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HJF81 /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF 2CJ  E4CD'* 'DE3$HDJ) 'DE/FJ)  ,1  E7(9) ,'E9) 'DB'G1)  1978  5441. () JF81 /. E-E/ 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D-',  E3$HDJ) 'DEF*, H'DEH29  E7(9) 'D'E'F)  1982  576  /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  522  /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF 2CJ  E5/1 3'(B  5442. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  522  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  588. () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  'D'D*2'E ('D*(5J1  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (D' 3F) 7(9  542  43. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 22/11/1978  JF81 /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  522. () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  542. () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  543-44. () JF81 /. ,'(1 E-,H( 9DJ  ./E) E' (9/ 'D(J9  E7(H9'* ,'E9) 'DCHJ*  1995  591  /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  523. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  523  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  589. () /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5444 HE' (9/G'  /. E-E/ 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D-',  E5/1 3'(B  580 HE' (9/G'  /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  525 HE'(9/G'  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  590 HE'(9/G'. () /. E-E/ 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D-',  E5/1 3'(B  580. () /. +'E1 J'31 'D(C1J  'D*3HJB H'DE3$HDJ) 'D',*E'9J)  H'&D DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  1'E 'DDG  71  2001  5128. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  527. () EF EG'E 'D,G'2 'DE1C2J DD*BJJ3 H'D3J71) 'DFH9J) AJ 'D91'B ('D0J *#33 (EH,( B'FHF 'D,G'2 'DE1C2J DD*BJJ3 H'D3J71) 'DFH9J) 'D5'/1 3F) 1979 ) '4*1'7 *+(J* 'DE9DHE'* 'DE*9DB) ('D3D9) EF 9D'E) H'3E *,'1J H1BE 'DEH'5A) H*'1J. 'D5D'-J) H:J1G' EF 'D(J'F'* ('DD:) 'D91(J)  DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD JF81 /. DJ+ 3DE'F 'D1(J9J  -E'J) -BHB 'DE3*GDC AJ 'D91'B  /1'3) EB/E) 'DI 'DE*DB) 'D+'D+ DD'E'F) 'D9'E) DD'*-'/ 'D91(J DDE3*GDC  9E'F  2001  54. () /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  547. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 31 / 1/1973  JF81 /. F2JG E-E/ 'D5'/B  'D'D*2'E B(D 'D*9'B/J ('D'/D'! ('D(J'F'*  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1982  5141. () '5/1* A1F3' B'FHF EF9 'D:4 H'D*/DJ3 3F) 1905 H'/.D* 9DJG 'DC+J1 EF 'D*9/JD'*  'E' E51 AB/ 5/1 B'FHF .'5 (BE9 'D:4 H'D*/DJ3 3F) 1941 H'/.D* 9DJG *9/JD'* C+J1) #J6'K  'E' 'D91'B AB(D 5/H1 B'FHF 'D:4 'D5F'9J 1BE 236 D3F) 2002 C'F 'D,G'2 'DE1C2J DD*BJJ3 H'D3J71) 'DFH9J) B/ 4CD D,F) /'&E) DEC'A-) 'D:4 'D5F'9J ('E1 EF E,D3 'DH21'! AJ 3F) 2000 -J+ *G*E (EC'A-) 'D:4 'D5F'9J HG0G 'DD,F) 'B*1-* E41H9 B'FHF 'D:4 'D5F'9J 'D0J -// 'D-'D'* 'D*J J9*(1 AJG' 'D:4 'D5F'9J E*-BB' . (5/1 'DB'FHF (B1'1 E,D3 BJ'/) 'D+H1) AJ 29/10/2002 / EF4H1 AJ 'DHB'&9 'D91'BJ) 'D9// 3956 'D5'/1 AJ 11/11/2003). () JD,# (96 'D*,'1 'DI '3'DJ( E6DD) EF '-D *51JA EF*,'*GE H2J'/) '1('-GE -*I HDH C'F* 9DI -3'( 'D'61'1 (3D'E) 'D'A1'/ HAJ 'DE,'D'* 'D*J DG' 5D) (-J') 'D'F3'F H3D'E*G  JF81 /. '(J 39J/ 'D/JHG ,J  E3$HDJ) 'DEF8E'* 'D'F*',J) AJ *HAJ1 E(/# -E'J) 'DE3*./E  (-+ EF4H1 AJ E,D) -E'J) 'DE3*GDC 'D5'/1) 9F E1C2 (-H+ 'D3HB H-E'J) 'DE3*GDC  ,'E9) (:/'/  'D9// 'D+'FJ  2001  532. () /. E-E/ 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D-',  E5/1 3'(B  583. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  529  9('3 E-E/ 9DJ 'D-3JFJ  E3$HDJ) 'D5J/DJ 9F '.7'&G 'DEGFJ)  EC*() /'1 'D+B'A) DDF41 H'D*H2J9  1995  5121. 'F EF 'GE *9DJE'* B'FHF 'D5-) 'D9'E) 'D91'BJ 'D5'/1 3F) 1981 61H1) *+(J* 'DE9DHE'* 'D/BJB) 'DE*9DB) ('DEF*,'* 9DI :D'A 'H 9(H) 'D39D)  CE' #4'1 B'FHF 'D,G'2 'DE1C2J DD*BJJ3 H'D3J71) 'DFH9J) 'DI 0DC. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  529  30  / .E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5445  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  596. () /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  596. () /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  528  29  /. E-E/ 9(/ 'DB'/1 'D-',  E5/1 3'(B  583 . () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  568 HE'(9/G'. () JF81 /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  531  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  597. () /. '39/ 0J'(  6E'F 'D9JH( 'D.AJ) H*.DA 'DH5A  /'1 'B1# DD7('9)  (J1H*  73  1983  5213. () H'C/ 'DB6'! G0' 'DE9FI AJ H'B9) +(* AJG 'F '3*9E'D EF*, /H'&J C'F* *3*9EDG (96 'D3J/'* '/I 'DI -/H+ '1*A'9 AJ 6:7 'D/E H'F3/'/ AJ 'D'H9J) 'D/EHJ) H-/H+ .DD AJ 'DCDI J5D AJ (96 'D-'D'* 'DI '3*&5'DG'  D0DC A'F 'D'D*2'E ('D*-0J1 'C*3( 'GEJ) C(J1) AJ E,'D 'D'/HJ)  JF81 /. -3F 9(/ 'D1-EF  E/I 'D*2'E 'DEF*, (6E'F 'D3D'E) AJ EH',G) E.'71 'D*7H1 'D9DEJ  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  (D' 3F) 7(9  541  42 G'E4(2). () JF81 : Recueil dalloz , doctrine . Jurisprudence et legislation .1999 ,p.348. J. Ghestin , Conformite fgaranties dans la vente , Paris , I.S.B.N,1983 , p.266 et s () JF81 : /. -3F 9(/ 'D1-EF  E5/1 3'(B  549 H'D'-C'E 'D*J 0C1G'. () /. '39/ 0J'(  E5/1 3'(B  5277. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 14/12/1982  JF81 /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  591. () JF81 AJ *A5JD 0DC /. E-E/ -3JF EF5H1  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  'D/'1 'D,'E9J) DD7('9) H'DF41  2000  5207  5208  /. 'J'/ 9(/ 'D,('1 EDHCJ  'DE3$HDJ) 9F 'D'4J'!  