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HB/ '3*F/ 'D(FC AJ H69 'D41H7 %DI 9/) E('/& 1&J3) JECF *F'HDG' CE' JDJ: #HD'K: 'DE('/& 'D*J *BHE 9DJG' 41H7 'D(FC 'D/HDJ: *-CE '*A'B'* B1H6 'D(FC 'D/HDJ +D'+) E('/& #3'3J) *-CE "DJ) 'D%B1'6 H'D41H7 'D*J J*7D(G' 'D(FC DD*-BB DBJ'E 'D(FC (*B/JE BJE) 'DB16  HGJ: #HD'K: E(/# 'DED'!E) Suitable Condition H'DEB5H/ (0DC  H69 ,ED) EF 'DE9'JJ1 #H 'D41H7 *E+D 'DGJCD #H 'D#3'3 'D0J JBHE 9DJG 3J'3) %B1'6 #H *EHJD 'D(1'E, 'D'B*5'/J) #H 'D%FE'&J) DD71A 'DEB*16  (#3DH( ED'&E HEBF9 DD(FC  H0DC EF .D'D '9*E'/ "DJ) E3(B) C#3'3 D*B/JE 'D/A9'* 'D*EHJDJ) (4CD JH'2J '3*E1'1 'D#H6'9 'D*J J*7D(G' 'D(FC EF 3J'3) 'B*5'/J) EBF9) DD(FC H(1F'E, *FAJ0J D'3*+E'1 #EH'D 'DB16 JB*F9 (G 'D(FC  HG0' JE+D E(/# 1&J3J *BHE 9DJG #J GJCDJ) '4*1'7JG J9*E/G' 'D(FC 'D/HDJ ADCJ J/.D AJ #J '*A'B DDB16 J,( #F **H'A1 'D41H7 H'D#H6'9 'DED'&E) H'DE-BB) DBF'9) 'D(FC 'D/HDJ H#,G2*G 'D*FAJ0J) (,/HI %(1'E '*A'B 'DB16 E9 'D/HD) 'DEB*16)(). +'FJ'K: E(/# 'D81HA 'D.'5) Special Circumstances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C#3'3 *BHE 9DJG 'D3J'3) 'D%B1'6J) DD(FC 'D/HDJ EF0 %F4'&G 9'E 1944  HDE J7(B G0' 'DE(/# D*F8JE '3*+E'1 #EH'D 'D(FC 'DEH,G) DD*EHJD #H D%B1'6 E4'1J9 E-//)  H%FE' DD'9*E'/ 9DJG AJ -'D) 'DB1H6 'DEH,G) DD/HD 'D*J *B9 6EF .'F) "'D81HA 'D.'5)"(). HD0' #5(- 'D#E1 ED2E'K 9DI 'D(FC H#,G2*G AJ *H'A1 'D#:1'6 'DEF*,) 9F/ *B/JE 'DB1H6 H'D*#EJF'* H-*I AJ 3J'3) *EHJD 'D(1'E, 'D'B*5'/J) 'D*J J9B/G' 'D(FC E9 'D/HD 'D#96'! D#,D *EHJD E41H9 E-// #H D*FAJ0 (1F'E, %FE'&J. HDDH5HD %DI 'D#:1'6 'DEF*,) HE/I *-BBG'  JBHE 'D(FC (/1'3) C'A) ,H'F( 'DB16 'DEB/E D*EHJD 'DE41H9'* EF ,H'F(G 'D'B*5'/J) H'DE'DJ) H'D*F8JEJ) H'D%/'1J) (H'37) .(1'! 'D(FC  E9 '4*1'7 #F JCHF 'DE41H9 'D0J JEHDG 'D(FC EF #HDHJ'* 'D/HD) 'DEB*16) AJ *-BJB 'D*FEJ) 'D'B*5'/J)  E9 61H1) #F **H'A1 'D%EC'F'* 'DAFJ) H'D*F8JEJ) D*FAJ0 'DE41H9. HJ8G1 G0' 'DE(/# (4CD H'6- AJ 'D/HD 'DABJ1) 'D*J D' **H'A1 AJG' 'D%EC'F'* 'DAFJ) H'D*F8JEJ) AJCHF DD(FC /H1 AJ ,D( .(1'! J$/HF G0G 'DEG'E H.'5)K AJ E1'-D *FAJ0 'DE41H9 'D#HDJ)()  A%0' *E B(HD 'B*1'- 'D(FC (,D( 'D.(1'! EF 'D/HD) 'DEB*16)  J9E/ 'D(FC %DI %J,'/ 'D.