ࡱ> Glbjbj772UUk-B#]\8 |n n ( $ >5R"t@5vv n Rv8  vvvvZ8 " L}o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errorism E4*B) EF CDE) 'D1G() Terreur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eto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assiouni. M.C.L Legal Responses to International Terrism: Bostren 1988. Basic Documents in International Law. () E-E/ JH3A 9DH'F  -BHB 'D%F3'F AJ 6H! 'DBH'FJJF 'DH7FJ) H'DEH'+JB 'D/HDJ)  'D7(9) 'D#HDI  CDJ) 'D-BHB  ,'E9) *C1J*  1989  5378 HE' (9/G' . ()Bassiouni . M.C.L Legal Responses to International Terrism : Bostren 1988 .p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dd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dd . 2 )  HB/ #4'1* 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) DDB1'1'* 1BE (48 /122 ) 'DE$1. 20 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1993  H(49 /185 ) 'DE$1. 23 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1994 H (50 /186) 'DE$1. 22 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1995 H (52 / 133 ) 'DE$1. 12 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1997 . () H0DC AJ 'D,D3) 'D9'E) (83)  17 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1999 . () 'D#EE 'DE*-/)  'D,E9J) 'D9'E)  'D(F/ (160) EF ,/HD 'D#9E'D B1'1 '*.0*G 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) (F'! 9DI *B1J1 'DD,F) 'D3'/3) (A /54 /615 ) . H#4'1* AJG' %DI D#GE 'DB1'1'* C'DB1'1 'DE1BE (46 /51 ) 'DE$1. 9 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1991  H'DB1'1 'DE1BE (49 /60 ) 'DE$1. 9 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1994 .  'D0J '9*E/* (EH,(G 'D%9D'F 'DF*9DB ('D*/'(J1 'D1'EJ) %DI 'DB6'! 9DI 'D%1G'( 'D/HDJ  H'DB1'1JF (51 /210 ) 'DE$1. 17 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1996 H (53 / 108 ) 'DE$1. 8 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1998 . () B1'1 E1BE (51 /210 ) 'DE$1. 17 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1996 . () HB/ *E 0DC AJ 'D,D3) 'D9'E) (76) AJ 9 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1999 . () B1'1 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) DD#EE 'DE*-/) 1BE (50 /6) 'DE$1. 24 *41JF #HD / #C*H(1 1995. () B1'1 E1BE (49 /60) 'DE$1. 9 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1994 . H'DE1AB " 'D%9D'F 'DE*9DB ('D*/'(J1 'D1'EJ) 9DI 'DB6'! 9DI 'D%1G'( 'D/HDJ H'D0J 3(B H*71BF' %DJG0 () B1'1 E1BE (51 /210 )  'DAB1) 3 (H)  'DE$1. AJ 17 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1996 . () C'DB1'1 'DE1BE (52 /165 ) 'DE$1. 15 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1997 'D0J 7D(* AJG 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) EF 'D/HD 'DF81 (5A) .'5) AJ *FAJ0 'D*/'(J1 'DH'1/) AJ 'DAB1'* 3(#)  (H) EF B1'1G' 1BE (51 /210 ) H'DB1'1 E1BE (53 /108 ) 'DE$1. AJ 8 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1998 H'D0J *E (EH,(G #F *BHE 'DD,F) 'DE.55) 'DEF4#) (EH,( B1'1 (51 /210 ) 'DE$1. 