ࡱ> MOJKLG6bjbj772UUK,Z]rZ8TF\M($ $ $ MMMMMMM$PR>8M$ " @$ $ 8M.JVV.J.J.J$ h2V8MVVVV$ M.JZ.JJL|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ugas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olin et Capitan  Par Julliot de Lamorandiere cours- element  aire de droit civil  Franccias- T-ll  Paris  1935 . Mazeaud  Lecon de droit civil  T- ll  Paris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lin et Capitan Par Julliet de Lamorandiere cours , elementaire de droit civil Franccais , t, L , Paris, 1935 , no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azeaud  Iecon de droit civil  t  11 Paris  1996  n : - 1131 , 11250 . () H*3*E1 'DE-CE) AJ 31/ -J+J'* G0' 'DB1'1 A*BHD (H'0F E*I C'F 'DH'B9 GH 'F 'DE/9J 9DJG B/ '4*1I B79) *,'H1 EDC 'DE/9J A'8G1 G0' 'D'.J1 1:(*G AJ '.0 G0G 'D'16 ('D4A9) HDCF ',1'!'*G' DE **E D'*A'B 9B/ (JF 71AJF *F'2D 'DE/9J . (EB*6'G 9F 'D3J1 AJ /9HI 'D4A9) CE' /A9 E(D:' EF 'DE'D 'DI 'DE/9J 9DJG H0DC EB'(D 'F4'! -B '1*A'B 9DI 9B'1G DE5D-) 9B'1 'DE/9J HGH 9/E 'D*9DJ) D'C+1 EF '1*A'9 E9JF . CE' H1/ AJ 'D'*A'B 'F 'DE/9J B/ *9G/ (*1C E*1JF (7HD EDCG DJCHF E9 E' J*1CG 'DE/9J 9DJG A6'! 'H -/JB) DEFA9) 'D9B'1JF 'DE*,'H1JF . HC'F* 'DE-CE) B/ '3*.D5* EF 9('1'* 'D'*A'B HF5H5G 'F 'D*2'E 'DE/9J (/A9 'DE(D: H'D*F'2D 9F 7D( 'D4A9) GH EB'(D 'D*2'E 'DE/9J 9DJG (*1C ,2! A6'! EF EDCG  H9/E BJ'EG (*9DJ) (F'! 9E'1*G D'C+1 EF 'D'1*A'9 'DH'1/ ('D'*A'B H'F 'DE/9J B/ HAI ('D*2'EG (/A9 'DE(D: H'D*F'2D 9F 'D4A9) H'FG C'F 9DI 'DE/9J 9DJG 'F JFA0 'D*2'EG (9/E *9DJ) 'D(F'! D'C+1 EF 'D'1*A'9 'DE*AB 9DJG H'FG D' J,H2 DG 'D*-/J (BJ'E 'DE/9J ('D(F'! AJ 'D'16 'D*J *9G/ (*1CG' A6'! D'F G0' 'D'D*2'E E3*BD 9F 'D'D*2'E'* 'DE*B'(D) 'D*J 1*(G' 'D9'B/'F HD' E,'D DD*916 DG0' 'D'D*2'E H'D(-+ AJ 'D'.D'D (G D'F E-DG GH 'D*/'9J '3*BD'D' . HC'F G0' 'D0J '3*.D5*G 'DE-CE) GH '3*.D'5 3'&: *-*EDG F5H5 'D9B/ H*AJ/G 9('1*G A'FG JCHF AJ :J1 E-DG *019 'DE/9J 9DJG ('D/A9 (9/E 'DFAJ0 AJ EB'E 'D1/ 9DI /9HI 'DE/9J :0 GH 7'D(G ('-*1'E 'D*2'EG (9/E 'D*9DJ)). 79F E1BE 424 AJ 14 /4 /1955  EF4H1 AJ E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B 5 831 . () /. :FJ -3HF 7G  E5/1 3'(B  567 . () JBHD 'D9D'E) 'D3J/ 'D7-7'HJ 'F 'D'+E'F D' **9JF 'D' ('DB(6 (-*I DH '4*1I 4J&' (G0' 'D/JF'1 C'F DG 'F J97JG /JF'1' '.1 ADG0' J$E1 'DE4*1J (*3DJE 'D+EF 'HD' '0' 'D(J9 -'61') . #-E/ 'D7-7'HJ 'D-FAJ -'4J) 'D7-7'HJ  /'1 'DE91A)  (J1H*  975  5257 . () /. E-E/ 2CJ 9(/ 'D(1  '-C'E 'DE9'ED'* 'DE'DJ) AJ 'DE0G( 'D-FAJ  'D9BH/ 'DF'BD) DDEDCJ)  71  B71  1986 5257 . () /. E-E/ 