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ode des societes 1966, Dalloz, 1999. 2. Jacques Mestre, Daminique Velardocchio, christine Blanchard - Sebastien : Lamy Societes commerciales, Paris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acques Mestre, Daminique Velardocchio, christine Blanchard - Sebastien : Lamy Societes commerciales, Paris, 2000, P.1343. () Jacques Mestre, Op. Cit., P. 1344. () /. 92J2 'D9CJDJ  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J ('D41C'* 'D*,'1J))  ,4  EC*() 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1998  5 301. HB/ -81* 'DE'/) (68) EF B'FHF 'D'H1'B 'DE'DJ) 'DE$B* 'D'1/FJ 1BE (23) D3F) 1997 'DBJ'E (G0G 'D*51A'* 'J6'K H'D2E*G 'DAB1) (H) EF 'DE'/) (70) EF 'DB'FHF 0'*G (*9HJ6 #J 4.5 *611 EF G0G 'D*51A'*. () 'DE'/) (160) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DD(F'FJ. () 'DJ'3 F'5JA  'DC'ED AJ B'FHF 'D*,'1)  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  ,2  71  EF4H1'* 'D(-1 'D#(J6 'DE*H37  (J1H*  1982  5 301. () /. E1*6I F'51 F51'DDG  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  (:/'/  1969  5 245. () HJ1I 'D(96 EF 'DABG 'F 'D'9E'D 'DEF'A3) GJ 'D'9E'D 'D*J *CHF EF FA3 FH9 'D9ED 'D0J *('41G 'D41C) JF81 /. 9DJ -3F JHF3  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  'D,2! 'D#HD  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J DD7('9)  1963  5 68 HJF81 'J6'K /. 5D'- 'D/JF 'DF'GJ  E,EH9) 'DBH'FJF H'D'F8E) 'D*,'1J)  'D,2! 'D#HD  (D' 3F) 7(9  5 150 H/. 3EJ-) 'DBDJH(J  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1984  5 248. () HB/ 3(B 'F F5* 'DE'/) (161/2) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) 'D91'BJ 'DED:J 1BE (31) D3F) 1957 9DI G0' 'D'D*2'E. () -J+ F5* 'DE'/) (95) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J 9DI 'FG " D' J,H2 D96H E,D3 '/'1) 41C) E3'GE) 'F JBHE (5A) /'&E) ('J 9ED AFJ 'H '/'1J (#J 5H1) C'F* AJ 41C) E3'GE) '.1I %D' (*1.J5 EF 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) DD41C) 'D*J J*HDI 96HJ) E,D3 '/'1*G'". () F5* 'DE'/) (159) EF B'FHF 'D*,'1) 'DD(F'FJ 9DI #FG "D' J,H2 D'96'! E,D3 'D'/'1) 'F J4*1CH' AJ '/'1) 41C) E4'(G) D41C*GE %D' '0' -5DH' 9DI *1.J5 J,// CD 3F)". () 'DAB1) (#HD'K) EF 'DE'/) (110) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D91'BJ. () HB/ F5* 9DI G0' 'D'D*2'E 'DE'/) (34) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J 'DED:J 1BE (26) D3F) 1954  HDDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD JF81 AJ 0DC: F'&D 'D('(DJ H/. '(1'GJE E-E/ 'D(1'J1J  EH3H9) 'D'3*+E'1  /'1 'DAC1 'D91(J DD7(9 H'DF41  (D' 3F) 7(9  5 399. () HG0' 'D'D*2'E 'D3D(J J*BJ/ (G 'DE/J1 'DEAH6 AJ 'D41C) 'J6'K 3H'! #C'F 96H'K AJG' 'E D'  JF81 AJ 0DC: '3*'0F' C'ED 9(/'D-3JF 'D(D/'HJ  'DE/J1 'DEAH6 DD41C) (/1'3) AJ 'D*41J9 'D91'BJ) (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) '/'( 'D1'A/JF  *5/1 9F CDJ)'D'/'(  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  'D9// 'D3'(9 941  1987  5 488. () E57AI CE'D H5AJ  'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ) D'96'! E,D3 'D'/'1) AJ 41C'* 'DE3'GE) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J H'DEB'1F HE41H9 B'FHF 'D41C'* 'D*,'1J)  13'D) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'D-BHB ,'E9) A$'/ 'D'HD  E51  1950  5 57 HE' (9/G'. () /. 7'D( -3F EH3I  ED'-8'* AJ B'FHF 'D41C'* 1BE (36) D3F) 1983  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DB6'!  'D'9/'/ EF (1-4) D3F) 1983  5 13. () '3*'0F' C'ED 9(/ 'D-3JF 'D(D/'HJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 189. () 'DE'/) (100) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () 'DE'/) (97) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () 'DE'/) (98) EF B'FHF 'D41C'* 'DE51J. () /. 9DJ -3F JHF3  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 110. () JF81 /. E57AI CE'D 7G  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'DD(F'FJ  'D,2! 'D'HD  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  E7(9) /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1975  5 458. () 'DE'/) (56) EF B'FHF 41C'* 'DE3'GE) 'DE:1(J. () 'DE'/) (937) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ. H'D*J *F5 9DI 'FG: "DJ3 DDHCJD #F J3*9ED E'D 'DEHCD D5'D- FA3G". () /. E57AI CE'D 7G  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  1990  5 358 HAJ 'DE9FI FA3G JF81: /. E-EH/ 3EJ1 'D41B'HJ  'D41C'* 'D*,'1J) AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE51J  'DB'G@1)  1986  5 223. () /. A1J/ E41BJ  #5HD 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J  'DB'G1)  1954  5 439. () 'DJ'3 F'5JA  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 301. HB/ 0G( 'D(96 EF 'DABG 'DI 'D'9*B'/ 'F *-1JE 'D'B1'6 'DFB/J EF #J FH9 C'F 9DI 'D41C) D96H E,D3 '/'1*G' B/ J91BD EF 'DH,G 'D9EDJ) 'DC+J1 EF '9E'D 'D41C) 'D3DJE) D'3JE' (JF 'D41C) 'D'E H'D41C) 'DHDJ/) D#F 'D41C) 'D'E *CHF 96H'K AJ E,D3 '/'1) 'D41C) 'D*'(9) HEE+D) AJG' ('4.'5 7(J9JJF HB/ *B*6J G0G 'D-'D) 9B/ (96 'DB1H6 AJE' (JFGE' (9/ #.0 EH'AB) 'DGJ&) 'D9'E) DDE3'GEJF  JF81 AJ 0DC /. A1J/ E41BJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 439. () HB/ '*.0* 'D'*,'G FA3G (96 'D*41J9'* EFG' 'D*41J9 'D39H/J  JF81 AJ *A5JD 0DC E-E/ -3F 'D,(1  'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'D39H/J  F41 9E'/) 4$HF 'DEC*('*  'D39H/J)  1982  5 276. HJF81 #J6'K /. 'C+E 'EJF 'D.HDJ  /1H3 AJ 'DB'FHF 'D*,'1J 'D39H/J  1973  5 233. 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) "0'1 (2003) ================ =========================== 'D*2'E #96'! E,D3 %/'1) 'D41C) 'DE3'GE) PAGE 126  PAGE 127  'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) 3F) (2003) [599-5127] 'D*2'E #96'! 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