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'D/C*H1 -3F F'A9)  'D#EE 'DE*,/) 3'-) DD*F8JE 'D/HDJ #E #/') DDGJEF)  'D9/H'F 9DI 'D91'B  CDJ) 'D%B*5'/ H'D9DHE 'D3J'3J) . 'DDH'! /C*H1 -3FJF 'DE-E/J (H'/J  :2H 'D91'B (JF 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ H'D3J'3) 'D/HDJ)  EF4') 'DE9'1A ('D'3CF/1J)  2004. 'D#3*'0 'D/C*H1 5D'- 'D/JF 9'E1  B'FHF 'D*F8JE 'D/HDJ  'DF81J) 'D9'E)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  'DB'G1)  2000 -2001 . 'D#3*'0 'D/C*H1 9(/ 'D92J2 31-'F  'D#EE 'DE*-/) %.*J'1 'DE5J1  'D419J) #H 'D%3*9E'1 'D#E1JCJ  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J)  2005. 'D#3*'0 AGEJ GHJ/J  E51 *1J/ -D'K  /'1 'D41HB  'DB'G1)  'D7(9) 'D+'FJ)  2002E 'D/C*H1 E-3F 9DJ ,'/  'DG,HE 'D#E1JCJ 'D(1J7'FJ 9DI 'D91'B EF H,G) F81 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  'DGJ&) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DDC*'(  2005. 'D/C*H1 E39/ 9(/ 'D1-EF 2J/'F B'3E  */.D 'D#EE 'DE*-/) AJ 'DF2'9'* 'DE3D-) :J1 0'* 'D7'(9 'D/HDJ  'DB'G1)  9'E 2001. 'D/C*H1 E-E/ -'A8 :'FE  E('/& 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ 'D9'E  'DB'G1)  /'1 'DFG6) 'D91(J) 1972. +'FJ'K : 'DE5'/1 ('DD:) 'D'FCDJ2J) : #- 'DEH'B9 9DI 4(C) 'D'F*1FJ* : www//usinfo0state.gorg/Arabic/tr/1015 sana see.htm  HYPERLINK "http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/view%20media.php.prim/D/868" www.carnegiecouncil.org/view media.php.prim/D/868.  HYPERLINK "http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/front/iae/shows/iraq.html" www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/front/iae/shows/iraq.html. www.ahram.org.eg/archive/index.asp www.pbs.org/wyghi/frontline show/iraq.htm.  HYPERLINK "http://www.ahram.org.eg/archive.index" www.ahram.org.eg/archive.index.  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HYPERLINK "http://www.ahram.org.eg/archive.index" www.ahram.org.eg/archive.index www.carnegiecouncil.org/view media.php/prm ID/868. www.cia.gov. www.world- nuclear.org/sym/2001/blixbio.htm.  HYPERLINK "http://www.assembly.coc.int/documents/working%20docs/doc03/EDOC9768%20AD.htm" www.assembly.coc.int/documents/working docs/doc03/EDOC9768 AD.htm www.un.org.Document 8 . www.csmointor . com/2004/0204/POI SO2-usfp.html. www.wwsws.org /articles/200/sep 2002/iraq-s05.sht www.ejil.org/Journal/vo110/No1/coma.htmi .  HYPERLINK "http://www.globalactionpw.org/prev/rev17.html" www.globalactionpw.org/prev/rev17.html. www.assembly.coe.int/documents/working,Docs/doc03/Edoc9768 Ap.htm (- 'DC*( : Arthur Schiesing 0jr ; ( a distinguished historian , was an advisor to president john F0 Kennedy); unilateral preventive war : legitmate and immoral , los Aneles times ,21 August 2002 Bob Wood ward Bush at War (New York : Simon and Schuster 2002) pp.48-85 Document 2 : Direct of central intelligence, national intelligence, national Intelligence Estimate Iraq s Continuing Programs for weapons of mass destruction October 2002 Top secret (Extract). Document I: CIA Iraqr s weapons of mass destruction programs, October 200 