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E(GE'K. 10- 'DBH'FJF E-D 'DEB'1F) -//* AJ 'D'7D'9 'DE$B* E' J-B DDE3'GE 'D'7D'9 9DJG EF H+'&B (D #F (96 G0G 'DBH'FJF *F'HD*G' ('D*9/'/  9/' B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J 'D0J #97I DE,D3 %/'1) 'D41C) 5D'-J) *-/J/ E' JECF DDE3'GE 'D'7D'9 9DJG EF H+'&B. 11- DE JF5 B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ 9DI '3*9'F) 'DE3'GE (.(J1 9F/ E('41*G -BG ('D'7D'9  AJ -JF #F B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DA1F3J #,'2 0DC #E' B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J A#,'2 DDE3'GE '3*9'F*G (.(J1 %D' #FG '4*17 #F JCHF 'D.(J1 EF 'DE-'EJF #H 'DE-'3(JF. 12- DE JF5 B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ 9DI 'DHC'D) AJ -B 'D'7D'9 CE' #FG DE JF5 9DI -B 'DE3'GE AJ %F'() :J1G EF 'DE3'GEJF AJ E('41) -BG ('D'7D'9. E1',9 'D(-+ : /. #(H 2J/ 16H'F  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J H'DEB'1F  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G1)  1983. /. #(H 2J/ 16H'F H /. 9DJ -3F JHF3  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G1)  1970. '(F EF8H1  'D4J. 9(/'DDG 'D9D'JDJ  E9,E D3'F 'D91(  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  /'1 D3'F 'D91(  (J1H*  D(F'F  (D' 3F) 7(9. /. #-E/ '(1'GJE 'D(3'E  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  E7(9) 'D9'FJ  (:/'/  1967. /. '-E/ E-E/ E-12  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  , 1  71  E7(9) -3'F  'DB'G1)  1987. /. #C1E J'EDCJ  'DH,J2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'D91'BJ  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  , 2  E7(9) 'DF'GJ  (:/'/  1972. /. #C1E J'EDCJ H /. A'&B 'D4E'9  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ H'D(-+ 'D9DEJ  (:/'/  1980. /. '/H'1/ 9J/  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  E7(9) 'DF,HI  (J1H*  1970. /. -3FJ 'DE51J  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J H41C'* 'DB7'9 'D.'5  'DC*'( 'D+'FJ  7 1  1986. /. 39J/ J-JI  'DH,J2 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  , 1  'DEC*( 'D91(J 'D-/J+  'D'3CF/1J)  1979-1980. /. 5D'- 'D/JF 'DF'GJ  E,EH9) 'DBH'FJF H'D#F8E) 'D*,'1J)  , 1  41C) 'D7(9 H'DF41 'D#GDJ)  (:/'/  1959. 9('3 E12HC ADJ- 'D9(J/J  'D'C**'( AJ 1#3 E'D 'D41C) 'DE3'GE)  /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F 1988. /. 9(/'DEF9E A1, 'D5/)  '5HD 'DB'FHF  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (J1H*  1978. /. 9(/ 'DEDC J'3  '5HD 'DB'FHF  (D' /'1 F41  (:/'/  7 1  1968. /. 9DJ 'D2JFJ  '5HD 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'DF81J) 'D9'E) H'D41C'*  , 2  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1945. /. 9DJ 'D91JA  41- 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'DE51J  E7(9) E.JE1 'DB'G1)  1955. /. 