E7(9) ('(D  (:/'/  1982  526 HE'(9/G'. () *4CD 'D'61'1 'D*J *F,E 9F '3*9E'D 'D'/HJ) H'DEF*,'* 'D5J/D'FJ) 'DF3() 'D'C(1 EF 'D/9'HI 'DEB'E) 6/ 'DEF*,JF  -J+ 'F H',( 'D'A6'! J*4// AJG' 'DB6'! C+J1' AJE' J*9DB ('D'/HJ) H*D2E EF*,JG' H('&9JG' (H',( 'D'A6'! -*I %F C'F 'D/H'! E1.5' EF 'D,G'* 'DE9FJ) JF81 G VINEY , Responsibility civile du fabricant en droit francais , R.F.D.C, 1976 , P.80 , J Ghestin , op . cit , p.341. () '.0 CD EF 'DB'FHFJF 'DE/FJ 'D91'BJ H'DE/FJ 'DE51J (G0G 'DE3$HDJ) H-// EAGHE 'D'4J'! 'D.71) ('D'D'* 'DEJC'FJCJ) H*DC 'D*J **7D( 9F'J) .'5) DDHB'J) EF 611G'  'DE'/) (178) E/FJ E51J  H'DE'/) (231) E/FJ 91'BJ. () JF81 /. F2JG E-E/ 'D5'/B  E5/1 3'(B  5136 . == == DE J-// 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DA1F3J 'D'4J'! 'D*J *.69 DDE'/) 1348/1 'D' (CHFG' .71) (9C3 E' GH 'D-'D 9DJG AJ 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ H'D91'BJ H'DE51J 'DD0JF -//'G ('D'D'* 'DEJC'FJCJ) H'D'4J'! 'D*J **7D( 9F'J) .'5) DDHB'() EF .71G' (3(( 'D81HA H'DED'(3'* 'D*J *5'-(G'  JF81 AJ *A5JD 0DC /. 'J'/ 9(/ 'D,('1  E5/1 3'(B  528  535. () /. ,EJD 'D41B'HJ  'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E  E5'/1 'D'D*2'E  ,1 /1981  5527 G'E4 (1). () JF81 /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5443 HE'(9/G' H'DB1'1'* 'D*J '4'1 'DJG'. () *(FI G0' 'D1#J 'DABJG 1JAJD  JF81 /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  582. () /. F2JG 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  571  /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  542  /. -E/ 9(/ 'D1-EF  'DH3J7 AJ 'DF81J) 'D9'E) DD'D*2'E'* ('DC*'( 'D'HD) /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  1999  553. () JF81 /. '39/ 0J'(  E5/1 3'(B  5102  /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  560. () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  560. () /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5151. () *BHD 'D'3*'0) ,FJAJA AJFJ %F 'D*2'E 'DEH29 ('D'A6'! 'BD *4//' EF 'D5'F9 A'D'HD D' JCHF ED2E' 'D' ('D'9D'E 9F 'DE.'71 'D*J J91AG' 4.5J' 'E' 'D+'FJ A('9*('1G 5'F9' DDE(J9 A'FG ED2E ('D'A6'! (,EJ9 'DE9DHE'* 'D*J J91AG'  JF81: G VINEY , Laresponsabilite , op .cit , .p.80 () /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  542  /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5447. () J. Ghestin .op .cit .p .340 ,No .597. () 9'E1 B'3E  E5/1 3'(B  5110  /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  571-72. 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() GF'C 1#J JH39 EF EAGHE 'DE3*GDC (-J+ J4ED CD EF J7D( EF*H,' 'H ./E) 3H'! '*,G* FJ*G 'DI '3*./'EG AJ E,'D 4.5J 'H EGFJ  D'F *9'ED 'DEGFJ .'1, *.55G J,9DG AJ E1C2 69A D'FG JCHF AJ -CE 'D,'GD DD'EH1  JF81 # . ( . EH'DC  E5/1 3'(B  531. () HC0DC 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  539 . J. Ghestin , Conformite et guaranties , op .cit , P.272. () /. '39/ 0J'(  E5/1 3'(B  5235. () 9'E1 B'3E  E5/1 3'(B  5109. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 8/1/1973  JF81 '3*'0F' /. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  'D'D*2'E ('D'9D'E H'DF5J-) H'D*9'HF AJ 9B/ 'D(J9  'DE,D) 'D-HDJ) 'D91'BJ)  ,'E9) (:/'/  'D9// 'D'HD  2001  5123. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 11/6/1980  H'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 9/12/1975  JF81 /. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  E5/1 3'(B  5134  HC0DC B1'1 ".1 (FA3 'DE9FI 5/1 AJ 11/10/1983  JF81 H .Roland et B . Starck et L. Boyer , Obligations , 2 .Contrat , Paris , 1993 , P.756,N.1796. () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 4/5/1994  '4'1 'DJG /. ,9A1 'DA6DJ  'DE5/1 FA3G 5134. () *(FJ G0' 'D1#J 'DE*4// /. E-E/ 9DJ 9E1'F  E5/1 3'(B  5236  237  /. F2JG 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5148  149  /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B F 5106  107  ( . EH'DC  E5/1 3'(B  538. . () JF81 AJ *A5JD 0DC /. 'FJ3 'D3J/ 97J)  'D6E'F'* 'DB'FHFJ) DFBD 'D*CFHDH,J' 'DI 'D/HD 'DF'EJ) H'DE41H9'* 'D*'(9) DG'  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  1996  5518 HE'(9/G'. () /. E-E/ 9DJ 9E1'F  E5/1 3'(B  5237. () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A5JD -HD B1'1'* 'DE-'CE AJ ,9D 'D'D*2'E (6E'F 'D3D'E) 'D*2'E' (F*J,) AJ (96 'D9BH/ H'D*2'E' (H3JD) AJ 9BH/ '.1I JF81 Multicodes Droitprive , dalldoz , Paris , 2002 , op cit ,.P .972 et S ., Art .1147 .G VINEY ,op .cit ,.p,69 ET s. () HC0DC /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  514  15. b.Starck et H .Roland et L .Boyer ,op .cit ,.P756. () JF81 /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  5109  E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  E5/1 3'(B  568  /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5149. () /. ,'(1 E-,H( 9DJ  6E'F 3D'E) 'DE3*GDC  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  (D' 3F) 7(9  5279. () JF81 P.485 ,.cit .P .79 , et J .Huet ,op ,.cit .G VINEY ,op == == HC0DC 'DABG'! 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() JF81 /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5145. () JF81 /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5133. () JF81 /. 3GJ1 EF*51  E5/1 3'(B  570  /. 'D3J/ E-E/ 'D3J/ 9E1'F  -E'J) 'DE3*GDC '+F'! *CHJF 'D9B/  EF4#) 'DE9'1A  'D'3CF/1J)  1977  5169  /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5133  134  /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5449  /. E-E/ '(1'GJE /3HBJ  'D,H'F( 'DB'FHFJ) AJ '/'1) 'DEA'H6'* H'(1'E 'D9BH/  'D'/'1) 'D9'E) DD(-H+  E9G/ 'D'/'1) 'D9'E)  'DEEDC) 'D91(J) 'D39H/J)  1995 / 579  /. 5(1J -E/ .'71  'D'D*2'E B(D 'D*9'B/ (*B/JE 'DE9DHE'*  E,D) 'D9DHE 'DB'FHFJ)  ,'E9) (:/'/  'DE,D/ 11  'D9// 1  5 72  HAJ 'DABG 'DA1F3J H et L . et J .Mazeaud et F ,Chbas ,op.cit p.319 () 'DB1'1 'D5'/1 AJ 4/6/1954  E4'1 'DJG 3'(B'. () JF81 /. 9DJ 3J/ -3F  E5/1 3'(B  5102  /. F2JG 'D5'/B 'DEG/J  E5/1 3'(B  5146  /. 'F3 'D3J/ 97J)  E5/1 3'(B  5565 /. E-EH/ ,E'D 'D/JF  E5/1 3'(B  5442  /. E-E/ 4C1J 31H1  E5/1 3'(B  524  /. 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