2CJ 9(/ 'D(1  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5257 . () 4E3 'D/JF 'D31.3J  'DE(3H7  'DE,D/ 'D1'(9  /'1 'DE91A)  (J1H*  72  5192 H5 193. () /. '-E/ -4E* '(H 3*J*  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5354 . () '(F B/'EG  'DE:FJ  ,6  514  516 . () E-E/ 5'/B 'D-3JFJ  ABG 'D5'/B  ,15  559 . () 79F E1BE 66  ,D3) 3/3/1966  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5833 . () 79F E1BE 433  ,D3) 31/ 5/1966  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5833 . () 9(/ 'DEF9E A1, 'D5/)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5137 . () 79F E1BE 182  ,D3) 4/12/1958  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5833 . () 79F E1BE 350  'D-D3) 11/11/ 1965  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5832 . () /. -4E* #(H 3*J*  'DE5/1 'D3'(B / 5354 . () *,/1 'D'4'1) GF' 'DI 'F 'DE$,1 ED2E (*3DJE 'DE',H1 'DI 'DE3*',1 AJ -'D) J5D- E9G' DD#F*A'9 (G HG0' E'F5* 9DJG 'DE'/) 'D+'EF) EF B'FHF 'J,'1 'D9B'1 'DE1BE 87 D3F) 1979 -J+ B'D* ( 9DI 'DE$,1 'F J3DE 'DE',H1 DDE3*',1 (-'D) *5D- DD'F*A'9 (G HAB 'D9B/ ) . AJ -JF F5* 'DE'/)(742) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ 9DI 'FG ( 9DI 'DE$,1 (9/ B(6G 'D',1 'DE3EI 'DE41H7 *9,JDG 'F J3DE 'DE',H1 DDE3*',1 J'D-'D) 'D*J 9DJG' HB* 'D9B/ . A'F C'F* B/ *:J1* (A9DG #H (A9D :J1G J.D ('DEFA9) 'DEB5H/) A'DE3*',1 E.J1 'F 4'! B(DG H'F 4'! A3. 'D','1))  HB/ '+'1 G0' 'DF5 FB'4' -HD 'J,'(J) #H 3D(J) 'D*2'E 'DE$,1 AJ G0G 'D-'D)  'F81 AJ 0DC : /. 39/HF 'D9'E1J  'DH,J2 AJ 'D9BH/ 'DE3E')  9B/J 'D(J9 H'D'J,'1  5239. /.CE'D B'3E +1H*  41- '-C'E 9B/ 'D'J,'1  'D,2! 'D'HD H'D+'FJ  (:/'/  1976  5111 . () 79F E1BE 138  ,D3) 14/6/1958  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5830 . () 1/ 'DE-*'1 9DI 'D/1 'DE.*'1  -'4J) '(F 'D9'(/JF  /'1 '-J'! 'D*1'+ 'D91(J  (J1H* 542 . () 'DA*'HJ 'DGF/J)  AJ E0G( 'D'E'E 'D'98E #(J -FJA) 'DF9E'F  ,3  515 . () 79F E1BE 43  ,D3) 21 /12/1939  E,D) 'DABG H'DB6'!  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5829 () /. 'FH1 3D7'F  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5407 . () '(F -2E  'DE-DI  ,8 5408 . () JD2E 'D('&9 A6D' 9F *3DJE (6E'F 'D9JH( 'D.AJ) H6E'F 'D*916 H'D'3*-B'B 1',9 AJ 0DC  C0DC /. :FJ -3HF 7G F 'DH,J2 AJ 'D9BH/ 'DE3E') ,1  9B/ 'D(J9 E7(9) 'DE91'A  (:/'/  1970  5200 HE' (9/G' . () DDHBHA 9DI B1'1 E,D3 BJ'/) 'D+H1) 'DEHB1 1198 AJ 12 / 11 / 1977 H'DB1'1 'DE9/D DG 'DE1BE 1426 AJ 21 /12 / 1983  1',9 /.:'2J F',J F81) AJ B1'1J E,D3 BJ'/) 'D+H1) 'DE1BEJF 1198 H 1426 H'+1GE' 9DI 417 *3,JD 9B/ (J9 'D9B'1 AJ 'D/'&1) 'D*3,JD 'D9B'1J  E,D) 'DB6'!  