9DJ -3F JHF3 H /. #(H 2J/ 16H'F  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  (D' /'1 F41  'DB'G1)  1970. A'1HB '(1'GJE ,'3E  'DBH'9/ 'D#3'3J) AJ B'FHF 'D41C'*  EC*( 'D1H'/ DD7('9)  (:/'/  1998. C'ED 9(/'D-3JF 'D(D/'HJ  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ  E7(9) H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ  'DEH5D  1990. /. D7JA ,(1 CHE'FJ  'DH,J2 AJ 41- B'FHF 'D41C'* 1BE (36) D3F) 1983  E7(9) 'D9E'D 'DE1C2J)  (:/'/  1986. /. E-E/ E-E/ 3J/ 'D,2'1  'D41C'* 'DE3'GE) H41C'* 'D*H5J) ('D#3GE  71  'DB'G1)  1957. E-E/ C'ED E13J  41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ  'DE7(9) 'D9'DEJ)  E51  1954. /. E-E/ A1J/ 'D91JFJ  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  'D/'1 'D,'E9J) DD7('9) H'DF41  (J1H*  1982. /. E-E/ JHF3 .'F H G4'E 5'D- :1'J()  'D%/'1) 'DE'DJ)  'DF'41 ,HF HJDJ H'HD'/G  2000. /. E-EH/ ,D'D -E2) H'DE-'EJ .DJD E57AI  'D*(3J7 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D#1/FJ  'D,2! 'D#HD  E7(9) 'D-'E/  1999. /.E-EH/ 3EJ1 'D41B'HJ  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1986. /. E57AI %(1'GJE E-E/  'DH,J2 AJ B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  (D' /'1 F41  1999. /. E57AI CE'D 7G  'DH,J2 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  , 1  'DEC*( 'DE51J DD7('9) H'DF41  1971. /. E57AI CE'D H5AJ  'DE3$HDJ) D#96'! E,D3 'D%/'1) AJ 'D41C'* 'DE3'GE)  'DE7(9) 'D9'DEJ)  1951. EHAB -3F 16'  B'FHF 'D41C'* #G/'AG H#33G H E6'EJFG  EF4H1'* E1C2 'D(-H+ 'DB'FHFJ)  H2'1) 'D9/D  (:/'/  1985. (*) (-+ E3*D EF 13'D) 'DE',3*J1 'DEH3HE) "-B 'DE3'GE AJ 'D41C) 'DE3'GE) ('D'7D'9 9DI H+'&BG'  /1'3) EB'1F)"  B/E* 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF 9'E 2002 . (1) DE J-// 'DB'FHF 'D-BHB 'D#3'3J) DDE3'GE  HEF +E C'F #E1 *-/J/G' EHCHD'K %DI 'DABG H'DB6'!. HEF GF' C'F *-/J/ G0G 'D-BHB E.*DA' EF C'*( 'DI ".1  H(4CD 9'E  JECF 'DBHD ('F 'DABG J9/ EF (JF 'D-BHB 'D#3'3J) DDE3'GE -BG AJ 'D-5HD 9DI E9DHE'* 9F 71JB 'D*ECF EF '7D'9 'DE3'GE 9DI E3*F/'* H(J'F'* E9JF) B/ *13D %DJG #H *H69 *-* *51AG AJ EH'9J/ E9JF) HEF'3('* E9JF)& DDE2J/ 'F81 AJ 0DC /. 9(/ 'DA6JD E-E/ '-E/  -E'J) 'D#BDJ) EF B1'1'* #:D(J) 'DE3'GEJF AJ 'D,E9J'* 'D9'E)  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'D(-H+ 'DB'FHFJ) H'D'B*5'/J)  CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) 'DEF5H1)  'D9// 'D#HD EF 'D3F) 'D#HDI  1986  5205. () 'F '3E 'D-B GH EF 'DH6H- (-J+ D' F1I AJG 'FG AJ -',) %DI 'D*91JA H'D(J'F HDCF 'D0J J/9H %DI 'D*91JA (G E1HF) E9F'G H4EHDG D5H1 9/J/). () '(F EF8H1  D3'F 'D91( (E9,E D:HJ DD9D'E) 'D4J. 9(/ 'DDG 'D9D'JDJ)  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  D(F'F  (J1H*  (D' 3F) 7(9  5604. () 9(/'DDG 'D(3*'FJ  'DH'AJ (E9,E H3J7 'DD:) 'D91(J))  D(F'F  (J1H*  1980  5376. () '-E/ 16'  E9,E E*F 'DD:)  'DE,D/ 'D+'D+  D(F'F  (J1H*  1959  5622. () E-E/ E1*6I 'D2(J/J  *', 'D91H3 'D,2! 'D3'/3 D(F'F (J1H*  (D' 3F) 7(9  53105. () /. '-E/ E-E/ E-12  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'D,2! 'D#HD  71  'DB'G1)  1978  5703. () 9('3 E12HC ADJ- 'D9(J/J  'D'C**'( AJ 1#3 E'D 'D41C) 'DE3'GE)  /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1996  5211. () /. .'D/ 'D4'HJ  41- B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) 'D91'BJ  E7(9) 'D49(  (:/'/  71  1968  5327. () /. 