17 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1996 (H69 E41H9 D'*A'BJ) /HDJ) DBE9 *EHJD 'D%1G'( '3*CE'D'K DD5CHC 'D/HDJ) 'DB'&E) 0'* 'D5D) . () 'DE'/) (2) EF 'D'*A'BJ) 'D/HDJ) DBE9 *EHJD 'D%1G'( D3F) 1999 . () HGJ : '*A'BJ) EF9 'D'3*JD'! :J1 'DE41H9 9DI 'D7'&1'*  'DEHB9) AJ D'G'J AJ 16 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1970  H'*A'BJ) BE9 'D#9E'D :J1 'DE41H9) 'DE,G) 6/ 3D'E) 'D7J1'F 'DE/FJ  'DEHB9) AJ EHF*1J'D AJ 23 #JDHD / 3(*E(1 1971 . H'*A'BJ) EF9 'D,1'&E 'DE1*C() 6/ 'D#4.'5 'DE*E*9JF (-E'J) 'D/HDJ)  (EF AJGE 'DEH8AHF 'D/(DHE'3JHF H'DE9'B() 9DJG'  'D*J '9*E/*G' 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) AJ 14 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1973 . H'D'*A'BJ) 'D/HDJ) DEF'G6) #.0 'D1G'&F  'D*J '9*E/*G' 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) 17 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1979 . H'*A'BJ) 'D-E'J) 'DE'/) 'DFHHJ)  'DE9*E/) AJ AJJF' BJ 3 "0'1 / E'13 1980 . H'D(1H*HCHD 'DE*9DB (BE9 #9E'D 'D9FA :J1 'DE41H9) AJ 'DE7'1'* 'D*J *./E 'D7J1'F 'DE/FJ  H'DEHB9 AJ EHF*1J'D 24 4('7 /A(1'J1 1988 . H'*A'BJ) BE9 'D#9E'D :J1 'DE41H9)  'DEH,G) 6/ 3D'E) 'DED'-) 'D(-1J)  'DEHB9) AJ 1HE' 10 "0'1 / E'13 H'D(1*HCHD 'DE*9DB (BE9 'D#9E'D :J1 'DE41H9) 'DEH,G) 6/ 3D'E) 'DEF5'* 'D+'(*) 'DH'B9) 9DI 'D,1A 'DB'1J  'DEHB9 AJ 1HE' AJ 10 "0'1 / E'13 1988 H'*A'BJ) 'D/HDJ) DBE9 'DG,E'* 'D%1G'(J) ('DBF'(D 'D*J '9*E/*G' 'D,E9J) 'D9'E) AJ 15 C'FHF #HD //J3E(1 1997 . () 'DE'/)(2) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) (4) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () FF81 'DE'/) (7 /1/ #-(-,+2 / # / ( //, // /G@ ) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'DE'/) (3) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (5) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (6) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (8) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (9) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (11) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (12) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (13) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (14) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (18) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (19) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (20) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'F81 'DE'/) (24) EF 'D'*A'BJ) . () 'D#EE 'DE*-/)  'D,E9J) 'D9'E)  'D/H1) (54)  'D(F/ (160) EF ,/HD 'D#9E'D  (F'! 9DI *B1J1 'DD,F) 'D3'/3) (A /54 /6 /5 ) 'D,D3) 'D9'E) 76 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 1999 . () HGJ 'DE4'1 %DJG' AJ 'DAB1) (6) EF 'DB1'1 'DE1BE (51 /210 ) HE1AB 'DB1'1 'DE1BE (52 /164 ) . () 'DH'1/ AJ E1AB 'DB1'1 'DE1BE (49 /60 ) . () 'DH'1/ AJ E1AB 'DB1'1 'DE1BE (51 /210 ) . () 9B/ G0' 'DE$*E1 AJ E/JF) B17',F)  CHDHE(J' AJ (8-9 FJ3'F /#(1JD 2000 ) () 'D#EE 'DE*-/)  'D,E9J) 'D9'E)  'D/H1) (55)  'D(F/ (164) EF ,/HD 'D#9E'D  (F'! 