(1'! H'D'3*A'/) EFGE AJ *FAJ0 'D(1F'E, 'D.'5 (*EHJD 'DE41H9  H9'/)K *9/ E4'1J9 'D(FI 'D*-*J) E-BB) DE(/# 'D#:1'6 'DEF*,) C'DFBD H'DEH'5D'* H'D7'B) H'D21'9) HE41H9'* 'D*1(J) H'D*9DJE H*HAJ1 'DEJ'G HE41H9'* 'D*FEJ) 'D1JAJ)(). +'FJ'K: #FH'9 41H7 'D%B1'6: **9// 'D41H7 'D*J J*7D(G' 'D(FC 'D/HDJ DDEH'AB) 9DI *B/JE 'DB1H6  %DI ,'F( 'D41H7 'D9'E) 'DH'1/) AJ CD '*A'B DDB16 J9B/G 'D(FC 'D/HDJ #H #J E$33) *EHJD /HDJ) #.1I HJECF 'DF81 %DI G0G 'D41H7 HAB'K DE' J#*J: 1. 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DDF41  9E'F  2003. /.HDJ/ .'D/ 'D4'J,J  DE/.D %DI 'DE'DJ) 'D9'E) 'D%3D'EJ)  /'1 'DFA'&3 DDF41 H'D*H2J9  9E'F  2005. 1'(9'K: 'D(-H+: /.#C1E -3JF 'D/GHF  ,GH/ 'DEF8E'* H'DE$*E1'* 'D/HDJ) AJ H69 B'FHF /HDJ 'B*5'/J  E,D) 'D9DHE 'DB'FHFJ)  'DE,D/ 'D3'(9  'D9// 'D#HD H'D+'FJ  ,'E9) (:/'/  1988. .'E3'K: 'D'*A'BJ'* 'D/HDJ) H'DH+'&B 'D13EJ): 'D'*A'BJ) 1BE (8) 'DEHB9) (JF 'DEEDC) 'D#1/FJ) 'DG'4EJ) HE$33) 'D*FEJ) 'D/HDJ) D*EHJD ,2! EF 'DFAB'* 'D#,F(J) DE41H9 'D(H*'3  'D(-1 'DEJ*  /JH'F 'D*41J9 H'D1#J  9E'F  1975. '*A'BJ) B16 'DE41H9 'D*1(HJ (JF 'DEEDC) 'D#1/FJ) 'DG'4EJ) H'D(FC 'D/HDJ DD%F4'! H'D*9EJ1 1BE 19  /JH'F 'D*41J9 H'D1#J  9E'F  1983. 'D'*A'BJ) 'DEF4&) DD(FC 'D/HDJ  3D3D) E9'G/'* 'D#EE 'DE*-/) 'DE9/D) 9'E 1989  'D#EE 'DE*-/). 'DE('/& 'D*H,JGJ) D%/'1) 'D/JF 'D9'E  %9/'/ .(1'! 5F/HB 'DFB/ 'D/HDJ H'D(FC 'D/HDJ  "0'1  2001  EF4H1) 9DI 'DEHB9 'D13EJ DD(FC 'D/HDJ  HYPERLINK "http://www.worldbank.com/" www.worldBank.com. H+JB) 'D9G/ 'D/HDJ E9 'D91'B U.N.A.M.I  EF4H1) 9DI 'DEHB9 'D13EJ D(9+) 'D#EE 'DE*-/) DE3'9/) 'D91'B  2006. 3'/3'K: 'DBH'FJF: 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'DE51J 1BE 131 D3F) 1948. 'DB'FHF 'DE/FJ 'D91'B 1BE 40 D3F) 1951. 'DE5'/1 'D#,F(J): 1. 'DC*(: Ibrahim F.I. Shihata, the world bank in a changing world, vol.1., Martinus Nijhoff publishers, 1991. 2. 'D(-H+: Dr.vindo K.Agrwal, Negotiation of specific clauses of loan Agreements, Geneve, 2000. published on  HYPERLINK "http://www.unitar.org/" www.unitar.org. 3. 