9DJ 'D2JFJ  #5HD 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'DF81J) 'D9'E) H'D41C'*  ,2  /'1 'DFG6) 'DE51J)  'DB'G1)  1945  5268. () /. 'C1E J'EDCJ  'DH,J2 AJ 41- 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  ,2  41C) 'D7(9 H'DF41 'D#GDJ)  (:/'/  1968  5246. () 'DE'/) (12/A3) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ 0H 'D1BE (21) D3F) 1997  H3(( G0' 'D417 GH 59H() E91A) 'D#4.'5 'DE'DCJF D1#3 'DE'D AJ 'D41C) HEF 'DE91HA #F 'D3E'- DD#4.'5 'DE9FHJ) 'D91'BJ) JB*51 9DI 'DE4'1C) AJ 41C'* 'D#EH'D AB7 /HF 41C'* 'D#4.'5 D'B*5'1 'D#.J1) 9DI 'D#4.'5 'D7(J9JJF AB7. 'F81 AJ 0DC /. D7JA ,(1CHE'FJ H /. 9DJ C'8E 'D1AJ9J  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  H2'1) 'D*9DJE 'D9'DJ  (:/'/  2000  5274. () DE JH1/ B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ HC0DC 'DBH'FJF 'D*,'1J) E-D 'DEB'1F) F5' D417 'D#GDJ). () /. E1*6I F'51 F51'DDG  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  E7(9) 'D%14'/  (:/'/  1961  511. 'F81 C0DC 'DE'/) (106) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 0J 'D1BE (40) D3F) 1951. () 'DE'/) (3) EF B'FHF 19'J) 'DB'51JF 0J 'D1BE (78) D3F) 1980. () A'1HB %(1'GJE ,'3E  'DBH'9/ 'D#3'3J) AJ B'FHF 'D41C'*  EC*( 'D1H'/ DD7('9)  (:/'/  1998  53. () #F81 AJ 0DC 'DEH'/ (28  35  40) EF B'FHF 19'J) 'DB'51JF. () 9('3 E12HB ADJ- 'D9(J/J  E5/1 3'(B  5152  C0DC 92J2 'D9CJDJ  41- 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  ,4  /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1998 524. () /. .'D/ 'D4'HJ  E5/1 3'(B  5328  C0DC /. 9DJ -3F JHF3  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  /'1 'D-E'EJ DD7('9)  E51  (D' 3F) 7(9  5198. () 'DEH'/ (219  220  221) EF 'DD'&-) 'D*FAJ0J). () 'DE'/) (143/ A1) H'DE'/) (144/ A2) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D'1/FJ 0H 'D1BE (22) D3F) 1997. () 'DE'/) (157/ A7) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J 0J 'D1BE (149) D3F) 1943 'DE9/D. () 'DE'/) (197) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DD(F'FJ D3F) 1943 'DE9/D. () 'DE'/)(132)B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ C0DC 'DE'/)(198/ A /) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D#1/FJ. () 'DE'/) (301/1) EF 'DD'&-) 'D*FAJ0J)  'DE'/) (168) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DA1F3J. () H+'&B 'D41C): GJ E,EH9) 'D3,D'* H'D(J'F'* H'D*B'1J1 H'DE3*F/'* 'D.'5) ('D41C)  E+'D 0DC 3,D'* 'DE3'GEJF H(J'F '96'! E,D3 'D'/'1) H*B1J1 CD EF E,D3 'D'/'1) HE1'B( 'D-3'('* H'DEJ2'FJ) 'D3FHJ) DD41C) H-3'('*G'. () B/ J+'1 *3'$D -HD E' '0' C'F -B 'D'7D'9 'DE$B* 'DEF5H5 9DJG AJ 'DB'FHF 'D91'BJ H'DBH'FJF 'DEB'1F) EB11'K B(D ',*E'9 FH9 E9JF EF 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) #E #F G0' 'D-B EB11 B(D ,EJ9 'DGJ&'* #J'K C'F FH9G'  F5 'DE'/) (132) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ #97I DDE3'GE 'D-B ('D'7D'9 B(D 'F9B'/ 'DGJ&) 