unclassified Duncan, E.J. CUrric L.L.B. (Hons) L.L.M. (( Preemptive war)) and International Low After Iraq 22 May 2003 . Global action to breemptve War A Coalition  Bull Ding Effort to stop war , Genocide & Internal Armed Conflict Dr. Hans Blix, Briefing of the security council February 14, 2003 Haward lafranchi, Doubt grows over : preventive war , from the February 04, 2004 edition intelligece Intelligence Iapses over Iraq riase skepticism among allies and others about the bush joctrine on when to wage war Iraq has no nuclear weapons programme Dr. Mohammed El -Baradithe staus of nuclear inspections in Iraq , January 27 , 2003 wlatt: IAEA update for the security council pursuant to Resolution 1441 (2002) , January 27 , 2003 , Document 5. Dr. Kai Ambos (Max. Planck institute for international and foreign Criminal law, Freibury, in Breisgau Germany ) . European Journal of International Law, NATO, the UN and the use of Force: Legal Aspects . Kofi A. Annan; (un.secrtary-general) courage of fulfil our 2004, responsibilities the Economist, Thursday 2 December . Mepherson/ The fruits of preventive war , on February , 16,2006 from the presidens colmn in the may 2003 persepectives. Modlein K.A. 18 ritght : the Bush Administ- ratins doctrine of premtion is not Authorized by the U.N. Charter Foreign Policy September 1 October 2003 Mr, Andreas Gorss Switzerland, Socialist Group,Parliamentary Assembly, Europe and the war in Iraq, Doc. 9768 Addendum Noam Chomsky; preemptive war (( The supreme crime )) Iraq: invasion that will live in infamy Staniey Kober ( He is research fellow in foreign policy studies at the cato institute ), what napoleon and Bismark Teach as about preemptive war, September 18 , 2004 , http://cato.org/dailys - 09-18-04. html . Ulrich Rippert; German Chancellor lines up with us critics of bush war plans vs. Iraq,26 August 2002 W . Micheal Reisman; In defence or world puplic order A.J.P.I.L. October 2001 Vol. 95. no. 4 Wild. Verwey, Economic Developments, Peace and International low the Hague 1972 (*) #3*DE 'D(-+ AJ 11/10/2008 *** B(D DDF41 AJ 5/1/2009 . 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'D91'BJ'* /'.D 'D3,HF H.'1,G' H*9E/ %5'() 'DE/FJJF %5'('* ('D:) H0DC 9F 71JB #3D-) E-1E) /HDJ'K  #E+'D 'DBF'(D 'D9FBH/J)  H*/EJ1 'D(FJ) 'D*-*J) DD91'B  H%7D'B 'DF'1 'DEC+A 9DI 3J'1'* 'D%39'A 'D*J *FBD 'DE5'(JF H(+ 1H- 'DA*F) (JF 'D49( 'D91'BJ  HG0' GH 'D#.71  3F) H4J9) 00 'D. 0 http;// www.antiwar. Com/bock/boa/002.html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avid Kay 1&J3 EA*4J 'D#3D-) 'D3'(B) 'D#E1JCJ) : %0' DE *3*79 'D%9*E'/ 9DI #,G2) %3*.('1'* ,J/) H/BJB) HJCHF EH+HB (G' EF B(D 'D49( 'D#E1JCJ H'D49H( 'D#.1I AD' JECFC *(FJ 3J'3) 'D%3*('B  #F81 AJ 0DC DDE2J/ : Haward lafranchi, Doubt grows over : preventive war , from the February 04, 2004 edition intelligece Intelligence Iapses over Iraq riase skepticism among allies and others about the bush joctrine on when to wage war. Htt://www. Csmointor. Com/2004/ po204/ po1so2 usfp.htmi. (1) #F81 AJ 0DC : Nata C. Crawford: (she teaches interaational relation relations at Brown Univirsty where she is associate professor (research) at the Watson Iinstitute for international studies. Her most recent book is Argument and world politics: Ethics Decolonization and Humanitarian intervention 2002: The slippery slop to preventive war . http://www.carnegiecouncil./org/view media.php/prm iD/868. 