'D'9/'/ 1  2  3  4 D3F) 1985  530 HE' (9/G' . () 'F81 'DE'/) 283 EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ AJ AB1*G' 'D+'FJ) . () 'F81 'DAB1) (3) EF 'DE'/) 283 EF B'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () *F5 'DE'/) 'D+'FJ) EF B'FHF 'J,'1 'D9B'1 'DE1BE 87 D3F) 1979 9DI E'JDJ : (*9JF E/) 'D'J,'1 AJ 'D9B/ H9F/ 9/E *9JJFG' J9*(1 'D'J,'1 EF9B/' DE/) 3F) *(/# EF 'DHB* 'DE3EI AJ 'D9B/ A'F DE J3DE AEF *'1J. *3DJE 'DE#,H1 .'DJ' EF 'D4H':D). () /. '3E'9JD :'FE  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  1968  5161 . () /. *HAJB -3F A1,  9B/ 'D'J,'1  'D'1 'D,'E9J)  (J1H*  1984  5802 HE' (9/G' . () 1',9 'DEH'/ 765  766  767  768  EF B'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () *F5 'DE'/) 'D9'41)  'HD'  EF B'FHF 'J,'1 'D9B'1 1BE 87 D3F) 1979 9DI E' JDJ : (*/A9 3DA' ',1) 'D9B'1'* 'DE4EHD) ('-C'E G0' 'DB'FHF ('B3'7 4G1J) (51A 'DF81 9F E/) 31J'F 9B/ 'D'J,'1 HJB9 ('7D' CD '*A'B JB6J (.D'A 0DC & 'D.) . () '(F EB/'EG  'DE:FJ  ,6  516  517 . () 'F81 'DE'/*JF 776 H 883 EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . AB/ F5* 'D#HDI AJ AB1*G' 'D+'FJ) 9DI E' J#*J : (HE9 0DC JCHF 'DE3*#,1 'D+'FJ ED2E'K (#F J$/J 'DI 'DE$,1 E('41) E' JCHF +'(*'K AJ 0E*G DDE3*#,1 'D#HD.. 'D.) H(G0' #97* DDE$,1 -B'K E('41'K *,'G 'DE3*#,1 EF 'D('7F 1:E 9/E '1*('7GE' (9B/ . == . == #E' 'DE'/) 883 AB/ #97* AB1*G' 'D#HDI ( DDEB'HD 'D+'FJ HDD9E'D 'D0JF '4*:DH' D-3'( 'DEB'HD 'D#HD AJ *FAJ0 'D9ED -B E7'D() 1( 'D9ED E('41) (E' DGE AJ 0E) 'DEB'HD (417 #D' J*,'H2 'DB/1 'D0J JCHF E/JF'K (G DDEB'HD 'D#5DJ HB* 1A9 'D/9HI  HJCHF D9E'D 'DEB'HD 'D+'FJ E+D G0' 'D-B B(D CD'K EF 'DEB'HD 'D#5DJ H1( 'D9ED ) . 1',9 AJ 0DC #J6'K '3*'0F' /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5338 HE' (9/G' . #E' E' *B*6JG 61H1) '3*B1'1 'DE9'ED'* 'DE'DJ) AE+'DG *51A'* 'DH'1+ 'D8'G1 H31J'FG' AJ -B 'DH'1+ 'D-BJBJ 1:E #FG DE JCF 71A'K AJ *DC 'D*51A'* HC0DC 'DHA'! DD/'&F 'D8'G1 -3( F5 'DE'/) (384) EF 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ . () AJ B6J) 916* 9DI E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 **D.5 (#F 4.5'K '4*1I EF ".1 #16 E,1I 9DI #F J*E 'D*3,JD (9/ 0DC . H*6EF 'D9B/ 417'K ,2'&J'K EB/'1G .E3HF /JF'1'K J/A9G 'DF'CD EFGE' +E (E'* 'D('&9 H1A6 H1+*G *3,JD 'D#16 (#3E 'DE4*1J  A'F01GE (H3'7) 'DC'*( 'D9/D A#51H' 9DI 'D1A6 A#B'E 9DJGE 'D/9HI A6D'K 9F *1C) EH1+GE ('DE(D: 'D0J /A9G 'DI EH1+GE A-CE* DG 'DE-CE) (0DC +E #B'E 9DJGE /9HI #.1I (E(D: 'D417 'D,2'&J A1/* 'DE-CE) 'D/9HI E9DD) -CEG' (#F ('DE/9J DE JH,G %F0'1'K 'DI EH1+ 'DE/9I 9DJGE AJ -JFG H%FE' H,G 'D'F0'1 'DI 'DH1+)  HDHA') EH1+ 'DE/9I 9DJGE B(D *H,JG 'D'F0'1 'DJG  AD' J3*-B 'DE/9J 'D*6EJF'* 'DE0CH1) ) . == == H9F/E' 916* 'DB6J) 9DI E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 B11* ('F 'DEEJ2 H'F C'F 'F01 'DH1+) HDE JF01 'DEH1+ 'D9'B/  A%F 'DH'1+ H'DEH1H+ (-CE 'D4.5 'DH'-/ ) . FBD'K 9F /. 9(/ 'DE,J/ 'D-CJE  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  5318 H 5319 . () 'F81 B1'1 E-CE) 'D*EJJ2 'DE1BE 215  *FAJ0  1980 AJ 24 /9/1980 H'D0J '9*(1* AJG #F HA') 'DE4*1J) B(D *3/J/ 'D+EF D' J,9DG' F'CD) (%D' (9/ *(DJ: ,EJ9 H1+*G' H'E*F'9GE 9F *3/J/G ) . E,D) 'DHB'&9 'D9/DJ)  'D9// 41  E'J3 1981  5231 . () *F5 'DE'/) 14-1- EF B'FHF 'J,'1 'D9B'1 'DE1BE 87 D3F) 1979 9DI E' J#*J : (J-D 'DE'DC 'D,/J/ DD9B'1 E-D 3DAG 'DE$,1 AJ 'D-BHB H'D'D*2'E'* 'DEB11) (EH,( G0' 'DB'FHF ) . () /. 9(/ 'DEF9E A1, 'D5/)  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5140 . /. #FH1 3D7'F  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5409 . 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) "0'1 (2003) ================ ================================ 'D'E*F'9 'DE41H9 9F *FAJ0 'D9B/ PAGE 98  PAGE 97  'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) 3F) (2003) [553-598] 'D'E*F'9 'DE41H9 9F *FAJ0 'D9B/ B'9/) 'D/A9 (9/E 'D*FAJ0 /1'3) EB'1F) ('DABG 'D%3D'EJ  jX@J8:<> !!!!&&&&J+L+N+P+ɿɿɪɪɿɿɿɝɿɿɿɿɿɿɿ aJ ^JnH  Z^JnH ZaJ ^JnH jZ0JaJ ^JUZH*aJ ^JnH ZaJ ^JnH ZCJaJ ^J5CJ\^J ZaJ^JZCJaJ ^J ZaJ(^JjZaJ(^JU>  .hhjX$d$d$dd$$Tl V  $T$$T$  .hhjXD&)X+2r9;<"><>l>zupkfa\,JW%a7Wv&BNO        "D&)X+2r9;<"><>l>GMMN>O^QZ^@iZiikk ld$ddP+33334444l8n8p8r8<<<<"><>l>BBBBDDDDFFGGMMNNNNNNN^P^R^T^ddddeeee6i8i:iGMMN>O^QZ^@iZiikk lll6mmn4n6pww xz~2J0vnrĿ~yvsnkheb_\̞Hk?^56=h      "6VcTd" lll6mmn4n6pww xz~2J0vnr$dd$d$dd & Fdd x46JLTVXZ>@BDFHJL&(*,.024bdfhrln$&Z5CJ\aJ ^JnH jZ0JCJaJ ^JU jeCJaJ ^JjZCJH*aJ ^JUZCJH*aJ ^JnH CJaJ ^JnH ZCJaJ ^JnH Dr|>RTlpL'^.X1:BRTl Ƚ۹ұZH*aJ ^JnH ZaJ ^JnH  Z^JnH ZaJ ^JnH Z^JZ5CJ\^JnH ZCJaJ ^JnH CJaJ ^JnH ZCJaJ ^JnH ZCJH*aJ ^JnH jZ0JCJaJ ^JU<|>RTlpL'^.X1 & Fdd$ddd$d "$V X       24Z\^`TV$$ $"$b+d+f+h+R.T.V.X.11337777~9999<<6@8@:@<@@NPRTxz|~.02rÿýíZ^J ZCJ^J ZCJ^J ZZ0JZ^J jZ0J^J U ZH*^J ^J nH jZH*UZnH  Z^J nH jZ0JUZH*^J nH DRNXx<02 $d%d&d'd$X$p$$>HPZfhz|26ZaJ(^JnH  ZCJ^J ZCJ^J jZUZ0JaJ^J 0JaJ^J jZ0JaJ^J UZ!h|~.0246$d$$d%d&d'd&`#$.0460 00&P P5' (5!"