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rmacost, Michael H. / Staddard Michael M. The Foreign relation of the United States, Encino 1974. Bibiolographisches Institut, Meyers Grosses Handlexikon, Mannheim 1982. Frankel, Joseph, Contemporary International theory and Behavier of the States , London 1986. Hennis, Wilhelm, echtlinienkompotenz und Regierungstechnik, Tuebingen 1974. Krueger, Wilfried, Konfliktsteuerung als Fuehrungsaufgabe, Muenchen 1983. Magiera, Siegfried, Parlament und Staatstellung in der Verfassungsordnungs des Grundgesetzes, Berlin 1985. Pfetsch , Frank , Die Aussenpolitik der Bundesrepublik 1949  1980 , Muenchen 1981. Puetz , Karl Heinz , Die Aussenpolitik der USA , Hamburg 1974. Rudizio, Wolfgang, Das Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Opladen, 1987. (. 'D/3'*J1 HF8E 9ED 'D-CHE) : U.S. Constitution 1787. Grundgesetz der BRD. 1949. Swiss Constitution 2000. Geschaefltsordnung der Bundesregierung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ilfried Krueger, Konfliktsteuerung als Fuehrungsaufgabe, Muenchen, 1983, pp.74 80. () 'F81: 'D1E6'FJ  E5/1 3'(B  5 372. () JB3QE '-E/ FH1J 'DF9JEJ  'D3J'3) 'D.'1,J)  (:/'/ 2001  5 155  9EDJ) 5F9 'DB1'1 'D3J'3J 'D.'1,J 'DI +D'+) E1'-D HGJ: 'DE1-D) 'D3'(B) D'*.'0 'DB1'1  'J E1-D) 'D#9/'/. E1-D) '*.'0 'DB1'1  'J E1-D) 'D'.*('1. 'DE1-D) 'DD'-B) D'*.'0 'DB1'1  'J E1-D) 'D*7(JB. (G0' 'D.5H5 'F81 'J6'K: E'2F '3E'9JD 'D1E6'FJ  AJ 9EDJ) '*.'0 'DB1'1 'D3J'3J 'D.'1,J  E,D) 'D9DHE 'DB'FHFJ) H'D3J'3J) ((:/'/) 'D9// 2/1979. () DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 'F81: 3DJE  E5/1 3'(B  5 5 476  479. () 'F81: 'DE5/1 FA3G  5 5 377  384. () See: Joseph Frankel, Contemporary International Theory and Behavior of the States, London 1986, pp. 70 75. () See, U.S. Constitution 1787, Art. 2, Sec. 2 () See, Frank R. Pfetsch, Die Aussenpolitik der Bundesrepublik 1949 1980, Muenchen 1981, p. 62. () See, Loc. Cit. () See, U.S. Constitution, Art. 1, Sec. 2. 'F81 'J6'K 1A9* 9(/ 'DHG'(  'D#F8E) 'D3J'3J)  (J1H* 2004  5 5 65  66. () See: Michael H. Armacost / Michael M. Staddrd, The Foreign Relation of the United States, Encino 1974, P. 103. () Loc. cit. () See, U.S. Constitution, Art. 2, Sec. 1 () DDE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 'F81: See: Karl Heinz Puetz, Die Aussenpolitik der USA, Hamburg 1974, P.P. 23  25. () See, Ibid., PP. 25  26. () See: U.S. Constitution, Art. 2, Sec. 2 () #F81: -EJ/ -FHF .'D/ 'D3'9/J  'DH8JA) 'D*FAJ0J) D1&J3 'D/HD) AJ 'DF8'E 'D1&'3J  9JF 4E3 1981  5 277 () See: U.S. Constitution, Art. 1 Sec. 8 () See: K. H. Puetz, op. cit. p.52 () See: U.S. Constitution, Art. 2 Sec.2 () See: Ibid () DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 'F81: K. H. Puetz, op. cit., P. 40 () See: Ibid, PP. 54  51 () See: M. H. Aomacost / M. M. Staddard, Op. cit., PP 107  120 () DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 'F81: K. H. Puetz, Op. cit., P. 40 () DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD -HD 'F*.'( 1&J3 'D,EGH1J) 'D#DE'FJ) 'F81: Grundgesetz der BRD, 1949, Art. 54 () See: Ibid, Art. 62 () See: Ibid, Art. 64 () See: Ibid, Art. 67 () See: Ibid, Art. 38 () (9/ BJ'E 'DH-/) 'D#DE'FJ) '5(- 9// 'DEB'79'* 'D#DE'FJ) 3* 941) EB'79). () Grundgesetz der BRD, Op. cit., Art. 51 () Wolfgang Rudzio, Das Politische System der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Opladen 1987, P. 255 () See: Grundgesetz der BRD, Op. cit. Art. 58 () See: Ibid, Art. 65 () See: Geschaeftsordnung der Bundesregierung, Art. 15 () See: W. Ruzio, Op. cit., P. 254 () See: Geschaeftsordnung , Op. cit., Art. 15 () See: W. Rudzio, Op. cit., P. 254 () See: Siegfried Magiera, Parlament und Staatstellung in der Verfassungsordnungs des Grundgesetz, Berlin 1989, P. 61 () See: Grundgesetz , Op. cit., Art 65 () DE2J/ EF 'DE9DHE'* 'F81: - Wilhelm Hennis, Rechtlinienkompotenz und Regierungstechnik, Tuebingen 1974, PP 19  25 () See: Grundgesetz & , op. cit. , Art. 59A/2 () See: Ibid., Art. 59 A/2 () See: Ibid., Art 73/1 () See: Ibid., Art. 45 () See: Swiss Constitution 2000, Art. 148, 149 () See: Ibid., Art. 150 () See: Ibid., Art. 175, 176 () See: Ibid., Art. 177 () DE2J/ EF 'D*A'5JD 'F81: F. R. Pfetsch, Op. cit., PP 61  62 () Swiss Const. , Art. 148 / Sec. 1 () Ibid., Art. 169 / Sec. 1 () Ibid., Art. 169 / Sec. 2 () See F. R. Pfetsch, Op. cit., P. 61 () See: Swiss Const. , Art. 171 () See: Ibid., Art. 166, Art. 184 () See: Ibid., Art. 181 () See: Ibid., Art. 163 () See: Ibid., Art. 173 / A () 'DB1'1 'D#*-'/J 'D(3J7 GH 'DB1'1 'D0J D' J,H2 916G 9DI 'D49( D:16 'D'3*A*'! 9DJG. () See: Swiss Const. Art. 173 / A, B, C. () See: Ibid., Art. 147 () See: Ibid., Art. 184 / Sec. 2 () See: Ibid., Art. 173 / E. () See: Ibid., Art. 184 / Sec. 3 () See: Ibid., Art. 185 / Sec. 2 () See: Ibid., Art. 185 / Sec. 4 () See: Ibid., Art. 187 / B. () See: Ibid., Art. 54 / Sec. 1 () See: Ibid., Art. 55 / Sec. 1, 2, 3. () See: Ibid., Art. 153. () See: Ibid., Art. 179 () 9F AC1 1H3H #F81: ,'F *H4'1  *'1J. 'DAC1 'D3J'3J (*1,E) 9DJ EBD/) (J1H* 1983  5 5 336  338. () See: Bibiolographisches Institut, Meyers Grossos Hanlexikon, Mannheim 1982, P. 762.     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