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(( Preemptive war)) and International Low After Iraq 22 May 2003 . http:www.globelaw.com/Iraq/preventive-war-iraq.html. 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lrich Rippert; German Chancellor lines up with us critics of bush war plans vs. Iraq,26 August 2002 , http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002/aug2002/germ-a26.shtml. - H#J6'K F,/ #F 'D3J'3J 'D,EGH1J H'D.(J1 'D%3*1'*J,J Karl Rove B/ #H6- #F 'D-1( 'D%3*('BJ) J,( #F *3*E/ HDH C'F G/AG' GH 'D3J71) 9DI 'D3C'F AJ EF'2DGE 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : - Noam Chomsky; preemptive war (( The supreme crime )) Iraq: invasion that will live in infamy http://www.informatione learing house.info/article4416.html. 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http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/view media.php/prm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ocument I: CIA Iraqr s weapons of mass destruction programs, October 200 unclassified. S0urce :http://www.cia.gov. - Document 2 : Direct of central intelligence, national intelligence, national Intelligence Estimate Iraq s Continuing Programs for weapons of mass destruction October 2002 Top secret (Extract). Source : The white house . (1) HEF #GE G0G 'DB1'1'* : - S/Res/ 660 ( 1990 ) August 2, 1990. - S/Res/ 661 ( 1990 ) August 6, 1990 . - S/Res/ 665 ( 1990 ) August 29, 1990 . - S/Res/ 678 (1990) November 29, 1990 . (2) %3*F/ E,D3 'D#EF AJ G0' 'D*AHJ6 'DI 'DE'/) (51) EF EJ+'B 'D#EE 'DE*-/) 'D.'5) (-B 'D/A'9 'D419J 'DA1/J H'D,E'9J H#97I 'DB1'1 EGD) FG'&J) DD91'B *F*GJ AJ EF*5A JF'J1 9'E 1991 DD%F3-'( EF 'DCHJ* B(D %3*./'E 'DBH) 6/G EF ,'F( /HD 'D*-'DA  HDCF DE JF59 'D91'B DG0' 'D#E1 EE' #/I 'DI BJ'E /HD 'D*-'DA (9EDJ) 9'5A) 'D5-1'! D*-1J1 'DCHJ* EF %-*D'D 'D91'B 16-17 /1/1990 E . (3) F,/ F5 'DB1'1 'D.'5 (0DC AJ . S/Res 678 (1990) 3 April, 1990 (4) EF #GE 'D%F*B'/'* 'D*J H,G*  "F0'C  DB1'1'* E,D3 'D#EF (4#F 'D#2E) 'D91'BJ) 'DCHJ*J) **E+D AJ : %F7H'&G' 9DI 'D*1.J5 #H 'D%0F DBH'* 'D*-'DA 'D/HDJ (%3*./'E 'DBH) D*-1J1 'DCHJ* HGH E' J9/ .1H,'K 9DI EJ+'B 'D#EE 'DE*-/) 'D0J J.HD E,D3 'D#EF  AB7  AJ %3*./'E 'DBH) AJ %7'1 */'(J1 'D#EF 'D,E'9J H'D%3*9'F) (D,F) #1C'F 'D-1( 'D*'(9) DG  HDJ3 'D*1.J5 #H 'D%0F D/HD #.1I (G0' 'D#E1 'D.7J1 'D0J JECF #F J$/J 'DI *,'H2'* .7J1)  CE' #F B1'1'* E,D3 'D#EF 'D.'5) (%2'D) #3D-) 'D/E'1 'D4'ED EF 'D91'B H'D*#CJ/ 9DI 0DC  HAJ FA3 'DHB* :6* 'D71A  G0G 'DB1'1'*  9F /HD #.1I 9/J/) *-H2 FA3 'D#3D-) E+D : 'DGF/  ('C3*'F  %31'&JD  CH1J' 'D4E'DJ) H:J1GE 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : 'D/C*H1 E-3F 9DJ ,'/  'DG,HE 'D#E1JCJ 'D(1J7'FJ 9DI 