#$%(2*2 [&@&Normal$A$8@8 Heading 1$@& CJaJ^J <@< Heading 2 $$@& CJaJ^J B@B Heading 4$$@&5\aJ^J >@> Heading 5$$d@&aJ^J F@F Heading 6$$d@&CJaJ ^JnH <A@<Default Paragraph Font6B@6 Body Text$ CJaJ^J HR@HBody Text Indent 2 $aJ^J 8&@8Footnote ReferenceH*@C@"@Body Text IndentaJ^J .>@2.Title$ CJaJ^J 4J@B4Subtitle$ CJaJ^J .@R. Footnote Text&)@a& Page Number, @r,Footer  9r ,@,Header  9r oPV v V`f7ZCE !Q%(-J0026xEFHrR~S$[\^A_2aebgChoinQppUx]{|o.G*ٙL1]|WU;<r6  y gMwI|!PXP. m Y!!!B"'#S#$ 'p)<++J,M,YY\NP+ x XP6    lX1u6  l>r(L{6!!@    @ ( ( l"  0jJ))? B S  ?\ D( ( T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B B c $DjJ N11T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B B c $DjJ N11P"rNn"s]}"sHN$& ru'*=B    c h 1 4 Y ]    % c i 7<`c+.mq*,z}AC\_CEfjgj(/02~ G!O!!!!!3"6"J"P"b"d"t"v"""""""##K#M#^#`######### $$+$1$M$O$$$%%a%c%u%x%'&+&&&&&R'T'+)-)***++++ +q,s,,,--A.E.H.K.z.~.k/p/~//////00:1A1111122!2&2p2x222 33333"3J3O3_3b33333E4G4e4g444555555556666666666667797;777888888888899i9n99999:5:7:=:A:T:Y:h:j:::::::;;-;2;s;y;;;;;;;;;;;;;<< <#<$<+<R<W<\<^<<< ==%=(=/=4=t=v=========6><>A>C>h>m>>>>>>>>>>> ????????@@/@1@@@@@@@@@@@AA%A,AAʼn;=Ê׋ދ,/07[`"ad|  #(/FI\ahkIJKБґ$ܒ $*wyٓ13:=mrޔ/236_fglqs|ĕƕەߕ -1VY{~іזؖܖ)/]`ah!#;>?GV[\_`cnuv{˜ʘ=DEIKOWYZ`ԙؙݙ?CDHkoКҚؚښ!&,AEUXbjěɛ̛#SZ[\`hpȜ̜ݜgjʝΝ *,58CFgkv~ȞΞ JMsvT[\_ˡϡHKrv}٤ܤZ]IL26BFګݫװڰejY\nqTZ 6:߷5<ù8@v{˼Ӽ<D KO!%X_fmq}~ &'0GO"#+9ABJlpqx #*3`efoRWX]:<"HN|"*+3z/6 }N^!$)-2LN*/BH,4578?IL{}-2*-.237\abg1568Y`ehik !)-6<>T[]d{#*27"()/NRkrOV`g[_kp/56<MP 6=>BV_)-Z_ JK?@34OPYZ~Z [ z { depq^_56!!$$U%V%%%&&,---222222333344D4E4d4e4444455556699::{;|;c=d=FFHHQQUXVX\\~]]^^6a9aeafaeesitinn^p_pqqqqqqXxYx||x}z}}}}}~~~~~~MN{}%&JKƑǑ./*+TZNT5;/5ͶѶ޶߶$%۷ܷ ݸ޸^_@A01{|-.23jkCDSTz{NO&'{|VWU:;MN;<qr56RStujoxy`afgLMvwHI{| !OPWXOP-.lmXYAB&'RS+1 oprx GH;<"IJK?@`ayzAHMAD#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen16\Raf7.doc:F Nv'`4e~/P7*> V8m0Cipo(.hhCJo(.zCJo(-hCJo(.hCJo(-hhCJo(. V~/CipNv':F @|@@r@x@@@@@@@ G"Times New Roman5Symbol3& "ArialM @Traditional ArabicU @MCS Taybah S_U normal.; @Akhbar MTG @MCS ARAFAT HIGHC @MCS AL SHAMALCAGA ArabesqueK @Simplified ArabicE @Monotype Koufi#1hs&Rs&uRs&5ʠRW!0uAHMADAHMAD Oh+'0d    , 8DLT\ssAHMADfHMAANormalAHMADl20AMicrosoft Word 8.0@_@.J@ T@5ʠ ՜.+,D՜.+,8 hp  COLLEGE OF LAWWRuU  Title 6> _PID_GUIDAN{6ECAC2A1-4D60-11D7-A3E7-A047146C2D70}  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789;<=>?@ACDEFGHINRoot Entry F`fQ6YP1TableRWordDocument2SummaryInformation(:DocumentSummaryInformation8BCompObjj  FMicrosoft Word Document MSWordDocWord.Document.89q