9DI *B1J1 'DD,F) 'D3'/3) (A/55 /6 14 ) 'D,D3) 'D9'E) (84) 12 C'FHF #HD / /J3E(1 2000. () 'D#EE 'DE*-/)  'D,E9J) 'D9'E)  'D/H1) (55)  'D(F/ (164) EF ,/HD 'D#9E'D . () EF (JFG' 'D#1/F . () HGE'  3H1J'  HD(F'F . () 'F81 'DB1'1 50 /6 . () 'F81 'DB1'1 55 / 2 . () 'DE1AB  A /54 / 916 - S /2000 / 580 . () 'F81 A /53 /667  Ss / 1998 / 1071 'DE1AB 'D#HD  'DAB1'* 149 %DI 162 . () Add . I , A / 55 /179 . () 'DH+'&B 'D13EJ) DD,E9J) 'D9'E)  'D/H1) 'D.'E3) H'D.E3HF  'DED-B 1BE 37 (A/55/37) . ()A / C . 6 / 55 / L . 2 . () 'DB1'1 52 /164  'DE1AB . () 'DB1'1 54 /109  'DE1AB . () ,1J/) 'D41B 'D#H37  11 FHAE(1 / *41JF 'D+'FJ 2001 . () Middle East Online , October 06 , 2001 . () C'DB1'1 S/RES/635 (1989)  (4#F H69 9D'E'* 9DI 'DE*A,1'* 'DD/'&JFJ) #H 'D5A-J)  H'DB1'1 S/KES/68(1991)  (4#F 'D-'D) (JF 'D91'B H'DCHJ* . H'DB1'1 (S/RES/748 (1992) (4#F 'D-'D) AJ 'D,E'GJ1J) 'D91(J) 'DDJJ) . H'DB1'1 (RES/731 (1992) (4#F *4'/ H'D,E'GJ1J) 'D91(J) 'DDJ(J) (4#F 'D71B . H'DB1'1JF (S/Pv.3627/S/RES/1044(1999) H(S/Pv. 3660/s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asic Documents in International Law. P. 2-3. () EF 'D,/J1 ('D0C1 #F 'DE'/) (2/6) EF 'DEJ+'B *F5 9DI : (*9ED 'DGJ&) 9DI #F *3J1 'D/HD :J1 'D'96'! AJG' 9DI G0G 'DE('/J! (B/1 E' *B*6JG 61H1)  -A8 'D3DE H'D'EF 'D/HDJJF) . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'D'1G'( AJ EJ2'F 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  E,D) 4$HF 'D'H37  'D9// ( ) 'D3F) ( )  548 . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  548 . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  548 . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  551 HE' (9/G' . () E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5285 HE' (9/G' . () #F81 'DB1'1 1BE 3314/29 'DE$1. 14 /J3E(1 1974 . () 'DB1'1 2105 (/-20) 'DE$1. 20 /J3E(1 1965  H'DB1'1 3955 (/-27) (*'1J. 12 /J3E(1 1974. () #F81 B1'1 3382 (/-30) (*'1J. 10 FHAE(1 1975  31/34 (*'1J. 30 FHAE(1 1976 H 23/14 (*'1J. 7 FHAE(1 1977  'DB1'1 39/17 'DE$1. 32 FHAE(1 1984  9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  G'E4 5286 . () #F81 'DE'/) (1) EF 'D(1H*HCHD 'D'6'AJ 'D'HD . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  553 . () 4AJB 'DE51J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  553 . () E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5286 H 287 . () DDE2J/ EF 'DE9DHE'* -HD G0' 'DEH6H9  #F81 E-E/ #-E/ 1A9* " 'DAH'1B 'DB'FHFJ) (JF 'DCA'- 'DE3D- 'DE1*(7 (-B *B1J1 'DE5J1 H'D'1G'( 'D/HDJ" B/E* H1B) 'D9ED G0G 'DI 'DE$*E1 'D3'/3 941 D'*-'/ 'DE-'EJF 'D91( ('DCHJ*)  EF4H1'* ,E9J) 'DE-'EJF 'DCHJ*J)  ,2  5510 HE' (9/G' . () 95'E 3DJE'F  E,D3 'D'EF J*,'H2 EJ+'B 'D'EE 'DE*-/)  'DFG'1 10/*41JF 'D+'FJ/2001 HC0DC 9(/ 'D:FJ 9E'/  'DEB'HE) H'D'1G'( AJ 'D'7'1 'D/HDJ D-B *B1J1 'DE5J1  'DE3*B(D 'D91(J  533 HE' (9/G' . () E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5288 H 289 . () 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 2649 (25) 'DE$1. 