'DH+'&B 'D13EJ): International Reconstruction fund facility for Iraq, World Bank Iraq Trust fund, Dec, 2006. Programatic and Emergency Adjusment Lending, World Banx Guiedlines2, September29, 1988. www.World Bank.com . Review of world Bank Conditionality, Legal Aspects of Conditionality in policy  Based Lending, www.World Bank.com. (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 21/10/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 5/1/2009 . 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www.world Bank.com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rogramatic and Emergency Adjusment Lending, World Bank Guiedlines2, September29, 1988. www.World Bank.com () Review of world Bank Conditionality, Legal Aspects of Conditionality in policy  Based Lending. World Bank, June29, 2005, p03. (1) 1',9 /.9(/ 'DH'-/ 'DA'1  E5/1 3'(B  5. () Ibrahim F.I. Shihata, the world bank in a changing world, vol.1., Martinus Nijhoff publishers, 1991, p.59. () Andress F. Lowenfeld, International economic Law, Oxford University press, 2003, pp:501-502. (2) /.9(/ 'DH'-/ 'DA'1  E5/1 3'(B  5200. (1) 'DE('/& 'D*H,JGJ) D%/'1) 'D/JF 'D9'E  %9/'/ .(1'! 5F/HB 'DFB/ 'D/HDJ H'D(FC 'D/HDJ  "0'1  2001  EF4H1) 9DI EHB9 'D(FC 'D/HDJ 'D13EJ www.World Bank.com . () Review of world Bank conditionality, op.cit, p.6. (1) EF 0DC E' H1/ AJ (1F'E, 'D*3GJD'* 'D'&*E'FJ) DD91'B 'D0J #5/1G 'D5F/HB 'D.'5 (*EHJD 'D91'B 'D0J #F4#G 'D(FC 'D/HDJ  H'D0J #H1/ ED-B'K JE+D ,/HD'K ('D%,1'!'* 'DH',( 'DBJ'E (G' EF B(D -CHE) 'D91'B DD(FC 'D/HDJ. International Reconstruction fund facility for Iraq, World Bank Iraq Trust fund, Dec31, 2006, p.28. (2) F5* 9DI 0DC 'DE'/) (1)  'DAB1) (1)  EF 'D'*A'BJ) 'DEF4&) DD(FC 'D/HDJ. (3) 1',9 /.E-E/ 3'EJ 9(/ 'D-EJ/ H".1HF  'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E  E5/1 3'(B  5646. (*) CE' -5D 9F/E' 1A6 'D(1DE'F 'D#HC1'FJ 'DB16 'D0J B'E* (G 'D-CHE) 'D#HC1'FJ) E9 'D(FC 'D/HDJ 9'E 2004 EE' '671 'D(FC %DI 9/E 'D'3*E1'1 AJ %(1'E '*A'B 'DB16. () Dr.vindo K.Agrwal, Negotiation of specific clauses of loan Agreements, Geneve, 2000, p.14. EF4H1 9DI 'DEHB9  HYPERLINK "http://www.unitar.org/" www.unitar.org . () AGrwal, op.cit, p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http://www.cipe.org/" www.cipe.org . 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