'D91'B EF H,G) F81 'DB'FHF 'D/HDJ  'DGJ&) 'DE51J) 'D9'E) DDC*'(  2005  5 112 109 0 (1) #F81 AJ 0DC (J(1 3J'DF,1  %1JC DH1'F  -1( 'D.DJ,  'DEDA'* 'D31J)  3AFC3 DD7('9) H'DF41  *1,E) 92EJ E.DHA  5 14 0 (2) EF #GE 'DB1'1'*  'DB1'1 1BE 660 'D5'/1 AJ 'D+'FJ EF #:373 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 662 'D5'/1 AJ 'D*'39 EF #:373 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 665 'D5'/1 AJ 'D.'E3 H'D941JF EF #:37@@@3 1990 = = H'DB1'1 667 'D5'/1 AJ 'D3'/3 941 EF 3(*E(1 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 670 'D5'/1 AJ 'D.'E3 H'D941JF EF 9'E 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 661 AJ 'D1'(9 EF #:373 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 664 'D5'/1 AJ 'D+'EF 941 EF #:373 1990E  'DB1'1 1BE 666 'D5'/1 AJ 'D+'EF 941 EF 3(*E(1 1990  H'DB1'1 669 'D5'/1 AJ 'D1'(9 H'D941JF EF 3(*E(1 1990 #F81 AJ 0DC B1'1'* E,D3 'D#EF 1990E S/Res 0 (1) HB/ #5/1 E,D3 'D#EF (.5H5 'DE4CD) 'D91'BJ) 'DCHJ*J) %+FI 941 B1'1'K H'D*J AJ E,EDG' *F5 9DI E(/# 'D*9HJ6 DDE*611JF EF 'D-1( H*13JE 'D-/H/ (JF 'D91'B H'DCHJ* 0 (2) #F81 AJ 0DC B1'1'* E,D3 'D#EF EFG' 'DB1'1  1991- S/Res 687 (1991)  3 April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ugust S/Res//94 H#J6'K AJ G0' 'DEH6H9 'D*B1J1 'D%3*1'*J,J 'D91(J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 87 HE' (9/G' 0 (3) %1,9 AJ 0DC 'D*B1J1 'D%3*1'*J,J 'D91(J  'DE5/1 'D3'(B  5 87 H E' (9/G' 0 (1) FD'-8 #F F,'- G0' 'DG,HE J*9DB ('DBH) 'D93C1J) 'D91'BJ) 'D*BDJ/J)  #E' AJE' J*9DB ('DBH'* :J1 'D*BDJ/J) H#3D-) 'D/E'1 'D4'ED DE JCF GF'C E$41 JBHD (F,'- B5A EH'B9 91'BJ) *-*HJ (/'.DG' 9DI #3D-) (JHDH,J) #H CJEJ'&J) 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : 'D*B1J1 'D91(J 'D%3*1'*J,J  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 78 0 (2) B/ -// /HD E-H1 'D41  'D1&J3 'D#E1JCJ (H4 'D%(F  D' #91A 9DI #J #3'3 #H E('/& *H'A1* DCJ J7DB 9DI /HD E+D C CH1J' 'D4E'DJ)  %J1'F  'D91'B '3E /HD E-H1 'D41 HC#F G0G 'D/HD GJ 'D*J *G// %3*B1'1 'D3DE H'D#EF 'D/HDJ -3( '/9'! 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(G' D%+('* -3F FJ*G AJ F29 'D3D'- HDB/ 1A6* 'D-CHE) 'DA1F3J) G0G 'D41H7 = =- AJ 15 E'13 9'16 E&'* 'D'D'A EF 'DF'3 -HD 'D9'DE 'D*/.D 'DE3D- AJ 'D91'B (JFE' B'E* CD EF 'D-CHE'* 'DA1F3J) H'D#DE'FJ) H'D1H3J) (9ED F/'! E4*1C 6/ 'D-1(  H#51H' #F 9EDJ'* 'D*A*J4 C'F DG' 'DF*'&, 'D%J,'(J) 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : Mr, Andreas Gorss Switzerland, Socialist Group,Parliamentary Assembly, Europe and the war in Iraq, Doc. 9768 Addendum . -http://www.assembly.coc.int/documents/workingocs/doc03/EDOC9768 AD.htm. (1) AB(D (/! 61( 'D91'B EF B(D 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) H(1J7'FJ'  F,/ #F 'D/C*H1 E-E/ 'D(1'/9J 1&J3 'DHC'D) 'D/HDJ) DD7'B) 'D01J) AJ *B1J1G' 'D#.J1- B(D (/! 