30 FHAE(1 1970  H'DB1'1 2672 , (25) 'DE$1. 8 /J3E(1 1970 . () 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 3210 (29) 'DE$1. 14 #C*H(1 1974  HC0DC 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 3237 (29) 'DE$1. 22 FHAE(1 1974 . () E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5290 . () HG0G 'D'*A'BJ'* AJ E(3) 'DE4*1C) **6EF 'D-/ 'D'/FI EF 'D-E'J) 'D'F3'FJ) H*F7(B AJ -'D) '4*('C E3D- DJ3 DG 5A) /HDJ) HJF/1, *-*G' "-1H( 'D*-1J1 'DH7FJ)"  E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5290 . () E-E/ 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5290 . () #F81 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 3103 (/-28) 'DE$1. 12 /J3E(1 1973 . () #F81 'DB1'1 'DE1BE 37/88 'DE$1. 10 /J3E(1 1982  HB1'1 E,D3 'D'EF 446 'DE$1. (1979) 'DE$1. AJ 22 E'13 1979  9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  G'E@4 5 291 . () #F81 : G'F2  (J*1 :'31  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5389  H#F81 #J6'K : 9DH'F  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  G'E4 5291 . 'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) "0'1 (2003) ================ ================================== 'D'1G'( AJ 6H! 'D419J) 'D/HDJ) PAGE 244  PAGE 182  'D1'A/JF DD-BHB E,D/ (1/'D3F) 'D+'EF)) 9// (16) 3F) (2003) [5181-5244] 'D%1G'( AJ 6H! 'D419J) 'D/HDJ)  0@P%R%T%V%))))J,L,N,P,../@/B/D/"0$0&0*08888B:D:F:J:::::(;*;,;.;;;;;⹪⹪⹪ʤ⹪⹪⹪⹪⹪⹪jZ0JCJ^JUZCJH*^J ZCJ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUZCJH*aJ ^J CJaJ ^JZCJaJ ^J5CJ\^JZCJaJ^JZCJaJ ^JjZCJaJ(^JUZCJaJ(^J8  6d '),...D/8$$$Tl V  $T$$T  6d '),...D/8=@HIIPJJ@KxndZ        a'!        ;d<f<h<j<<<<<t=v=x=z=====HHHHKKKKKKLLLLLjSlSnSpSpYrYtYvYPbRbTbVb@mBmDmFmmmmmnqpqrqtqvvvvwwxx6y8y:y    H     Q nU        /    )78c  cdfgik*msڌʏLt64έ  & F & F & Fk*msڌʏLt64έ .4¸|upkfa\WRMHui2l ~ ɰv     ]      {  "    ;nx  \^"$&(fhjl(*,.0246prPRTVVXZ\ CJaJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JU.4&@z!.%"(+-b.001123|5*77 & F $$ "$&^`bd~ .024$&(*XZ\^VXZ\N CJaJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUU&@z!.%"(+-b.001123|5*779;<,=PIR\f}sng]SS  Y   [] mcc  Ad  2e  f  nf   Eg =hh)iyiiij=klmlo-qrtxcNPRT.024" $ & ( V X Z \     000000111111111222ʿ"jZ0J5CJ\aJ ^JUZ5CJH*\aJ ^JZ5CJ\aJ ^J ZCJ^JZCJaJ ^J CJaJ ^JZCJaJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUZCJH*aJ ^J?222n3p3r3t3z5|5t=v=x=z= qz@z:|T||~~~~~~|Ȃʂ̂΂ 4|~"$&(0>bdfh࿹࿹࿬ ZCJ^J CJaJ ^J ZCJ^JZCJaJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUZCJH*aJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZ5CJ\aJ ^JZ5CJH*\aJ ^JD79;<,=PIR\f\ijmnoo q??)@i@w@x@@ABCCCCHDIeIsIJ5J  J  BK  L  UM  N  40XnL@4ҷ\XZ*$$$ŒLNPRΑБґԑ$&(*|~ΓHJLNRTVXTVXZ "ʚ̚ΚКxz|~bdfhn  Z5CJ\^JZ5CJ\aJ ^JZ5CJ\aJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JLVXZ\ثګܫޫ  ~ҷ\vxz|vxz|BDFH@BDFLNPRZ  Z5CJ\aJ ^J ZCJ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUN@4ҷ\XZ*, hD|>  (<Ŀ~ytoje`['1}ccx/0+%!