Review of the African commission on human and peoples Rights vol. 3 , Parts 1-2 , 1993. Szasz (Paul C.), Restructuring the international Organizational framework, in :Environmental change and international Law, New challenges and dimensions, E. B.weiss (ed.), united Nations university press, 1992. Wurster (Charles F.),  Effects of Insecticides  in : The environmental future, edited by Nicolas Polunin , Macmillan, 1972 P. 295. () #4'1 'DE(/# (8) EF 'D'9D'F 'D3J'3J DBE) 'D*FEJ) 'DE3*/'E) AJ ,HG'F3(1: D3F) 2002 %DI 'F -E'J) 'D(J&) H'D*FEJ) 'D',*E'9J)  H'D*FEJ) 'D'B*5'/J) GJ 'D#1C'F 'D+D'+) DD*FEJ) 'DE3*/'E) . 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M., taking environment seriously: the African charter, Review of the African commission on human and peoples Rights, vol. 3, parts 1-2, 1993, P. 42. HE' -/+ DJD) 2  3 C'FHF 'D'HD //J3E(1 1984 C'F E1H9'K  9F/E' 'F7DB (4CD EA',& CEJ) *B/1 (@ (30) 7F EF E'/) 'JH3J'F'* 'DE+JD EF E5F9 E(J/'* 'D"A'* 'D*'(9 D41C) (Union Carbide) (E/JF) (H('D AJ 'DGF/  H#/I 'D-'/+ %DI HA') #C+1 EF (2800) 4.5 C'FH' J9J4HF (,H'1 'DE5F9  CE' A1 EF (H('D E' D' JBD 9F E'&*J 'DA 4.5 .D'D 'D'3(H9 'D'HD 'D0J '9B( 'D-'/+ . /. E57AI CE'D 7D()  'FB'0 CHC(F' 0000'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5122 . () (1F'E, 'D'EE 'DE*-/) 'D'FE'&J / E1AB 'D(J&) 'D9'DEJ (GEF)  EHB9 'D(1F'E, AJ 'D'F*1FJ* : WWW, Undp. Org /gef . () *3EI 'J6'K :'2'* 'D*3.JF 'D'16J 'H :'2'* 'D(JH* 'D.61'! 'H 'D2,',J) . 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arros and Johnston, the international Law of pollution , New York  London , 1974, P. 368 () 'DEH'/ 56 H 77 H 193 H 194/2 H 236H 242 AB1) (1)  H 245  246 AB1) (8). () 'D/J(',)  H'DE'/) (3) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . 'J6'K : (Abdul Qawi A-Yusuf , The U. N convention on Biological Diversity  Qatar International Law conference, 1994 P. 1171. Also : I. L. M. No. 4 , 1992, P. 824 . () 'DE'/) (20) 'DAB1) (3) EF 'D(1H*HCHD . () 'DE'/) (10) AB1) (1) '*A'BJ) . () /. '-E/ 9(/ 'DC1JE 3D'E) "F81'* AJ '*A'BJ) 'D*FH9 'D-JHJ " 'DE,D) 'DE51J) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ E, 48  1992 542 (*) Barros and Johnston, op. , cit., P. 368 () /J(',) '*A'BJ) '3*CGHDE  H'DE'/*'F (12) H (13) EFG' . () 'DE'/) (12) 'DAB1) (1) . () 'DE'/) (6) 'DAB1*'F (1) H (2) . () 'DEH'/ 61 H 62 H 69 H 70 H 82 AB1) (4) . () 'D/J(',)  H'DE'/) (20) 'DAB1'* (2) H (4) H (6) H (7) 2 HJ0C1 'F '*A'BJ) 'D*FH9 'D'-J'&J 39* %DI 'J,'/ "DJ) J*E EF .D'DG' *D(J) '-*J','* 'D(D/'F 'DF'EJ) AJE' J*9DB ('DEH'1/ 'DE'DJ) H'D-5HD 9DI 'D*CFHDH,J' 'D'-J'&J) . () 'DE'/) (6) . () 'D/J(',)  H'DE'/) (22)  H'DE'/) (28) AB1) (4) . () 'D/J(',) . () I. C. J. , Reports 1969, PP. 52  55 , 65 , 93 ; also E. D. Brown , The Legal Regime of Hydrospace, London , 1971 , PP. 63-67. () 'DE'/*'F (1) H 8/9 . () F5 'DE(/# (15) EF 'D'9D'F 9DI 'F " 9/E H,H/ *#CJ/ 9DEJ E7DB D' J,( 'F J3*./E C01J9) D*#,JD '*.'0 */'(J1 A9'D) DEF9 */GH1 'H6'9 'D(J&) . () 'DE'/) (17) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) (18) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () E+D '*A'BJ) DF/F 'D.'5) (EF9 'D*DH+ 'D(-1J EF 'D3AF D3F) 1973 ('DE'/) 10) H'*A'BJ) ('1J3 'D.'5) (EF9 'D*DH+ 'D(-1J EF E5'/1 '16J) D3F) 1974 'DE'/) (21) H'*A'BJ) *DH+ 'DGH'! 