'D-1(  'D5'/1 AJ 27 JF'J1 2003 H'DEH,G 'DI E,D3 'D#EF 'D/HDJ JBHD AJG : J,( #F *$C/ 'FG D' /DJD 9DI #F 'D91'B B/ #F94 (1F'E, *3D-G 'DFHHJ EF@@0 = = %2'D) 'D(1F'E, AJ 'D*39JF'* HAJ *B1J1G  #J6'K  JH6- E/I 'D*B/E AJ -D 'D#3&D) H'DE.'HA 'D*J (/#* AJ 1998E HB/ #C/ 'D(1'/9J AJ *B1J1G 51'-) #F 'D91'B D' JE*DC (1F'E, DD#3D-) 'DFHHJ) 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : - Iraq has no nuclear weapons programme Dr. Mohammed El -Baradithe staus of nuclear inspections in Iraq , January 27 , 2003 wlatt: IAEA update for the security council pursuant to Resolution 1441 (2002) , January 27 , 2003 , Document 5. Source :  HYPERLINK "http://www.iaea.org/" http://www.iaea.org. HAJ G0' 'D3J'B F,/ #J6'K #F 'D/C*H1 G'F2 (DJC3 B/ B/E *B1J1G 'DI E,D3 'D#EF AJ 14/2/2003 HB/ B'D AJG : #FG -*I 'D"F DE *,/ 'FEHAJC #J #3D-) /E'1 4'ED 0 Dr.Hans Blix, Briefing of the security council February 14, 2003 , Source : http://www.un.org.Document 8 . HAJ G0' 'D3J'B #J6'K F,/ #F GF'C A6J-) E.'(1'*J) AJ CD EF 'DHD'J'* 'DE*-/) 'D#E1JCJ) H(1J7'FJ' **E+D AJ C0( 'DE9DHE'* 'D*J B/E*G' CD EF 'DE.'(1'* 'DE1C2J) 'D#E1JCJ) CIA H'DE.'(1'* 'D(1J7'FJ) -HD %E*D'C 'D91'B D#3D-) 'D/E'1 'D4'ED HFD'-8 #F CD EF (H4 'D%(F H(DJ1 B/ 7D(' 'D*-BJB -HD G0G 'DE9DHE'*  HDCF E*I C'F G0' 'D*-BJB DD#3A (9/ #F /E1 'D91'B 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : 'D#G1'E 'DE51J)  'D#9/'/ 'D5'/1) AJ 4  7  8 EF A(1'J1 9'E 2004E 0 H#J6'K F,/ #F #-/ EA*4J 'D#3D-)  HJAJ/ C#J #E1JCJ 'D,F3J)  JBHD AJ EB'(D) *DA2JHFJ) : In a televised interview this week, former chief us weapons inspector David Kay said: (( if you cannot rely on good accurate intelligence that is credibile to the American people and to others , you certainly cannot have a policy of preemption )) . HC'F* G0G 'DEB'(D) AJ 4G1 A(1'J1 2004 0 http:// www.csmointor . com/2004/0204/POI SO2-usfp.html. 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r. Kai Ambos (Max. Planck institute for international and foreign Criminal law, Freibury, in Breisgau Germany ) . European Journal of International Law, NATO, the UN and the use of Force: Legal Aspects . http://www.ejil.org/Journal/vo110/No1/coma.htmi . (1) DB/ 4G/ 'DB1F 'DE'6J #(49 'D-1H( H,1'&E 'DB*D AJ 'D*'1J. 'D%F3'FJ -J+ DBJ #C+1 EF E'&*J EDJHF 4.5 E519GE .D'D E&*JF H.E3JF -1('K HFD'-8 #FG B/ E'* #C+1 EF 3*) ED'JJF 4.5 AJ -1H( EF0 FG'J) A*1) 'D-1( 'D('1/) -J+ C'F EF 'DEA*16 #F *3H/ -'D) 'DG/H! H'D3D'E AJ *DC 'DA*1)  HD' 2'D 'DFG1 JAJ6 (/E'! 'D%F3'FJ)  HJF01 (,1H- /'EJ) DEF GE 9DI BJ/ 'D-J') 0 (1) #F81 AJ 0DC DDE2J/ : Global action to breemptve War A Coalition  Bull Ding Effort to stop war , Genocide & Internal Armed Conflict . http: //www.globalactionpw.org/prev/rev17.html. (2) 'DEB5H/ ('D3DE 'D%J,'(J GH %F4'! F8'E JBHE 9DI 'D*9'HF H'D*H'AB H'D%F/E', (JF 'D/HD EF #,D 'DB6'! 9DI #3('( 'DE4CD'* 'D*J *G// 'D(41J) AJ E.*DA 'DE,'D'* H.'5) 'D%B*5'/J) H 'D%,*E'9J) 0 #F81 AJ 0DC : 'D/C*H1 E-3F ,'/ 9DJ ,'/  'DE1,9 'D3'(B  5 152 0 (3) #F81 AJ 0DC : - Wild. Verwey, Economic Developments, Peace and International low the Hague 1972 p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odlein K.A. 18 ritght : the Bush Administ- ratins doctrine of premtion is not Authorized by the U.N. Charter Foreign Policy September 1 October 2003 . 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