>@BD&(*, "$, 8:<>D\^`b" . jlǵ߮ CJaJ ^J"jZ0J5CJ\aJ ^JUZ5CJH*\aJ ^JZ5CJ\aJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUD*, hD|>  (<h 0#$'0)h+j+ & F lnp "r+++55666666888888888::::<< < <<<<=r=t=v=x=====p>r>t>v>>>>>n?p?r?t?????\@^@`@b@ZjZ0JUZH* CJaJ ^J ZaJ ^JZ5\aJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJaJ ^JZCJH*aJ ^JjZ0JCJaJ ^JUFh 0#$'0)h+j+l+n+p+r+++j,*-z.,//0$2"3Ƽ~tj`VLB    ۸  /    0        -    X  -  F  q      j+l+n+p+r+++j,*-z.,//0$2"34555666688:$v$A$$A$ & F$ & F $"3455566688:<<r==p>>n??\@@lAB~B>CC^EE"FFG`JKKhQRSUPUVY\`ja@ddxhhzi$j\kknoo@xzxx>n??\@@lAB~B>CC^EE"FFG`JKKhQRSU$$$vb@@@@@lAnApArABBBB~BBBB>C@CBCDCCCCC^E`EbEdEEEEE"F$F&F(FFFFFGGG G`JbJdJfJKKKKKKKLLLhQjQlQnQRRRRRSSSS$TNTUUU UPURUTUVUVVV ZCJaJZaJjZ0JaJU ZH*aJjZ0JUZH*ZTUPUVY\`ja@ddxhhzi$j\kknoo@xzxxmnoporotooooo@xBxDxFxzx|x~xxxxxxy@yByxyzy|y~yyyyyzzjZ0JUZZH*_zz zJzLzNzPzzzzzzzzz {"{${&{j{l{n{p{{{{{{|||H|J|L|N|||||||||}}0~2~4~6~~~~~NPRTJLNP*@JLNPxz|~2lrtvZZH*jZ0JU_ {j{{{H|||0~~NJJxrH6v($A$$$v$vxFHJLN468:<vxz|(*,.<Xև>^ڈRpčȍ2VXZ 6z.R<Zn֑F`ʒ̒ΒВ"jZ0JUZZH*_rH6v(ʒ"Ɩ&8X$pΡnx$ƥv R ުL|0P ĵl2`.ʻ̻PRlpr "&df[ʒ"Ɩ&8X$pΡn$$$v"$&(ƖȖʖ̖&(*,™ "8:<>XZ\^ž$&(* "prtvΡСҡԡ "$nprtZjZ0JUZH*_¢Ģ xz|~$&(*ƥȥʥ̥vxz| RTVX  ~ުLNPR|~0246jZ0JUZH*Z_x$ƥv R ުL|0P$A$$v$PRTV "$&  ĵƵȵʵlnpr¸2468`bdf.0Z|Ȼʻ̻NPRT`bhjl Z0JaJ0JaJjZ0JaJUZ^JZCJ ZCJ^JZjZ0JUZH*O ĵl2`.0ʻ̻PRlpr$$d%d&d'd&`#$ $d%d&d'd$$vlnprt޼ $&dhlZCJaJ(^J ZCJ ^JZCJ ZCJ^J Z0JaJ0JaJjZ0JaJUZ jZU "$&dfhjl@&$$$d%d&d'd 0 00&P P' (5!"#$%(2*2 [&@&Normal$A$>`> Heading 1 $$@&5\aJ^J <A@<Default Paragraph Font2B`2 Body Text$aJ^J 8&`8Footnote ReferenceH*JC`JBody Text Indent $5\aJ^J HR`"HBody Text Indent 2 $aJ^J 2`22 Footnote Text^J 0`B0Header  9r ^J &)`Q& Page Number0 `b0Footer  9r ^J &G"d3vH"#U$'*)/446}99:b;C_DHIENNR4UVZ[ _H__abNceghklLmmnCo0pp qdqqqCrrsbssu-vCv,wwiyyy{{XޅV֖QZILe_z?%Q *WfG]X@"!R ]/e  \NLK4gDx" n I = \ JRCL 3!Q!t!!!!"%"J"o""""##$<$l$$h%%%%&!&N&&&'0'P'o'''--V///(00!1s11f2223333'4[444#5M5|55555"6Q6666 7x778>8l888U9:k::::;S;;c<<<<=%>>?w?? @@@.AA,B/B"\"%\N;\N2lb@Vzv"ll_bgiklpqsuz|}8c7*j+:U {l`cehmotwy{~@Kkf"3rfadfjnrvx!!@    @ (  l"  0jJ))? B S  ?\ D( . T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B B c $DjJ N11T N0n"2 #  N2  3 jJ 02`B B c $DjJ 1n"1`B B c $DjJ N11\P" rNn"s]}"sGNQW  5j\12WYbc  LMYZqrCDikwxJKOPL"M"""""'#(#r#s####### $ $w$x$$$[%\%%%\&]&&&''((2)3)))I*J*..`/a///c0d0`1a11122334477CClDmDDDEEEEEFFFFFFFGGzH{HHNIN9O:ORRSSTTVVYZZZ\\q\r\^^^^K`L`eeggmmesfswwxxHyyOP?@<=Վ֎ŔƔ01YZghٖږTUŗƗКњ›vwsj\AHMAD#C:\My Documents\Rafedeen16\Raf6.doc|9xMQ0iD'>C9<&?4@D5cH$bhoW&X ^$Z&k Z0(^\C_J _PID_GUIDAN{2F921660-547C-11D7-A3E7-940C88EB1E70}  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~Root Entry FyFo1Table WordDocument2SummaryInformation (6DocumentSummaryInformation]8tCompObj -$Ts6Hj  FMicrosoft Word Document MSWordDocWord.Document.89q