'D9'E)  HEF 'DE91HA 'F 'DE419 'D91'BJ DE JA1B (JF #FH'9 'DGJ&'* 'D9'E)  #E' B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D#1/FJ AJ F5 'DE'/) (143) HC0DC B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J AJ F5 'DE'/) (157/ A 7) B/ #97J' DDE3'GE -B 'D'7D'9 'D3'(B 9DI ',*E'9 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) #J'K C'F FH9G' HG0' E' F5 9DJG 'DE419 'DA1F3J #J6'K AJ 'DE'/) (162) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DA1F3J %0 #97I DDE3'GE 'D-B ('D'7D'9 B(D 'F9B'/ 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) #J'K C'F* 7(J9*G' 3H'! C'F* GJ&'* 9'/J) #E :J1 9'/J) #E .'5). == == #E' 'DE419 'DE51J HAJ F5 'DE'/) (66) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* AB/ -// 'D'7D'9 B(D 'F9B'/ 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) 'D9'/J)  AJ -JF 'F 'DE419 'DD(F'FJ AJ F5 'DE'/) (197) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) B/ B11 '7D'9 'DE3'GE B(D 'F9B'/ 'DGJ&) 'D3FHJ). () 'DE'/) (132/+'FJ'K ) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (127/+'FJ'K) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (197) B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DD(F'FJ. () 'DE'/) (157 / A8 ) B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J. () 'DE'/) (143) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D#1/FJ. () 'DE'/) (131) EF 'DD'&-) 'D*FAJ0J) DB'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () 'F81 AJ 0DC 'DE'/*JF (168  169) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DA1F3J H'DEH'/ (135  139  140) EF E13HE 23 "0'1 1967. () EHAB -3F 16'  B'FHF 'D41C'* 'G/'AG H#33G HE6'EJFG  EF4H1'* E1C2 'D(-H+ 'DB'FHFJ)  H2'1) 'D9/D  (:/'/  1985  5 127  C0DC 'F81 'DEH'/ (190) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J  'DE'/) (171) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D'1/FJ  'DE'/) (157) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DD(F'FJ H 'DE'/) (77) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () 'DE'/) (126/.'E3'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (127/+'FJ') B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () /. 'D3J/ E-E/ 'DJE'FJ  -E'J) E3'GEJ 'D#BDJ) AJ 'D41C'* 'D*'(9) D41C) B'(6)  531. () /. E57AI CE'D 7G  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  E$33) 'D+B'A) 'D,'E9J)  'D%3CF/1J)  1979  5 326. () 'DE'/) (102/*'39'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () BJ'F JH3A FH1J E-E/  'DF8'E 'DB'FHFJ DD1(- AJ 'D41C) 'DE3'GE) (/1'3) EB'1F))  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) %DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2002  5 130. () HB/ -/+ #F B'E E3,D 'D41C'* (*H,JG C*'( %DI E51A 'D(51) 'D#GDJ DD'3*+E'1 (E3'GE) .'5)) 'D9// 27865 (*'1J. 22/6/2000 ,'! AJG "(9/ 'D'7D'9 9DI E' H1/ AJ C*'(CE 0J 'D9// 340 AJ 27/6/2000 F4J1CE %DI 9/E 'DE:'D') AJ EC'A"* 1&J3 H#96'! E,D3 'D%/'1) H,9DG' AJ -/H/ 'DEB(HD)". HAJ C*'( *9/JD E-61 B'E (*H,JGG 'D3J/ E3,D 'D41C'* 0J 'D9// 32800 (*'1J. 31/10/2000E %DI 'D41C) 'D91(J) DDEJ'G 'D:'2J)/E3'GE) .'5) ,'! AJG "C*'(CE 0J 'D9// 414/( AJ 11/10/2000E F4J1CE %DI H,H( *9/JD E-61 ',*E'9 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) 'DE$1. AJ 11/6/2000 (*9/JD E(D: 'DEC'A#) 'DEB11) EF 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) DD3F) 'D3'(B) DJ*3FI DF' -A8 H*5/JB 'DE-61 H*B/JE EH'2F) D3F) 2001 E9 B1'1 E,D3 'D%/'1) DDE5'/B) 9DJG'". () 'DE'/) (134/1'(9'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (132/+'FJ') B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (127) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (132/+'FJ'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () 'DE'/) (124/ 8) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) 'D91'BJ 0H 'D1BE (31) D3F) 1957 'DED:J. () #F81 AJ 0DC  /. #(H 2J/ 16H'F  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J 'DEB'1F  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J  'DB'G1)  1983  5 201  C0DC /. E57AI CE'D 7G  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  5 385-386. () /. E-E/ JHF3 .'F HG4'E 5'D- :1J(G  'D%/'1) 'DE'DJ)  'DF'41 ,HF H'JDJ H#HD'/G  2000  5 52. () /. 'DJ'3 F'5JA  E5/1 3'(B  5 299. () /. 'D3J/ E-E/ 'DJE'FJ  -E'J) -BHB E3'GEJ 'D'BDJ) AJ 'D41C) 'D*'(9) D41C) B'(6)  5 41-42. () 'F81 AJ 0DC /. #(H 2J/ 16H'F  E5/1 3'(B. /. +1H* 9DJ 9(/'D1-JE  E5/1 3'(B  5 390. /. 'D3J/ E-E/ 'DJE'FJ  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  5 538. () 'DE'/) (132/ 'HD'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () /. 3EJ-) 'DBDJH(J  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) DDF41  'DB'G@1)  1984  5 406. () /. 12B 'DDG 'D'F7'CJ H /. FG'/ 'D3('9J  EH3H9) 'D-BHB 'D*,'1J) ('D41C'* 'D*,'1J))  E7(9) 'D,'E9) 'D3H1J)  1952  5 297. () /. 12B 'DDG 'D'F7'CJ ('D'4*1'C E9 /. FG'/ 'D3('9J  'DH,J2 AJ 'D-BHB 'D*,'1J) H'D(1J)  E7(9) ,'E9) /E4B  7 4  1959  5 279  C0DC 9E1'F 'D29(J  'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D*,'1J  EF4H1'* ,'E9) /E4B  1998  5 142. C0DC /. 12B 'DDG 'D'F7'CJ H /. FG'/ 'D3('9J  EH3H9) 'D-BHB 'D*,'1J)  5 296. (1) Jacques Delga: Droit des societes, Edition DALLOZ, Paris, 1998, P. 202. () Delga Jacques, Op. Cit., P. 224. (2) Apple. Paris 23 Fe'v. 1957, P. 135. (1) Letablissement des feuillede Presense: Gaz. pal. 1978, 2, Doct. P. 497. () 'DE'/) (98//) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () 'DE'/) (132/'HD'K) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ H'DE'/) (157) B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D'1/FJ. (1) Cass Com. 17 Mai 1965: Rev. Trim. Dr Com, 1965, P. 325. (2) Cass Com. 10 Fev. 1969, Rev. Trim Dr. Com. 1970, P. 152. (1) Delga, Jacques, Op. Cit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ement Pratique Fvancis Lefebvre, Societe s Commerciafes, Editions Francis Lefetvre, Paris, 1995, P. 180. () B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D'1/FJ HB'FHF 'D*,'1) 'D3H1J DE JF5' 9DI '97'! 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