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iford Rees , Text Book of psychiatry, Exford University , 1996. Decocq (A) : Droit penal general , Colin , 1971. Pradel : Le Nouveau Code Penal , Partie general , 1994. 3'/3' : 'DBH'FJF 1-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ 1BE (111) D3F) 1969. 2-B'FHF '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'D,2'&J) 'D91'BJ 1BE (23) D3F) 1971. 3-B'FHF 19'J) 'D'-/'+ 'D91'BJ 1BE (76) D3F) 1983. 4-B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'D91'BJ 1BE (83) D3F) 1969. 5-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DE51J 1BE (58) D3F) 1937. 6-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D'1/FJ 1BE (16) D3F) 1960. 7-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D3H1J D3F) 1949. 8-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DE:1(J D3F) 1963. 9-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D3H/'FJ D3F) 1991. 10-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DA1F3J D3F) 1810. 11-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DA1F3J 'D,/J/ D3F) 1992. 12-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D9BH('* 'D'J7'DJ. 13-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D'DE'FJ. 14-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D3HJ/J. 15-B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D3HJ31J D3F) 1937. 16- B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DD(F'FJ D3F) 1943. () 9(/ 'DDG 'D9D'JDJ  'D5-'- AJ 'DD:) H'D9DHE  'DE,D/ 'D'HD  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  /'1 'D-6'1)  (J1H*  1974  5365. () /. 9(/ 'DEF9E 'D-AFJ  EH3H9) 'D7( 'DFA3J  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  EC*() E/(HDJ  'DB'G1)  1999  5590. () /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  'DE9,E AJ 9DE 'D',1'E H'D',*E'9 'DB'FHFJ H'D9B'(  /'1 'DC*'( DDF41 H'D*H2J9  1987  5251. () Liford Rees , Text Book of psychiatry, Exford University , 1996. P166 () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5588. ()'F81 F5 'DE'/) (60) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ 1BE (111) D3F) 1969. () /. E-E/ '(H 'D9D' 9BJ/)  'D'*,'G'* 'D-/J+) AJ B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DA1F3J 'D,/J/  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  2004  559  60 . HJ0G( 'D(96 'DI 'F *9(J1 'D,FHF '0' C'F DG E/DHD AJ 'D'3*./'E 'DB'FHFJ H'D419J  A'FG D' JH,/ AJ 'D7( 'DFA3J /D'D) D*9(J1 'D,FHF  HD' J7DB G0' 'DH5A 9DI #J *4.J5 D'J EF 'D'671'('* 'D*J *6EG' 'D*5FJA'* 'D-'DJ) DD'E1'6 'DFA3J). 'F81 /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  'D7( 'DFA3J H'DB'FHF  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  2001 542. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  9DE 'DFA3 'D,F'&J  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A)  9E'F  'D'1/F  1998  5147. () 'D'.*('1'* 'D9BDJ) : H*3EI 'J6' ('.*('1'* 'D0C'! HGJ 9('1) 9F E,EH9) EF 'D'3&D) H'DE3'&D *71- 9DI 'D4.5 H*(9' D','('*G 9DI 'D'3&D) H-DG *DC 'DE3'&D J-// 9E1G 'D9BDJ HEF '4G1 G0G 'D'.*('1'* H'A6DG' GH EBJ'3 3'FAH1/  (JFJG 'D0J H69G 'D9'DE 'DA1F3J 'DA1/ (JFJG AJ 9'E 1905 HB/ *E *FBJ-G E1*JF  /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5147. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5590 . () Liford , op .cit , p.167. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5150. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5595  596  Liford ,op .cit .164 () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5151. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5596. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5150. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5597. () 'F81 /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5150. () /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 35  36. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5592. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5592-593. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5592. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5593. () 'F81 'DE5/1 FA3G  5593  595. () /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5292. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5593. () /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  '+1 'D9'G) 'D9BDJ) AJ 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,2'&J)  E1C2 'D(-H+ 'DB'FHFJ)  (:/'/  1982  587. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  588. () /. E-E/ E57AI 'DBDDJ  'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J)  'DB'G1)  1948  5375 FBD' 9F -H1J) 9E1 'HD'/ 'D4J.  EH'F9 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,2'&J) AJ 'D*41J9 'D,2'&J  /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) E',3*J1 EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF H'D3J'3)  ,'E9) (:/'/  1983  583. () /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5293. () E-E/ 'EJF ('/ 4'G  *J3J1 'D*-1J1  'D,2! 'D+'FJ  E7(9) 'D('(J 'D-D(J H'HD'/G  E51  1350  5263  FBD' 9F /. F/I 3'DE -E/HF ED' 9DH  '+1 'D'E1'6 'DFA3J) AJ 'D*51A'* 'DB'FHFJ) /1'3) EB'1F)  13'D) /C*H1'G EB/E) 'DI CDJ) 'DB'FHF  ,'E9) 'DEH5D  2001  587. () '-E/ A*-J (GF3J  'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) AJ 'DABG 'D'3D'EJ  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  E$33) 'D-D(J H41C'$G 'DB'G1)  1969  5208. () 9(/ 'DB'/1) 9H/)  'D*41J9 'D,F'&J 'D'3D'EJ EB'1F' ('DB'FHF 'DH69J  'DE,D/ 'D'HD  EC*() /'1 'D*1'+  'DB'G1)  2003  5503. () 'F81 E-E/ 3D'E E/CH1  'DE/.D DDABG 'D'3D'EJ *'1J.G HE5'/1G HF81J'*G 'D9'E)  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ) /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1963  5 456  457. () HGH 'DE57D- 'D3'&/ AJ 'E1JC' AJ EB'(D '57D'- feebleminded 'DE3*./E AJ 'F,D*1' /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5293. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5594 /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  293. () /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  587. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5594. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  595 /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5372. () / . 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5149 /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  587. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5457. () E-E/ 3D'E E/CH1  E5/1 3'(B  5457. () /. E-E/ 1H'3 BD9) ,J H /. -'E/ 5'/B B*J(J  E9,E D:) 'DABG'!  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  /'1 'DFA'&3  (J1H*  1985  5332 . () E-E/ 3D'E E/CH1  E5/1 3'(B  5457. () 'F81 /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 149  151. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5595. () / . 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5111. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5111. () Liford , op . cit , p.105 . () /. 9(/ 'DEF9E 'D-AFJ  EH3H9) 'D7( 'DFA3J  'DE,D/ 'D'HD  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  EC*() E/(HDJ  'DB'G1)  1999  5474. () '-E/ A*-J (GF3J  E5/1 3'(B  5 210. () 'F81 9(/ 'DB'/1 9H/)  E5/1 3'(B  5501. () /. C'ED 'D39J/  'D,FHF H'D'671'( 'D9BDJ H'+1G AJ 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J)  71  'D,'E9) 'D'1/FJ)  'D'1/F  1986  541  /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  554 . () 'F81 'DE'/) (62) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DE51J 1BE 58 D3F) 1937. () 'F81 'DE'/) (60) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'D91'BJ. () 'F81 /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  556  '-E/ A*-J (GF3J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5207. () /. E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  41- B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DB3E 'D9'E  'D7(9) 'D.'E3)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (J1H*  1982  5512. () /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5332. () /. ,D'D E-E/ '(1'GJE  'D40H0 'D9BDJ H'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ)  E,D) 'D-BHB  'D9// 'D'HD  'D3F) 'D9'41)  1986  ,'E9) 'DCHJ*  584. () 'F81 'DE5/1 FA3G  586  88 /. 6'1J .DJD E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  574. () # . /. ,D'D E-E/ '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  589. () 'F81 /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  542. () 'F81 /. ,D'D E-E/ '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5 84  86. () -H1J) 9E1 'HD'/ 'D4J.  E5/1 3'(B  585. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  E 1  529  35. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5117. () 'F81 /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  534. () /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5457. () Liford , op ,cit , p.190. () (DHJD1: HGH 'HD EF '4*B DE16 'DA5'E '3E 'D4J2HA1JFJ' Schizophrenia EF CDE) 4J2 'D':1JBJ) (E9FI A5E HA1JFJ' (E9FI 9BD AJCHF 'D'3E 'DCDJ (E9FI 'DA5'E 'D9BDJ 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  E2  5369. () 'F81 'DE5/1 FA3G  E2  5370. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5121. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  E 2  5371 /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  E5/1 3'(B  5475. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  E 1  5646. () 'F81 /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  535. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5125. () 'F81 /. D7AJ 'D41(JFJ  E5/1 3'(B  535. () 'F81 /. 'D-AFJ E5/1 3'(B  5599. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5128  129. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5129. () 'DF8'E 'D91(J 'DEB*1- DD5-) 'DFA3J) EF4H1 AJ 'DE,D) 'D91(J) DD7( 'DFA3J  FBD' 9F /. F/I 3'DE -E/HF ED' 9DH  E5/1 3'(B  510. () /. F/I 3'DE -E/HF ED' 9DH  E5/1 3'(B  511. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  593. () /. 'D-AFJ  E5/1 3'(B  5722 () /. C'ED 'D39J/  E5/1 3'(B  548. () /. E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5513  514 /. E-EH/ '(H 2J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5424. () /. 'C1E F4#* '(1'GJE  E5/1 3'(B  5138. () /. C'ED 'D39J/  E5/1 3'(B  549. () /. E'G1 9(/ 4HJ4 'D/1)  'D'-C'E 'D9'E) AJ B'FHF 'D9BH('*  'DEC*() 'DH7FJ)  (:/'/  1990  5421. () /. 6'1J .DJ E-EH/  E5/1 3'(B  5110. () /. E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  'DE,1EHF 'D4H'0  72  1974  1BE 16  540. () F5* 'DE'/) (3) EF B'FHF 19'J) 'D'-/'+ 'D91'BJ 0J 'D1BE (76) D3F) 1983 9DI : ('HD'  J9*(1 5:J1' EF DE J*E 'D*'39) EF 9E1G). () F5* 'DE'/) (3) EF B'FHF 19'J) 'D'-/'+ 'D91'BJ 9DI : (+'FJ'  J9*(1 -/+' EF '*E 'D*'39) EF 9E1G HDE J*E 'D+'EF) 941)). () 'F81 /. C'ED 'D39J/  E5/1 3'(B  539  40. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (122/1) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DA1F3J 'D,/J/  H'DE'/) (62) 9BH('* E51J  H'DE'/) (60) 9BH('* 91'BJ. () /. E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  'DE,1EHF 'D4H'0  E5/1 3'(B  1BE 17  542 HE' (9/G' . () 'DE5/1 FA3G  572. () HJ9(1 :'D(J) 'DABG 9F G0' 'D417 (*7D( 'F JCHF 'D,FHF *'E'  (-J+ J*1*( 9DJG 'DAB/ 'D*'E D9F51J 'D'GDJ) 'D,F'&J) 'H '-/GE' HB* '1*C'( 'DA9D 'DECHF DD,1JE) . 'F81 /. E-EH/ E-EH/ E57AI  41- B'FHF 'D9BH('*  'DB3E 'D9'E  710  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1983  1BE 343  5516. AJ -JF J*,G ,'F( EF 'DABG 'DI 'F 'DE419 D' J*7D( (G0' 'D417 2H'D 'D*EJJ2 'H 'D'.*J'1 *E'E'  H'FE' J9FJ 'D'F*B'5 EFGE' 'DI -/ J,9DGE' :J1 C'AJJF D'9*/'/ 'DB'FHF ('D'1'/)  (-J+ J:/H E*5H1' 'F *E*F9 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J)  9DI 'D1:E EF (B'! B/1 EF 'D*EJJ2 'H 'D'.*J'1 /HF E' J*7D(G 'DB'FHF. 'F81 /. E-EH/ F,J( -3FJ  41- B'FHF 'D9BH('*  'DB3E 'D9'E  E5/1 3'(B  5515. () Decocq (A) : Droit penal general , Colin , 1971 , p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radel : Le Nouveau Code Penal , Partie general , 1994, P.66 () '0 F5* 'DE'/) (122-1) EF B'FHF 'D9BH('* 'DA1F3J 'D,/J/ 9DI 'FG : (D' J3#D ,F'&J' 'D4.5 'D0J C'F E5'(' D-8) '1*C'(G DD'A9'D 'DECHF) DD,1JE)  ('671'( 9BDJ 'H ('671'( 9BDJ H95(J '/I 'DI 'D:'! EDC) 'D*EJJ2 D/JG  H'D*-CE AJ 'A9'DG . 'E' 'D4.5 'D0J C'F E5'(' D-8) '1*C'(G 'D'A9'D 'DECHF) DD,1JE) ('671'( 9BDJ 'H ('671'( 9BDJ H95(J '+1 9DI EDC) 'D*EJJ2 D/JG /HF 'F JD:JG'  H9DI B/1*G 9DI 'D*-CE AJ 'A9'DG  AJ(BI E3$HD'  HE9 0DC J#.0 'DB6'! AJ '9*('1G G0' 'D81A -JFE' J-// 'D9BH() HCJAJ) *FAJ0G'). () 'F81 /. E57AI '(1'GJE 'D2DEJ  EH'F9 'DE3$HDJ) 'D,F'&J) AJ 'D41J9) 'D'3D'EJ) H'D*41J9'* 'D,2'&J) 'D91(J)  'D7(9) 'D'HDI  (:/'/  1998  551  54. () /. C'ED 'D39J/  E5/1 3'(B  5125. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (69) EF B'FHF '5HD 'DE-'CE'* 'D,2'&J) 'D91'BJ () 'F81 B1'1 93  ,  52 (*'1J. 6/7/1952 9('3 'D-3FJ  'DABG 'D,F'&J AJ B1'1'* E-'CE 'D*EJJ2  'DE,D/ 'D+'FJ  5153. () 'F81 B1'1 1BE 21  ,F'J'*  1973 (*'1J. 24/ 2/1974 'DF41) 'DB6'&J)  'D9// 'D'HD  'D3F) 'D.'E3)  1976. () 'F81 F5 'DE'/) (307 / 3) EF B'FHF 'DE1'A9'* 'DE/FJ) 'D91'BJ 1BE 83 D3F) 1969. () , 2177 B 2224 * 26/9/1986 '4'1 'DJG /. C'ED 'D39J/  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5125. () HG0' 'J6' E' F5 9DJG 'DE419 'D'1/FJ (EH,( '-C'E 'DE'/) (92/2) 9BH('* '1/FJ. () /. E57AI '(1'GJE 'D2DEJ  E5/1 3'(B  59. () 'F81 9(/ 'DB'/1 9H/)  E5/1 3'(B  5501. () 'DE5/1 FA3G  5 508  509. () 3DJE 13*E ('2 'DD(F'FJ  41- E,D) 'D'-C'E 'D9/DJ)  41- 'DE'/) 92  5 60 FBD' 9F /. 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