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s) . () 'DE'/) (5) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) (6) 'DAB1'* 1  2  3  4 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () DB/ '4'1* /J(',) 'D'*A'BJ) %DI EJ+'B 'DEE 'DE*-/)  HE('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  H%DI '*A'BJ*J 1H*1/'E H('2D  HC0DC %DI '9D'F 1JH DD(J&) H'D*FEJ) 1992 . () 'DE'/) (9) 'DAB1'* (1) H (2) H (3) H (4) H (5) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) (7) 'DAB1) (2) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . 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ertilizers) HE(J/'* 'D7-'D( (Pesticides) H'DEH'/ 'DE(J/) DD'94'( 'D6'1) (Herbicides)  1',9 : Cald Well (L. K.):International environmental policy and Law, (1st edn., Durham NC, 1980) , P. 106. Szasz, paul C., Restructuring the International organizational framework, in : Environmental change and International Law, New challenges and dimensions, E. B. Weiss (ed.), United Nations University press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obin R. Churchill and Geir Ulfstein : (autonomous Institutional Arrangements in Multilateral Agreements & .) A. J. I. L. vol. 94 , No. 4, oct 2000, PP. 623  659 . - -I. L. M. No. 4, 1992 P ; 3114 July 1992:. - -A. J. I. C. L., vol. 2 No. 1 March 1990, PP. 154  177 . == == C0DC FJ1EJF 'D39/FJ  (1H*HCHD CJH*H H'2E) *:J1 'DEF'.  E,D) 'D3J'3) 'D/HD) ('DB'G1))  9145  2001  5205-208 . () 'DE'/) 19/6 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 20/3 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 21/3  5 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 22/5- ( EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 23/1-2 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 21/1 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) 22/5-3 EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () Nigel Dower sustainability and the right to development, in : International justice and the third world, R. Attifield and B. Wilkins (ed.) , London  New York , 1992 , PP. 95, 115. () 'DE'/) (3) 'DAB1) (4) EF '*A'BJ) *:J1 'DEF'. . () DDE2J/ 9F 'D-B AJ 'D*FEJ) JF81 : /. 9DJ 'D/JF GD'D EAGHE 'D-B AJ 'D*FEJ) E,D) 'D3J'3) 'D/HDJ) 'D9// 68FJ3'F /'(1JD 1983 532 35. /. -3F F'A9) " GD JH,/ B'FHF /HDJ DD*FEJ) " E,D) 'D3J'3) 'D/HDJ) 'D9// 68FJ3'F /'(1JD 1983 579. == == /. E-E/ 'D39J/ 'D/B'B  F-H B'FHF /HDJ DD*FEJ) 'DE,D) 'DE51J) DDB'FHF 'D/HDJ  934  1978  551. Hammond, Peter. J.  Is there any thing new in the concept of sustainable development ?in the environment after Rio : International Law and economics, (L. campiglio, etal. , eds.), Graham and Trot man : pub, 1994 , PP. 185  187. Gundling L., : our responsibility to future generations, in : Agora : What obligation does our generation own to the next ? an approach to global environmental responsibility, A. J. I. L. vol. 84, No. 1. 1990, P. 208. () JF81 : /J(',) '*A'BJ) '3*CGHDE . (* )5-J-G' AJ 'DD:) 'D91(J) : 'D/HD 'D,21J) . () /J(',) '*A'BJ) '3*CGHDE .. (*) J7DB 9DJG #J6'K : 'DB'FHF 'DG4  #H 'DB'FHF 'DDJF  #H 'DB'FHF 'DD7JA 000 'D. HF3EJG ('DEJ31) *EJJ2'K DG 9F 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D5D( #H 'D/BJB H'D,'E/ (Hard Law) 'D0J J*6EF 'D*2'E'* #H F5H5 H#-C'E E-//) (/B)  HD' (/JD #H E1'9') (4#FG'  H'F 'D'.D'D (G' 'H 9/E E1'9'*G' *1*( 'DE3$HDJ) 'D/HDJ) D' E-'D) . 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (8/'D3F) 'D-'/J) 941)) 9//(27) 3F) (2006) [5249-5295] PAGE 274 PAGE 275 *'1J. 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